Yıl 2020, Cilt 20 , Sayı , Sayfalar 113 - 126 2020-11-25

Ankara’dan Yayımlanmamış İki Sihirli Taş Amulet
Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara

Melih ARSLAN [1] , Yavuz YEĞİN [2] , Richard GORDON [3]


C. A. Faraone’nin muskalar üzerine son dönemlerde yaptığı çalışmalar bu tür eserlerin Yunan ve Roma Dönemlerinde hem kişileri hem de grupları çeşitli kötülüklere karşı korumadaki stratejik önemini işaret etmektedir. Yarı değerli taşlar üzerine kazılan ve kültürler arası güç gösterisini de vurgulama amacı taşıyan bu sihirli imgeler öncelikli olarak Geç Hellenistik dönem Mısırı’nda ortaya çıksa da asıl güçlü yayılımını Doğu Akdeniz dünyasında Roma Dönemi’nde kazanmıştır. Bu çalışmada biri Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi’nde diğeri ise Erimtan Arkeoloji ve Sanat Müzesi’nde yer alan iki sihirli amulet ele alınmaktadır. Birinci örneğin ön yüzünde literatürde horoz kafalı Anguipede olarak adlandırılan figürün iyi bir örneği bulunur. Aynı nesnenin arka yüzünde ise bu eserlerde sıklıkla karşılaşılan Yahudi tanrılarının üç ismi bulunur: “Iao, Sabao, Adonai”. İkinci amulet herhangi bir ikonografi sunmamakla birlikte içerik olarak ilginç bir Grekçe yazıta sahiptir: “Yeryüzü ve güneş (?), Chryseis’in dünyaya getirdiği Dion’u tüm tehlikeden korusunlar”. Söz konusu yazıt üç sihirli karakter ile sonlanmaktadır. Yazıt, tanrıça Gaia’nın bu nesneyi taşıyan kişiyi kötülüklerden korumasına vurgu yapmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın iki önemli sonucu bulunmaktadır. Bunlardan biri Arpad M. Nagy tarafından organize edilen Campbell Bonner Database’nin dijital veri tabanına önemli bir katkı sunmaktır. Çalışmanın diğer önemli sonucu ise söz konusu amuletlerin Türkiye’de daha fazla tanınmasına katkı sağlamaktır.
The recent synthesis of Roman-period amulets by C. A. Faraone has highlighted the signifi-cance of such artefacts in strategies of personal and group protection and healing throughout Greek and Roman antiquity. A specific group of such amulets, on semi-precious stones en-graved with images, intercultural words of power, and special signs, was created in late-Hellenistic Egypt, but spread into the eastern Mediterranean mainly in the Roman period. This paper publishes two such magical amulets, one in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations and the other in the Erimtan Museum of Archaeology and Art, both in Ankara. The first car-ries a fine example of the cock-headed Anguipede figure on the obverse, and, on the reverse, three of the Judaic names of God most commonly found on amulets in this tradition. The sec-ond gem offers no iconography but an interesting Greek inscription, followed by three special signs, appealing to the goddess Gaia (Earth) to protect the wearer. The paper has two main aims: to contribute to the aim of completing the digital Campbell Bonner Magical Gems data-base, organised by Á.M. Nagy in Budapest, which has taken the study of these gems to a new level, and to make these amuletic gems better known in Turkey.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-2152-1564
Yazar: Melih ARSLAN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Ankara Hacı Bayram Veli Üniversitesi
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7901-6352
Yazar: Yavuz YEĞİN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ARDAHAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-3129-0309
Yazar: Richard GORDON
Kurum: Universität Erfurt
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 1 Temmuz 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 25 Kasım 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { gephyra762359, journal = {Gephyra}, issn = {1309-3924}, eissn = {2651-5059}, address = {}, publisher = {Nalan Eda AKYÜREK ŞAHİN}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {113 - 126}, doi = {10.37095/gephyra.762359}, title = {Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara}, key = {cite}, author = {Arslan, Melih and Yeği̇n, Yavuz and Gordon, Richard} }
APA Arslan, M , Yeği̇n, Y , Gordon, R . (2020). Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara . Gephyra , 20 , 113-126 . DOI: 10.37095/gephyra.762359
MLA Arslan, M , Yeği̇n, Y , Gordon, R . "Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara" . Gephyra 20 (2020 ): 113-126 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/gephyra/issue/56927/762359>
Chicago Arslan, M , Yeği̇n, Y , Gordon, R . "Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara". Gephyra 20 (2020 ): 113-126
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara AU - Melih Arslan , Yavuz Yeği̇n , Richard Gordon Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.37095/gephyra.762359 DO - 10.37095/gephyra.762359 T2 - Gephyra JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 113 EP - 126 VL - 20 IS - SN - 1309-3924-2651-5059 M3 - doi: 10.37095/gephyra.762359 UR - https://doi.org/10.37095/gephyra.762359 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Gephyra Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara %A Melih Arslan , Yavuz Yeği̇n , Richard Gordon %T Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara %D 2020 %J Gephyra %P 1309-3924-2651-5059 %V 20 %N %R doi: 10.37095/gephyra.762359 %U 10.37095/gephyra.762359
ISNAD Arslan, Melih , Yeği̇n, Yavuz , Gordon, Richard . "Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara". Gephyra 20 / (Kasım 2020): 113-126 . https://doi.org/10.37095/gephyra.762359
AMA Arslan M , Yeği̇n Y , Gordon R . Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara. GEPHYRA. 2020; 20: 113-126.
Vancouver Arslan M , Yeği̇n Y , Gordon R . Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara. Gephyra. 2020; 20: 113-126.
IEEE M. Arslan , Y. Yeği̇n ve R. Gordon , "Two Unpublished Magical Amulets in Ankara", Gephyra, c. 20, ss. 113-126, Kas. 2020, doi:10.37095/gephyra.762359