Yıl 2015, Cilt 6 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 1 - 15 2015-10-01

LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION

Şerife HUYUGÜZEL KIŞLA [1] , Ertuğrul DELİKTAŞ [2]


This study examines labor productivity convergence in the Former Soviet Union Countries. It is known that labor productivity is a key of measure of economic growth and national competitiveness. The study includes two periods: first period covers the 1970-1989 years, and second period includes the 1991-2010 years called as the transition period. The findings of study indicate that during the Soviet Union, the speed of labor productivity convergence for fifteen countries is almost zero. On the other hand, according to conditional convergence model labor productivity levels have slowly converged towards the steady-state levels during the transition period. The convergence speed for the transition period is 0.021 for fixed effect pooled least squares model and is 0.115 for GMM model.

This study examines labor productivity convergence in the Former Soviet Union Countries. It is known that labor productivity is a key of measure of economic growth and national competitiveness. The study includes two periods: first period covers the 1970-1989 years, and second period includes the 1991-2010 years called as the transition period. The findings of study indicate that during the Soviet Union, the speed of labor productivity convergence for fifteen countries is almost zero. On the other hand, according to conditional convergence model labor productivity levels have slowly converged towards the steady-state levels during the transition period. The convergence speed for the transition period is 0.021 for fixed effect pooled least squares model and is 0.115 for GMM model.




 

  • Abramovitz, M. (1986). Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind. The Journal of Economic History, 46(2), 385-406.
  • Baltagi, B. (2002). Econometric Analysis of Panel Data. Chichester: Wiley.
  • Barro, R. J., & Martin, X. S. (2004). Economic Growth. London: MIT Press.
  • Baumol, W. (1986). Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: What the Long-Run Data Show. The American Economic Review, 76(5), 1072-1085.
  • Baumol, W. J., & Wolff, E. N. (1988). Productivity Growth, Convergence, and Welfare: Reply. The American Economic Review, 78(5), 1155-1159.
  • Case, K. E., & Fair, R. C. (2004). Principles of Economics. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
  • Deliktas, E., & Balcılar, M. (2005). A Comparative analysis of Productivity Growth, Catch-up and Convergence in Transition Economies. Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 41(1), 6-28.
  • Deliktas, E., & Emsen, S. (2002). The Evaluation of Privatization Process in Kyrgyzstan: 1991-2001. In O. S. University (Ed.), International Science Conference in Modern Societies. Osh, Kyrgyzstan.
  • Dowrick, S., & Nguyen, D. (1989). OECD Comparative Economic Growth 1950–85: Catch- Up and Convergence. The American Review, 79(5), 1010-1030.
  • EBRD. (2013, January 20). Retrieved from http://www.ebrd.com/country/sector/econo/stats/index.htm
  • EBRD. (2014, July 29). Transition Report. Retrieved from http://www.ebrd.com/news/publications/transition-report/transition-report-2014.html
  • Hinds, M. (1990). Issues in the Introduction of Market Forces in Eastern European Socialist Economies. EMENA Discussion Papers, IDP-0057.
  • Hsiao, C. (2003). Analysis of Panel Data. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • ILO. (2013, February 25). Retrieved from http://laborsta.ilo.org/
  • Islam, N. (1995). Growth Empirics:A Panel Data Approach. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110(4), 1127-1170.
  • Islam, N. (2003). What Do We Learnt from the Convergence Debate? Journal of Economic Surveys, 17(3), 309-362.
  • Kennedy, P. (2006). A Guide to Econometrics. USA: Wiley Blackwell.
  • Kok, R., & Deliktas, E. (2004). Efficiency Convergence in Transition Economies: 1991-2002: A Non-Parametric Frontier Approach. Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University Publication:61, Conference Series: 6 (pp. 260-280). Publication:61.
  • Lall, S., & Yılmaz, S. (2000). Regional Economic Convergence, Do Policy Instruments Make a Difference. World Bank Institute.
  • Lipton, D., & Sach, J. (1990). Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland. Brookings Papers on Economics Activity, 1, 75-147.
  • Matheson, T. D., & Oxley, L. (2007). Convergence in Productivity Across Industries: Some Results for New Zealand and Australia. International Review of Applied Economics, 21(1), 55-73.
  • Onder, O., Deliktas, E., & Karadag, M. (2006). Kamu Sermaye Stokunun Türkiye’de Bölgesel Yakınsamaya Etkisi. The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK ), Social and Human Sciences Research Grant Group.
  • Osiewalski, J., Koop, G., & Steel, M. (1998). A Stochastic Frontier Analysis of Output Level and Growth in Poland and Western Economies. Center for Economic Reseach Working Paper, 9785.
  • Polanec, S. (2004). Convergence at Last? Evidence from Transition Countries. LICOS Discussion Papers, 14404.
  • Rao, D., S. Prasada, & Coelli, T. (1998). Catch-Up and Convergence in Global Agricultural Productivity 1980-1995. Centre for Efficiency and Productivity Analysis Working Paper, 4(98).
  • Roaf, J., Atoyan, R., Joshi, B., & Krogulski, K. (2014). 25 Years of Transition Post- Communist Europe and the IMF.
  • Sala-i-Martin, X. (1996). The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis. The Economic Journal, 106(437), 1019-1036.
  • Tansel, A., & Gungor, N. (1997). Income and Growth Convergence: An Application to the Provinces of Turkey. First Annual ERC/METU Conference on Economics.
  • UNECE. (2013, January 20). Retrieved from http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/Dialog/
  • Yurtsever, C. (2007). Labour Productivity Convergence of Advanced European Countries across the Industries.
Birincil Dil En
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Şerife HUYUGÜZEL KIŞLA

Yazar: Ertuğrul DELİKTAŞ

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 1 Ekim 2015

Bibtex @ { esam81754, journal = {Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi}, issn = {1309-887X}, eissn = {2149-0465}, address = {}, publisher = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2015}, pages = {1 - 15}, doi = {10.18354/esam.55935}, title = {LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION}, key = {cite}, author = {Huyugüzel Kışla, Şerife and Deli̇ktaş, Ertuğrul} }
APA Huyugüzel Kışla, Ş , Deli̇ktaş, E . (2015). LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION . Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi , 6 (2) , 1-15 . DOI: 10.18354/esam.55935
MLA Huyugüzel Kışla, Ş , Deli̇ktaş, E . "LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION" . Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi 6 (2015 ): 1-15 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/esam/article/81754>
Chicago Huyugüzel Kışla, Ş , Deli̇ktaş, E . "LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION". Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi 6 (2015 ): 1-15
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION AU - Şerife Huyugüzel Kışla , Ertuğrul Deli̇ktaş Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - doi: 10.18354/esam.55935 DO - 10.18354/esam.55935 T2 - Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 15 VL - 6 IS - 2 SN - 1309-887X-2149-0465 M3 - doi: 10.18354/esam.55935 UR - https://doi.org/10.18354/esam.55935 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION %A Şerife Huyugüzel Kışla , Ertuğrul Deli̇ktaş %T LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION %D 2015 %J Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi %P 1309-887X-2149-0465 %V 6 %N 2 %R doi: 10.18354/esam.55935 %U 10.18354/esam.55935
ISNAD Huyugüzel Kışla, Şerife , Deli̇ktaş, Ertuğrul . "LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION". Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi 6 / 2 (Ekim 2015): 1-15 . https://doi.org/10.18354/esam.55935
AMA Huyugüzel Kışla Ş , Deli̇ktaş E . LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION. ESAM. 2015; 6(2): 1-15.
Vancouver Huyugüzel Kışla Ş , Deli̇ktaş E . LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION. Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi. 2015; 6(2): 1-15.
IEEE Ş. Huyugüzel Kışla ve E. Deli̇ktaş , "LABOR PRODUCTIVITY CONVERGENCE OR DIVERGENCE IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE COLLAPSE OF SOVIET UNION", Ege Stratejik Araştırmalar Dergisi, c. 6, sayı. 2, ss. 1-15, Eki. 2015, doi:10.18354/esam.55935