Yıl 2020, Cilt 9 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 185 - 199 2020-02-05

The Effect of Cyberbullying and Traditional Bullying on English Language Learners’ National and Oriented Identities
Siber Zorbalığın ve Geleneksel Zorbalığın İngilizce Öğrenen Bireylerin Ulusal ve Oriente Kimlikleri Üzerine Etkisi

Hilal PEKER [1]


Bullying is defined as aggressive, repeated and intentional harm doing as a result of imbalance of power among individuals (Olweus, 1993). Both traditional bullying and cyberbullying towards ELLs, including minorities and refugees, increased immensely as a result of recent political events in the U.S. (Peker, 2016). ELLs are the most exposed victims of bullying due to language barriers in responding to bullies, which affects their identities, as they adapt to and settle in their new community. However, little research has addressed the bullying victimization of racial and ethnic minority students, although 54% of Asians and 34% of Latinos have been bullied in classrooms compared to 31% of White students (National Center for Education Statistics, 2016). Therefore, the purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate bullying victimization and L2 identity among the adult ELLs in the U.S. The quantitative data were collected from 1464 ELLs through an adapted survey consisting of five-point Likert scale items. The quantitative data were analyzed using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Results indicated that cyberbullying was a more powerful factor than traditional bullying affecting both national and oriented ELL identities.
Zorbalık, bireyler arasındaki güç dengesizliğinin bir sonucu olarak agresif, tekrarlanan ve kasıtlı zarar verme olarak tanımlanmaktadır (Olweus, 1993). Azınlıklar ve mülteciler gibi İngilizce öğrenen bireylere (ELL) yönelik hem geleneksel zorbalık hem de siber zorbalık, ABD'deki son siyasi olayların bir sonucu olarak son derece artmıştır (Peker, 2016). İngilizce öğrenen bireyler, yeni toplumlarına uyum sağlama surecinde zorbalara tepki vermedeki dil engelleri nedeniyle zorbalığa maruz kalan en mağdur gruplardır. Ayrıca, Asyalıların% 54'ü ve Latinlerin% 34'ü beyaz öğrencilerin zorba liga uğrayan % 31'lik kısmına kıyasla sınıfta zorbalığa uğramış olsa da, ulusal ve ırksal azınlık öğrencilerinin zorbalık mağduriyetine yönelik çok az araştırma yapılmıştır (National Center for Education Statistics, 2016). Bu nedenle, bu niceliksel çalışmanın amacı ABD'deki yetişkin İngilizce öğrenen bireyler arasında zorbalık mağduriyetini ve dil öğrenme kimliğini araştırmaktır. Sayısal veriler, uyarlanan beş maddeli Likert ölçek maddelerinden oluşan bir anket aracılığıyla toplandı ve partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) kullanılarak analiz edildi. Sonuçlar, siber zorbalığın ELL’lerde ulusal ve oriente kimliklerini etkilediğini ve geleneksel zorbalığa göre daha güçlü bir faktör olduğunu göstermiştir.
bullying, L2 identity, ELLs
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Eğitim, Eğitim Araştırmaları
Bölüm Makaleler / Articles
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-2642-3015
Yazar: Hilal PEKER (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: IHSAN DOGRAMACI BILKENT UNIVERSITY
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 5 Şubat 2020

APA PEKER, H . (2020). The Effect of Cyberbullying and Traditional Bullying on English Language Learners’ National and Oriented Identities. Bartın University Journal of Faculty of Education , 9 (1) , 185-199 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/buefad/issue/51796/664122