Yıl 2017, Cilt 1 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 16 - 21 2017-08-30

Palm oil is one of the common used vegetable oil in food industry throughout the the world. This tropical palm fruit is reddish in color because of rich beta-carotene content. There are two types of palm oils that can be produced from the palm fruit. First type is palm oil, and it is produced from the pulp of the palm fruit. Second type is palm kernel oil and it is produced from the kernel part of the fruit. Palm oil exposed to high temperatures may have changes in its lipid matrix which leads to the formation of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) esters, additionally 2-monochloropropane-1,3-diol (2-MCPD) and glycidyl fatty acid esters. According to International Agency for Research on Cancer, 3-MCPD is a substances that have a possibility to cause cancer. European Food Safety Authority also has evaluated the risks of those substances for public health recently and stated that those substances are especially formed during the refining process of vegetable oils at high temperatures such as 200°C. There are two methods using for determining the esters of palm oil. First one is direct method based on LC-MS/MS which offers higher specificity and very low LOD/LOQ for each single 3-MCPD fatty acid esters, on the other hand it requires all set of standard materials for determination. The second method is indirect method including hydrolysis and derivatization of the analyte and determination step with  GC-MS. In the scope of this study, 3- and 2- MCPD, their fatty acid esters, and glycidyl fatty acid esters occurrence during processes of palm oil, its regulation, its adverse effects on human health, and analytical methods for determining those type of esters are reviewed.

Palm oil, Glycerol-based process contaminants, Analytical methods, Regulation, Health effects
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Birincil Dil en
Bölüm Article
Yazarlar

Yazar: Tuğba ÖZDAL (Sorumlu Yazar)

Yazar: Öznur YILDAR

Yazar: Perihan YOLCİ ÖMEROĞLU

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Ağustos 2017

Bibtex @derleme { ejfst432473, journal = {Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology}, issn = {}, eissn = {2667-4890}, address = {Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli Üniversitesi Mühendislik Mimarlık Fakültesi Biyosistem Mühendisliği Bölümü, Nevşehir}, publisher = {İlknur BAĞDATLI}, year = {2017}, volume = {1}, pages = {16 - 21}, doi = {}, title = {Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil}, key = {cite}, author = {Özdal, Tuğba and Yıldar, Öznur and Yolci Ömeroğlu, Perihan} }
APA Özdal, T , Yıldar, Ö , Yolci Ömeroğlu, P . (2017). Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil . Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology , , 16-21 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejfst/issue/37391/432473
MLA Özdal, T , Yıldar, Ö , Yolci Ömeroğlu, P . "Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil" . Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 1 (2017 ): 16-21 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/ejfst/issue/37391/432473>
Chicago Özdal, T , Yıldar, Ö , Yolci Ömeroğlu, P . "Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil". Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 1 (2017 ): 16-21
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil AU - Tuğba Özdal , Öznur Yıldar , Perihan Yolci Ömeroğlu Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 16 EP - 21 VL - 1 IS - 1 SN - -2667-4890 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil %A Tuğba Özdal , Öznur Yıldar , Perihan Yolci Ömeroğlu %T Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil %D 2017 %J Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology %P -2667-4890 %V 1 %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Özdal, Tuğba , Yıldar, Öznur , Yolci Ömeroğlu, Perihan . "Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil". Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology 1 / 1 (Ağustos 2017): 16-21 .
AMA Özdal T , Yıldar Ö , Yolci Ömeroğlu P . Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil. Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2017; 1(1): 16-21.
Vancouver Özdal T , Yıldar Ö , Yolci Ömeroğlu P . Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil. Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology. 2017; 1(1): 16-21.
IEEE T. Özdal , Ö. Yıldar ve P. Yolci Ömeroğlu , "Glycerol-Based Process Contaminants in Palm Oil", Eurasian Journal of Food Science and Technology, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 16-21, Ağu. 2017