Araştırma Makalesi
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THE ROLE OF HOUSING ON WOMEN’S PARTICIPATION IN SOCIAL LIFE VIA SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE: A CASE STUDY IN BAĞCILAR, ISTANBUL

Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 26 - 41, 14.12.2020

Öz

Patriarchal social structure constitutes an obstacle to women's participation in social life, and in this process, it becomes
impossible for women to establish a relationship with society and experience the city. This study focuses on young women
who practice social participation via social media in the virtual space rather than the physical space. This study aims to
investigate how home; the physical space, contributes to young women’s life and provides opportunities for social media
participation. Gender inequality, social participation difficulties, and social participation in social media form the
theoretical structure of this study. In the case study designed afterward, a semi-structured in-depth interview was
conducted face-to-face with young women (n=23) between the ages of 18-24, with low education level and low-income,
in the district of Bağcılar in Istanbul. The qualitative data obtained were evaluated by the content analysis method. The
meaning of the home in this social media participation process is presented with discourses and under themes. As a result,
the home, which is a family-approved place, is also a back door to the world within the technological possibilities. This
study contributes to the literature by showing that the intense social media participation, which is often hidden from
masculine family members, can be used as a tool in women's awareness and education. All of which may occur at young
women’s homes.

Kaynakça

  • Ahn, D., & Shin, D. H. (2013). Is the social use of media for seeking connectedness or for avoiding social isolation? Mechanisms underlying media use and subjective well-being. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(6), 2453–2462.
  • Avolio, B.E., & Di Laura, G. (2017). The progress and evolution of women’s participation in production and business activities in South America. CEPAL Review, 122, 35-62.
  • Batty, M. (1993). The geography of cyberspace. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 20.
  • Bradshaw, S., Chant, S. & Linneker, B. (2019). Challenges and changes in gendered poverty: The feminization, de-feminization, and re-feminization of poverty in Latin America, Feminist Economics, 25(1).
  • Brooks, S. & Longstreet, P. (2015). Social networking’s peril: Cognitive absorption, social networking usage, and depression. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 9(4).
  • Bryce, J. & Fraser, J. (2013). “It's Common Sense That It's Wrong”: Young People's Perceptions and Experiences of Cyberbullying, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(11).
  • Caner, A. & Guven, C. & Okten Hasker, C. & Sakalli, S. (2015). Gender Roles and the Education Gender Gap in Turkey. Social Indicators Research, 124(2).
  • Cappello, G. (2019). Active Audiences. In The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy (eds R. Hobbs and P. Mihailidis).
  • Cerrato, J. & Cifre, E. (2018). Gender Inequality in Household Chores and Work-Family Conflict. Frontiers In Psychology, 9.
  • Chalmers, D. (2018). The Virtual and the Real. Disputatio. De Gruyter Open, 9. 309-352.
  • Chan, M. (2014). Facebook and social identity. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 17.
  • Chant, S. & Sweetman, C. (2012). Fixing women or fixing the world? ‘Smart economics’ efficiency approaches and gender equality in development’, Gender and Development, 20(3).
  • Cinar, K. (2020). Women's Empowerment in Turkey and Beyond, Routledge Press.
  • Corsi, M., Botti, F. & D'Ippoliti, C. (2016). The Gendered Nature of Poverty in the EU: Individualized versus Collective Poverty Measures, Feminist Economics, 22(4).
  • Cox, D. & McLeod, S. (2014). Social media strategies for school principals. NASSP Bulletin, 98(1).
  • Dabbagh, N., & Kitsantas, A. (2012). Personal learning environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: A natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 15(1), 3–8. Demirbilek, S. (2007). Cinsiyet ayirimciliginin sosyolojik acidan incelenmesi, Finans Politik & Ekonomik Yorumlar, 44 (511).
  • Elhai, J. D., Hall, B. J., Levine, J. C., & Dvorak, R. D. (2017). Types of smartphone usage and relations with problematic smartphone behaviors: The role of content consumption vs. social smartphone use. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 11(2).
  • Enneli, H.C. & Enneli, P. (2017). Reinforcement and erosion of traditional gender roles among young people in a poor metropolitan area of Turkey, Journal of Youth Studies, 20(3), 349-365
  • Erman, T. & Hatiboglu, B. (2017). Rendering responsible, provoking desire: Women and home in squatter/slum renewal projects in the Turkish context’, Gender, Place & Culture, 24(9).
  • Ferragina, E., Tomlinson, M. & Walker, R. (2013). Poverty, participation, and choice: The legacy of Peter Townsend, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  • Foye, C. (2017). The Relationship Between Size of Living Space and Subjective Well-Being. J Happiness Stud, 18, 427–461.
  • Gallego, M. D., Bueno, S., & Noyes, J. (2016). Second Life adoption in education: A motivational model based on Uses and Gratifications theory. Computers and Education, 100, 81-93.
  • Gastelum, Z. N., & Whattam, K. M. (2013). State-of-the-art of social media analytics research.
  • Gecgin, E. & Taskiran, G. (2018). Gender & Cultural Studies. IJOPEC.
  • Gikas, J., & Grant, M. M. (2013). Mobile computing devices in higher education: Student perspectives on learning with cellphones, smartphones & social media. The Internet and Higher Education, 19, 18–26.
  • Ginsborg, P. (2008). “Only Connect”: Family, gender, and civil society in Twentieth-Century Europe and North America. In K. Hagemann, S. Michel, & G. Budde (Eds.), Civil society and gender Justice: Historical and Comparative perspectives, New York: Berghahn Book.
  • Gocmen, I. (2014). Religion, politics and social assistance in Turkey: The rise of Gallego, M.D., Bueno, S. & Noyes, J. (2016). Second Life adoption in education: A motivational model based on Uses and Gratifications theory. Computers and Education, 100.
  • Golub, A. (2010). Being in the World (of Warcraft): Raiding, realism and knowledge production in a massively multiplayer online game. Anthropological Quarterly, 83, 17-46.
  • Jin, S.A. & Phua, J. (2014). Following celebrities’ tweets about brands: The impact of Twitter-based electronic word-of-mouth on consumers’ source credibility perception, buying intention, and social identification with celebrities. Journal of Advertising, 43(2).
  • Jue, A. L., Marr, J. A., & Kassotakis, M. E. (2010). Social media at work. How networking tools propel organizational performance. United States of America: A Wiley Imprint.
  • Kalev, A. & Deutsch, G. (2018). Gender Inequality and Workplace Organizations: Understanding Reproduction and Change. In B.J. Risman et al. (eds.) Handbook of the Sociology of Gender, Springer.
  • Karim, R., Lindberg, L., Wamala, S., & Emmelin, M. (2018). Men's Perceptions of Women's Participation in Development Initiatives in Rural Bangladesh. American Journal of Men's Health, 12(2).
  • Kim, S., Park, G., Sim, S., Hong, G. (2018). A study on the opportunity costs of gender educational inequality. J. Women Econ., 15, 1–20.
  • Kuss, D. & Griffiths, M. (2011). Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature. International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health. 8. 3528-52.
  • Lau, W. W. F., Lui, V., & Chu, S. K. W. (2016). The use of wikis in a science inquiry-based project in a primary school. Educational Technology Research and Development.
  • Liu, C., Esteve, A. & Treviño, R. (2017). Female-headed households and living conditions in Latin America, World Development, 90(C).
  • Lörz, M. & Mühleck, K. (2019). Gender differences in higher education from a life course perspective: transitions and social inequality between enrolment and first post-doc position, High Education, 77, 381–402.
  • Malgesini, G. & Babovic, M. (2018). Gender-based Violence and Poverty in Europe, , EAPN Gender and Poverty WG -Briefing # 2.
  • Markoc, I. & Sari Haksever, T. (2019). An Investigation of the Sense of Place Attachment According to the Age Groups, KIE Congress Proceedings, Gaziantep.
  • Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation, Psychological Review, 50(4).
  • Mirza, N. (2017). South Asian women's experience of abuse by female affinal kin: A critique of mainstream conceptualisations of domestic abuse, Families, Relationships and Societies, 6(3), 393-409.
  • Namy, S., Carlson, C., O'Hara, K., Nakuti, J., Bukuluki, P., Lwanyaaga, J., Namakula, S., Nanyunja, B., Wainberg, M. L., Naker, D., & Michau, L. (2017). Towards a feminist understanding of intersecting violence against women and children in the family. Social science & medicine, 184.
  • O’Leary, M.B., Wilson, J.M. & Metiu, A. (2014). Information systems for symbolic action: Social media and beyond: Beyond being there: The symbolic role of communication and identification in perceptions of proximity to geographically dispersed colleagues. MIS Quarterly, 38(4).
  • Offer, S. (2012). The burden of reciprocity: Processes of exclusion and withdrawal from personal networks among low-income families, Current Sociology, 60.
  • Ortigosa, A., Carro, R. M., & Quiroga, J. I. (2014). Predicting user personality by mining social interactions in Facebook. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 80(1), 57e71.
  • Pew Araştırma Merkezi (2018). Social Media Use in 2018, Survey conducted, January 3-10, 2018.
  • Pew Araştırma Merkezi (2015). The Demographics of Social Media Users, March 17-April 22, 2015.
  • Phua, J.J., Jin, S.A. & Kim, J.H. (2017). Gratifications of Using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or Snapchat to Follow Brands. Telematics & Informatics, 34(1).
  • Pittman, M. (2015). Creating, consuming, and connecting: examining the relation- ship between social media engagement and loneliness. The Journal of Pittman, M., Reich, B. (2016). Social media and loneliness: Why an Instagram picture may be worth more than a thousand Twitter words. Computer Humanity Behaviour. 62.
  • Plunkett, S.W., Henry, C.S., Robinson, L.C., Behnke, A., Falcon, P.C. (2007). Adolescent perceptions of parental behaviors, adolescent self-esteem, and adolescent depressed mood. J. Child Fam. Stud. 16 (6), 760–772.
  • Primecz, H., & Karjalainen, H. (2019). Gender relations in the workplace: The experience of female managers in African harbours. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 19(3).
  • Rathnayake, C. and Winter, J. S. (2017). Examining the Link Between Social Media Uses and Gratifications, and Political Tolerance and Dogmatism. Policy & Internet, 9: 444-466.
  • Sponcil, M., & Gitimu, P. (2013). Use of social media by college students: Relationship to communication and self-concept. Journal of Technology Research, 4, 1e13. Retrieved from http://www.aabri.com/manuscripts/121214.pdf.

  • Stamarski, C. & Son Hing, L. (2015). Gender inequalities in the workplace: The effects of organizational structures, processes, practices, and decision makers’ sexism. Frontiers in Psychology, 6.
  • Stever, G. S., & Lawson, K. (2013). Twitter as a way for celebrities to communicate with fans: Implications for the study of parasocial interaction. North American Journal of Psychology, 15(2).
  • Takahira, M., Ando, R. & Sakamoto, A. (2008). Effect of Internet use on depression, loneliness, aggression and preference for Internet communication: A panel study with 10- to 12-year-old children in Japan. IJWBC. 4. 302-318.
  • Teng, S., Khong, K. W., Chong, A. Y. L., & Lin, B. (2017). Examining the impacts of electronic word-of-mouth message on consumers’ attitude. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(3), 238–251.
  • Tuan, N. & Tu, N., (2013). The impact of online social networking on students’ study. Journal of Educational Research, 29 (1).
  • Turkay, S. & Adinolf, S. (2015). The effects of customization on motivation in an extended study with a massively multiplayer online roleplaying game. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 9(3).
  • Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası, (www.evds.tcmb.gov.tr, Erişim: 21 Ağustos 2019).
  • Villi, M. & Matikainen, J. (2016). Participation in Social Media: Studying Explicit and Implicit Forms of Participation in Communicative Social Networks. Media and Communication. 4.
  • Windahl, S., Signitzer, B., & Olson, J. T. (2008). Using communication theory: An introduction to planned communication. Sage.

KADININ SOSYAL MEDYA KULLANIMI VE SOSYAL YAŞAMA KATILIMINDA KONUTUN ROLÜ: BAĞCILAR, İSTANBUL

Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 26 - 41, 14.12.2020

Öz

Ataerkil toplum yapısı kadının toplumsal hayata katılımının önünde engel teşkil etmekte, bu süreçte kadınların
toplumla ilişki kurması ve kenti tecrübe etmesi imkansız hale gelmektedir. Araştırmanın konusu olan genç kadınlar fizik
mekânda sağlayamadıkları toplumsal katılımı, sanal mekânda sosyal medya aracılığı ile gerçekleştirmektedir. Bu
çalışmanın amacı genç kadınların yoğun olarak gerçekleştirdiği sosyal medya katılımının fizik mekânı olan evin bunun
neresinde olduğunu ortaya koymaktır. Cinsiyet eşitsizliği, toplumsal katılım güçlüğü ve sosyal medyada toplumsal
katılım bu çalışmanın kuramsal örgüsünü oluşturmaktadır. Ardından tasarlanan vaka çalışmasında İstanbul’un Bağcılar
ilçesinde 18-24 yaş arası, düşük eğitimli, alt gelir grubu, genç kadınlar (n=23) ile yarı-yapılandırılmış derinlemesine
görüşme yüz yüze gerçekleştirilmiştir. Elde edilen nitel veri içerik analizi ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sosyal medya katılımı
sürecinde evin kadınlar için anlamı söylemler eşliğinde ve temalar altında sunulmuştur. Sonuç olarak aile tarafından
onaylanmış bir mekân olan ev, aynı zamanda teknolojik imkanlar dahilinde dünyaya açılan bir arka kapı konumundadır.
Çoğu zaman eril aile bireylerinden gizli olarak gerçekleşen bu katılım yöntemi ve konutun buna nasıl bir sahne
oluşturduğu, yoğun sosyal medya katılımının kadınların bilinçlenmesinde ve eğitiminde bir araç olarak kullanılabileceği
fırsatının ortaya konulması bu çalışmanın literatüre orijinal katkısıdır.

Kaynakça

  • Ahn, D., & Shin, D. H. (2013). Is the social use of media for seeking connectedness or for avoiding social isolation? Mechanisms underlying media use and subjective well-being. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(6), 2453–2462.
  • Avolio, B.E., & Di Laura, G. (2017). The progress and evolution of women’s participation in production and business activities in South America. CEPAL Review, 122, 35-62.
  • Batty, M. (1993). The geography of cyberspace. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 20.
  • Bradshaw, S., Chant, S. & Linneker, B. (2019). Challenges and changes in gendered poverty: The feminization, de-feminization, and re-feminization of poverty in Latin America, Feminist Economics, 25(1).
  • Brooks, S. & Longstreet, P. (2015). Social networking’s peril: Cognitive absorption, social networking usage, and depression. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 9(4).
  • Bryce, J. & Fraser, J. (2013). “It's Common Sense That It's Wrong”: Young People's Perceptions and Experiences of Cyberbullying, Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16(11).
  • Caner, A. & Guven, C. & Okten Hasker, C. & Sakalli, S. (2015). Gender Roles and the Education Gender Gap in Turkey. Social Indicators Research, 124(2).
  • Cappello, G. (2019). Active Audiences. In The International Encyclopedia of Media Literacy (eds R. Hobbs and P. Mihailidis).
  • Cerrato, J. & Cifre, E. (2018). Gender Inequality in Household Chores and Work-Family Conflict. Frontiers In Psychology, 9.
  • Chalmers, D. (2018). The Virtual and the Real. Disputatio. De Gruyter Open, 9. 309-352.
  • Chan, M. (2014). Facebook and social identity. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 17.
  • Chant, S. & Sweetman, C. (2012). Fixing women or fixing the world? ‘Smart economics’ efficiency approaches and gender equality in development’, Gender and Development, 20(3).
  • Cinar, K. (2020). Women's Empowerment in Turkey and Beyond, Routledge Press.
  • Corsi, M., Botti, F. & D'Ippoliti, C. (2016). The Gendered Nature of Poverty in the EU: Individualized versus Collective Poverty Measures, Feminist Economics, 22(4).
  • Cox, D. & McLeod, S. (2014). Social media strategies for school principals. NASSP Bulletin, 98(1).
  • Dabbagh, N., & Kitsantas, A. (2012). Personal learning environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: A natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 15(1), 3–8. Demirbilek, S. (2007). Cinsiyet ayirimciliginin sosyolojik acidan incelenmesi, Finans Politik & Ekonomik Yorumlar, 44 (511).
  • Elhai, J. D., Hall, B. J., Levine, J. C., & Dvorak, R. D. (2017). Types of smartphone usage and relations with problematic smartphone behaviors: The role of content consumption vs. social smartphone use. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 11(2).
  • Enneli, H.C. & Enneli, P. (2017). Reinforcement and erosion of traditional gender roles among young people in a poor metropolitan area of Turkey, Journal of Youth Studies, 20(3), 349-365
  • Erman, T. & Hatiboglu, B. (2017). Rendering responsible, provoking desire: Women and home in squatter/slum renewal projects in the Turkish context’, Gender, Place & Culture, 24(9).
  • Ferragina, E., Tomlinson, M. & Walker, R. (2013). Poverty, participation, and choice: The legacy of Peter Townsend, York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
  • Foye, C. (2017). The Relationship Between Size of Living Space and Subjective Well-Being. J Happiness Stud, 18, 427–461.
  • Gallego, M. D., Bueno, S., & Noyes, J. (2016). Second Life adoption in education: A motivational model based on Uses and Gratifications theory. Computers and Education, 100, 81-93.
  • Gastelum, Z. N., & Whattam, K. M. (2013). State-of-the-art of social media analytics research.
  • Gecgin, E. & Taskiran, G. (2018). Gender & Cultural Studies. IJOPEC.
  • Gikas, J., & Grant, M. M. (2013). Mobile computing devices in higher education: Student perspectives on learning with cellphones, smartphones & social media. The Internet and Higher Education, 19, 18–26.
  • Ginsborg, P. (2008). “Only Connect”: Family, gender, and civil society in Twentieth-Century Europe and North America. In K. Hagemann, S. Michel, & G. Budde (Eds.), Civil society and gender Justice: Historical and Comparative perspectives, New York: Berghahn Book.
  • Gocmen, I. (2014). Religion, politics and social assistance in Turkey: The rise of Gallego, M.D., Bueno, S. & Noyes, J. (2016). Second Life adoption in education: A motivational model based on Uses and Gratifications theory. Computers and Education, 100.
  • Golub, A. (2010). Being in the World (of Warcraft): Raiding, realism and knowledge production in a massively multiplayer online game. Anthropological Quarterly, 83, 17-46.
  • Jin, S.A. & Phua, J. (2014). Following celebrities’ tweets about brands: The impact of Twitter-based electronic word-of-mouth on consumers’ source credibility perception, buying intention, and social identification with celebrities. Journal of Advertising, 43(2).
  • Jue, A. L., Marr, J. A., & Kassotakis, M. E. (2010). Social media at work. How networking tools propel organizational performance. United States of America: A Wiley Imprint.
  • Kalev, A. & Deutsch, G. (2018). Gender Inequality and Workplace Organizations: Understanding Reproduction and Change. In B.J. Risman et al. (eds.) Handbook of the Sociology of Gender, Springer.
  • Karim, R., Lindberg, L., Wamala, S., & Emmelin, M. (2018). Men's Perceptions of Women's Participation in Development Initiatives in Rural Bangladesh. American Journal of Men's Health, 12(2).
  • Kim, S., Park, G., Sim, S., Hong, G. (2018). A study on the opportunity costs of gender educational inequality. J. Women Econ., 15, 1–20.
  • Kuss, D. & Griffiths, M. (2011). Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature. International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health. 8. 3528-52.
  • Lau, W. W. F., Lui, V., & Chu, S. K. W. (2016). The use of wikis in a science inquiry-based project in a primary school. Educational Technology Research and Development.
  • Liu, C., Esteve, A. & Treviño, R. (2017). Female-headed households and living conditions in Latin America, World Development, 90(C).
  • Lörz, M. & Mühleck, K. (2019). Gender differences in higher education from a life course perspective: transitions and social inequality between enrolment and first post-doc position, High Education, 77, 381–402.
  • Malgesini, G. & Babovic, M. (2018). Gender-based Violence and Poverty in Europe, , EAPN Gender and Poverty WG -Briefing # 2.
  • Markoc, I. & Sari Haksever, T. (2019). An Investigation of the Sense of Place Attachment According to the Age Groups, KIE Congress Proceedings, Gaziantep.
  • Maslow, A. H. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation, Psychological Review, 50(4).
  • Mirza, N. (2017). South Asian women's experience of abuse by female affinal kin: A critique of mainstream conceptualisations of domestic abuse, Families, Relationships and Societies, 6(3), 393-409.
  • Namy, S., Carlson, C., O'Hara, K., Nakuti, J., Bukuluki, P., Lwanyaaga, J., Namakula, S., Nanyunja, B., Wainberg, M. L., Naker, D., & Michau, L. (2017). Towards a feminist understanding of intersecting violence against women and children in the family. Social science & medicine, 184.
  • O’Leary, M.B., Wilson, J.M. & Metiu, A. (2014). Information systems for symbolic action: Social media and beyond: Beyond being there: The symbolic role of communication and identification in perceptions of proximity to geographically dispersed colleagues. MIS Quarterly, 38(4).
  • Offer, S. (2012). The burden of reciprocity: Processes of exclusion and withdrawal from personal networks among low-income families, Current Sociology, 60.
  • Ortigosa, A., Carro, R. M., & Quiroga, J. I. (2014). Predicting user personality by mining social interactions in Facebook. Journal of Computer and System Sciences, 80(1), 57e71.
  • Pew Araştırma Merkezi (2018). Social Media Use in 2018, Survey conducted, January 3-10, 2018.
  • Pew Araştırma Merkezi (2015). The Demographics of Social Media Users, March 17-April 22, 2015.
  • Phua, J.J., Jin, S.A. & Kim, J.H. (2017). Gratifications of Using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, or Snapchat to Follow Brands. Telematics & Informatics, 34(1).
  • Pittman, M. (2015). Creating, consuming, and connecting: examining the relation- ship between social media engagement and loneliness. The Journal of Pittman, M., Reich, B. (2016). Social media and loneliness: Why an Instagram picture may be worth more than a thousand Twitter words. Computer Humanity Behaviour. 62.
  • Plunkett, S.W., Henry, C.S., Robinson, L.C., Behnke, A., Falcon, P.C. (2007). Adolescent perceptions of parental behaviors, adolescent self-esteem, and adolescent depressed mood. J. Child Fam. Stud. 16 (6), 760–772.
  • Primecz, H., & Karjalainen, H. (2019). Gender relations in the workplace: The experience of female managers in African harbours. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 19(3).
  • Rathnayake, C. and Winter, J. S. (2017). Examining the Link Between Social Media Uses and Gratifications, and Political Tolerance and Dogmatism. Policy & Internet, 9: 444-466.
  • Sponcil, M., & Gitimu, P. (2013). Use of social media by college students: Relationship to communication and self-concept. Journal of Technology Research, 4, 1e13. Retrieved from http://www.aabri.com/manuscripts/121214.pdf.

  • Stamarski, C. & Son Hing, L. (2015). Gender inequalities in the workplace: The effects of organizational structures, processes, practices, and decision makers’ sexism. Frontiers in Psychology, 6.
  • Stever, G. S., & Lawson, K. (2013). Twitter as a way for celebrities to communicate with fans: Implications for the study of parasocial interaction. North American Journal of Psychology, 15(2).
  • Takahira, M., Ando, R. & Sakamoto, A. (2008). Effect of Internet use on depression, loneliness, aggression and preference for Internet communication: A panel study with 10- to 12-year-old children in Japan. IJWBC. 4. 302-318.
  • Teng, S., Khong, K. W., Chong, A. Y. L., & Lin, B. (2017). Examining the impacts of electronic word-of-mouth message on consumers’ attitude. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(3), 238–251.
  • Tuan, N. & Tu, N., (2013). The impact of online social networking on students’ study. Journal of Educational Research, 29 (1).
  • Turkay, S. & Adinolf, S. (2015). The effects of customization on motivation in an extended study with a massively multiplayer online roleplaying game. Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 9(3).
  • Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası, (www.evds.tcmb.gov.tr, Erişim: 21 Ağustos 2019).
  • Villi, M. & Matikainen, J. (2016). Participation in Social Media: Studying Explicit and Implicit Forms of Participation in Communicative Social Networks. Media and Communication. 4.
  • Windahl, S., Signitzer, B., & Olson, J. T. (2008). Using communication theory: An introduction to planned communication. Sage.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Mimarlık, Kentsel Çalışmalar
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

İlkim MARKOÇ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Yildiz Technical University
0000-0002-7805-1153
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 14 Aralık 2020
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2020, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Markoç, İ. (2020). KADININ SOSYAL MEDYA KULLANIMI VE SOSYAL YAŞAMA KATILIMINDA KONUTUN ROLÜ: BAĞCILAR, İSTANBUL . EKSEN Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi , 1 (1) , 26-41 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/eksen/issue/58220/718956