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Telemedicine/telehealth in Preventive Medicine

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 1 - 5, 31.01.2022

Öz

Telemedicine describes the remote medical support that the patients receive from physicians for their health. Telehealth, on the other hand, covers all subjects such as patient education, diagnosis, treatment, raising awareness about health issues, and includes mobile health as well as telemedicine. Preventive medicine describes practices and approaches to prevent undesirable situations and complications before, during, or after the occurrence of diseases.

Primary care providers, who practice preventive medicine most intensively, also frequently exercise telehealth practices. Costeffectiveness, data security, addressing the lack of education of patients and doctors, redesigning computer systems in terms of ease of use, making necessary legal regulations, and simplifying bureaucratic duties create concerns for physicians and users.

Since physical contact with the patient is not possible, communication between the doctor and the patient should be maintained simultaneously through technological methods. Therefore, the existing infrastructure, internet network, and hospital data system should be both fast, and near-perfect. Telemedicine may be a very good alternative for patients, assuming that healthcare institutions are largely concerned with pandemic patients, or that the risk of Covid-19 has not yet been eliminated in hospitals.

Kaynakça

  • 1. World Health Organization. Telemedicine - Opportunities and developments in Member States. Available at: https://www.who.int/ goe/publications/goe_telemedicine_2010.pdf A c c e s s e d November 27, 2021.
  • 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Finding telehealth options. Available at: https://telehealth.hhs.gov/patients/findingtelehealth- options/ Accessed November 27, 2021.
  • 3. Medlineplus. Telehealth. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ telehealth.html Accessed November 27, 2021.
  • 4. Waller M, Stotler C. Telemedicine: a primer. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2018;18(10):54.
  • 5. Sungur, C. Teletıp uygulamalarında hasta memnuniyeti: bir sistematik derleme çalışması. Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi, 2020;23(3):505-522
  • 6. T.C. Ministry of Health. Neyim var. Available at: https://neyimvar. gov.tr/tr/ Accessed November 29, 2021.
  • 7. Dı̇lbaz, B. Kaplanoğlu, M. Kaya, D. Teletıp ve telesağlık: Geçmiş, bugün ve gelecek. Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment, 2020;4(1):40-56.
  • 8. Doğramacı YG. Teletıp, sağlık turizmi ve uzaktan sağlık hizmetleri: Mesafeli sözleşmeler. İstanbul Hukuk Mecmuası 2020;78(2):657-710.
  • 9. Clarke EA. What is preventive medicine? Can Fam Physician 1974;20(11):65-68.
  • 10. Pandve HT. Quaternary prevention: need of the hour. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014;3(4):309-10.
  • 11. Cernadas Ramos A, Bouzas-Lorenzo R, Mesa Del Olmo A, Barral Buceta B. Opinion of doctors and users on e-health advances in primary care. Aten Primaria. 2020;52(6):389-399.
  • 12. Hanna L, Fairhurst K. Using information and communication technologies to consult with patients in Victorian primary care: the views of general practitioners. Aust J Prim Health. 2013;19(2):166-70.
  • 13. Gabrielsson-Järhult F, Kjellström S, Josefsson KA. Telemedicine consultations with physicians in Swedish primary care: a mixed methods study of users’ experiences and care patterns. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2021;39(2):204-213.
  • 14. Hex N, Tuggey J, Wright D, Malin R. Telemedicine in care homes in Airedale, Wharfedale and Craven. Clin Govern Int J. 2015;20:146-154
  • 15. Noel K, Messina C, Hou W, Schoenfeld E, Kelly G. Tele-transitions of care (TTOC): a 12-month, randomized controlled trial evaluating the use of Telehealth to achieve triple aim objectives. BMC Fam Pract. 2020;21(1):27.
  • 16. Zahiri M, Wang C, Gardea M, Nguyen H, Shahbazi M, Sharafkhaneh A, et al. Remote physical frailty monitoring-the application of deep learning-based image processing in tele-health. IEEE Access. 2020;8:219391-219399.
  • 17. McManus DD, Trinquart L, Benjamin EJ, Manders ES, Fusco K, Jung LS, et al. Design and preliminary findings from a new electronic cohort embedded in the Framingham heart study. J Med Internet Res. 2019;21(3):e12143.
  • 18. Arakaki M, Li L, Kaneko T, Arakaki H, Fukumura H, Osaki C, et al. Personalized nutritional therapy based on blood data analysis for Malaise patients. Nutrients. 2021;13(10):3641.
  • 19. Portnoy J, Waller M, Elliott T. Telemedicine in the era of COVID-19. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020;8(5):1489-1491.
  • 20. Eberly LA, Kallan MJ, Julien HM, Haynes N, Khatana SAM, Nathan AS, et al. Patient characteristics associated with telemedicine access for primary and specialty ambulatory care during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(12):e2031640.
  • 21. Nina-Mollinedo JM, Quesada-Cubo V, Rivera-Zabala L, Miranda- Rojas SH, Olmos-Machicado JR, Arce-Alarcon N, et al. Hundred days of teleconsultations and their usefulness in the management of Covid-19: Experience of the Covid-19 national call center in Bolivia. Telemed J E Health. 2021; Ahead of print: doi: 10.1089/tmj.2021.0250.
  • 22. Montelongo A, Becker JL, Roman R, de Oliveira EB, Umpierre RN, Gonçalves MR, et al. The management of Covid-19 cases through telemedicine in Brazil. PLoS One. 2021;16(7):e0254339.
  • 23. Hutchings OR, Dearing C, Jagers D, Shaw MJ, Raffan F, Jones A, et al. Virtual health care for community management of patients with Covid-19 in Australia: Observational cohort Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021;23(3):e21064.

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 1 - 5, 31.01.2022

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. World Health Organization. Telemedicine - Opportunities and developments in Member States. Available at: https://www.who.int/ goe/publications/goe_telemedicine_2010.pdf A c c e s s e d November 27, 2021.
  • 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Finding telehealth options. Available at: https://telehealth.hhs.gov/patients/findingtelehealth- options/ Accessed November 27, 2021.
  • 3. Medlineplus. Telehealth. Available at: https://medlineplus.gov/ telehealth.html Accessed November 27, 2021.
  • 4. Waller M, Stotler C. Telemedicine: a primer. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2018;18(10):54.
  • 5. Sungur, C. Teletıp uygulamalarında hasta memnuniyeti: bir sistematik derleme çalışması. Hacettepe Sağlık İdaresi Dergisi, 2020;23(3):505-522
  • 6. T.C. Ministry of Health. Neyim var. Available at: https://neyimvar. gov.tr/tr/ Accessed November 29, 2021.
  • 7. Dı̇lbaz, B. Kaplanoğlu, M. Kaya, D. Teletıp ve telesağlık: Geçmiş, bugün ve gelecek. Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment, 2020;4(1):40-56.
  • 8. Doğramacı YG. Teletıp, sağlık turizmi ve uzaktan sağlık hizmetleri: Mesafeli sözleşmeler. İstanbul Hukuk Mecmuası 2020;78(2):657-710.
  • 9. Clarke EA. What is preventive medicine? Can Fam Physician 1974;20(11):65-68.
  • 10. Pandve HT. Quaternary prevention: need of the hour. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014;3(4):309-10.
  • 11. Cernadas Ramos A, Bouzas-Lorenzo R, Mesa Del Olmo A, Barral Buceta B. Opinion of doctors and users on e-health advances in primary care. Aten Primaria. 2020;52(6):389-399.
  • 12. Hanna L, Fairhurst K. Using information and communication technologies to consult with patients in Victorian primary care: the views of general practitioners. Aust J Prim Health. 2013;19(2):166-70.
  • 13. Gabrielsson-Järhult F, Kjellström S, Josefsson KA. Telemedicine consultations with physicians in Swedish primary care: a mixed methods study of users’ experiences and care patterns. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2021;39(2):204-213.
  • 14. Hex N, Tuggey J, Wright D, Malin R. Telemedicine in care homes in Airedale, Wharfedale and Craven. Clin Govern Int J. 2015;20:146-154
  • 15. Noel K, Messina C, Hou W, Schoenfeld E, Kelly G. Tele-transitions of care (TTOC): a 12-month, randomized controlled trial evaluating the use of Telehealth to achieve triple aim objectives. BMC Fam Pract. 2020;21(1):27.
  • 16. Zahiri M, Wang C, Gardea M, Nguyen H, Shahbazi M, Sharafkhaneh A, et al. Remote physical frailty monitoring-the application of deep learning-based image processing in tele-health. IEEE Access. 2020;8:219391-219399.
  • 17. McManus DD, Trinquart L, Benjamin EJ, Manders ES, Fusco K, Jung LS, et al. Design and preliminary findings from a new electronic cohort embedded in the Framingham heart study. J Med Internet Res. 2019;21(3):e12143.
  • 18. Arakaki M, Li L, Kaneko T, Arakaki H, Fukumura H, Osaki C, et al. Personalized nutritional therapy based on blood data analysis for Malaise patients. Nutrients. 2021;13(10):3641.
  • 19. Portnoy J, Waller M, Elliott T. Telemedicine in the era of COVID-19. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2020;8(5):1489-1491.
  • 20. Eberly LA, Kallan MJ, Julien HM, Haynes N, Khatana SAM, Nathan AS, et al. Patient characteristics associated with telemedicine access for primary and specialty ambulatory care during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(12):e2031640.
  • 21. Nina-Mollinedo JM, Quesada-Cubo V, Rivera-Zabala L, Miranda- Rojas SH, Olmos-Machicado JR, Arce-Alarcon N, et al. Hundred days of teleconsultations and their usefulness in the management of Covid-19: Experience of the Covid-19 national call center in Bolivia. Telemed J E Health. 2021; Ahead of print: doi: 10.1089/tmj.2021.0250.
  • 22. Montelongo A, Becker JL, Roman R, de Oliveira EB, Umpierre RN, Gonçalves MR, et al. The management of Covid-19 cases through telemedicine in Brazil. PLoS One. 2021;16(7):e0254339.
  • 23. Hutchings OR, Dearing C, Jagers D, Shaw MJ, Raffan F, Jones A, et al. Virtual health care for community management of patients with Covid-19 in Australia: Observational cohort Study. J Med Internet Res. 2021;23(3):e21064.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Tıp
Bölüm REVIEW ARTICLE
Yazarlar

Burçin YILDIRIM (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kastamonu Tosya Public Hospital, Department of Family Medicine
0000-0002-3959-0859
Türkiye


Muhammed Mustafa UZAN
Health Sciences University, İzmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital Department of Family Medicine
0000-0001-2345-6789
Türkiye


Memet Taşkın EGİCİ
Health Sciences University, İstanbul Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital Department of Family Medicine
0000-0003-2319-5739
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ocak 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 21 Aralık 2021
Kabul Tarihi 20 Ocak 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Yıldırım, B. , Uzan, M. M. & Egici, M. T. (2022). Telemedicine/telehealth in Preventive Medicine . Archives of Current Medical Research , 3 (1) , 1-5 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/acmr/issue/68361/1038677

Archives of Current Medical Research (ACMR) provides instant open access to all content, bearing in mind the fact that presenting research

free to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

http://www.acmronline.org/