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The Effects Of Different NaCl Concentrations in the Germination Period of Some Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes

Yıl 2021, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 33 - 42, 16.04.2021

Öz

Salinity is among the most common abiotic stress factors seen in agricultural areas around the world. In this study, it was aimed to determine the response of some bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes to salt stress during germination. In the research, 7 bread wheat genotypes (Pamukova 97, Beşköprü, Metin, Bezostaya-1, Hanlı, Tahirova 2000, Momtchill) and 5 different salt concentrations (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 mM) were used. Application was carried out as Randomized Plots Design with two factors and three replications. As a result of salt application, the water intake rate at 24. hours, germination percentage, radicle and coleoptile length, radicle and coleoptile dry weight, salt tolerance index were calculated. The results obtained show that salt applications negatively affect all parameters examined and it reveals that there are significant differences in response to salinity among the genotypes studied.

Kaynakça

  • [1] SzabolcsI, “Soils and salinization,” In M. Pessarakli Handbook of plant and crop stress, Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 3– 11, 1994.
  • [2] H. Akgül, “Tuzluluk,” Ziraat Mühendisliği Dergisi, s. 340, 2003.
  • [3] B. Kara, İ. Akgün ve D. Altındal, “Tritikale genotiplerinde çimlenme ve fide gelişimi üzerine tuzluluğun (NaCl) etkisi,” Selçuk Üniversitesi Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 25, s. 1, ss. 1-19, 2011.
  • [4] I. Demir, K. M. Mavi, G. Okçu, “Effect of Salt Stress on Germination and Seedling Growth in Serially Harvested Aubergine (Solanum melongena L.) Seeds During Development,” Israel J. Plant Sci., vol. 51, pp. 125-131, 2003.
  • [5] H. Greenway and R. Munns, “Mechanisms of salt tolerance in non‐halophytes,” Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol., vol. 31, pp. 149– 190, 1980.
  • [6] E. Epstein, “Saline culture of crops: A genetic approach,” Science, vol. 210, pp. 399– 404, 1980.
  • [7] J.W. Van Hoorn, N. Katerji, A. Hamdy, M. Mastrorilli, “Effect of Salinity on Yield and Nitrogen Uptake of Four Grain Legumes and on Biological Nitrogen Contribution From the Soil,” Agric Water Manag, vol. 51, pp. 87–98, 2001.
  • [8] B. İnan, E. Orkunalp, R. Dogan, E. Budaklı Çarpıcı, “Bazı Ekmeklik Buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) Hatlarının Çimlenme Döneminde Tuz Stresine Tepkileri,” U. Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 32, s. 1, ss. 69-78, 2018.
  • [9] S. M. Siegel, B. Z. Siegel, J. Massey, P. Lahne, J. Chen, “Growth of Corn in Saline Water,” Physiol Plant, vol. 50, pp. 71-73, 1980.
  • [10] T. J. Flowers and A. R. Yeo, “Variability in the Resistance of Sodium Chloride Salinity Within Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties,” New Phytol, vol. 88, pp. 363-373, 1981.
  • [11] A.C. Leopold and R.P. Willing, “Evidence of Toxicity Effects of Salt on Membranes,” In: Salinity Tolerance in Plants, (eds. R.C. Staples and G.H. Toenniessen), pp. 67-76, 1984.
  • [12] M.M.F. Mansour, “Changes in Growth, Osmotic Potential and Cell Permeability of Wheat Cultivars Under Salt Stress,” Biol Plant, vol. 36, pp. 429-434, 1994.
  • [13] A. İnal, A. Güneş, M. Aktaş, “Effects of Chloride and Partial Substitution of Reduced Forms of Nitrogen for Nitrate in Nutrient Solution of the Nitrate, Total Nitrogen and Chlorine Contents of Onion,” J Plant Nutrit, vol. 18, pp. 2219- 2227, 1995.
  • [14] C. Paşa, S. Yaver, “Effect of NaCl on Seed Germination of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Cultivar,” Agricultural Science and Technology, vol. 1, no:2, pp:1-3, 2009.
  • [15] S. Yaver, C. Paşa, “Application of different NaCl concentrations on seed germination of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Cultivar,” Agricultural Science and Technology, vol. 1, no:3, pp:103-105, 2009.
  • [16] S. Yaver, C. Paşa, F. Onemli, K. Atakisi, “Effect of NaCl on seed germination of five soybean (Glycine max L.),” World Soybean Resarch Conference VIII., pp: 260, 2009.
  • [17] M.P. Fuller, J.H. Hamza, H.Z. Rihan and M. Al-Issawi, “Germination of primed seed under nacl stress in wheat,” ISRN Botany, Article ID 167804, 5 pages, 2012.
  • [18] M. Atak, D. Kaya, G. Kaya, Y. Kıllı, C. Y. Çiftçi, “Effects of NaCl on the Germination, Seedling Growth and Water Uptake of Triticale,” Turk J Agric For., vol. 30, pp. 39-47, 2006.
  • [19] S.E. Madidi, B.E. Baroudi, F. B. Aameur, “Effects of Salinity on Germination and Early Growth of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Cultivars,” Int J Agric Biol, vol. 6, pp. 767-770, 2004.
  • [20] R. G. D. Steel, J. H. Torrie, “Principles and procedures of statistics,” Mc Graw Hill Book Company Inc., New-York, 1980.
  • [21] N. Yurtsever, “Deneysel Istatistik Metotları,” Köy Hizmetleri Toprak ve Gübre Arş. Enst. Müdürlüğü Yayınları, Genel Yayın No. l21, Ankara, 1984.
  • [22] E.V. Maas and G.J. Hoffman, “Crop salt tolerance - current assessment,” Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 115-134, 1977.
  • [23] M. O. Basalah, “Effect of soaking on seed germination and growth of sequash (Cucurbita pepo L) Seeding,” Arab Gulf J Scient Res., vol. 9, pp. 87-97, 1991.
  • [24] G., H. Akbari, M. Galavi, A. Ghanbari and N. Panjehkeh, “Salinity effects on seed germination and seedling growth of bread wheat cultivars,” Trakia Journal of Sciences, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 43- 50, 2011.
  • [25] E. Ekmekçi, M. Apan ve T. Kara, “Tuzluluğun bitki gelişimine etkisi,” Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 20, s. 3, ss. 118-125, 2005.
  • [26] S. Çiçek, B. Kilercioğlu, R. Doğan, E. Budaklı Çarpıcı, “Bazı İleri Makarnalık Buğday (Triticum turgidum var. durum L.) Genotiplerinin Çimlenme Döneminde Tuz Stresine Tepkileri,” Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 32, s. 2, ss. 19-29, 2018.
  • [27] A. Güneş, M. Alpaslan, S. Taban, F. Hatipoğlu, “Değişik Buğday Çeşitlerinin Tuz Stresine Dayanıklıkları,” Turk J Agric For, c. 21, ss. 215-219, 1997.
  • [28] S. Taban, A. Güneş, M. Alpaslan, H. Özcan, “Değişik Mısır (Zea mays L.) Çeşitlerinin Tuz Stresine Duyarlılıkları,” Turk J Agric For, c. 23, s. 3, ss. 625-633, 1999.
  • [29] A.D. Sharma, M. Thakur, M., K. Rana Singh, “Effect of plant growth hormones and abiotic stresses on germination, growth and phosphoaphatse activities in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench seeds,” Afr. J. Biotechnol., vol. 3, pp. 308-312, 2004.
  • [30] B.A. Khan, A.N. Khan and T.H. Khan, “Effect of salinity on the germination of fourteen wheat cultivars,” Gomal University Journal of Research, vol 21, pp. 31-3, 2005.
  • [31] Z. Dumlupınar, R. Kara, T. Dokuyucu ve A. Akkaya, “Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde yetiştirilen bazı makarnalık buğday genotiplerinin çimlenme ve Fide karakterlerine elektrik akımı ve tuz konsantrasyonlarının etkileri,” KSÜ Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi, c. 10, s. 2, pp. 100-110, 2007.
  • [32] J.K. Datta, S. Nag, A. Banerjee and N.K. Mondal, “Impact of salt stress on five varieties of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under laboratory condition,” J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 93 – 97, 2009.
  • [33] M. Abdoli, M. Saeidi, M. Azhand, S. Jalali-Honarmand, E. Esfandiari and F. Shekari, “The effects of different levels of salinity and ındole-3-acetic acid (IAA) on early growth and germination of wheat seedling,” Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 329-338, 2013.
  • [34] S. Hussain, A. Khaliq, A. Matloob, M. A. Wahid and I. Afzal, “Germination and growth response of three wheat cultivars to NaCl salinity,” Soil Environ., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 36-43, 2013.
  • [35] C. Ghoulam, K. Fares, “Effect of salinity on seed germination and early seedling growth of sugar beat (Beta vulgaris L.),” Seed Sci. Technol., vol. 29, pp. 357- 364, 2001.
  • [36] A. Bahrani and M. Joo Hagh, “Response of some wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes to salinity at germination and early seedling growth stages,” World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 599-609, 2012.
  • [37] A.M. Moud and K. Maghsoudi, “Salt Stress Effects on Respiration and Growth of Germinated Seeds of Different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars,” World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 351-358, 2008.
  • [38] S.A. Bağcı, H. Ekiz and A. Yılmaz, “Salt tolerance of sixteen wheat genotypes during seedling growth,” Turkish J. Agric. Foresty, vol. 31, pp. 363-372, 2007.
  • [39] S. Sharma and Y. Vimala, “Effect of salt stress on germination and growth of T. foenum-graecum seedlings,” International Journal of Advanced Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 40-45, 2016.
  • [40] B. Benlioğlu ve U. Özkan, “Bazı Arpa Çeşitlerinin (Hordeum vulgare L.) Çimlenme Dönemlerinde Farklı Dozlardaki Tuz Stresine Tepkilerinin Belirlenmesi,” Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 24, s. 2, ss. 109-114, 2015.
  • [41] R. Doğan ve E. Budaklı Çarpıcı, “Bazı Makarnalık Buğday (Triticum turgidum L.) Genotiplerinin Çimlenme Döneminde Tuz Stresine Tepkileri,” U. Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 29, s. 1, ss. 47-55, 2015.
  • [42] J. S. Bayuelo‐Jiménez, R. Craig, J. P. Lynch, “Salinity Tolerance of Phaseolus Species during Germination and Early Seedling Growth,” Seed Physiology, Production & Technology, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1584-1594, 2002.
  • [43] G. E. Welbaum, “Water relations of seed development and germination in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). III. Sensitivity of germination to water potential and abscisic acid during development,” Plant Physiol., vol. 92, pp. 1029– 1037, 1990.
  • [44] R.D. Bliss, “Osmotic sensitivity in relation to salt sensitivity in germinating barley seeds,” Plant Cell Environ., vol. 9, pp. 721– 725, 1986.
  • [45] J. Huang, “Salt tolerance of Hordeum and Brassica species during germination and early seedling growth,” Can. J. Plant Sci., vol. 75, pp. 815– 819, 1995.
  • [46] K.J. Bradford, “Water relations in seed germination,” In J. Kigel and G. Galili Seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, New York., pp. 351– 396, 1995.

Farklı NaCl Konsantrasyonlarının Bazı Ekmeklik Buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotiplerinin Çimlenme Dönemindeki Etkileri

Yıl 2021, Cilt 1, Sayı 1, 33 - 42, 16.04.2021

Öz

Tuzluluk, dünya üzerindeki tarımsal alanlarda görülen en yaygın abiyotik stres faktörleri arasındadır. Bu çalışmada bazı ekmeklik buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) genotiplerinin çimlenme döneminde tuz stresine tepkilerini belirlemek amaçlanmıştır. Araştırmada 7 adet ekmeklik buğday genotipi (Pamukova 97, Beşköprü, Metin, Bezostaya-1, Hanlı, Tahirova 2000, Momtchill) ve 5 farklı tuz konsantrasyonu (0, 50, 100, 150 ve 200 mM) kullanılmıştır. Uygulama Tesadüf Parselleri Deneme Deseni’nde iki faktörlü ve 3 tekrarlı yürütülmüştür. Tuz uygulamaları sonucunda tohumlarda 24. saatteki su alım oranı, çimlenme gücü, çimlenme oranındaki azalma, radikula, koleoptil uzunluğu ve azalma oranları, radikula, koleoptil kuru ağırlığı ve azalma oranları, tuza tolerans indeksi hesaplanmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlar tuz uygulamalarının incelenen tüm parametreleri olumsuz etkilediğini ve incelenen genotipler arasında tuzluluğa tepkide önemli farklılıklar olduğunu ortaya koymaktadır.

Kaynakça

  • [1] SzabolcsI, “Soils and salinization,” In M. Pessarakli Handbook of plant and crop stress, Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 3– 11, 1994.
  • [2] H. Akgül, “Tuzluluk,” Ziraat Mühendisliği Dergisi, s. 340, 2003.
  • [3] B. Kara, İ. Akgün ve D. Altındal, “Tritikale genotiplerinde çimlenme ve fide gelişimi üzerine tuzluluğun (NaCl) etkisi,” Selçuk Üniversitesi Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi, c. 25, s. 1, ss. 1-19, 2011.
  • [4] I. Demir, K. M. Mavi, G. Okçu, “Effect of Salt Stress on Germination and Seedling Growth in Serially Harvested Aubergine (Solanum melongena L.) Seeds During Development,” Israel J. Plant Sci., vol. 51, pp. 125-131, 2003.
  • [5] H. Greenway and R. Munns, “Mechanisms of salt tolerance in non‐halophytes,” Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol., vol. 31, pp. 149– 190, 1980.
  • [6] E. Epstein, “Saline culture of crops: A genetic approach,” Science, vol. 210, pp. 399– 404, 1980.
  • [7] J.W. Van Hoorn, N. Katerji, A. Hamdy, M. Mastrorilli, “Effect of Salinity on Yield and Nitrogen Uptake of Four Grain Legumes and on Biological Nitrogen Contribution From the Soil,” Agric Water Manag, vol. 51, pp. 87–98, 2001.
  • [8] B. İnan, E. Orkunalp, R. Dogan, E. Budaklı Çarpıcı, “Bazı Ekmeklik Buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) Hatlarının Çimlenme Döneminde Tuz Stresine Tepkileri,” U. Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 32, s. 1, ss. 69-78, 2018.
  • [9] S. M. Siegel, B. Z. Siegel, J. Massey, P. Lahne, J. Chen, “Growth of Corn in Saline Water,” Physiol Plant, vol. 50, pp. 71-73, 1980.
  • [10] T. J. Flowers and A. R. Yeo, “Variability in the Resistance of Sodium Chloride Salinity Within Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties,” New Phytol, vol. 88, pp. 363-373, 1981.
  • [11] A.C. Leopold and R.P. Willing, “Evidence of Toxicity Effects of Salt on Membranes,” In: Salinity Tolerance in Plants, (eds. R.C. Staples and G.H. Toenniessen), pp. 67-76, 1984.
  • [12] M.M.F. Mansour, “Changes in Growth, Osmotic Potential and Cell Permeability of Wheat Cultivars Under Salt Stress,” Biol Plant, vol. 36, pp. 429-434, 1994.
  • [13] A. İnal, A. Güneş, M. Aktaş, “Effects of Chloride and Partial Substitution of Reduced Forms of Nitrogen for Nitrate in Nutrient Solution of the Nitrate, Total Nitrogen and Chlorine Contents of Onion,” J Plant Nutrit, vol. 18, pp. 2219- 2227, 1995.
  • [14] C. Paşa, S. Yaver, “Effect of NaCl on Seed Germination of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) Cultivar,” Agricultural Science and Technology, vol. 1, no:2, pp:1-3, 2009.
  • [15] S. Yaver, C. Paşa, “Application of different NaCl concentrations on seed germination of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) Cultivar,” Agricultural Science and Technology, vol. 1, no:3, pp:103-105, 2009.
  • [16] S. Yaver, C. Paşa, F. Onemli, K. Atakisi, “Effect of NaCl on seed germination of five soybean (Glycine max L.),” World Soybean Resarch Conference VIII., pp: 260, 2009.
  • [17] M.P. Fuller, J.H. Hamza, H.Z. Rihan and M. Al-Issawi, “Germination of primed seed under nacl stress in wheat,” ISRN Botany, Article ID 167804, 5 pages, 2012.
  • [18] M. Atak, D. Kaya, G. Kaya, Y. Kıllı, C. Y. Çiftçi, “Effects of NaCl on the Germination, Seedling Growth and Water Uptake of Triticale,” Turk J Agric For., vol. 30, pp. 39-47, 2006.
  • [19] S.E. Madidi, B.E. Baroudi, F. B. Aameur, “Effects of Salinity on Germination and Early Growth of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Cultivars,” Int J Agric Biol, vol. 6, pp. 767-770, 2004.
  • [20] R. G. D. Steel, J. H. Torrie, “Principles and procedures of statistics,” Mc Graw Hill Book Company Inc., New-York, 1980.
  • [21] N. Yurtsever, “Deneysel Istatistik Metotları,” Köy Hizmetleri Toprak ve Gübre Arş. Enst. Müdürlüğü Yayınları, Genel Yayın No. l21, Ankara, 1984.
  • [22] E.V. Maas and G.J. Hoffman, “Crop salt tolerance - current assessment,” Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division, vol. 103, no. 2, pp. 115-134, 1977.
  • [23] M. O. Basalah, “Effect of soaking on seed germination and growth of sequash (Cucurbita pepo L) Seeding,” Arab Gulf J Scient Res., vol. 9, pp. 87-97, 1991.
  • [24] G., H. Akbari, M. Galavi, A. Ghanbari and N. Panjehkeh, “Salinity effects on seed germination and seedling growth of bread wheat cultivars,” Trakia Journal of Sciences, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 43- 50, 2011.
  • [25] E. Ekmekçi, M. Apan ve T. Kara, “Tuzluluğun bitki gelişimine etkisi,” Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 20, s. 3, ss. 118-125, 2005.
  • [26] S. Çiçek, B. Kilercioğlu, R. Doğan, E. Budaklı Çarpıcı, “Bazı İleri Makarnalık Buğday (Triticum turgidum var. durum L.) Genotiplerinin Çimlenme Döneminde Tuz Stresine Tepkileri,” Bursa Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 32, s. 2, ss. 19-29, 2018.
  • [27] A. Güneş, M. Alpaslan, S. Taban, F. Hatipoğlu, “Değişik Buğday Çeşitlerinin Tuz Stresine Dayanıklıkları,” Turk J Agric For, c. 21, ss. 215-219, 1997.
  • [28] S. Taban, A. Güneş, M. Alpaslan, H. Özcan, “Değişik Mısır (Zea mays L.) Çeşitlerinin Tuz Stresine Duyarlılıkları,” Turk J Agric For, c. 23, s. 3, ss. 625-633, 1999.
  • [29] A.D. Sharma, M. Thakur, M., K. Rana Singh, “Effect of plant growth hormones and abiotic stresses on germination, growth and phosphoaphatse activities in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench seeds,” Afr. J. Biotechnol., vol. 3, pp. 308-312, 2004.
  • [30] B.A. Khan, A.N. Khan and T.H. Khan, “Effect of salinity on the germination of fourteen wheat cultivars,” Gomal University Journal of Research, vol 21, pp. 31-3, 2005.
  • [31] Z. Dumlupınar, R. Kara, T. Dokuyucu ve A. Akkaya, “Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesinde yetiştirilen bazı makarnalık buğday genotiplerinin çimlenme ve Fide karakterlerine elektrik akımı ve tuz konsantrasyonlarının etkileri,” KSÜ Fen ve Mühendislik Dergisi, c. 10, s. 2, pp. 100-110, 2007.
  • [32] J.K. Datta, S. Nag, A. Banerjee and N.K. Mondal, “Impact of salt stress on five varieties of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under laboratory condition,” J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 93 – 97, 2009.
  • [33] M. Abdoli, M. Saeidi, M. Azhand, S. Jalali-Honarmand, E. Esfandiari and F. Shekari, “The effects of different levels of salinity and ındole-3-acetic acid (IAA) on early growth and germination of wheat seedling,” Journal of Stress Physiology & Biochemistry, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 329-338, 2013.
  • [34] S. Hussain, A. Khaliq, A. Matloob, M. A. Wahid and I. Afzal, “Germination and growth response of three wheat cultivars to NaCl salinity,” Soil Environ., vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 36-43, 2013.
  • [35] C. Ghoulam, K. Fares, “Effect of salinity on seed germination and early seedling growth of sugar beat (Beta vulgaris L.),” Seed Sci. Technol., vol. 29, pp. 357- 364, 2001.
  • [36] A. Bahrani and M. Joo Hagh, “Response of some wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes to salinity at germination and early seedling growth stages,” World Applied Sciences Journal, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 599-609, 2012.
  • [37] A.M. Moud and K. Maghsoudi, “Salt Stress Effects on Respiration and Growth of Germinated Seeds of Different Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Cultivars,” World Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 351-358, 2008.
  • [38] S.A. Bağcı, H. Ekiz and A. Yılmaz, “Salt tolerance of sixteen wheat genotypes during seedling growth,” Turkish J. Agric. Foresty, vol. 31, pp. 363-372, 2007.
  • [39] S. Sharma and Y. Vimala, “Effect of salt stress on germination and growth of T. foenum-graecum seedlings,” International Journal of Advanced Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 40-45, 2016.
  • [40] B. Benlioğlu ve U. Özkan, “Bazı Arpa Çeşitlerinin (Hordeum vulgare L.) Çimlenme Dönemlerinde Farklı Dozlardaki Tuz Stresine Tepkilerinin Belirlenmesi,” Tarla Bitkileri Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 24, s. 2, ss. 109-114, 2015.
  • [41] R. Doğan ve E. Budaklı Çarpıcı, “Bazı Makarnalık Buğday (Triticum turgidum L.) Genotiplerinin Çimlenme Döneminde Tuz Stresine Tepkileri,” U. Ü. Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi, c. 29, s. 1, ss. 47-55, 2015.
  • [42] J. S. Bayuelo‐Jiménez, R. Craig, J. P. Lynch, “Salinity Tolerance of Phaseolus Species during Germination and Early Seedling Growth,” Seed Physiology, Production & Technology, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 1584-1594, 2002.
  • [43] G. E. Welbaum, “Water relations of seed development and germination in muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.). III. Sensitivity of germination to water potential and abscisic acid during development,” Plant Physiol., vol. 92, pp. 1029– 1037, 1990.
  • [44] R.D. Bliss, “Osmotic sensitivity in relation to salt sensitivity in germinating barley seeds,” Plant Cell Environ., vol. 9, pp. 721– 725, 1986.
  • [45] J. Huang, “Salt tolerance of Hordeum and Brassica species during germination and early seedling growth,” Can. J. Plant Sci., vol. 75, pp. 815– 819, 1995.
  • [46] K.J. Bradford, “Water relations in seed germination,” In J. Kigel and G. Galili Seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, New York., pp. 351– 396, 1995.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Biyoloji
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Sezen TOKSOY KÖSEOĞLU> (Sorumlu Yazar)
SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ, BİYOLOJİ PR.
Türkiye


Ali DOĞRU Bu kişi benim
SAKARYA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, FEN-EDEBİYAT FAKÜLTESİ, BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ, BİYOLOJİ PR.
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 16 Nisan 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 1, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

IEEE S. Toksoy Köseoğlu ve A. Doğru , "Farklı NaCl Konsantrasyonlarının Bazı Ekmeklik Buğday (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotiplerinin Çimlenme Dönemindeki Etkileri", Environmental Toxicology and Ecology, c. 1, sayı. 1, ss. 33-42, Nis. 2021