Yıl 2021, Cilt 9 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 92 - 102 2021-01-29

Fabrication of Hollow Fiber Nanofiltration Membrane by Interfacial Polymerization Method and Performance Evaluation
Arayüzey Polimerizasyonu Metodu ile İnce Boşluklu Nanofiltrasyon (NF) Membran Üretimi ve Performans Değerlendirmesi

Esra GENCELİ [1] , Gülsüm ÜRPER [2] , Reyhan ŞENGÜR [3] , Türker TÜRKEN [4] , İsmail KOYUNCU [5]


The outer surfaces of the hollow fiber (HF) ultrafiltration (UF) membranes were coated by the interface polymerization method and nanofiltration (NF) membranes were produced. For the determination of different monomers and contact time effects on the membrane performance, two different monomers, (m-phenylene diamine (MPD) and piperazine (PIP)) and different contact time (2 min, 1 min and 30 sec) to the acyl chloride monomer (trimezoyl chloride (TMC)) were applied in the fabrication of membrane. The characterization and performance evaluation of the produced membranes were investigated with SEM images, pure water permeability, contact angle, surface roughness, salt retention (MgSO4 and NaCl) and flux data. SEM images of the membranes showed that a thin film layer formed in all production conditions. It was determined that MPD monomer is more effective than PIP monomer on surface roughness. The best permeability value showed variation depending on the applied contact time for TMC. Produced membranes by using different amine monomers were operated under four different pressures (3, 6, 9, 12 bar). Higher salt fluxes and removal efficiencies for MgSO4 were obtained in membranes produced with PIP. 50% and above of MgSO4 removal was observed in membranes with 2% PIP, 0.13% TMC (2 min and 1 min), and 2% MPD, 0.13% TMC (2 min and 30 sec). The highest NaCl removal efficiency (39.6%) was obtained in membranes produced with 2% MPD, 0.13% TMC (30 sec). According to the findings, it was concluded that the NF membrane to be applied differs depending on the type of salt to be removed.
İnce boşluklu (hollow fiber (HF)) ultrafiltrasyon (UF) membranların dış yüzeyi, arayüzey polimerizasyon metodu ile ince film kaplanarak, nanofiltrasyon (NF) membranlar üretilmiştir. Farklı monomerlerin ve bekletme sürelerinin membran performansı üzerindeki etkilerinin belirlenebilmesi için üretimde iki farklı monomer, (m-fenilen diamin (MPD) ve piperazin (PIP)) kullanılmış ve açil klorid monomeri için (trimezoil klorid (TMC)) farklı temas süreleri (2 dk, 1 dk ve 30 sn) uygulanmıştır. Üretilen membranların karakteristiği ve performansları SEM görüntüleri, saf su geçirgenlikleri, temas açısı, yüzey pürüzlülüğü, tuz tutunumu (MgSO4 ve NaCl) ve akı verileri incelenerek değerlendirilmiştir. Membranların SEM görüntüleri, tüm üretim koşullarında ince film tabakasının oluştuğunu göstermiştir. Yüzey pürüzlülüğü üzerinde MPD monomerinin, PIP monomerine göre daha etkili olduğu belirlenmiştir. En iyi geçirgenlik değeri TMC için uygulanan bekletme sürelerine bağlı olarak farklılık (PIP için TMC (2 dk), MPD için TMC (1 dk)) göstermiştir. Farklı amin monomerler kullanılarak üretilen membranlar dört farklı basınç altında (3, 6, 9, 12 bar) işletilmiştir. PIP monomeri ile üretilen membranlarda daha yüksek tuz akıları ve giderim verimleri elde edilmiştir. % 50 ve üzerinde MgSO4 giderimi, % 2 PIP, % 0.13 TMC (2 dk ve 1 dk), ve % 2 MPD, % 0.13 TMC (2 dk ve 30 sn) olan membranlarda izlenmiştir. NaCl gideriminde ise en yüksek verim (% 39.6), % 2 MPD, % 0.13 TMC (30 sn) ile üretilen membranlarda elde edilmiştir. Bulgulara göre giderilecek tuz cinsine bağlı olarak uygulanacak NF membranın farklılık gösterdiği sonucuna varılmıştır.
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Birincil Dil tr
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-3190-2202
Yazar: Esra GENCELİ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, İnşaat Fakültesi, Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0313-6467
Yazar: Gülsüm ÜRPER
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Prof. Dr. Dincer Topacik Ulusal Membran Teknolojileri Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi (MEM-TEK),
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4103-9430
Yazar: Reyhan ŞENGÜR
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Prof. Dr. Dincer Topacik Ulusal Membran Teknolojileri Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi (MEM-TEK),
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-0550-5975
Yazar: Türker TÜRKEN
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, Prof. Dr. Dincer Topacik Ulusal Membran Teknolojileri Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi (MEM-TEK),
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-8354-1889
Yazar: İsmail KOYUNCU
Kurum: İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, İnşaat Fakültesi, Çevre Mühendisliği Bölümü
Ülke: Turkey


Destekleyen Kurum TÜBİTAK
Proje Numarası 113 Y 359
Teşekkür Bu çalışma 113Y359 no’lu TÜBİTAK destekli proje kapsamında gerçekleştirilmiştir. TÜBİTAK’a katkılarından dolayı teşekkür ederiz.
Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 5 Ağustos 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 19 Ekim 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 29 Ocak 2021

IEEE E. Genceli , G. Ürper , R. Şengür , T. Türken ve İ. Koyuncu , "Arayüzey Polimerizasyonu Metodu ile İnce Boşluklu Nanofiltrasyon (NF) Membran Üretimi ve Performans Değerlendirmesi", Academic Platform Journal of Engineering and Science, c. 9, sayı. 1, ss. 92-102, Oca. 2021, doi:10.21541/apjes.777177