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The Evaluation of Tourism System Within the Scope of the Sharing Economy

Yıl 2017, Sayı 1, 1 - 21, 01.01.2017

Öz

The sharing economy contributes to directing social, economic and environmental value but unused and idle resources where needed by the way of redistribution and transaction via technology platforms. To search of alternative and sustainable solutions to problems in the field of economy such as economic crises, capitalism and consumerism emerging sharing economy is evaluated as a remarkable area in the troubleshooting and development of existing system. Especially sharing economy plays a significant role in the evaluation of idle resources in the tourism system. In this context, the tourism system and the elements constituting tourism system are aimed to evaluate within the scope of sharing economy

Kaynakça

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  • Airbnb. (2015). Airbnb Summer Travel Report 2015. Airbnb.
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  • Bardhi, F. and Eckhardt, G. (2012). Access Based Consumption: The Case of Car
  • Sharing. Journal of Consumer Research. 39. 881–898. Bargeman, B., Joh, C. H. and Timmermans, H. (2002). Vacation Behavior Using A
  • Sequence Alignment Method. Annals of Tourism Research. 29. 320–337. Bauwens, M., Mendoza, N. and Iacomella, F. (2012). Synthetic Overview of The Collaborative Economy. P2P Foundation. Chiang Mai.
  • Belk, R. (1988). Possessions and The Extended Self. Journal of Consumer Research. 15. –168.
  • Belk, R. (2007). Why not Share Rather Than Own? Annals of the American Academy of
  • Political and Social Science. 611. 126–140. Belk, R. (2010). Sharing. Journal of Consumer Research. 36. 715–734.
  • Belk, R. (2014). You Are What You Can Access: Sharing And Collaborative
  • Consumption Online. Journal of Business Research. 67(8). 1596-1600.
  • Botsman, R. (2014). Sharing is not Just for Startups. Harvard Business Review. 92(3). 26.
  • Botsman, R. and Rogers, R. (2010a). What's Mine İs Yours: The Rise Of Collaborative
  • Consumption. Harper Collins. New York. Botsman, R. and Rogers, R. (2010b). Beyond Zipcar: Collaborative Consumption.
  • Harvard Business Review. 88(8). 30. Burns, P. M. and Bibbings, L. J. (2009). The End of Tourism? Climate Change and Societal Changes. Twenty-First Century Society. 4(1). 31-51.
  • Christensen, C. M. and Raynor, M. E. (2003). The Innovator’s Solution: Creating and Sustaining Successful Growth. Harvard Business School. Bosston. MA.
  • Cooper, C. and Hall, C., M. (2008). Contemporary Tourism: An International Approach.
  • Butterworth-Heinemann. Oxford. Çakmak, K. (2016). Seyahat Acentesiyle Çalışanlar Paylaşım Ekonomisini Kullanmıyor
  • URL: https://www.uzakrota.com/seyahat-acentesiyle-calisanlar-paylasim-ekonomisini- kullanmiyor/] (Erişim 10 Mayıs 2017)
  • Demary, V. (2014). Competition in the Sharing Economy. Institut der Deutschen
  • Wirtschaft Köln. Cologne Institute for Economic Research. Köln. Dredge, D. and Jenkins, J. (2007). Tourism Planning and Policy. John Wiley & Sons, Milton.
  • Dubois, E., Schor, J. and Carfagna, L. (2014). New Cultures of Connection in a Boston
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  • Practical Use of Survival Analysis. Tourism Management. 28(3). 736-746. Govers, R., Van Hecke, E. and Cabus, P. (2008). Delineating Tourism: Defining the Usual
  • Environment. Annals of Tourism Research. 35(4). 1053-1073.
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  • Halkier, H. (2010). EU and Tourism Development: Bark or Bite? Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. 10(2). 92–106.
  • Hall, C. M. (2005). Tourism: Rethinking the Social Science of Mobility. Prentice-Hall. Harlow.
  • Hall, C. M. and Müller, D. (2004). Tourism, Mobility and Second Homes: Between Elite
  • Landscape and Common Ground. (Edited by C. Michael Hall, Dieter K. Müller). Channelview Publications. Clevedon. Hamari, J., Sjöklint, M. and Ukkonen, A. (2015). The Sharing Economy: Why People
  • Participate in Collaborative Consumption. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67(9). 2047–2059.
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  • Economy. Toposophy-Destination Marketing Agency, Hotrec, Belgium. HOTREC. (2015b). HOTREC Proposes 10 Steps Towards A Sustainable and Responsible “Sharing Economy” in Tourism Accommodation. Belgium.
  • Humphreys, A. and Grayson, K. (2008). The Intersecting Roles of Consumer and Producer: A Critical Perspective on Co-production, Co-creation and Prosumption.
  • Sociological Compass. 2. 963–980. Hunt, J. D. and Layne, D. (1991). Evolution of Travel and Tourism Terminology and Definitions. Journal of Travel Research. 29(4). 7-11.
  • Hunziker, W. and Krapf, K. (1942). Allgejameine Fremdenverkehrslehre. Zurique.
  • Hyde, K. F. (2008). Independent Traveler Decision-Making. (Edited by G. Woodside).
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PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

Yıl 2017, Sayı 1, 1 - 21, 01.01.2017

Öz

Sosyal, ekonomik ve çevresel değeri olan ancak kullanılmayan ve boşta kalan varlıkların teknoloji platformları vasıtasıyla el değiştirerek yeniden dağıtılması yoluyla paylaşım ekonomisi, kaynakların ihtiyaç duyulan yere yönlendirilmesine katkı sağlamaktadır. Ekonomi alanında yaşanan ekonomik krizler, kapitalizm ve tüketim çılgınlığı konularına sürdürülebilirlik doğrultusunda alternatif çözüm arayışlarına cevaben ortaya çıkan paylaşım ekonomisi var olan sistemin onarılması ve geliştirilmesinde dikkat çekici bir alan olarak değerlendirilmektedir. Özellikle turizm sistemindeki atıl kaynakların değerlendirilmesi sorunlarına yönelik olarak önem arz etmektedir. Bu bağlamda paylaşım ekonomisi kapsamında turizm sistemi ve turizm sistemini oluşturan unsurlar değerlendirilmeye çalışılmıştır.

Kaynakça

  • Airbnb & Hotel Performance. (2017). An Analysis of Proprietary Data in 13 Global Markets. STR. USA.
  • Airbnb. (2015). Airbnb Summer Travel Report 2015. Airbnb.
  • Alegre, J. and Pou, L. (2006). The length of Stay in The Demand for Tourism. Tourism Management. 27(6). 1343-1355.
  • Bardhi, F. and Eckhardt, G. (2012). Access Based Consumption: The Case of Car
  • Sharing. Journal of Consumer Research. 39. 881–898. Bargeman, B., Joh, C. H. and Timmermans, H. (2002). Vacation Behavior Using A
  • Sequence Alignment Method. Annals of Tourism Research. 29. 320–337. Bauwens, M., Mendoza, N. and Iacomella, F. (2012). Synthetic Overview of The Collaborative Economy. P2P Foundation. Chiang Mai.
  • Belk, R. (1988). Possessions and The Extended Self. Journal of Consumer Research. 15. –168.
  • Belk, R. (2007). Why not Share Rather Than Own? Annals of the American Academy of
  • Political and Social Science. 611. 126–140. Belk, R. (2010). Sharing. Journal of Consumer Research. 36. 715–734.
  • Belk, R. (2014). You Are What You Can Access: Sharing And Collaborative
  • Consumption Online. Journal of Business Research. 67(8). 1596-1600.
  • Botsman, R. (2014). Sharing is not Just for Startups. Harvard Business Review. 92(3). 26.
  • Botsman, R. and Rogers, R. (2010a). What's Mine İs Yours: The Rise Of Collaborative
  • Consumption. Harper Collins. New York. Botsman, R. and Rogers, R. (2010b). Beyond Zipcar: Collaborative Consumption.
  • Harvard Business Review. 88(8). 30. Burns, P. M. and Bibbings, L. J. (2009). The End of Tourism? Climate Change and Societal Changes. Twenty-First Century Society. 4(1). 31-51.
  • Christensen, C. M. and Raynor, M. E. (2003). The Innovator’s Solution: Creating and Sustaining Successful Growth. Harvard Business School. Bosston. MA.
  • Cooper, C. and Hall, C., M. (2008). Contemporary Tourism: An International Approach.
  • Butterworth-Heinemann. Oxford. Çakmak, K. (2016). Seyahat Acentesiyle Çalışanlar Paylaşım Ekonomisini Kullanmıyor
  • URL: https://www.uzakrota.com/seyahat-acentesiyle-calisanlar-paylasim-ekonomisini- kullanmiyor/] (Erişim 10 Mayıs 2017)
  • Demary, V. (2014). Competition in the Sharing Economy. Institut der Deutschen
  • Wirtschaft Köln. Cologne Institute for Economic Research. Köln. Dredge, D. and Jenkins, J. (2007). Tourism Planning and Policy. John Wiley & Sons, Milton.
  • Dubois, E., Schor, J. and Carfagna, L. (2014). New Cultures of Connection in a Boston
  • Time Bank. In J. Schor & C. Thompson (Eds.), Practicing Plenitude. Yale University Press. New Haven. Erdoğan, G. (2016). Paylaşım Ekonomisi Artık Havaalanlarında, AirDeal [URL: https://www.uzakrota.com/paylasim-ekonomisi-artik-havaalanlarinda-airdeal/] (Erişim Mayıs 2017)
  • Fesenmaier, D. R. and Jeng, J. M. (2000). Assessing Structure in The Pleasure Trip
  • Planning Process. Tourism Analysis. 5(1). 13-27. Fitzsimmons, J. A. (1985). Consumer Participation and Productivity in Service
  • Operations. Interfaces. 15(3). 60-67. Frenken, K., Meelen, T., Arets, M. and van de Glind, P. (2015). Smarter Regulation for The http://www.theguardian.com/science/political-science/2015/may/20/smarter-regulation- for-the-sharing-economy] (Erişim 03 Şubat 2017) Guardian. URL
  • Gansky, L. (2010). The Mesh: Why The Future of Business is Sharing. Portfolio Penguin. New York.
  • Gilbert, D. C. (1990). The Nature and Structure of Tourism. (Edited by S. Williams).
  • Tourism, Critical Concepts in the Social Sciences. Taylor & Francis. New York. Gokovali, U., Bahar, O. and Kozak, M. (2007). Determinants of Length of Stay: A
  • Practical Use of Survival Analysis. Tourism Management. 28(3). 736-746. Govers, R., Van Hecke, E. and Cabus, P. (2008). Delineating Tourism: Defining the Usual
  • Environment. Annals of Tourism Research. 35(4). 1053-1073.
  • Gumbs, Q., Dodds, R. and Griffin, T. (2016). The Secret Under The Sheets: The Truth
  • Behind Your Next Booking with Airbnb. Retrieved from the Ted Rogers Institute for Hospitality http://www.ryerson.ca/content/dam/tedrogersschool/htm/documents/ResearchInstitute/ Airbnb%20Report.pdf] (Erişim 15 Nisan 2017) University. Canada. URL
  • Guttentag, D. (2015). Airbnb: Disruptive Innovation And The Rise of An Informal
  • Tourism Accommodation Sector, Current Issues in Tourism. 18 (12). 1192-1217.
  • Halkier, H. (2010). EU and Tourism Development: Bark or Bite? Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism. 10(2). 92–106.
  • Hall, C. M. (2005). Tourism: Rethinking the Social Science of Mobility. Prentice-Hall. Harlow.
  • Hall, C. M. and Müller, D. (2004). Tourism, Mobility and Second Homes: Between Elite
  • Landscape and Common Ground. (Edited by C. Michael Hall, Dieter K. Müller). Channelview Publications. Clevedon. Hamari, J., Sjöklint, M. and Ukkonen, A. (2015). The Sharing Economy: Why People
  • Participate in Collaborative Consumption. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 67(9). 2047–2059.
  • Heinrichs, H. (2013). Sharing Economy: A Potential New Pathway to Sustainability.
  • GAIA-Ecological Perspectives for Science and Society. 22(4). 228-231. Holloway, J. C. (1989). The Business of Tourism, Third Edition. Pitman Publishing. London.
  • Horwath H. T. L. (2015). Tourism Megatrends 10 Things You Need to Know About The Future of Tourism. [URL: http://horwathhtl.com/] (Erişim 22 Mayıs 2017)
  • Hospitality On. (2015). Record Valuation for AirBnB. [URL: http://hospitality- on.com/en/news/2015/06/29/record-valuation-for-airbnb/] (Erişim 22Mayıs 2017)
  • Hospitality On. (2016). Hilton and Uber Link Their Applications. [URL: http://hospitality-on.com/en/news/2016/03/31/hilton-and-uber-link-their-applications/] (Erişim 22 Mayıs2017)
  • HOTREC (2015a). Levelling The Playing Field: Policy Paper on The “Sharing”
  • Economy. Toposophy-Destination Marketing Agency, Hotrec, Belgium. HOTREC. (2015b). HOTREC Proposes 10 Steps Towards A Sustainable and Responsible “Sharing Economy” in Tourism Accommodation. Belgium.
  • Humphreys, A. and Grayson, K. (2008). The Intersecting Roles of Consumer and Producer: A Critical Perspective on Co-production, Co-creation and Prosumption.
  • Sociological Compass. 2. 963–980. Hunt, J. D. and Layne, D. (1991). Evolution of Travel and Tourism Terminology and Definitions. Journal of Travel Research. 29(4). 7-11.
  • Hunziker, W. and Krapf, K. (1942). Allgejameine Fremdenverkehrslehre. Zurique.
  • Hyde, K. F. (2008). Independent Traveler Decision-Making. (Edited by G. Woodside).
  • In Advances in Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research Book Series. (2). JAI Press. Bingley. England. Intercontinental Hotels Group. (2012). The New Kinship Economy: From Travel Experiences https://www.traveldailynews.com/post/the-new-kinship-economy%3A-from-travel- experiences-to-travel-relationships-50924] (Erişim 08 Mayıs 2017) URL
  • Jamrozy, U. and Uysal, M. (1994). Travel Motivation Variation of Overseas German
  • Visitors. Journal of International Consumer Marketing. 6(3/4). 135-60. Jayapalan, N. 2001. An Introduction to Tourism. Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. New Delhi.
  • Jeng, J. and Fesenmaier, D. (2002). Conceptualizing The Travel Decision-Making
  • Hierarchy: A Review of Recent Developments. Tourism Analysis. 7. 15–32. Kagermeier, A. and Stors, N. (2015). Share Economy in Metropolitan Tourism. The Role of Authenticity-Seeking. Proceedings of the RSA-Tourism Research Network Workshop, 30. Budapest.
  • Kharas, H. (2017). The Unprecedented Expansion of The Global Middle Class An
  • Update, Global Economy & Development Workıng Paper 100. The Brookings Institution. Washington, DC. USA. Kılıçlar, A., Küçükergin, F. D., Kurt, S., Adıgüzel, B., Özkan, B. İ., Aktuna, H. C. (2017).
  • One Way Ticket-Route To Death: How Right Is To Promote As A Commercial Initiative?. İşletme Araştırmaları Dergisi. 9(4). 84-105. Koopman, C., Mitchell, M. D. and Thierer, A. D. (2015). The Sharing Economy and Consumer Protection Regulation: The Case for Policy Change. The Journal of Business
  • Entrepreneurship & the Law. 8(2). 528-545
  • Kozak, M. (2002). Destination Benchmarking. Annals of Tourism Research. 29(2). 497
  • Lamberton, C. and Rose, R. (2012). When is Ours Better Thanmine? A Framework for
  • Understanding and Altering Participation in Commercial Sharing Systems. Journal of Marketing. 76. 109–125. Lanier, C. Jr. and Schau, H. (2007). Culture and Co-creation: Exploring Consumers'
  • Inspirations and Aspirations for Writing and Posting on-line Fan Fiction. (Edited by R. Belk, and J. Sherry Jr.), Consumer Culture Theory: Research in Consumer Behavior. (11). 321–342. Amsterdam. Leiper, N. (1979). The Framework of Tourism: Towards a Definition of Tourism, Tourist, and the Tourist Industry. Annals of Tourism Research. VI(4). 390- 407.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Seval KURT Bu kişi benim


Kurban ÜNLÜÖNEN Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ocak 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt , Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { gaziturizm622268, journal = {Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi}, issn = {2149-0163}, address = {}, publisher = {Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, number = {1}, pages = {1 - 21}, title = {PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ}, key = {cite}, author = {Kurt, Seval and Ünlüönen, Kurban} }
APA Kurt, S. & Ünlüönen, K. (2017). PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ . Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi , (1) , 1-21 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gaziturizm/issue/48842/622268
MLA Kurt, S. , Ünlüönen, K. "PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ" . Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi (2017 ): 1-21 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gaziturizm/issue/48842/622268>
Chicago Kurt, S. , Ünlüönen, K. "PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ". Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi (2017 ): 1-21
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ AU - SevalKurt, KurbanÜnlüönen Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 1 EP - 21 VL - IS - 1 SN - 2149-0163- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ %A Seval Kurt , Kurban Ünlüönen %T PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ %D 2017 %J Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi %P 2149-0163- %V %N 1 %R %U
ISNAD Kurt, Seval , Ünlüönen, Kurban . "PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ". Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi / 1 (Ocak 2017): 1-21 .
AMA Kurt S. , Ünlüönen K. PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ. GÜTFD. 2017; (1): 1-21.
Vancouver Kurt S. , Ünlüönen K. PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ. Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi. 2017; (1): 1-21.
IEEE S. Kurt ve K. Ünlüönen , "PAYLAŞIM EKONOMİSİ KAPSAMINDA TURİZM SİSTEMİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ", Gazi Üniversitesi Turizm Fakültesi Dergisi, sayı. 1, ss. 1-21, Oca. 2017