Araştırma Makalesi
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A NEW RESTRICTION ON ADJECTIVE ORDERING

Yıl 2022, Cilt 173, Sayı 2, 43 - 67, 05.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.33690/dilder.1068634

Öz

In this paper, a new restriction on adjective ordering is proposed and it is shown that this restriction can be explained by the Final-over-Final Constraint. First, the Final-over-Final Constraint is described with examples exhibiting its explanatory power. Later, various observations about adjectives are made and two analyses for adjectival syntax are presented: (a) adjunction analysis and (b) functional head analysis. Furthermore, it is suggested that adjectives obey a word-order restriction to be dubbed the Adjective Ordering Generalization. In the last section, it is shown that the Adjective Ordering Generalization can be explained by the Final-over-Final Constraint if we assume that adjectives are introduced via functional heads. The paper comes to an end with a brief discussion of a syntactic aprroach to the Final-over-Final constraint.

Kaynakça

  • Alexiadou, A, Haegeman, L & Stavrou, M. (2007). Noun Phrase in the Generative Perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Artiagoitia, X. (2006). Basque adjectives and the functional structure of the noun phrase. Basılmamış Eser. University of the Basque Country
  • Bernstein, J. (1993) Topics in the syntax of nominal structure across Romance (doktora tezi). CUNY
  • Biberauer, T, & Sheehan, M. (2013). Theoretical approaches to disharmonic word order. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Biberauer, T., Holmberg, A. & Roberts, I. (2014). A syntactic universal and its consequences. Linguistic Inquiry 45(2), 169-225
  • Biloa, E. (2013). The Syntax of Tuki: A Cartographic Approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamins
  • Cinque, G. (1994). On the evidence for partial N movement in the Romance DP. G. Cinque, J. Koster, J.-Y. Pollock, L. Rizzi & R. Zanuttini, (Yay), Paths Towards Universal Grammar. Studies in Honor of Richard S. Kayne (ss. 85-110) .Georgetown University Press: Washington D.C.
  • Cinque, G. (2010). The syntax of adjectives: A comparative study. MIT Press
  • Dixon, R.M.W. (1982). Where have all the adjectives gone? New York: Mouton
  • Hawkins, John. (1983). Word Order Universals. New York: Academic Press.
  • Holmberg, A. (2000). Deriving OV Order in Finnish. P. Svenonius (Yay.) The Derivation of VO and OV (ss. 123-152). Oxford/New York: OUP.
  • Kayne, R. (1994). The Antisymmetry of Syntax. MIT Press.
  • Laenzinger, C. (2005). French adjective ordering: perspectives on DP-internal movement types. Lingua, 115(5), 645-689.
  • Rizzi, L. (1997). The Fine Structure of the Left Periphery. L. Haegeman (Yay), Elements of Grammar (ss. 281-337) Kluwer Amsterdam.
  • Scott, G.J. (2002). Stacked adjectival modification and the structure of nominal phrases. G. Cinque (Yay.) Functional Structure in DP and IP: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures. (ss. 91–120) Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Sheehan, M. (2009). The Final-over-Final Constraint as an effect of Complement Stranding. Newcastle Working Papers in Linguistics 15: 104-125.
  • Sheehan, M. (2013). Some implications of a Copy Theory of Labelling for the LCA. Syntax 16: 362-396
  • Sheehan, M. (2017). The Final-over-Final Condition and the Head-Final Filter. M. Sheehan, T. Biberauer, I. Roberts and A. Holmberg (Yay.) The Final-over-Final Condition. (ss. 121 – 150). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Shlonsky, U. (2004). The form of Semitic noun phrases. Lingua 114(12). 1465 – 1526.
  • Sproat, R. ve Shih, C. (1991). The cross-linguistic distribution of adjective ordering restrictions. C. Georgopoulos, C & R. Ishihara (Yay.) Interdisciplinary approaches to language (ss. 565-593), Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht.
  • Thorne, D.A. (1993). A comprehensive Welsh grammar. Blackwell Reference Grammars.
  • Vendler, Z. (1968). Adjectives and Nominalisations. The Netherlands: Mouton and Co.

SIFAT SIRALAMALARI ÜZERİNDE YENİ BİR KISITLAMA

Yıl 2022, Cilt 173, Sayı 2, 43 - 67, 05.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.33690/dilder.1068634

Öz

Bu yazıda sıfat sıralamaları ile ilgili yeni bir genelleme ortaya atılmakta ve bu genellemenin Son-üstü-Son Kısıtı tarafından açıklanabileği gösterilmektedir. Yazıda ilk olarak Son-üstü-Son Kısıtı betimlenmekte ve bu kısıtın açıklayıcı gücüne örnekler verilmektedir. Daha sonra sıfatlar ile ilgili bazı gözlemler ışığında sıfatların dizimi ile ilgili iki analiz sunulmaktadır: (a) bitiştirme analizi ve (b) işlevsel baş analizi. Yazının sonraki bölümünde sıfat sıralamaları üzerinde adına Sıfat Sırası Genellemesi denilen bir kısıtlamanın var olduğu savunulmaktadır. Son olarak sıfatların işlevsel baş analizi varsayıldığında Sıfat Sırası Genellemesinin Son-üstü-Son Kısıtının sonuçlarından biri olarak ele alınabileceği gösterilmektedir. Yazı, Son-üstü-Son Kısıtının neden geçerli olduğunu açıklayan dizim-temelli bir analizin betimlenmesiyle sona ermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Alexiadou, A, Haegeman, L & Stavrou, M. (2007). Noun Phrase in the Generative Perspective. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • Artiagoitia, X. (2006). Basque adjectives and the functional structure of the noun phrase. Basılmamış Eser. University of the Basque Country
  • Bernstein, J. (1993) Topics in the syntax of nominal structure across Romance (doktora tezi). CUNY
  • Biberauer, T, & Sheehan, M. (2013). Theoretical approaches to disharmonic word order. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Biberauer, T., Holmberg, A. & Roberts, I. (2014). A syntactic universal and its consequences. Linguistic Inquiry 45(2), 169-225
  • Biloa, E. (2013). The Syntax of Tuki: A Cartographic Approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamins
  • Cinque, G. (1994). On the evidence for partial N movement in the Romance DP. G. Cinque, J. Koster, J.-Y. Pollock, L. Rizzi & R. Zanuttini, (Yay), Paths Towards Universal Grammar. Studies in Honor of Richard S. Kayne (ss. 85-110) .Georgetown University Press: Washington D.C.
  • Cinque, G. (2010). The syntax of adjectives: A comparative study. MIT Press
  • Dixon, R.M.W. (1982). Where have all the adjectives gone? New York: Mouton
  • Hawkins, John. (1983). Word Order Universals. New York: Academic Press.
  • Holmberg, A. (2000). Deriving OV Order in Finnish. P. Svenonius (Yay.) The Derivation of VO and OV (ss. 123-152). Oxford/New York: OUP.
  • Kayne, R. (1994). The Antisymmetry of Syntax. MIT Press.
  • Laenzinger, C. (2005). French adjective ordering: perspectives on DP-internal movement types. Lingua, 115(5), 645-689.
  • Rizzi, L. (1997). The Fine Structure of the Left Periphery. L. Haegeman (Yay), Elements of Grammar (ss. 281-337) Kluwer Amsterdam.
  • Scott, G.J. (2002). Stacked adjectival modification and the structure of nominal phrases. G. Cinque (Yay.) Functional Structure in DP and IP: The Cartography of Syntactic Structures. (ss. 91–120) Oxford University Press: New York.
  • Sheehan, M. (2009). The Final-over-Final Constraint as an effect of Complement Stranding. Newcastle Working Papers in Linguistics 15: 104-125.
  • Sheehan, M. (2013). Some implications of a Copy Theory of Labelling for the LCA. Syntax 16: 362-396
  • Sheehan, M. (2017). The Final-over-Final Condition and the Head-Final Filter. M. Sheehan, T. Biberauer, I. Roberts and A. Holmberg (Yay.) The Final-over-Final Condition. (ss. 121 – 150). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Shlonsky, U. (2004). The form of Semitic noun phrases. Lingua 114(12). 1465 – 1526.
  • Sproat, R. ve Shih, C. (1991). The cross-linguistic distribution of adjective ordering restrictions. C. Georgopoulos, C & R. Ishihara (Yay.) Interdisciplinary approaches to language (ss. 565-593), Kluwer Academic: Dordrecht.
  • Thorne, D.A. (1993). A comprehensive Welsh grammar. Blackwell Reference Grammars.
  • Vendler, Z. (1968). Adjectives and Nominalisations. The Netherlands: Mouton and Co.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Dil Bilim, Dil ve Dil Bilim
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

İsa Kerem BAYIRLI> (Sorumlu Yazar)
TOBB EKONOMİ VE TEKNOLOJİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0002-5413-1837
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 5 Temmuz 2022
Kabul Tarihi 19 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 173, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Bayırlı, İ. K. (2022). SIFAT SIRALAMALARI ÜZERİNDE YENİ BİR KISITLAMA . Dil Dergisi , 173 (2) , 43-67 . DOI: 10.33690/dilder.1068634