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It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries

Yıl 2015, Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2, 16 - 28, 05.01.2016

Öz

Turkey has long been
characterized as  “too big, too poor, too
Muslim” to be a European country. This assertion permeated the political
debates regarding Turkey’s accession to the Union in the early 2000s, leading
to a Turkey versus the rest dichotomy: Other candidate countries are European,
Turkey is not. A central dimension of this dichotomy was the juxtaposition of
public attitudes toward EU membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern
European countries (CEECs). A frequently evoked claim during the fifth
enlargement of the Union was that the Turkish public supports EU membership due
to its expected economic benefits while citizens in CEECs desire membership
because they identify as European. In this article, I show that this claim was
empirically false. Using data from the Eurobarometer survey for candidate
countries, I statistically demonstrate that both Turks and citizens of CEECs
supported EU membership for economic reasons. European identity played a
negligible role in shaping mass support for EU membership in Turkey and other
candidate countries alike. This study makes a central contribution to the
existing literature by analyzing the relative impact of European identity and
economic considerations on public support for EU membership in Turkey and
CEECs. The results fill an important void in the existing scholarship and
contribute to ongoing political debates on Turkey’s EU membership.

Kaynakça

  • Süddeutsche Zeitung, 29 March 2010. See also Deutsche Welle, 18 December 2004. Günes Becerik, “Turkey’s Accession to the EU: A Test Case for the Relevance of Identity,” Turkish Policy Quarterly 5, no. 4 (2006); Efe Çaman and Kenan Dağcı, “Avrupa Birliği - Türkiye İlişkilerinde Türk ve Türkiye İmajı” / “Image of Turkey in the EU – Turkey Relations: European Identity And The Problem of Turkey’s Belongings to Europe”, International Joint Conference, 10th Knowledge Economy and Management Congress, Istanbul, (08-10 November 2012); Samuel, P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. (New York: Touchstone, 2002).
  • Heinz Kramer, “Turkey and the EU: The EU’s Perspective,” Insight Turkey 8, no. 4 (2006): 24-32; Meltem Müftüler-Bac, “The Never‐Ending Story: Turkey and the European Union,” Middle Eastern Studies 34, no. 4 (1998): 240-258.
  • Ali Carkoglu, “Who Wants Full Membership? Characteristics of Turkish Public Support of EU Membership,” in Turkey and the European Union: Domestic Politics, Economic Integration and International Dynamics, eds. Ali Carkoglu and Barry Rubin (London and Oregon: Frank Cass, 2003), 171-195; Ali Carkoglu and Çiğdem Kentmen, "Diagnosing Trends and Determinants in Public Support for Turkey's EU Membership" South European Society and Politics 16, no. 3 (2011): 365-379.
  • Gizem Arikan, “Attitudes Towards the European Union in Turkey: The Role of Perceived Threats and Benefits,” Perceptions 17, no. 3 (2012): 81-103; Carkoglu, “Who Wants Full Membership?”; Özlem Elgün and Erik R. Tillman, "Exposure to European Union Policies and Support for Membership in The Candidate Countries," Political Research Quarterly 60, no. 3 (2007): 391-400.
  • Çigdem Kentmen, "Comparing Individual Attitudes about EU Membership in Turkey and in Post-Communist Central and Eastern European Countries," All Azimuth 1, no. 2 (2012): 5.
  • Bulent Aras and Salih Bicakci. "Europe, Turkey and the Middle East: Is Harmonisation Possible?" East European Quarterly 40, no. 3 (2006): 367; Nilay Baycar, “Turkish Cultural Identity: A European Identity,” Turkish Journal of Politics (2013): 5; Efe Çaman, “Türkische Außenpolitik Zwischen EU-Integration und Regionaler Orientierung,” in Südosteuropa Mitteilungen 3 (2006): 16-31; Kenan Dagci, “Turkey's Integration Process into the EU and Its Implication to Turkey’s Foreign Policy,” Proc. 1st (Int.) Scientific Conference “Changes In Social And Business Environment,” Panevezys, 17-19, Panevezys-Lithuania, 2006; Bülend Aydın Ertekin, “Could Turkey Be a Dominant Regional Power?: The Rise of Turkey as a Country of Middle-East and Europe,” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 11, no. 1 (2012): 11 no.1; Hasan Kösebalaban, “The Permanent ‘Other’? Turkey and the Question of European Identity,” Mediterranean Quarterly 18, no. 4 (2007): 87-111; Bahar Rumelili, “Turkey: Identity, Foreign Policy, and Socialization in a Post-Enlargement Europe,” European Integration 33, no. 2 (2011): 235-249; Martina Warning and Tuncay Kardaş, “The Impact of Changing Islamic Identity on Turkey’s New Foreign Policy,” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 10, no. 2-3 (2011): 123-140.
  • Atilla Eralp and Özgehan Şenyuva (eds.), Türkiye – AB İlişkilerinin Tarihsel Gelişimi ve Dönüşümü, Haşimi, Cemal (İstanbul: Avrupa ve Avrupa Birliği, 2011).

Yıl 2015, Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2, 16 - 28, 05.01.2016

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Süddeutsche Zeitung, 29 March 2010. See also Deutsche Welle, 18 December 2004. Günes Becerik, “Turkey’s Accession to the EU: A Test Case for the Relevance of Identity,” Turkish Policy Quarterly 5, no. 4 (2006); Efe Çaman and Kenan Dağcı, “Avrupa Birliği - Türkiye İlişkilerinde Türk ve Türkiye İmajı” / “Image of Turkey in the EU – Turkey Relations: European Identity And The Problem of Turkey’s Belongings to Europe”, International Joint Conference, 10th Knowledge Economy and Management Congress, Istanbul, (08-10 November 2012); Samuel, P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. (New York: Touchstone, 2002).
  • Heinz Kramer, “Turkey and the EU: The EU’s Perspective,” Insight Turkey 8, no. 4 (2006): 24-32; Meltem Müftüler-Bac, “The Never‐Ending Story: Turkey and the European Union,” Middle Eastern Studies 34, no. 4 (1998): 240-258.
  • Ali Carkoglu, “Who Wants Full Membership? Characteristics of Turkish Public Support of EU Membership,” in Turkey and the European Union: Domestic Politics, Economic Integration and International Dynamics, eds. Ali Carkoglu and Barry Rubin (London and Oregon: Frank Cass, 2003), 171-195; Ali Carkoglu and Çiğdem Kentmen, "Diagnosing Trends and Determinants in Public Support for Turkey's EU Membership" South European Society and Politics 16, no. 3 (2011): 365-379.
  • Gizem Arikan, “Attitudes Towards the European Union in Turkey: The Role of Perceived Threats and Benefits,” Perceptions 17, no. 3 (2012): 81-103; Carkoglu, “Who Wants Full Membership?”; Özlem Elgün and Erik R. Tillman, "Exposure to European Union Policies and Support for Membership in The Candidate Countries," Political Research Quarterly 60, no. 3 (2007): 391-400.
  • Çigdem Kentmen, "Comparing Individual Attitudes about EU Membership in Turkey and in Post-Communist Central and Eastern European Countries," All Azimuth 1, no. 2 (2012): 5.
  • Bulent Aras and Salih Bicakci. "Europe, Turkey and the Middle East: Is Harmonisation Possible?" East European Quarterly 40, no. 3 (2006): 367; Nilay Baycar, “Turkish Cultural Identity: A European Identity,” Turkish Journal of Politics (2013): 5; Efe Çaman, “Türkische Außenpolitik Zwischen EU-Integration und Regionaler Orientierung,” in Südosteuropa Mitteilungen 3 (2006): 16-31; Kenan Dagci, “Turkey's Integration Process into the EU and Its Implication to Turkey’s Foreign Policy,” Proc. 1st (Int.) Scientific Conference “Changes In Social And Business Environment,” Panevezys, 17-19, Panevezys-Lithuania, 2006; Bülend Aydın Ertekin, “Could Turkey Be a Dominant Regional Power?: The Rise of Turkey as a Country of Middle-East and Europe,” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 11, no. 1 (2012): 11 no.1; Hasan Kösebalaban, “The Permanent ‘Other’? Turkey and the Question of European Identity,” Mediterranean Quarterly 18, no. 4 (2007): 87-111; Bahar Rumelili, “Turkey: Identity, Foreign Policy, and Socialization in a Post-Enlargement Europe,” European Integration 33, no. 2 (2011): 235-249; Martina Warning and Tuncay Kardaş, “The Impact of Changing Islamic Identity on Turkey’s New Foreign Policy,” Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 10, no. 2-3 (2011): 123-140.
  • Atilla Eralp and Özgehan Şenyuva (eds.), Türkiye – AB İlişkilerinin Tarihsel Gelişimi ve Dönüşümü, Haşimi, Cemal (İstanbul: Avrupa ve Avrupa Birliği, 2011).

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

A. Burcu Bayram Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 5 Ocak 2016
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015 Cilt: 14 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { alternatives280245, journal = {Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations}, issn = {2146-0809}, eissn = {1303-5525}, address = {}, publisher = {Yalova Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, volume = {14}, number = {2}, pages = {16 - 28}, title = {It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries}, key = {cite}, author = {Bayram, A. Burcu} }
APA Bayram, A. B. (2015). It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries . Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations , 14 (2) , 16-28 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/alternatives/issue/26671/280245
MLA Bayram, A. B. "It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries" . Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 14 (2015 ): 16-28 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/alternatives/issue/26671/280245>
Chicago Bayram, A. B. "It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 14 (2015 ): 16-28
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries AU - A. BurcuBayram Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 16 EP - 28 VL - 14 IS - 2 SN - 2146-0809-1303-5525 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2023 ER -
EndNote %0 Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries %A A. Burcu Bayram %T It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries %D 2015 %J Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations %P 2146-0809-1303-5525 %V 14 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Bayram, A. Burcu . "It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries". Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations 14 / 2 (Ocak 2016): 16-28 .
AMA Bayram A. B. It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations. 2015; 14(2): 16-28.
Vancouver Bayram A. B. It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations. 2015; 14(2): 16-28.
IEEE A. B. Bayram , "It’s the Economy, not European Identity: The Effect of European Identity and Economic Considerations on Public Support for EU Membership in Turkey and Central and Eastern European Countries", Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, c. 14, sayı. 2, ss. 16-28, Oca. 2016