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Something is still wrong: Epinephrine use in venom immunotherapy patients

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 60 - 67, 31.01.2022

Öz

Backgrounds: Anaphylaxis is hard to recognize and, therefore, a poorly treated systemic allergic reaction. The aim of the treatment in anaphylaxis is to prevent the progression of the clinical picture to life-threatening respiratory and/or cardiovascular symptoms and signs through early diagnosis of anaphylaxis and administration of adrenaline.

Methods: Seventy-eight patients [(Female (F): 22 (28.2%), Male (M): 56 (71.8%)] who received venom immunotherapy were included in this study. A mini questionnaire was applied to these patients about in which situation they should use the adrenaline auto-injector (AAI), what to do after using AAI, and how to use it.

Results: Thirty-four patients (43.6%) were stung by a bee after initiation of immunotherapy while 16 patients (47.1%) developed urticaria/angioedema. Ten patients (29.4%) used AAI following a bee sting, whereas 24 patients (70.6%) didn’t use AAI. Fiftytwo (66.7%) patients correctly answered the four questions regarding what to do following administering AAI, in what cases and frequency they should have AAI prescribed, storage and transportation conditions of AAI, and how to administer AAI. Among the patients who were stung by a bee during immunotherapy, the rate of answering all questions correctly of the patients who administered AAI during anaphylaxis was determined to be significantly higher (p=0.001).

Conclusions: Although adrenaline treatment is the most vital method of treatment in anaphylaxis, patients still do not have a sufficient level of awareness on the importance and vitalness of adrenaline treatment. It is very important to train patients at risk and patient relatives primarily by physicians at appropriate intervals.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Pumphrey RS. Lessons for management of anaphylaxis from a study of fatal reactions. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000;30(8):1144–50.
  • 2. Pumphrey RS, Gowland MH. Further fatal allergic reactions to food in the United Kingdom, 1999–2006. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;119(4):1018–9.
  • 3. Sampson HA, Mendelson L, Rosen JP. Fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic reactions to food in children and adolescents. N Engl J Med. 1992;327(6):380–4.
  • 4. Simons KJ, Simons FE. Epinephrine and its use in anaphylaxis: current issues. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;10(4):354–61.
  • 5. Sheikh A, Ten Broek V, Brown SG, Simons FE. H1-antihistamines for the treatment of anaphylaxis: Cochrane systematic review. Allergy. 2007;62(8):830–7.
  • 6. Sheikh A, Shehata YA, Brown SG, Simons FE. Adrenaline for the treatment of anaphylaxis: cochrane systematic review. Allergy. 2009;64(2):204–12.
  • 7. Simons FE. Pharmacologic treatment of anaphylaxis: can the evidence base be strengthened? Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;10(4):384–93.
  • 8. Sampson HA, Munoz-Furlong A, Campbell RL, Adkinson NF, Jr., Bock SA, Branum A, et al. Second symposium on the definition and management of anaphylaxis: summary report--Second National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease/Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network symposium. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117(2):391–7.
  • 9. Graif Y, Romano-Zelekha O, Livne I, Green MS, Shohat T. Allergic reactions to insect stings: results from a national survey of 10,000 junior high school children in Israel. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117(6):1435–9.
  • 10. Bilo BM, Bonifazi F. Epidemiology of insect-venom anaphylaxis. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;8(4):330–7.
  • 11. Graft DF. Insect sting allergy. Med Clin North Am. 2006;90(1):211–32.
  • 12. Prince BT, Mikhail I, Stukus DR. Underuse of epinephrine for the treatment of anaphylaxis: missed opportunities. J Asthma Allergy. 2018;11:143–51.
  • 13. Cohen MB, Saunders SS, Wise SK, Nassif S, Platt MP. Pitfalls in the use of epinephrine for anaphylaxis: patient and provider opportunities for improvement. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017;7(3):276–86.
  • 14. Labella M, Garcia-Neuer M, Castells M. Application of precision medicine to the treatment of anaphylaxis. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018;18(3):190–7.
  • 15. Lee S, Bellolio MF, Hess EP, Erwin P, Murad MH, Campbell RL. Time of Onset and Predictors of Biphasic Anaphylactic Reactions: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015;3(3):408–16 e1–2.
  • 16. Simons FE, Ardusso LR, Bilo MB, Cardona V, Ebisawa M, El-Gamal YM, et al. International consensus on (ICON) anaphylaxis. World Allergy Organ J. 2014;7(1):9.
  • 17. Adib-Tezer H, Bayerl C. Honeybee and wasp venom allergy: Sensitization and immunotherapy. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2018;16(10):1228–47.
  • 18. Bilo MB, Pravettoni V, Bignardi D, Bonadonna P, Mauro M, Novembre E, et al. Hymenoptera Venom Allergy: Management of Children and Adults in Clinical Practice. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2019;29(3):180–205.
  • 19. Fleischer DM, Perry TT, Atkins D, Wood RA, Burks AW, Jones SM, et al. Allergic reactions to foods in preschool-aged children in a prospective observational food allergy study. Pediatrics. 2012;130(1):e25–32.
  • 20. Esenboga S, Kahveci M, Cetinkaya PG, Sahiner UM, Soyer O, Buyuktiryaki B, et al. Physicians prescribe adrenaline auto-injectors, do parents use them when needed? Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2020;48(1):3–7.
  • 21. Alqurashi W, Stiell I, Chan K, Neto G, Alsadoon A, Wells G. Epidemiology and clinical predictors of biphasic reactions in children with anaphylaxis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015;115(3):217–23 e2.
  • 22. Lieberman P. Biphasic anaphylactic reactions. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005;95(3):217–26; quiz 26, 58.
  • 23. Jarvinen KM, Sicherer SH, Sampson HA, Nowak-Wegrzyn A. Use of multiple doses of epinephrine in food-induced anaphylaxis in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;122(1):133–8.
  • 24. Campbell RL, Bashore CJ, Lee S, Bellamkonda VR, Li JT, Hagan JB, et al. Predictors of Repeat Epinephrine Administration for Emergency Department Patients with Anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015;3(4):576–84.
  • 25. Song TT, Brown D, Karjalainen M, Lehnigk U, Lieberman P. Value of a Second Dose of Epinephrine During Anaphylaxis: A Patient/ Caregiver Survey. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2018;6(5):1559–67.
  • 26. Frew AJ. What are the ‘ideal’ features of an adrenaline (epinephrine) auto-injector in the treatment of anaphylaxis? Allergy. 2011;66(1):15– 24.
  • 27. Anchor J, Settipane RA. Appropriate use of epinephrine in anaphylaxis. Am J Emerg Med. 2004;22(6):488–90.
  • 28. Greenberger PA, Rotskoff BD, Lifschultz B. Fatal anaphylaxis: postmortem findings and associated comorbid diseases. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007;98(3):252–7.

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 60 - 67, 31.01.2022

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Pumphrey RS. Lessons for management of anaphylaxis from a study of fatal reactions. Clin Exp Allergy. 2000;30(8):1144–50.
  • 2. Pumphrey RS, Gowland MH. Further fatal allergic reactions to food in the United Kingdom, 1999–2006. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2007;119(4):1018–9.
  • 3. Sampson HA, Mendelson L, Rosen JP. Fatal and near-fatal anaphylactic reactions to food in children and adolescents. N Engl J Med. 1992;327(6):380–4.
  • 4. Simons KJ, Simons FE. Epinephrine and its use in anaphylaxis: current issues. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;10(4):354–61.
  • 5. Sheikh A, Ten Broek V, Brown SG, Simons FE. H1-antihistamines for the treatment of anaphylaxis: Cochrane systematic review. Allergy. 2007;62(8):830–7.
  • 6. Sheikh A, Shehata YA, Brown SG, Simons FE. Adrenaline for the treatment of anaphylaxis: cochrane systematic review. Allergy. 2009;64(2):204–12.
  • 7. Simons FE. Pharmacologic treatment of anaphylaxis: can the evidence base be strengthened? Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010;10(4):384–93.
  • 8. Sampson HA, Munoz-Furlong A, Campbell RL, Adkinson NF, Jr., Bock SA, Branum A, et al. Second symposium on the definition and management of anaphylaxis: summary report--Second National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease/Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis Network symposium. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117(2):391–7.
  • 9. Graif Y, Romano-Zelekha O, Livne I, Green MS, Shohat T. Allergic reactions to insect stings: results from a national survey of 10,000 junior high school children in Israel. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006;117(6):1435–9.
  • 10. Bilo BM, Bonifazi F. Epidemiology of insect-venom anaphylaxis. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;8(4):330–7.
  • 11. Graft DF. Insect sting allergy. Med Clin North Am. 2006;90(1):211–32.
  • 12. Prince BT, Mikhail I, Stukus DR. Underuse of epinephrine for the treatment of anaphylaxis: missed opportunities. J Asthma Allergy. 2018;11:143–51.
  • 13. Cohen MB, Saunders SS, Wise SK, Nassif S, Platt MP. Pitfalls in the use of epinephrine for anaphylaxis: patient and provider opportunities for improvement. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2017;7(3):276–86.
  • 14. Labella M, Garcia-Neuer M, Castells M. Application of precision medicine to the treatment of anaphylaxis. Curr Opin Allergy Clin Immunol. 2018;18(3):190–7.
  • 15. Lee S, Bellolio MF, Hess EP, Erwin P, Murad MH, Campbell RL. Time of Onset and Predictors of Biphasic Anaphylactic Reactions: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015;3(3):408–16 e1–2.
  • 16. Simons FE, Ardusso LR, Bilo MB, Cardona V, Ebisawa M, El-Gamal YM, et al. International consensus on (ICON) anaphylaxis. World Allergy Organ J. 2014;7(1):9.
  • 17. Adib-Tezer H, Bayerl C. Honeybee and wasp venom allergy: Sensitization and immunotherapy. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges. 2018;16(10):1228–47.
  • 18. Bilo MB, Pravettoni V, Bignardi D, Bonadonna P, Mauro M, Novembre E, et al. Hymenoptera Venom Allergy: Management of Children and Adults in Clinical Practice. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2019;29(3):180–205.
  • 19. Fleischer DM, Perry TT, Atkins D, Wood RA, Burks AW, Jones SM, et al. Allergic reactions to foods in preschool-aged children in a prospective observational food allergy study. Pediatrics. 2012;130(1):e25–32.
  • 20. Esenboga S, Kahveci M, Cetinkaya PG, Sahiner UM, Soyer O, Buyuktiryaki B, et al. Physicians prescribe adrenaline auto-injectors, do parents use them when needed? Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2020;48(1):3–7.
  • 21. Alqurashi W, Stiell I, Chan K, Neto G, Alsadoon A, Wells G. Epidemiology and clinical predictors of biphasic reactions in children with anaphylaxis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015;115(3):217–23 e2.
  • 22. Lieberman P. Biphasic anaphylactic reactions. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005;95(3):217–26; quiz 26, 58.
  • 23. Jarvinen KM, Sicherer SH, Sampson HA, Nowak-Wegrzyn A. Use of multiple doses of epinephrine in food-induced anaphylaxis in children. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2008;122(1):133–8.
  • 24. Campbell RL, Bashore CJ, Lee S, Bellamkonda VR, Li JT, Hagan JB, et al. Predictors of Repeat Epinephrine Administration for Emergency Department Patients with Anaphylaxis. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2015;3(4):576–84.
  • 25. Song TT, Brown D, Karjalainen M, Lehnigk U, Lieberman P. Value of a Second Dose of Epinephrine During Anaphylaxis: A Patient/ Caregiver Survey. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2018;6(5):1559–67.
  • 26. Frew AJ. What are the ‘ideal’ features of an adrenaline (epinephrine) auto-injector in the treatment of anaphylaxis? Allergy. 2011;66(1):15– 24.
  • 27. Anchor J, Settipane RA. Appropriate use of epinephrine in anaphylaxis. Am J Emerg Med. 2004;22(6):488–90.
  • 28. Greenberger PA, Rotskoff BD, Lifschultz B. Fatal anaphylaxis: postmortem findings and associated comorbid diseases. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007;98(3):252–7.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Alerji
Bölüm ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Yazarlar

Gökhan AYTEKİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Konya City Hospital, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
0000-0002-9089-5914
Türkiye


Fatih ÇÖLKESEN
Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
0000-0002-6595-1267
Türkiye


Eray YILDIZ
Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
0000-0002-9596-1773
Türkiye


Şevket ARSLAN
Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
0000-0002-0343-0159
Türkiye


Ahmet ÇALIŞKANER
Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
0000-0002-9084-8704
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ocak 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 20 Ekim 2021
Kabul Tarihi 20 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Aytekin, G. , Çölkesen, F. , Yıldız, E. , Arslan, Ş. & Çalışkaner, A. (2022). Something is still wrong: Epinephrine use in venom immunotherapy patients . Archives of Current Medical Research , 3 (1) , 60-67 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/acmr/issue/68361/1012596

Archives of Current Medical Research (ACMR) provides instant open access to all content, bearing in mind the fact that presenting research

free to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

http://www.acmronline.org/