Background: There is no consensus on effective treatments for COVID-19 disease yet. Our aim; To observe the clinical and laboratory results of anakinra treatment on intensive care patients and to contribute to the literature on its usefulness. Material and Methods: The characteristics of the patients receiving Anakinra treatment in the COVID ICU of xx were retrospectively reviewed. The patients' ages, gender, mechanical ventilation (MV) duration, length of stay in the intensive care unit, CRP, procalcitonin, LDH, IL-6, lymphocyte, Dv dimer, ferritin values and the corticosteroid doses they received in addition to Anakinra treatment were also evaluated. In addition, the data of the patient group who did not receive Anakinra but received high-dose (≥250 mg) methylprednisolone (MPZ) treatment were compared with the present patient data and evaluated in terms of treatment effectiveness. Results: When the patients that receiving Anakinra+high-dose MPZ are compared with the patient group receiving only high-dose MPZ,it was seen that the mortality rate is significantly higher (P=0.038), MV and hospitalization days in the intensive care unit were significantly longer in patients receiving Anakinra (p=0.001, p=0.004). However, there was no significant difference in secondary reproduction rates between the two groups (P=0.484). As the mean hospitalization days of the group receiving Anakinra + high-dose MPZ and the group receiving Anakinra + low-dose (<250mg) MPZ were found to be significantly longer in the group receiving Anakinra + high-dose steroids (p=0.018), there was no significant difference in terms of MV time and mortality rates (p=0.193, p=1.0). Conclusion: In our study, the patients who received Anakinra treatment had a longer hospitalization day and MV period, and the higher mortality rate was attributed to this patient group who had a more severe course. It was observed that the use of anakinra treatment after low-dose and high-dose MPZ treatment did not cause a significant difference in mortality rates. However, due to the small number of patients and the heterogeneity of the patient group, more comprehensive and randomized studies are needed.
|Yayımlanma Tarihi||31 Ocak 2023|
|Gönderilme Tarihi||12 Haziran 2022|
|Kabul Tarihi||12 Ekim 2022|
|Yayınlandığı Sayı||Yıl 2023, Cilt 4, Sayı 1|
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