Yıl 2017, Cilt 7 , Sayı , Sayfalar 138 - 146 2017-09-08

EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE

Alejandro Abraham SPEDALETTİ [1] , Manuel İgnacio CLOP [2]


This work focuses on estimating the Mincer salary equation by segregating the labor market according to the level of instruction, gender, experience and region in order to explain the wage differences and therefore, the inequality. Moreover, it is also desired to find a correlation between the economic cycle and the real wages, tendencies for each variable and the evolution of the Gini index.

 

The econometric model is estimated by minimum ordinary squares method due to the database number of observations show the characteristics needed to find a coherent and correct output. Dummy variables are used and the age is a proxy variable for the experience. The database was obtained from the "Encuesta Permanente de Hogares" (Permanent home statistics) gathered by argentine’s INDEC (National Institute of statistics).

The main econometric objective is to find a statistic significance of each variable and their relation between the economic cycle. Besides, the economic objective is to analyze the data and bring conclusions about the wage level for each region, the gender gap and specially the relevance of education showed by the levels of instruction.

As a conclusion it was found that education is an extremely determinant factor of salaries and income. Also it was found that between regions in Argentina there are significant differences in wages, moving far from Buenos Aires means lower wages. Regarding the gender gap, it is clear that females earn less, but young females suffer a greater inequality.

Education, inequality, gender, wages, income distribution
  • SEVARES, JULIO, “Historia Económica del Siglo XX”, CENES FCE-UBA (Buenos Aires 2007). SHOSANNA GROSSBARD, “Jacob Mincer, A Pioneer of Modern Labor Economics”, New York University (Springer 2006). MINCER, JACOB, “The distribution of labor income: a survey; With special reference to human capital approach”, Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. VIII, Nro. 1, March 1970 BECKER, GARY, “Human Capital”, Coloumbia University Press (New York 1983). PSACHAROPOULOS, G. y TZANNATOS, Z. “Women´s employment and pay in Latin America - Overview and metodology”, World Bank (Washington, 1992). BLACONA, MARÍA TERESA, “Métodos Estadísticos aplicados a Censos y Encuestas”, Mimiografía Universidad Nacional de la Plata Cátedra de Estadística (La Plata 2011). ALEJO, JAVIER, “Educación y Desigualdad”, Jornadas de la Asociación Argentinas de Economía Política (Trelew 2012). MARADONA, GUSTAVO, “Índice de Gini”, Mimiografía Universidad Nacional de Cuyo Facultad de Ciencias Económicas (Mendoza 2015). DI GRESIA, LUCIANO y PORTO, ALBERTO, “Gasto Público Social”, Prensa Universidad Nacional de La Plata (La Plata 2011). 1GASPARINI, LEONARDO, “Enfoques Alternativos para el Análisis de los Cambios Sociales”, Prensa CEDLAS (Buenos Aires 2012). LUCAS, ROBERT, “On the Mechanic of Economic Development”, University of Chicago Press (Chicago 1987).
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Articles
Yazarlar

Yazar: Alejandro Abraham SPEDALETTİ

Yazar: Manuel İgnacio CLOP

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 8 Eylül 2017

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epess337183, journal = {The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-1730}, address = {}, publisher = {ISRES Organizasyon Turizm Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2017}, volume = {7}, pages = {138 - 146}, doi = {}, title = {EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE}, key = {cite}, author = {SPEDALETTİ, Alejandro Abraham and CLOP, Manuel İgnacio} }
APA SPEDALETTİ, A , CLOP, M . (2017). EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences , 7 () , 138-146 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epess/issue/30770/337183
MLA SPEDALETTİ, A , CLOP, M . "EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 7 (2017 ): 138-146 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epess/issue/30770/337183>
Chicago SPEDALETTİ, A , CLOP, M . "EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 7 (2017 ): 138-146
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE AU - Alejandro Abraham SPEDALETTİ , Manuel İgnacio CLOP Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 138 EP - 146 VL - 7 IS - SN - -2587-1730 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE %A Alejandro Abraham SPEDALETTİ , Manuel İgnacio CLOP %T EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE %D 2017 %J The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences %P -2587-1730 %V 7 %N %R %U
ISNAD SPEDALETTİ, Alejandro Abraham , CLOP, Manuel İgnacio . "EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 7 / (Eylül 2017): 138-146 .
AMA SPEDALETTİ A , CLOP M . EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE. EPESS. 2017; 7: 138-146.
Vancouver SPEDALETTİ A , CLOP M . EDUCATION AND WAGES ACCORDING TO REGION, AGE AND GENDER. THE ARGENTINIAN CASE. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences. 2017; 7: 146-138.

Makalenin Yazarları
Alejandro Abraham SPEDALETTİ [1]
Manuel İgnacio CLOP [2]