Klinik Araştırma
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Physical activity level of medical students: Is there a family effect?

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 63 - 73, 31.05.2022

Öz

Background: Sedentary lifestyle is common in various age groups all over the world and it is an important public health issue because of its adverse effects on health. Taking actions against inactivity among medical students is important because they will become role models for their patients as future doctors. In this research, physical activity (PA) frequency and factors affecting participation in PA among medical students were studied.

Methods: Six hundred sixty-eight medical students from Gazi University Medical Faculty took part in the study. The students answered sociodemographic questions in addition to completing the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ).

Results: One-quarter (24.9%) of the participants did no physical activity. Logistic regression indicated that being female (OR: 1.7), father’s inactivity (OR: 2.2), and family income less than 4500 TL (OR: 1.5) were significant factors in not doing PA among the medical students.

Conclusions: As medical students will play a critical role in improving public health as future doctors, intervention programs should be encouraged in order to increase the PA level of medical students to create a healthy lifestyle habit.

Kaynakça

  • 1. Whaley, M. H., Brubaker, P. H., Otto, R. M., & Armstrong, L. E. (2006). ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (7th ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • 2. Lee, I. M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., Katzmarzyk, P. T., & Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. The lancet, 380(9838), 219-229.
  • 3. WHO. Prevalence of insufficient physical activity. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/physical_activity_text/en/ 2018). Global action plan on physical activity 2018–2030: more active people for a healthier world. Geneva: WHO.
  • 4. Dumith, Samuel C., et al. "Worldwide prevalence of physical inactivity and its association with human development index in 76 countries." Preventive medicine 53.1-2 (2011): 24-28.
  • 5. Von Bothmer, Margareta IK, and Bengt Fridlund. "Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students." Nursing & health sciences 7.2 (2005): 107-118.
  • 6. Dyson, Rachael, and Kimberly Renk. "Freshmen adaptation to university life: Depressive symptoms, stress, and coping." Journal of clinical psychology 62.10 (2006): 1231-1244.
  • 7. Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne, et al. "Factors influencing food choices of adolescents: findings from focus-group discussions with adolescents." Journal of the American dietetic association (1999): 929-937.
  • 8. Bakanlığı, Sağlık. "Türkiye beslenme ve sağlık araştırması 2010." Sağlık Bakanlığı Yayın 931 (2014).
  • 9. Jadczak, Agathe Daria, et al. "Medical students’ perceptions of the importance of exercise and their perceived competence in prescribing exercise to older people." Australasian journal on ageing 36.3 (2017): E7-E13.
  • 10. Frank, Erica, et al. "Personal and clinical exercise-related attitudes and behaviors of freshmen US medical students." Research quarterly for exercise and sport 75.2 (2004): 112-121.
  • 11. Adigüzel, I. (2017). Küresel fiziksel aktivite anketinin (GPAQ) Türkçeye uyarlanması, güvenilirlik ve geçerliliğinin bornova belediyesi çalışanlarında değerlendirilmesi. (PhD), Ege University, Izmir.
  • 12. Türkiye Hanehalkı Sağlık Araştırması: Bulaşıcı Olmayan Hastalıkların Risk Faktörleri Prevalansı 2017 (STEPS). Editörler: Üner S, Balcılar M, Ergüder T. Dünya Sağlık Örgütü Türkiye Ofisi, Ankara, 2018.
  • 13. Üçok, K., Genç, A., Şener, Ü., Akkaya, M., & Mollaoglu, H. (2011). Tıp Fakültesi Öğrencilerinde Fiziksel Aktivite Düzeyinin Araştırılması [Investigation of Physical Activity Level of Medical School Students]. European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 1(11), 5
  • 14.Savcı, S., Öztürk, M., Arıkan, H., İnal İnce, D., & Tokgözoğlu, L. (2006). Physical activity levels of university students. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars, 34(3), 166-172.
  • 15.Wattanapisit, A., Gaensan, T., & Anothaisintawee, T. (2015). Prevalence of physical activity and associated factors of medium and high activity among medical students at Ramathibodi Hospital. Paper presented at the The 6th International Conference on Sport and Exercise Science, Chonburi, Thailand.
  • 16.Mandic, S., Wilson, H., Clark-Grill, M., & O'Neill, D. (2018). A Physical Activity Learning Module Improves Medical Students' Skills and Confidence for Advising Patients about Physical Activity. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(1), 31-38. doi:10.26773/mjssm.180304
  • 17.Naim, Z., Anwar, K., Rahman, A., & Zuliani, N. (2016). Physical Inactivity Among Medical and Non-Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences, 3(5).
  • 18.Wattanapisit, A., Fungthongcharoen, K., Saengow, U., & Vijitpongjinda, S. (2016). Physical activity among medical students in Southern Thailand: a mixed methods study. Bmj Open, 6(9). doi:ARTN e013479
  • 19. A-H. El-Gilany, K. Badawi, G. El-Khawaga & N. Awadalla, Physical activity profile of students in Mansoura University, Egypt, Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal Vol. 17 No. 8 • 2011
  • 20.Bastos, J. P., Araujo, C. L. P., & Hallal, P. C. (2008). Prevalence of Insufficient Physical Activity and Associated Factors in Brazilian Adolescents. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 5(6), 777-794. doi:DOI 10.1123/jpah.5.6.777
  • 21.Garriguet, D., Colley, R., & Bushnik, T. (2017). Parent-Child association in physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Health Reports, 28(6), 3-11.
  • 22.Ornelas, I. J., Perreira, K. M., & Ayala, G. X. (2007). Parental influences on adolescent physical activity: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4.
  • 23.Manganello, J. A. (2008). Health literacy and adolescents: a framework and agenda for future research. Health Education Research, 23(5), 840-847. doi:10.1093/her/cym069
  • 24.Ornelas, I. J., Perreira, K. M., & Ayala, G. X. (2007). Parental influences on adolescent physical activity: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4.
  • 25.Abdel-Hady, E.-G., & Ragaa, E.-M. (2011). Physical inactivity among Egyptian and Saudi medical students. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 10(1), 35-44. doi:10.5455/pmb.20101018022143
  • 26.El-Gilany, A. H., Badawi, K., El-Khawaga, G., & Awadalla, N. (2011). Physical activity profile of students in Mansoura University, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit, 17(8), 694-702.

Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 63 - 73, 31.05.2022

Öz

Kaynakça

  • 1. Whaley, M. H., Brubaker, P. H., Otto, R. M., & Armstrong, L. E. (2006). ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (7th ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  • 2. Lee, I. M., Shiroma, E. J., Lobelo, F., Puska, P., Blair, S. N., Katzmarzyk, P. T., & Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. The lancet, 380(9838), 219-229.
  • 3. WHO. Prevalence of insufficient physical activity. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/physical_activity_text/en/ 2018). Global action plan on physical activity 2018–2030: more active people for a healthier world. Geneva: WHO.
  • 4. Dumith, Samuel C., et al. "Worldwide prevalence of physical inactivity and its association with human development index in 76 countries." Preventive medicine 53.1-2 (2011): 24-28.
  • 5. Von Bothmer, Margareta IK, and Bengt Fridlund. "Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students." Nursing & health sciences 7.2 (2005): 107-118.
  • 6. Dyson, Rachael, and Kimberly Renk. "Freshmen adaptation to university life: Depressive symptoms, stress, and coping." Journal of clinical psychology 62.10 (2006): 1231-1244.
  • 7. Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne, et al. "Factors influencing food choices of adolescents: findings from focus-group discussions with adolescents." Journal of the American dietetic association (1999): 929-937.
  • 8. Bakanlığı, Sağlık. "Türkiye beslenme ve sağlık araştırması 2010." Sağlık Bakanlığı Yayın 931 (2014).
  • 9. Jadczak, Agathe Daria, et al. "Medical students’ perceptions of the importance of exercise and their perceived competence in prescribing exercise to older people." Australasian journal on ageing 36.3 (2017): E7-E13.
  • 10. Frank, Erica, et al. "Personal and clinical exercise-related attitudes and behaviors of freshmen US medical students." Research quarterly for exercise and sport 75.2 (2004): 112-121.
  • 11. Adigüzel, I. (2017). Küresel fiziksel aktivite anketinin (GPAQ) Türkçeye uyarlanması, güvenilirlik ve geçerliliğinin bornova belediyesi çalışanlarında değerlendirilmesi. (PhD), Ege University, Izmir.
  • 12. Türkiye Hanehalkı Sağlık Araştırması: Bulaşıcı Olmayan Hastalıkların Risk Faktörleri Prevalansı 2017 (STEPS). Editörler: Üner S, Balcılar M, Ergüder T. Dünya Sağlık Örgütü Türkiye Ofisi, Ankara, 2018.
  • 13. Üçok, K., Genç, A., Şener, Ü., Akkaya, M., & Mollaoglu, H. (2011). Tıp Fakültesi Öğrencilerinde Fiziksel Aktivite Düzeyinin Araştırılması [Investigation of Physical Activity Level of Medical School Students]. European Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 1(11), 5
  • 14.Savcı, S., Öztürk, M., Arıkan, H., İnal İnce, D., & Tokgözoğlu, L. (2006). Physical activity levels of university students. Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars, 34(3), 166-172.
  • 15.Wattanapisit, A., Gaensan, T., & Anothaisintawee, T. (2015). Prevalence of physical activity and associated factors of medium and high activity among medical students at Ramathibodi Hospital. Paper presented at the The 6th International Conference on Sport and Exercise Science, Chonburi, Thailand.
  • 16.Mandic, S., Wilson, H., Clark-Grill, M., & O'Neill, D. (2018). A Physical Activity Learning Module Improves Medical Students' Skills and Confidence for Advising Patients about Physical Activity. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(1), 31-38. doi:10.26773/mjssm.180304
  • 17.Naim, Z., Anwar, K., Rahman, A., & Zuliani, N. (2016). Physical Inactivity Among Medical and Non-Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences, 3(5).
  • 18.Wattanapisit, A., Fungthongcharoen, K., Saengow, U., & Vijitpongjinda, S. (2016). Physical activity among medical students in Southern Thailand: a mixed methods study. Bmj Open, 6(9). doi:ARTN e013479
  • 19. A-H. El-Gilany, K. Badawi, G. El-Khawaga & N. Awadalla, Physical activity profile of students in Mansoura University, Egypt, Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal Vol. 17 No. 8 • 2011
  • 20.Bastos, J. P., Araujo, C. L. P., & Hallal, P. C. (2008). Prevalence of Insufficient Physical Activity and Associated Factors in Brazilian Adolescents. Journal of Physical Activity & Health, 5(6), 777-794. doi:DOI 10.1123/jpah.5.6.777
  • 21.Garriguet, D., Colley, R., & Bushnik, T. (2017). Parent-Child association in physical activity and sedentary behaviour. Health Reports, 28(6), 3-11.
  • 22.Ornelas, I. J., Perreira, K. M., & Ayala, G. X. (2007). Parental influences on adolescent physical activity: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4.
  • 23.Manganello, J. A. (2008). Health literacy and adolescents: a framework and agenda for future research. Health Education Research, 23(5), 840-847. doi:10.1093/her/cym069
  • 24.Ornelas, I. J., Perreira, K. M., & Ayala, G. X. (2007). Parental influences on adolescent physical activity: a longitudinal study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4.
  • 25.Abdel-Hady, E.-G., & Ragaa, E.-M. (2011). Physical inactivity among Egyptian and Saudi medical students. TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin, 10(1), 35-44. doi:10.5455/pmb.20101018022143
  • 26.El-Gilany, A. H., Badawi, K., El-Khawaga, G., & Awadalla, N. (2011). Physical activity profile of students in Mansoura University, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean health journal = La revue de sante de la Mediterranee orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit, 17(8), 694-702.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Tıp
Bölüm ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Yazarlar

Asiye UĞRAŞ DİKMEN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
0000-0002-3204-7562
Türkiye


Mustafa ALTUNSOY
Gazi University Faculty of Sports Sciences, Department of Physical Education and Sports Teaching, Ankara, Turkey
0000-0002-8108-6031
Türkiye


Ali Kadir KOÇ
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
0000-0002-5270-1058
Türkiye


Eda KOÇ
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
0000-0001-8154-9561
Türkiye


Seçil ÖZKAN
Gazi University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health, Ankara, Turkey
0000-0003-1572-8777
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Mayıs 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 19 Kasım 2021
Kabul Tarihi 27 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Uğraş Dikmen, A. , Altunsoy, M. , Koç, A. K. , Koç, E. & Özkan, S. (2022). Physical activity level of medical students: Is there a family effect? . Archives of Current Medical Research , 3 (2) , 63-73 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/acmr/issue/70106/1021665

Archives of Current Medical Research (ACMR) provides instant open access to all content, bearing in mind the fact that presenting research

free to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

http://www.acmronline.org/