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The Conditional Early Release Scheme at the Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone

Yıl 2019, Cilt: 1 Sayı: 2, 425 - 441, 30.12.2019

Öz

It appears
to be a general rule amongst international tribunals that prisoners do not have
to serve the entirety of the prison term to which they have been sentenced;
instead, once two-thirds of a custodial sentence has been served, prisoners are
eligible for early release. This has led to accusations of decreased
transparency, and of being out of step with the aims of international criminal
law.[1]
It, however, provides prisoners the right to hope, which is particularly true
for those sentenced to life imprisonment. The early release mechanism has some
benefits for both the public and the prisoners. Firstly, the possibility of
achieving early release could be an incentive for prisoners to behave well
during the time of their punishment.[2]
Secondly, the mechanism is consistent with Article 10(3) of the International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights[3]
regarding the reformation and social rehabilitation of prisoners.
Rehabilitation is a significant factor by which the international courts grant
early release.[4]
In this paper, the conditional early release scheme at the Residual Special
Court for Sierra Leone will be examined by referring to recent practices.







[1] Jonathan H. Choi, “Early Release in
International Criminal Law,” Yale Law
Journal
123, (2014); 1784,
accessed  August 19, 2019, https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/ylj/vol123/iss6/4/.







[2] William A. Schabas,
The International Criminal Court: A
Commentary on the Rome Statute.
1st ed. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010);
1102.







[3] “The International
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights” adopted by the General Assembly of the
UN on 19th December 1966, accessed 
August 19, 2019, https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20999/volume-999-I-14668-English.pdf.



Article 10(3): The penitentiary system shall comprise
treatment of prisoners the essential aim of which shall be their reformation
and social rehabilitation…







[4] Kelder, Jessica M.
And Hola, Barbora and Wijk, Joris van, “Rehabilitation and Early Release of
Perpetrators of International Crimes: A Case Study of the ICTY and ICTR”, International Criminal Law Review 14 (2014):
1177-1203; 1178, accessed August 19, 2019,
https://doi.org/10.1163/15718123-01406008. 





Kaynakça

  • BIBLIOGRAPHYBooks & ArticlesChoi, Jonathan H., ‘Early Release in International Criminal Law’ Yale Law Journal 123, (2014):1784-1828. https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/ylj/vol123/iss6/4/
  • Doherty, Teresa Anne and Fisher, Shireen Avis. “Enforcement of sentences and oversight of prisoners convicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone”, Research Handbook on the International Penal System. Edited by Roisin Mulgrew and Denis Abels (Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar,2016). 355-383.
  • Kelder, Jessica M. And Hola, Barbora and Wijk, Joris van, ‘Rehabilitation and Early Release of Perpetrators of International Crimes: A Case Study of the ICTY and ICTR’, International Criminal Law Review 14 (2014): 1177-1203. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718123-01406008
  • Mujuzi, Jamil Ddamulira, “The Conditional Early Release of Offenders Transferred from the Special Court for Sierra Leone to Serve Their Sentences in Designated States: Some Observations and Recommendations”, African Yearbook on International Humanitarian Law, (2014); 154-170 http://repository.uwc.ac.za/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10566/2343/Mujuzi_Conditional%20early%20release_2014.pdf?sequence=1
  • Schabas, William A. The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • CasesThe RSCSL Prosecutor v. Allieu Kondewa, Decision of the President on Application for Conditional Early Release, 29.05.2017. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Decisions/CDF/860/RSCSL-04-14-ES-860.pdf
  • The RSCSL Prosecutor v. Eric Koi Senessie, Decision of the President on Application for Conditional Early Release, 04.07.2014. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Decisions/Contempt/2011-01/035/SCSL-11-01-ES-035.pdf
  • The RSCSL Prosecutor v. Moinina Fofana and Allieu Kondewa, Decision of the President on Application for Conditional Early Release, 11.08.2014 . http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Decisions/CDF/836/SCSL-04-14-ES-836.pdf
  • Press ReleasesThe RSCSL Press Release , ‘Moinina Fofana Admits Violating Terms of His Conditional Early Release Agreement, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 18.03.2016. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2016/pressrelease-031816.pdf
  • The RSCSL Press Release, Moinina Fofana Granted Conditional Early Release, After Six More Months in Prison, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 11.08.2014. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2014/pressrelease-081114.pdf
  • The RSCSL Press Release, Moinina Fofana Will Face Stricter Conditions for Violating Terms of His Conditional Early Release Agreement, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 25.04.2016 http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2016/pressrelease-042516.pdf
  • Statutes & RegulationsAgreement between the United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone on the Establishment of a Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/RSCSL%20Agreement%20and%20Statute.pdf
  • The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20999/volume-999-I-14668-English.pdf accessed on 19th August 2019.
  • The Statute of the RSCSL http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/RSCSL%20Agreement%20and%20Statute.pdf accessed on 20.08.2019
  • The Practice Direction on the Conditional Early Release of Persons Convicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, 01.10.2013, http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/PRACTICE_DIRECTION_Conditional_Early_Release.pdf accessed on 20.08.2019
  • The Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the RSCSL. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/RSCSL-Rules.pdf
  • Annex A to the Practice Direction, Form A(1) , Petition by Convicted Person to Establish Eligibility for Conditional Early Release http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/PRACTICE_DIRECTION_Conditional_Early_Release.
  • Annex C of the Practice Direction, Pro Forma Conditional Early Release Agreementhttp://www.rscsl.org/Documents/PRACTICE_DIRECTION_Conditional_Early_Release.
  • WebsitesResidual Special Court for Sierra Leone, “The Special Court for Sierra Leone Its History and Jurisprudence” (http://www.rscsl.org/ accessed on 20.08.2019
  • Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone, “Residual Functions the Obligations of the Residual Special Court”http://www.rscsl.org/residual.html

Sierra Leone için Rezidüel Özel Mahkeme'nde Koşullu Salıverme

Yıl 2019, Cilt: 1 Sayı: 2, 425 - 441, 30.12.2019

Öz

Uluslararası mahkemelerde
hükümlüler mahkum edildikleri hapis cezasının tamamını çekmelerindense mahkum
oldukları cezanın üçte ikisini çekmeleri durumunda erken tahliye edilebilirler.
Bu durum, şeffaflığın azalmasına neden olduğu ve uluslararası ceza hukukunun
amaçlarının dışında olduğu gerekçeleri ile eleştirilmiştir.  Ancak koşullu salıverilme hakkı mahkumlara,
özellikle ömür boyu hapis cezasına çarptırılanlar için umut hakkını sağlar. Erken
tahliye mekanizmasının hem toplum hem de mahkumlar için bazı yararları vardır.
İlk olarak, erken tahliye edilme olasılığı cezaevinde hükümlülerin iyi
davranması için bir teşvik olabilir. İkinci olarak, mekanizma hükümlülerin
reformu ve sosyal rehabilitasyonu ile ilgili Uluslararası Medeni ve Siyasi
Haklar Sözleşmesi'nin 10 (3) maddesi ile tutarlıdır. Uluslararası mahkemeler
tarafından sağlanan erken tahliye hakkı mahkumların rehabilitasyonu için önemli
bir faktördür. Bu çalışmada, Sierra Leone için Rezidüel Özel Mahkemesi’nde koşullu
salıverilme kurumu son uygulamalara atıfta bulunarak incelenecektir.

Kaynakça

  • BIBLIOGRAPHYBooks & ArticlesChoi, Jonathan H., ‘Early Release in International Criminal Law’ Yale Law Journal 123, (2014):1784-1828. https://digitalcommons.law.yale.edu/ylj/vol123/iss6/4/
  • Doherty, Teresa Anne and Fisher, Shireen Avis. “Enforcement of sentences and oversight of prisoners convicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone”, Research Handbook on the International Penal System. Edited by Roisin Mulgrew and Denis Abels (Cheltenham, UK : Edward Elgar,2016). 355-383.
  • Kelder, Jessica M. And Hola, Barbora and Wijk, Joris van, ‘Rehabilitation and Early Release of Perpetrators of International Crimes: A Case Study of the ICTY and ICTR’, International Criminal Law Review 14 (2014): 1177-1203. https://doi.org/10.1163/15718123-01406008
  • Mujuzi, Jamil Ddamulira, “The Conditional Early Release of Offenders Transferred from the Special Court for Sierra Leone to Serve Their Sentences in Designated States: Some Observations and Recommendations”, African Yearbook on International Humanitarian Law, (2014); 154-170 http://repository.uwc.ac.za/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10566/2343/Mujuzi_Conditional%20early%20release_2014.pdf?sequence=1
  • Schabas, William A. The International Criminal Court: A Commentary on the Rome Statute. 1st ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  • CasesThe RSCSL Prosecutor v. Allieu Kondewa, Decision of the President on Application for Conditional Early Release, 29.05.2017. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Decisions/CDF/860/RSCSL-04-14-ES-860.pdf
  • The RSCSL Prosecutor v. Eric Koi Senessie, Decision of the President on Application for Conditional Early Release, 04.07.2014. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Decisions/Contempt/2011-01/035/SCSL-11-01-ES-035.pdf
  • The RSCSL Prosecutor v. Moinina Fofana and Allieu Kondewa, Decision of the President on Application for Conditional Early Release, 11.08.2014 . http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Decisions/CDF/836/SCSL-04-14-ES-836.pdf
  • Press ReleasesThe RSCSL Press Release , ‘Moinina Fofana Admits Violating Terms of His Conditional Early Release Agreement, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 18.03.2016. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2016/pressrelease-031816.pdf
  • The RSCSL Press Release, Moinina Fofana Granted Conditional Early Release, After Six More Months in Prison, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 11.08.2014. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2014/pressrelease-081114.pdf
  • The RSCSL Press Release, Moinina Fofana Will Face Stricter Conditions for Violating Terms of His Conditional Early Release Agreement, Freetown, Sierra Leone, 25.04.2016 http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/Press/2016/pressrelease-042516.pdf
  • Statutes & RegulationsAgreement between the United Nations and the Government of Sierra Leone on the Establishment of a Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/RSCSL%20Agreement%20and%20Statute.pdf
  • The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. https://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20999/volume-999-I-14668-English.pdf accessed on 19th August 2019.
  • The Statute of the RSCSL http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/RSCSL%20Agreement%20and%20Statute.pdf accessed on 20.08.2019
  • The Practice Direction on the Conditional Early Release of Persons Convicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone, 01.10.2013, http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/PRACTICE_DIRECTION_Conditional_Early_Release.pdf accessed on 20.08.2019
  • The Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the RSCSL. http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/RSCSL-Rules.pdf
  • Annex A to the Practice Direction, Form A(1) , Petition by Convicted Person to Establish Eligibility for Conditional Early Release http://www.rscsl.org/Documents/PRACTICE_DIRECTION_Conditional_Early_Release.
  • Annex C of the Practice Direction, Pro Forma Conditional Early Release Agreementhttp://www.rscsl.org/Documents/PRACTICE_DIRECTION_Conditional_Early_Release.
  • WebsitesResidual Special Court for Sierra Leone, “The Special Court for Sierra Leone Its History and Jurisprudence” (http://www.rscsl.org/ accessed on 20.08.2019
  • Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone, “Residual Functions the Obligations of the Residual Special Court”http://www.rscsl.org/residual.html

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Hukuk
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Hüseyin ATEŞ 0000-0002-3723-4914

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2019
Gönderilme Tarihi 19 Ekim 2019
Kabul Tarihi 17 Aralık 2019
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019 Cilt: 1 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

Chicago ATEŞ, Hüseyin. “The Conditional Early Release Scheme at the Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone”. Ankara Sosyal Bilimler Üniversitesi Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi 1, sy. 2 (Aralık 2019): 425-41.

Creative Commons Lisansñ

ASBÜ Hukuk Fakültesi Dergisi Creative Commons Atıf-GayriTicari 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.