Yıl 2020, Cilt 1 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 9 - 12 2020-09-14

Effect of harvesting period on chemical and bioactive properties of royal jelly from Turkey

Murat EMİR [1]

Royal jelly is a natural viscous, milky-white product which is secreted from special glands of young worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) used to feed queen larvae and the queen bee throughout its life. It can be used as a dietary complement because of its composition, and also it contains a large number of bioactive substances such as peptides, flavonoids, fatty acids and also 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA). The variation in chemical compounds of royal jelly depends on some factors such as floral sources, queen cup types and harvesting time. In this study, the effect of harvesting period (April, May, June, July and August) on physicochemical properties and 10-HDA content in royal jelly collected from different producers in Turkey. The total solid contents as well as protein contents of royal jelly significantly changed depend on the harvesting period, but no alteration in pH value. The maximum means of total phenolic content and antioxidant activity were found in samples harvested in July. 10-HDA content varied from 0.91% to 2.05%, with a mean of 1.38%. A significant effect of month in 10-HDA content was found, and the highest mean value observed in June.
Royal jelly, harvesting period, 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA), chemical properties, bioactive properties
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Gıda Bilimi ve Teknolojisi
Bölüm Research Articles

Yazar: Murat EMİR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: http://www.aricimdan.com
Ülke: Turkey

Teşekkür The authors would like to thank to the Association of Honey Promotion for financially supported and also to the Turkish Beekepers for providing the royall jelly used for in this study.

Başvuru Tarihi : 16 Mayıs 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 16 Haziran 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 14 Eylül 2020

APA Emi̇r, M . (2020). Effect of harvesting period on chemical and bioactive properties of royal jelly from Turkey . European Food Science and Engineering , 1 (1) , 9-12 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/efse/issue/54144/738407