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Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall

Yıl 2013, Cilt 34, Sayı 2, 49 - 66, 14.04.2013

Öz

Chlorophyl a, Chlorophyl b, Carotenoid, total chloropyhl concentrations, Kl-a/Kl-b ratio, Total Chlorophyl/Carotenoid ratio, sugar and starch and total carbohydrate amounts, dry biomass changes and proline and sugar amounts interaction at fruit galls of Diplolepis mayri Schld. On Rosa canina L. were studied. We found that Kl-a, Kl-b, carotenoid concentrations increased but Kla/Kl-b ratio decreased and total chlorophyl/carotenoid ratio did not change with gall occurunce in leaves of galled plants. Sugar content at leaves of galled plants were found to be higher than sugar content of control group with galls. In contrast, starch content decreased. As total carbohydrate amount of galled plants declined with gall occurunce but increased with gall maturation. Generally, we found that dry biomass change and sugar content changes of leaves were similar. Monthly changes of sugar levels in fruits decreased depending on the nutrition of larva in galled fruits. It was also found that there is a similarity between the changes of proline and sugar levels as galls development. Proline levels were found to be very high in galled fruits of plants studied.

Kaynakça

  • Cornell, H.V., 1983. The secondary chemistry and complex morphology of galls formed by the Cynipinae (Hymenoptera):why and how? American Midland Naturalist 110, 2232
  • Ronquist, F. and Liljeblad, J., 2001. Evolution of the gall wasp-host plant association. Evolition, 55, 2503-2522.
  • Bronner, R., 1992. The role of nutritive cells in the nutrition of cynipids and cecidomyiidae. In Biology of Insect Galls (eds J.D. Shorthouse & O. Rohfritsch ), pp. 118-140, Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Bayer, M.H., 1992. Biochemical modification of the phenotype in cynipid galls. In Plant Galls: Organism, Interactions, Populations (ed. M.A. J. Williams), pp. 429-446. Clarendon Pres. Oxford.
  • Bagatto, G., Paquette, C. and Shorthouse, J.D., 1996. Influence of galls of Phanacis taraxaci on carbon partitioning within common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 79, 111-117.
  • Berland, L. and Bernard, F., 1951. Ordre de Hymenoptères. In: Traitè de Zoologie, no.10 (ed. P. Grassè ), pp. 771-1276, Mason, Paris.
  • Mani, M. S., 1964. Ecology of plant galls. Dr. W. Junk, Publishers, The Hague, 434p.
  • Bequaert, J., 1924. Galls that secrete honeydew: a contribution tothe problem as to whether galls are altruistic adaptations. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society, 19, 101–124.
  • McCrea, K.D., Abrahamson W.G. and Weis A.E., 1985. Goldenrod ball gall effects on Solidago altissima: 14 C translocation and growth. Ecology, 66, 1902-1907.
  • Weis, A.E., Walton, R. and Crego, C.L., 1988. Reactive tissue sites and population biology of gall makers. Annual Review of Entomology, 33, 467-486.
  • Hartley, S.E. and Lawton, J.H., 1992. Host plant manipulation by gall insects: a test of the nutritionhypothesis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61, 113-119.
  • Abrahamson, W.G. and Weis, A.E. 1987. Nutritional ecology of arthropod gallmakers. Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites, and Spiders (ed. by J. G. Rodriquez and F. Slansky, Jr), pp. 235–258, Wiley, New York.
  • Price, P.W., Fernandes, G.W. and Waring, G.I., 1987. The adaptive nature of insect galls. Environmental Entomology, 16, 15-24.
  • Nyman, T. and Julkunen-Titto, R., 2000. Manipulation of the phenolic chemistry of willows by gall-inducing sawflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 97, 13184-131817.
  • Özbek, H., Güçlü, S. and Tozlu, G., 1999. Biology and natural enemies of Diplolepis mayri Schld. (Hymenoptera: Cynipîdae), a pest of Rosa canina L. in Erzurum Province . Türk. Entomol. Derg., 23(1) , 39:50
  • Lichtenthaler, H.K. and Wellburn, A.R., 1983. Determinations of total carotenoids and chylorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Botanisches institut der Universitat, Kaiserstran βe 12, Postfach 6380.
  • McCready, M.R., Guggolz, J., Silviera V. and Owens S.H., 1950. Determination of starch and amylose in vegetables. Anal. Chemistry., Vol. 22, pp. 1156- 1158.
  • Ebell, L.F., 1970. Variation in total soluble sugars of conifer tissues with method of analysis. Phytochemistry, Vol. 8, pp, 227-233.
  • Bates, L.S., Waldren R.P. and Teare I.D., 1973, Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39, 205-207.
  • Mani, M.S., 1992. Introduction to Cecidology. In J. D. Shorthouse and O. Rohfritsch (eds.), Biology of insect-induced galls. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pp. 1Rohfritsch, O., 1992. Patterns in gall development. In J. D. Shorthouse and O. Rohfritsch (eds.), Biology of insect-Induced Galls. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pp. 60-86.
  • Dreger-Jauffret F. and Shorthouse, J.D., 1992. Diversity of gall-inducing insects and their galls. In J.D. Shorthouse and o. Rohfritsch (eds.), Biology of insects- Induced Galls. Oxford University Pres, Oxford, England, pp. 8-33.
  • Yang, M. M. and Tung, G.S., 1998. The diversity of insect-induced galls on vascular plants in Taiwan: a preliminary report. In G. Csóka, W. J. Mattson, G.N. Stone, and P. W. Price (eds.), The Biology of Gall-Inducing Arthropods. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-199. St. Paul, MN: USDA, Forest Service, North Central Forest Exoeriment Station, pp. 44-53. Andersen, P.C. and Mizell, R.F., 1987. Physiological efects of galls induced by Phylloxera notablilis (Homoptera: Phylloxeridae) on pecan foliage. Environ. Entomol. 16, 264-268.
  • Fay, P.A., Hartnett, D.C. and Knapp, A.K., 1993. Increased photosynthesis and water potentials in Silphium integrifolium galled by cynipid wasps. Oecologin 93, 114-120.
  • Bagatto, G., Paquette, C. and Shorthouse, J.D., 1996. Influence of galls of Phanacis taraxaci on carbon partitioning within common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 79, 111-117.
  • Larson, K.C., 1998. The impact of two gall-forming arthropods on the photosynthetic rates of their hosts. Oecologia. 115, 161-166
  • Yang, C., Yang, M., Hsu, J. and Jane, W., 2003. Herbivorous insect causes deficiency of pigment-protein complexes in an oval-pointed cecidomyiid gall of Machilus thunbergii leaf. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin., 44, 315-321.
  • Kramer, P.J. and Kozlowski, T.T., 1979. Physiology of Woody Plants. pp. 167.
  • Goss, A.J., 1972. Physiology of Plants and Their Cells. pp. 137.
  • Sárdi, E., Velich, I., Hevesi, M. and Klement, Z., 1999. Ontogenesis- and Biotic StresDependent Variability of Carbonhydrate Content in Snap Bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Z. Naturforsch., 54c, 782-787.
  • Bidwell, K., 1979. Physiologia Plantarum. Vol:46. pp. 299-306.
  • Scareli-Santos, C., 2002. Avaliação de sistema galhador-planta hospedeira em ambiente de cerrado: aspectos morfo-anatômicos e fitoquimicos. Acta. Bot. Bras., 16(4), 501-503. Price, P.W., Fernandes, G.W. and Waring, G.I., 1987. The adaptive nature of insect galls. Environmental Entomology, 16, 15-24.
  • Felt, E. P., 1940. Plant Galls & Gall Makers. Comstock Publishing Co., Ithaca, N. Y. pp. 3-32.
  • Plumb, G.H., 1953. Formation and development of the Norway Spruce gall caused by Adelges agabeyetis L. Conn. Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 566, New Haven, Conn.
  • Anders, F., 1958. Aminosäuren als gallenerregende Stoff der Reblaus ( Viteus (Phylloxera) vitifolii Shimer). Experentia, 14, 62-63.
  • Leatherdale, D., 1955. Plant hyperplasia induced with a cell-free insect extract. Nature 175, 553-554.
  • Vuorisalo, T., Walls, M. and Kuitunen H., 1990. Gall mite ( Eriophyes laevis ) infestation and leaf removal affect growth of leaf area in black alder ( Alnus glutinosa ) short shoots. Oecologia, 84, 122-125.
  • Delauney, A.J., Hu, C.A., Kishor, P.B. and Verma, D.P., 1993. Cloning of ornithine delta aminotransferase cDNA from Vigna aconitifolia by transcomplementation in Escherichia coli and regulation of proline biosynthesis. J. Biol. Chem., 268(25), 186738, PMID. 8103048.
  • Warick, R.P. and Hildebrandt, A.C., 1966. Free Amino Acid Contents of Stem and Phylloxera Gall Tissue Cultures of Grape. Plant Physiol., 41, 573-578.

Investigation of The Physiological Changes In (Rosa Canina L.) Plant Members Comprising and Not Creating The Gall

Yıl 2013, Cilt 34, Sayı 2, 49 - 66, 14.04.2013

Öz

Chlorophyl a, Chlorophyl b, Carotenoid, total chloropyhl concentrations, Kl-a/Kl-b ratio, Total Chlorophyl/Carotenoid ratio, sugar and starch and total carbohydrate amounts, dry biomass changes and proline and sugar amounts interaction at fruit galls of Diplolepis mayri Schld. On Rosa canina L. were studied. We found that Kl-a, Kl-b, carotenoid concentrations increased but Kla/Kl-b ratio decreased and total chlorophyl/carotenoid ratio did not change with gall occurunce in leaves of galled plants. Sugar content at leaves of galled plants were found to be higher than sugar content of control group with galls. In contrast, starch content decreased. As total carbohydrate amount of galled plants declined with gall occurunce but increased with gall maturation. Generally, we found that dry biomass change and sugar content changes of leaves were similar. Monthly changes of sugar levels in fruits decreased depending on the nutrition of larva in galled fruits. It was also found that there is a similarity between the changes of proline and sugar levels as galls development. Proline levels were found to be very high in galled fruits of plants studied.

Kaynakça

  • Cornell, H.V., 1983. The secondary chemistry and complex morphology of galls formed by the Cynipinae (Hymenoptera):why and how? American Midland Naturalist 110, 2232
  • Ronquist, F. and Liljeblad, J., 2001. Evolution of the gall wasp-host plant association. Evolition, 55, 2503-2522.
  • Bronner, R., 1992. The role of nutritive cells in the nutrition of cynipids and cecidomyiidae. In Biology of Insect Galls (eds J.D. Shorthouse & O. Rohfritsch ), pp. 118-140, Oxford University Press, New York.
  • Bayer, M.H., 1992. Biochemical modification of the phenotype in cynipid galls. In Plant Galls: Organism, Interactions, Populations (ed. M.A. J. Williams), pp. 429-446. Clarendon Pres. Oxford.
  • Bagatto, G., Paquette, C. and Shorthouse, J.D., 1996. Influence of galls of Phanacis taraxaci on carbon partitioning within common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 79, 111-117.
  • Berland, L. and Bernard, F., 1951. Ordre de Hymenoptères. In: Traitè de Zoologie, no.10 (ed. P. Grassè ), pp. 771-1276, Mason, Paris.
  • Mani, M. S., 1964. Ecology of plant galls. Dr. W. Junk, Publishers, The Hague, 434p.
  • Bequaert, J., 1924. Galls that secrete honeydew: a contribution tothe problem as to whether galls are altruistic adaptations. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society, 19, 101–124.
  • McCrea, K.D., Abrahamson W.G. and Weis A.E., 1985. Goldenrod ball gall effects on Solidago altissima: 14 C translocation and growth. Ecology, 66, 1902-1907.
  • Weis, A.E., Walton, R. and Crego, C.L., 1988. Reactive tissue sites and population biology of gall makers. Annual Review of Entomology, 33, 467-486.
  • Hartley, S.E. and Lawton, J.H., 1992. Host plant manipulation by gall insects: a test of the nutritionhypothesis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61, 113-119.
  • Abrahamson, W.G. and Weis, A.E. 1987. Nutritional ecology of arthropod gallmakers. Nutritional Ecology of Insects, Mites, and Spiders (ed. by J. G. Rodriquez and F. Slansky, Jr), pp. 235–258, Wiley, New York.
  • Price, P.W., Fernandes, G.W. and Waring, G.I., 1987. The adaptive nature of insect galls. Environmental Entomology, 16, 15-24.
  • Nyman, T. and Julkunen-Titto, R., 2000. Manipulation of the phenolic chemistry of willows by gall-inducing sawflies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 97, 13184-131817.
  • Özbek, H., Güçlü, S. and Tozlu, G., 1999. Biology and natural enemies of Diplolepis mayri Schld. (Hymenoptera: Cynipîdae), a pest of Rosa canina L. in Erzurum Province . Türk. Entomol. Derg., 23(1) , 39:50
  • Lichtenthaler, H.K. and Wellburn, A.R., 1983. Determinations of total carotenoids and chylorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Botanisches institut der Universitat, Kaiserstran βe 12, Postfach 6380.
  • McCready, M.R., Guggolz, J., Silviera V. and Owens S.H., 1950. Determination of starch and amylose in vegetables. Anal. Chemistry., Vol. 22, pp. 1156- 1158.
  • Ebell, L.F., 1970. Variation in total soluble sugars of conifer tissues with method of analysis. Phytochemistry, Vol. 8, pp, 227-233.
  • Bates, L.S., Waldren R.P. and Teare I.D., 1973, Rapid determination of free proline for water-stress studies. Plant and Soil, 39, 205-207.
  • Mani, M.S., 1992. Introduction to Cecidology. In J. D. Shorthouse and O. Rohfritsch (eds.), Biology of insect-induced galls. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pp. 1Rohfritsch, O., 1992. Patterns in gall development. In J. D. Shorthouse and O. Rohfritsch (eds.), Biology of insect-Induced Galls. Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, pp. 60-86.
  • Dreger-Jauffret F. and Shorthouse, J.D., 1992. Diversity of gall-inducing insects and their galls. In J.D. Shorthouse and o. Rohfritsch (eds.), Biology of insects- Induced Galls. Oxford University Pres, Oxford, England, pp. 8-33.
  • Yang, M. M. and Tung, G.S., 1998. The diversity of insect-induced galls on vascular plants in Taiwan: a preliminary report. In G. Csóka, W. J. Mattson, G.N. Stone, and P. W. Price (eds.), The Biology of Gall-Inducing Arthropods. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-199. St. Paul, MN: USDA, Forest Service, North Central Forest Exoeriment Station, pp. 44-53. Andersen, P.C. and Mizell, R.F., 1987. Physiological efects of galls induced by Phylloxera notablilis (Homoptera: Phylloxeridae) on pecan foliage. Environ. Entomol. 16, 264-268.
  • Fay, P.A., Hartnett, D.C. and Knapp, A.K., 1993. Increased photosynthesis and water potentials in Silphium integrifolium galled by cynipid wasps. Oecologin 93, 114-120.
  • Bagatto, G., Paquette, C. and Shorthouse, J.D., 1996. Influence of galls of Phanacis taraxaci on carbon partitioning within common dandelion, Taraxacum officinale. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 79, 111-117.
  • Larson, K.C., 1998. The impact of two gall-forming arthropods on the photosynthetic rates of their hosts. Oecologia. 115, 161-166
  • Yang, C., Yang, M., Hsu, J. and Jane, W., 2003. Herbivorous insect causes deficiency of pigment-protein complexes in an oval-pointed cecidomyiid gall of Machilus thunbergii leaf. Bot. Bull. Acad. Sin., 44, 315-321.
  • Kramer, P.J. and Kozlowski, T.T., 1979. Physiology of Woody Plants. pp. 167.
  • Goss, A.J., 1972. Physiology of Plants and Their Cells. pp. 137.
  • Sárdi, E., Velich, I., Hevesi, M. and Klement, Z., 1999. Ontogenesis- and Biotic StresDependent Variability of Carbonhydrate Content in Snap Bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Z. Naturforsch., 54c, 782-787.
  • Bidwell, K., 1979. Physiologia Plantarum. Vol:46. pp. 299-306.
  • Scareli-Santos, C., 2002. Avaliação de sistema galhador-planta hospedeira em ambiente de cerrado: aspectos morfo-anatômicos e fitoquimicos. Acta. Bot. Bras., 16(4), 501-503. Price, P.W., Fernandes, G.W. and Waring, G.I., 1987. The adaptive nature of insect galls. Environmental Entomology, 16, 15-24.
  • Felt, E. P., 1940. Plant Galls & Gall Makers. Comstock Publishing Co., Ithaca, N. Y. pp. 3-32.
  • Plumb, G.H., 1953. Formation and development of the Norway Spruce gall caused by Adelges agabeyetis L. Conn. Agric. Exp. Sta. Bull. 566, New Haven, Conn.
  • Anders, F., 1958. Aminosäuren als gallenerregende Stoff der Reblaus ( Viteus (Phylloxera) vitifolii Shimer). Experentia, 14, 62-63.
  • Leatherdale, D., 1955. Plant hyperplasia induced with a cell-free insect extract. Nature 175, 553-554.
  • Vuorisalo, T., Walls, M. and Kuitunen H., 1990. Gall mite ( Eriophyes laevis ) infestation and leaf removal affect growth of leaf area in black alder ( Alnus glutinosa ) short shoots. Oecologia, 84, 122-125.
  • Delauney, A.J., Hu, C.A., Kishor, P.B. and Verma, D.P., 1993. Cloning of ornithine delta aminotransferase cDNA from Vigna aconitifolia by transcomplementation in Escherichia coli and regulation of proline biosynthesis. J. Biol. Chem., 268(25), 186738, PMID. 8103048.
  • Warick, R.P. and Hildebrandt, A.C., 1966. Free Amino Acid Contents of Stem and Phylloxera Gall Tissue Cultures of Grape. Plant Physiol., 41, 573-578.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Editöriyal
Yazarlar

Hülya ÖZPINAR


İbrahim YALÇIN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Nisan 2013
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2013, Cilt 34, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { cumuscij57958, journal = {Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi}, issn = {1300-1949}, eissn = {1300-1949}, address = {}, publisher = {Sivas Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi}, year = {2013}, volume = {34}, number = {2}, pages = {49 - 66}, title = {Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall}, key = {cite}, author = {Özpınar, Hülya and Yalçın, İbrahim} }
APA Özpınar, H. & Yalçın, İ. (2013). Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi , 34 (2) , 49-66 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/cumuscij/issue/4327/57958
MLA Özpınar, H. , Yalçın, İ. "Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall" . Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 34 (2013 ): 49-66 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/cumuscij/issue/4327/57958>
Chicago Özpınar, H. , Yalçın, İ. "Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall". Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 34 (2013 ): 49-66
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall AU - Hülya Özpınar , İbrahim Yalçın Y1 - 2013 PY - 2013 N1 - DO - T2 - Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 49 EP - 66 VL - 34 IS - 2 SN - 1300-1949-1300-1949 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall %A Hülya Özpınar , İbrahim Yalçın %T Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall %D 2013 %J Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi %P 1300-1949-1300-1949 %V 34 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Özpınar, Hülya , Yalçın, İbrahim . "Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall". Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi 34 / 2 (Nisan 2013): 49-66 .
AMA Özpınar H. , Yalçın İ. Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2013; 34(2): 49-66.
Vancouver Özpınar H. , Yalçın İ. Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall. Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 2013; 34(2): 49-66.
IEEE H. Özpınar ve İ. Yalçın , "Investigation of the physiological changes in (Rosa canina L.) plant members comprising and not creating the gall", Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 34, sayı. 2, ss. 49-66, Nis. 2013