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Relationship Between Q Angle, Dynamic Balance and Vertical Jump Height in Gymnasts

Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 32 - 43, 31.12.2021

Öz

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dynamic balance, vertical jump height and Q angle. Method: A total of 24 gymnasts aged 8 to 14 years (mean age, 11.38 ± 1.83 years) participated to study. The Q angle of the participants was measured by a universal goniometer. The dynamic balance was evaluated by the modified version of the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) including anterior (A), posteromedial (PM) and posterolateral (PL) reach directions. The vertical jump height was measured by squat jump. Results: There was no significant difference between genders in the Q angle values of both right (p=0.528) and left side (p=0.320). No significant correlation was found between squat jump height and Q angle values of both right (p=0.300) and left side (p=0.258). There was no significant correlation between right side Q angle values and both right side A (p=0.825), PM (p=0.939), PL (p=0.950) and left side A (p=0.826), PM (p=0.919), PL (p=0.981) reach directions of SEBT. There was no significant correlation between left side Q angle values and both right side A (p=0.426), PM (p=0.372), PL (p=0.120) and left side A (p=0.909), PM (p=0.337), PL (p=0.216) reach directions of SEBT. Conclusion: No significant relationship was found between the Q angle and the vertical jump height in gymnasts. Also, the Q angle was not associated with dynamic balance performance.

Kaynakça

  • Aouadi, R., Jlid, M.C., Khalifa, R., Hermassi, S., Chelly, M.S., Van Den Tillaar, R., & Gabbett, T. (2012). Association of anthropometric qualities with vertical jump performance in elite male volleyball players. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 52(1), 11-17.
  • Arun, B., Vakkachan, T. & Abraham, B. (2013). Comparison of dynamic postural control with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome using star excursion balance test. Journal of Medical Science and Technology, 2 , 1-6.
  • Atılgan, A.O.E., Akın, M., Alpkaya, U., & Pınar, S. (2012). Investigating of relationship between balance parameters and balance lost of elite gymnastics on balance beam. Journal of Human Sciences, 9(2), 1260-1271.
  • Bayraktar, B., Yucesir, I., Ozturk, A., Cakmak, A. K., Taskara, N., Kale, A., & Camlica, H. (2004). Change of quadriceps angle values with age and activity. Saudi Medical Journal, 25(6), 756-760.
  • Bhalara, A., Talsaniya, D., & Nikita, G. N. (2013). Q angle in children population aged between 7 to 12 years. Int. J. Health Sci. Res, 3, 57-64.
  • Blache, Y., & Monteil, K. (2014). Influence of lumbar spine extension on vertical jump height during maximal squat jumping. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(7), 642-651.
  • Brezzo, R, Fort I, Hall K. 1996. Q-angle: the relationship with selected dynamic performance variables in women. Clinical Kinesiology, 50: 66-70.
  • Bulow, A., Anderson, J.E., Leiter, J.R., MacDonald, P.B., & Peeler, J. (2019). The modified star excursion balance and Y-balance test results differ when assessing physically active healthy adolescent females. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 14(2), 192.
  • Byl, T., Cole, J.A., & Livingston, L.A. (2000). What determines the magnitude of the Q angle? A preliminary study of selected skeletal and muscular measures. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 9(1), 26-34.
  • Caine, D., Bass, S., & Daly, R. (2003). Does elite competition inhibit growth and delay maturation in some gymnasts? Quite possibly. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4), 360-372.
  • Cankaya, T., Dursun, Ö., Davazlı, B., Toprak, H., Cankaya, H., & Alkan, B. (2020). Assessment of quadriceps angle in children aged between 2 and 8 years. Turkish Archives of Pediatrics, 55(2), 124.
  • Daly, R.M., Bass, S.L., & Finch, C.F. (2001). Balancing the risk of injury to gymnasts: how effective are the counter measures? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(1), 8-19.
  • Denizoglu Kulli, H., Yeldan, I., & Yildirim, N. U. (2019). Influence of quadriceps angle on static and dynamic balance in young adults. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 32(6), 857-862.
  • Di Cagno, A., Baldari, C., Battaglia, C., Monteiro, M.D., Pappalardo, A., Piazza, M., & Guidetti, L. (2009). Factors influencing performance of competitive and amateur rhythmic gymnastics—Gender differences. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(3), 411-416.
  • France, L., & Nester, C. (2001). Effect of errors in the identification of anatomical landmarks on the accuracy of Q angle values. Clinical Biomechanics, 16(8), 710-713.
  • Garcia, C., Barela, J.A., Viana, A.R., & Barela, A.M.F. (2011). Influence of gymnastics training on the development of postural control. Neuroscience Letters, 492(1), 29-32.
  • Greene, C. C., Edwards, T. B., Wade, M. R., & Carson, E. W. (2001). Reliability of the quadriceps angle measurement. The American Journal of Knee Surgery, 14(2), 97-103.
  • Hahn, T., & Foldspang, A. (1997). The Q angle and sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 7(1), 43-48.
  • Heller, M.O., Taylor, W.R., Perka, C., & Duda, G.N. (2003). The influence of alignment on the musculo-skeletal loading conditions at the knee. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, 388(5), 291-297.
  • Hrysomallis, C. (2007). Relationship between balance ability, training and sports injury risk. Sports Medicine, 37(6), 547-556.
  • Jeffries, K. (2011). Effects of Q-Angle and Pelvic tilt on Broad Jump, Vertical Jump and 40 yard dash in NCAA Division I Athletes.
  • Jones, BR. (2013). The Effect of Q Angle on Vertical Jump in Female Athletes. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Baltimore, MD: The Goucher College.
  • Lees, A., Vanrenterghem, J., & De Clercq, D. (2004). The maximal and submaximal vertical jump: implications for strength and conditioning. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(4), 787-791.
  • Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., Jukic, I., & Cardinale, M. (2004). Reliability and factorial validity of squat and countermovement jump tests. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 18(3), 551-555.
  • Nguyen, A.D., Boling, M.C., Levine, B., & Shultz, S.J. (2009). Relationships between lower extremity alignment and the quadriceps angle. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, 19(3), 201.
  • Powers, C.M. (2003). The influence of altered lower-extremity kinematics on patellofemoral joint dysfunction: a theoretical perspective. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 33(11), 639-646.
  • Rauh, M.J., Koepsell, T.D., Rivara, F.P., Rice, S.G., & Margherita, A.J. (2007). Quadriceps angle and risk of injury among high school cross-country runners. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 37(12), 725-733.
  • Sac, A., Tasmektepligil, M.Y. (2018). Correlation between the Q angle and the isokinetic knee strength and muscle activity. Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 64(4), 308.
  • Samaei, A., Bakhtiary, A.H., Elham, F., & Rezasoltani, A. (2012). Effects of genu varum deformity on postural stability. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(6), 469-473.
  • Sands, A., Friemel, F., Stone, M.H., & Cooke, C.B. (2006). Any effect of gymnastics training on upper-body and lower-body aerobic and power components in national and international male gymnasts? Journal of strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 899-907.
  • Senol, D., Altınoglu, M., Toy, S., Kısaoglu, A., & Özbag, D. (2019). Investigation of the Relationship of Q Angle and Stork Balance Stand Test With Somatotype in Healthy Young Individuals. Medical Records, 1(3), 60-66.
  • Shambaugh, J.P., Klein, A., & Herbert, J.H. (1991). Structural measures as predictors of injury basketball players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(5), 522-527.
  • Sharma, H.B., Gandhi, S., Meitei, K.K., Dvivedi, J., & Dvivedi, S. (2017). Anthropometric basis of vertical jump performance: A study in young Indian national players. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR, 11(2), 1-5.
  • Wilson, T., Kitsell, F. (2002). Is the Q-angle an absolute or a variable measure?: Measurement of the Q-angle over one minute in healthy subjects. Physiotherapy, 88(5), 296-302.
  • Witvrouw, E., Lysens, R., Bellemans, J., Cambier, D., & Vanderstraeten, G. (2000). Intrinsic risk factors for the development of anterior knee pain in an athletic population: a two-year prospective study. The American journal of sports medicine, 28(4), 480-489.

Cimnastikçilerde Q Açısı, Dinamik Denge ve Dikey Sıçrama Yüksekliği Arasındaki İlişki

Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 32 - 43, 31.12.2021

Öz

Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı cimnastikçilerde dinamik denge, dikey sıçrama yüksekliği ve Q açısı arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemektir. Yöntem: Çalışmaya, 8-14 yaşları arasında 24 cimnastikçi (ortalama yaş, 11.38 ± 1.83 yıl) katıldı. Katılımcıların Q açısı universal gonyometre ile ölçüldü. Dinamik denge, anterior (A), posteromedial (PM) ve posterolateral (PL) uzanma yönlerini içeren Yıldız Denge Testi’nin (YDT) modifiye versiyonu ile değerlendirildi. Dikey sıçrama yüksekliği squat sıçrama ile ölçüldü. Bulgular: Hem sağ (p=0.528) hem de sol taraf (p=0.320) Q açısı değerlerinde cinsiyetler arasında anlamlı fark yoktu. Squat sıçrama yüksekliği ile hem sağ (p=0.300) hem de sol taraf (p=0.258) Q açısı arasında anlamlı bir korelasyon bulunmadı. Sağ taraf Q açısı değerleri ile YDT'nin hem sağ taraf A (p=0.825), PM (p=0.939) ve PL (p=0.950) hem de sol taraf A (p=0.826), PM (p=0.919), ve PL (p=0.981) uzanma yönleri arasında anlamlı bir korelasyon yoktu. Sol taraf Q açısı değerleri ile YDT'nin hem sağ taraf A (p=0.426), PM (p=0.372) ve PL (p=0.120) hem de sol taraf A (p=0.909), PM (p=0.337) ve PL (p=0.216) uzanma yönleri arasında anlamlı bir korelasyon yoktu. Sonuç: Cimnastikçilerde Q açısı ile dikey sıçrama yüksekliği arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulunamadı. Ayrıca, Q açısının dinamik denge performansıyla da ilişkisi yoktu.

Kaynakça

  • Aouadi, R., Jlid, M.C., Khalifa, R., Hermassi, S., Chelly, M.S., Van Den Tillaar, R., & Gabbett, T. (2012). Association of anthropometric qualities with vertical jump performance in elite male volleyball players. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 52(1), 11-17.
  • Arun, B., Vakkachan, T. & Abraham, B. (2013). Comparison of dynamic postural control with and without patellofemoral pain syndrome using star excursion balance test. Journal of Medical Science and Technology, 2 , 1-6.
  • Atılgan, A.O.E., Akın, M., Alpkaya, U., & Pınar, S. (2012). Investigating of relationship between balance parameters and balance lost of elite gymnastics on balance beam. Journal of Human Sciences, 9(2), 1260-1271.
  • Bayraktar, B., Yucesir, I., Ozturk, A., Cakmak, A. K., Taskara, N., Kale, A., & Camlica, H. (2004). Change of quadriceps angle values with age and activity. Saudi Medical Journal, 25(6), 756-760.
  • Bhalara, A., Talsaniya, D., & Nikita, G. N. (2013). Q angle in children population aged between 7 to 12 years. Int. J. Health Sci. Res, 3, 57-64.
  • Blache, Y., & Monteil, K. (2014). Influence of lumbar spine extension on vertical jump height during maximal squat jumping. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(7), 642-651.
  • Brezzo, R, Fort I, Hall K. 1996. Q-angle: the relationship with selected dynamic performance variables in women. Clinical Kinesiology, 50: 66-70.
  • Bulow, A., Anderson, J.E., Leiter, J.R., MacDonald, P.B., & Peeler, J. (2019). The modified star excursion balance and Y-balance test results differ when assessing physically active healthy adolescent females. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 14(2), 192.
  • Byl, T., Cole, J.A., & Livingston, L.A. (2000). What determines the magnitude of the Q angle? A preliminary study of selected skeletal and muscular measures. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 9(1), 26-34.
  • Caine, D., Bass, S., & Daly, R. (2003). Does elite competition inhibit growth and delay maturation in some gymnasts? Quite possibly. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(4), 360-372.
  • Cankaya, T., Dursun, Ö., Davazlı, B., Toprak, H., Cankaya, H., & Alkan, B. (2020). Assessment of quadriceps angle in children aged between 2 and 8 years. Turkish Archives of Pediatrics, 55(2), 124.
  • Daly, R.M., Bass, S.L., & Finch, C.F. (2001). Balancing the risk of injury to gymnasts: how effective are the counter measures? British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35(1), 8-19.
  • Denizoglu Kulli, H., Yeldan, I., & Yildirim, N. U. (2019). Influence of quadriceps angle on static and dynamic balance in young adults. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation, 32(6), 857-862.
  • Di Cagno, A., Baldari, C., Battaglia, C., Monteiro, M.D., Pappalardo, A., Piazza, M., & Guidetti, L. (2009). Factors influencing performance of competitive and amateur rhythmic gymnastics—Gender differences. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 12(3), 411-416.
  • France, L., & Nester, C. (2001). Effect of errors in the identification of anatomical landmarks on the accuracy of Q angle values. Clinical Biomechanics, 16(8), 710-713.
  • Garcia, C., Barela, J.A., Viana, A.R., & Barela, A.M.F. (2011). Influence of gymnastics training on the development of postural control. Neuroscience Letters, 492(1), 29-32.
  • Greene, C. C., Edwards, T. B., Wade, M. R., & Carson, E. W. (2001). Reliability of the quadriceps angle measurement. The American Journal of Knee Surgery, 14(2), 97-103.
  • Hahn, T., & Foldspang, A. (1997). The Q angle and sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 7(1), 43-48.
  • Heller, M.O., Taylor, W.R., Perka, C., & Duda, G.N. (2003). The influence of alignment on the musculo-skeletal loading conditions at the knee. Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery, 388(5), 291-297.
  • Hrysomallis, C. (2007). Relationship between balance ability, training and sports injury risk. Sports Medicine, 37(6), 547-556.
  • Jeffries, K. (2011). Effects of Q-Angle and Pelvic tilt on Broad Jump, Vertical Jump and 40 yard dash in NCAA Division I Athletes.
  • Jones, BR. (2013). The Effect of Q Angle on Vertical Jump in Female Athletes. Unpublished Master’s Thesis. Baltimore, MD: The Goucher College.
  • Lees, A., Vanrenterghem, J., & De Clercq, D. (2004). The maximal and submaximal vertical jump: implications for strength and conditioning. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(4), 787-791.
  • Markovic, G., Dizdar, D., Jukic, I., & Cardinale, M. (2004). Reliability and factorial validity of squat and countermovement jump tests. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 18(3), 551-555.
  • Nguyen, A.D., Boling, M.C., Levine, B., & Shultz, S.J. (2009). Relationships between lower extremity alignment and the quadriceps angle. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine, 19(3), 201.
  • Powers, C.M. (2003). The influence of altered lower-extremity kinematics on patellofemoral joint dysfunction: a theoretical perspective. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 33(11), 639-646.
  • Rauh, M.J., Koepsell, T.D., Rivara, F.P., Rice, S.G., & Margherita, A.J. (2007). Quadriceps angle and risk of injury among high school cross-country runners. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 37(12), 725-733.
  • Sac, A., Tasmektepligil, M.Y. (2018). Correlation between the Q angle and the isokinetic knee strength and muscle activity. Turkish Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 64(4), 308.
  • Samaei, A., Bakhtiary, A.H., Elham, F., & Rezasoltani, A. (2012). Effects of genu varum deformity on postural stability. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33(6), 469-473.
  • Sands, A., Friemel, F., Stone, M.H., & Cooke, C.B. (2006). Any effect of gymnastics training on upper-body and lower-body aerobic and power components in national and international male gymnasts? Journal of strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 899-907.
  • Senol, D., Altınoglu, M., Toy, S., Kısaoglu, A., & Özbag, D. (2019). Investigation of the Relationship of Q Angle and Stork Balance Stand Test With Somatotype in Healthy Young Individuals. Medical Records, 1(3), 60-66.
  • Shambaugh, J.P., Klein, A., & Herbert, J.H. (1991). Structural measures as predictors of injury basketball players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(5), 522-527.
  • Sharma, H.B., Gandhi, S., Meitei, K.K., Dvivedi, J., & Dvivedi, S. (2017). Anthropometric basis of vertical jump performance: A study in young Indian national players. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR, 11(2), 1-5.
  • Wilson, T., Kitsell, F. (2002). Is the Q-angle an absolute or a variable measure?: Measurement of the Q-angle over one minute in healthy subjects. Physiotherapy, 88(5), 296-302.
  • Witvrouw, E., Lysens, R., Bellemans, J., Cambier, D., & Vanderstraeten, G. (2000). Intrinsic risk factors for the development of anterior knee pain in an athletic population: a two-year prospective study. The American journal of sports medicine, 28(4), 480-489.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Spor Bilimleri
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Nurcan CONTARLI
Bolu Gençlik ve Spor İl Müdürlüğü
0000-0003-3269-1056
Türkiye


Tarık ÖZMEN (Sorumlu Yazar)
KARABÜK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-4483-9655
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Contarlı, N. & Özmen, T. (2021). Relationship Between Q Angle, Dynamic Balance and Vertical Jump Height in Gymnasts . Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi , 4 (3) , 32-43 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/comusbd/issue/67962/941359

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Editör

Prof. Dr. Hürmüz KOÇ