| | | |

## Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities

#### Ziad SAİD [1] , Azzam ABU-HANNİEH [2] , Elina ADAM [3]

In this paper we report on enhancing students’ attitude toward and interest in science by training teachers on Effective Practical Delivery in science. Teachers from 17 schools in Qatar, among them 24 secondary school teachers teaching grade 11, and 11 preparatory school teachers teaching grade 8, were enrolled in two, independent, extended training courses (four hours per week for 16 to 18 weeks) on delivery of practical science lessons. Each course was designed to train teachers on delivering practical activities aligned with science curriculum standards, in a way that allowed teachers to practice each activity during the training before delivery to their students. Teachers would then reflect on their teaching and discuss feedback with their trainers and colleagues in the subsequent training session.Evaluation of the program was based on Trainees’ performances, student performance and measurement of students’ attitudes toward science before and after training. Results suggest a notable and significant change in the skills, knowledge and confidence of teachers in delivery of practicals in their science classes as reflected by results from tests and observations. This paper will focus on the measurement of secondary school trainees’ students’ attitude toward science before and after training.  Main findings using t-test show:

·         Very significant increase in attitude of trainees’ students after training (p <0.0001)

·         No significant change in control schools’ students over the same period (p 0.78 - 0.86)

·         Male students show higher attitude & higher self-efficacy than female students toward practical part of science and future science career but no significant difference in attitude toward science in general.

Science, Practical, Delivery, Curriculum Standards, Training
• Ainley, M., Hidi, S., & Berndorff, D. (2002). Interest, learning, and the psychological processes that mediate their relationship. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94, 545-561. Borget, M. M., & Gilroy, F. D. (1994). Interests and self-efficacy as predictors of Mathematics/science-based career choice. Psychological Reports, 75, 753-754. Brotman , J.S. & Moore, F.M (2008) Girls and science: A review of four themes in the science education literature. J.Research in Science Teaching (45) pp. 971-1082. Calabrese-Barton, A., & Basu, S. J. (2007). Developing a sustained interest in science among urban minority youth. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 44(3), 466-489. Chang, C. Y., & Cheng, W. Y. (2008). Science achievement and students’ self-confidence and interest in science: A Taiwanese representative sample study. International Journal of Research of Science Education, 30, 1183-1200. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Finding flow: The psychology of engagement with everyday life. New York, NY:Basic.(cf. Shumow and Schmidt 2014). Farenga, S. J., & Joyce, B. A. (1998). Science-related attitudes and science course selection: A study of high-ability boys and girls. Roeper Review, 20(4), 9, 247-251 Harter, S. “Effectance motivation reconsidered: Toward a developmental model”. Human Development, 21(1), pp.34-64. Glynn, S. M., Taasoobshirazi, G. and Brickman, P. (2009), “Science Motivation Questionnaire: Construct validation with non-science majors”. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 46, 127–146. Hidi, S. (1990). Interest and its contribution as a mental resource for learning. Review of Educational Research, 60, 549-571. Greenfield, T. A. (1997). Gender- and grade-level differences in science interest and participation. Science Education, 81(3), 259–275. Jarvis, T. and Pell, A. (2005) Factors influencing elementary school children's attitudes to science before, during and following a visit to the UK National Space Centre. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 42(1), 53-83 Kelly, A. (1986). The development of girls’ and boys’ attitudes to science: A longitudinal study. European Journal of Science Education, 8, 39F9-412. Koballa, T. R., & Crawley, F. E. (1985). The influence of attitude on science teaching and learning. School Science and Mathematics, 85, 223–232. Lavonen, J., Byman, R., Uitto, A., Juuti, K., & Meisalo, V. (2008). Students’ interest and experiences in physics and chemistry related themes: reflections based on a ROSE-survey in Finland. Themes in Science and Technology Education, 1(1), 7–36. Laukenmann, M., Bleicher, M., Fu, S., Gläser-Zikuda, M., Mayring, P., & von Rhöneck, C.(2003). An investigation of the influence of emotional factors on learning in physics instruction. International Journal of Science Education, 25, 489-507. Lovelace, M. & Brickman, P. (2013). Best Practices for Measuring Students’ Attitudes towardLearning Science. Life Sciences Education Vol. 12, 606–617. Downloaded from http://www.lifescied.org/ October 20, 2014 Mason, C. L., & Kahle, J. B. (1989). Student attitudes toward science and science related careers: A program designed to promote a stimulating gender-free learning environment. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 26(1), 25-39. Osborne, J., Simon, S., & Collins, S. (2003). Attitude towards science: A review of the literature and its implications. International Journal of Science Education, 25(9), 1049-1079. Shumow, L. and Schmidt, J. (2014) “Enhancing Adolescents’ Motivation for Science”, SAGE publication, California, pp. 112-114. Said, Z, and. Friesen. H. (2013)."The impact of educational reform on science and mathematics education in Qatar." European Scientific Journal 9, 19 (2013). Said, Z. (2016a). Science Education Reform in Qatar: Progress and Challenges. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 12(8), 2253-2265. doi:10.12973/eurasia.2016.1301a Said, Z (2016b). Developing a Framework for Effective Delivery of Practical in Science Teaching in the State of Qatar. International Journal of Educational Science and Research, 6(2), pp. 25-33. Shrigley, R.L., Koballa,T.R. & Simpson, R.D. (1988). Defining attitude for science educators. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 25, 659-678. Simpson, R. D., & Oliver, J. S. (1985). Attitude toward science and achievement motivation profiles of male and female science students in grades six through ten. Science Education, 69(4), 511–526. Tobias, S. (1994). Interest, prior knowledge and learning. Review of Educational Research, 64, 37-54. Tytler, R., & Osborne, J. (2012). Student attitudes and aspirations towards science. In Second international handbook of science education (pp. 597-625). Netherlands: Springer. Weinburgh, M. (1995). Gender differences in student attitudes toward science: A meta-analysis of the literature from 1970 to 1991. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 32(4), 387–398. Yager, R. E. & McCormack, A. J. (1989). Assessing teaching/learning successes in multiple domains of science and science education. Science Education, 73(1), 45-58.
Birincil Dil en Sosyal Articles Yazar: Ziad SAİD (Sorumlu Yazar) Yazar: Azzam ABU-HANNİEH Yazar: Elina ADAM Yayımlanma Tarihi : 18 Ağustos 2018
 Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { epess454484, journal = {The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences}, issn = {}, eissn = {2587-1730}, address = {}, publisher = {ISRES Organizasyon Turizm Eğitim Danışmanlık Ltd. Şti.}, year = {2018}, volume = {9}, pages = {52 - 58}, doi = {}, title = {Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities}, key = {cite}, author = {Said, Ziad and Abu-hannieh, Azzam and Adam, Elina} } APA Said, Z , Abu-hannieh, A , Adam, E . (2018). Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities . The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences , 9 , 52-58 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/epess/issue/38900/454484 MLA Said, Z , Abu-hannieh, A , Adam, E . "Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities" . The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 9 (2018 ): 52-58 Chicago Said, Z , Abu-hannieh, A , Adam, E . "Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 9 (2018 ): 52-58 RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities AU - Ziad Said , Azzam Abu-hannieh , Elina Adam Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - DO - T2 - The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 52 EP - 58 VL - 9 IS - SN - -2587-1730 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2021 ER - EndNote %0 The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities %A Ziad Said , Azzam Abu-hannieh , Elina Adam %T Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities %D 2018 %J The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences %P -2587-1730 %V 9 %N %R %U ISNAD Said, Ziad , Abu-hannieh, Azzam , Adam, Elina . "Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities". The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences 9 / (Ağustos 2018): 52-58 . AMA Said Z , Abu-hannieh A , Adam E . Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities. EPESS. 2018; 9: 52-58. Vancouver Said Z , Abu-hannieh A , Adam E . Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities. The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences. 2018; 9: 52-58. IEEE Z. Said , A. Abu-hannieh ve E. Adam , "Enhancement of School Students’ Interest in, and Attitude toward Science by Training Their Teachers on Effective Delivery of Practical Activities", The Eurasia Proceedings of Educational and Social Sciences, c. 9, ss. 52-58, Ağu. 2018

Makalenin Yazarları