Yıl 2018, Cilt 6 , Sayı ICEESS’ 18, Sayfalar 241 - 245 2018-12-15

Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence
Özelleştirmelerin Yoksulluk Üzerindeki Etkisi: Ülkeler Arası Bir Kanıt

İsmail Çağrı Özcan [1]


Privatization policies are quite controversial. But the academic studies regarding the effect of privatization mostly focus on the firm level performance impacts and the aggregate financial and economic impacts remained relatively untouched. The aim of this study is to contribute to this policy gap by examining how privatization programs affect poverty levels. Using a sample of 83 countries over the 1988-2007 period, our analyses suggest that privatization implementations tend to reduce poverty rates.

Özelleştirme politikaları oldukça ihtilaflı bir konudur. Bu konuda yapılan akademik çalışmalar özelleştirmelerin şirket düzeyindeki performans etkileri üzerine odaklanmakta, toplu anlamda finansal ve ekonomik etkileri nispeten daha az çalışılmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, özelleştirme programlarının yoksulluk üzerindeki etkilerini araştırarak bu alandaki boşluğa katkı yapmaktır. 83 adet ülkeyi içeren ve 1988-2007 dönemini kapsayan bir veri seti kullanılarak yapılan analizlerin sonucuna göre, özelleştirme uygulamaları yoksulluk oranlarını düşürücü bir etkiye sahiptir.
  • Andersen. L.E., Nina, O., & Te Velde, D. W. (2004). Trade, FDI, Growth and Poverty in Bolivia. Institute for Advanced Development Studies Development Research Working Paper Series, 03.
  • Bayliss, K. (2002). Privatization and Poverty: The Distributional Impact of Utility Privatization. Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, 73(4), 603-625.
  • Birdsall, N., & Nellis, J. (2003). Winners and Losers: Assessing the Distributional Impact of Privatization. World Development, 31(10), 1617-1633.
  • Boubakri, N., & Cosset, J. C. (1998). The Financial And Operating Performance Of Newly Privatized Firms: Evidence from Developing Countries. The Journal of Finance, 53(3), 1081-1110.
  • Cardoso, E. (1992). Inflation and Poverty. NBER Working Paper Series.
  • Dagdeviren, H. (2006). Revisiting Privatization in the Context of Poverty Alleviation: The Case of Sudan. Journal of International Development: The Journal of the Development Studies Association, 18(4), 469-488.
  • Dollar, D. (1992). Outward-oriented Developing Economies Really Do Grow More Rapidly: Evidence from 95 LDCs, 1976–1985 From Global Development Finance & World Development Indicators. Economic Development and Cultural Change, 40, 523–544.
  • Easterly, W., & Fischer, S. (2001). Inflation and the Poor. Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 33, 160-178.
  • Edwards, S. (1997). Trade Policy, Growth and Income Distribution. American Economic Review, 87, 205–10.
  • Estache, A., Gomez-Lobo, A., & Leipziger, D. (2001). Utilities Privatization and the Poor: Lessons and Evidence from Latin America. World Development, 29(7), 1179-1198.
  • Gohou, G., & Soumaré, I. (2012). Does Foreign Direct Investment Reduce Poverty In Africa And Are There Regional Differences?. World Development, 40(1), 75-95.
  • Gourdon, J., Maystre, N., & De Melo, J. (2006a). Openness, Inequality, and Poverty: Endowments Matter. The World Bank.
  • Gourdon, J., Maystre, N., & De Melo, J. (2008b). Openness, Inequality, and Poverty: Endowments Matter. The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 17, 343 – 378.
  • Huang, C. H., Teng, K. F., & Tsai, P. L. (2010). Inward and Outward Foreign Direct Investment and Poverty: East Asia vs. Latin America. Review of World Economics, 146(4), 763-779.
  • Jalilian, H., & Weiss, J. (2002). Foreign Direct Investment and Poverty in the ASEAN Region. ASEAN Economic Bulletin, 19(3), 231-253.
  • Karim, N. A. A., & Ahmad, S. (2009). Foreign Direct Investment: Key to Poverty Reduction in Malaysia. The IUP Journal of Applied Economics, 8, 55-64.
  • Klein, M., Aaron, C. & Hadjimicheal, B. (2001). Foreign Direct Investment and Poverty Reduction. Policy Research Working Paper No:2613: The World Bank.
  • Le Goff, M., & Singh, R. J. (2013). Does Trade Reduce Poverty? A View from Africa. Research Working Paper No: 6327: The World Bank
  • Loko, B., Mlachila, M., Nallari, R., & Kalonji, K. (2003). The Impact Of External Indebtedness On Poverty In Low-Income Countries. IMF Working Paper, 03(61).
  • McKenzie, D., Mookherjee, D., Castañeda, G., & Saavedra, J. (2003). The Distributive Impact Of Privatization In Latin America: Evidence From Four Countries [With Comments]. Economia, 3(2), 161-233.
  • Megginson, W. L., Nash, R. C., & Van Randenborgh, M. (1994). The Financial and Operating Performance of Newly Privatized Firms: An International Empirical Analysis. The Journal of Finance, 49(2), 403-452.
  • Nixson, F., & Walters, B. (2006). Privatization, Income Distribution, and Poverty: The Mongolian Experience. World Development, 34(9), 1557-1579.
  • Pham, N. Q., & Mohnen, P. (2012). Privatization and Poverty Reduction in Vietnam: Optimal Choices and Its Potential Impacts. Partnership for Economic Policy Working Paper, 2012(02).
  • Ravallion, M. (2001). Growth Inequality and Poverty: Looking Beyond Averages. World Development, 29, 1803–1815.
  • Villalonga, B. (2000). Privatization And Efficiency: Differentiating Ownership Effects from Political, Organizational, and Dynamic Effects. Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 42, 43–74.
  • Talukdar, S. R. (2012). The Effect of Inflation on Poverty in Developing Countries: A Panel Data Analysis (Doctoral Dissertation).
  • Zhang, K. H. (2006). Does International Investment Help Poverty Reduction In China?. Chinese Economy, 39(3), 79-90.
Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Yayımlanma Tarihi Aralık 2018
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3809-1847
Yazar: İsmail Çağrı Özcan (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 15 Aralık 2018

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { anemon452768, journal = {Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {}, eissn = {2149-4622}, address = {}, publisher = {Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {6}, pages = {241 - 245}, doi = {}, title = {Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence}, key = {cite}, author = {Özcan, İsmail Çağrı} }
APA Özcan, İ . (2018). Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 6 (ICEESS’ 18) , 241-245 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/anemon/issue/39147/452768
MLA Özcan, İ . "Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 6 (2018 ): 241-245 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/anemon/issue/39147/452768>
Chicago Özcan, İ . "Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 6 (2018 ): 241-245
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence AU - İsmail Çağrı Özcan Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 241 EP - 245 VL - 6 IS - ICEESS’ 18 SN - -2149-4622 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence %A İsmail Çağrı Özcan %T Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence %D 2018 %J Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P -2149-4622 %V 6 %N ICEESS’ 18 %R %U
ISNAD Özcan, İsmail Çağrı . "Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence". Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 6 / ICEESS’ 18 (Aralık 2018): 241-245 .
AMA Özcan İ . Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2018; 6(ICEESS’ 18): 241-245.
Vancouver Özcan İ . Effect of Privatizations on Poverty: A Cross-Country Evidence. Anemon Muş Alparslan Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2018; 6(ICEESS’ 18): 245-241.