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Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 89 - 94, 31.12.2019

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Aymond, W. M., & Van Elswyk, M. E. (1995). Yolk thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and n−3 fatty-acids in response to whole and ground flaxseed. Poultry Science, 74, 1388-1394.
  • Barringer, T., Harris, W., Fleming, J., & Kris-Etherton, P. (2015). N-3 Fatty acids: Role in treating dyslipidemias and preventing cardiovascular disease. In: A. Garg (Ed) Dyslipidemias. Contemporary Endocrinology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
  • Barringer, T. A., Harris, W. S., Fleming, J. A., & Kris-Etherton, P. M. (2015). N-3 Fatty acids: Role in treating dyslipidemias and preventing cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidemias, 355-370.
  • Barroeta, A. C. (2007). Nutritive value of poultry meat: Relationship between vitamin E and PUFA. World Poultry Science Journal, 63, 277-284.
  • Brash, A. R. (2001). Arachidonic acid as a bioactive molecule. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 107(11), 1339-1345.
  • Brenna, J. T. (2002). Efficiency of conversion of alpha-linolenic acid to long chain n-3 fatty acids in man. Current opinion in clinical nutrition & metabolic mare, 5(2), 127-132.
  • Burdge, G. (2004). Alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in men and women: Nutritional and biological implications. Current opinion in clinical nutrition & metabolic mare, 7, 137-144.
  • Cherian, G. (2008). Egg quality and yolk polyunsaturated fatty acid status in relation to broiler breeder hen age and dietary n-3 oils. Poultry Science, 87, 1131-1137.
  • Cherian, G. (2015). Nutrition and metabolism in poultry: Role of lipids in early diet. Journal of animal science and biotechnology, 6(1), 28. eCollection 2015.
  • Crupi, R., Marino, A., & Cuzzocrea, S. (2013). n-3 Fatty acids: role in Neurogenesis and neuroplasticity. Current medicinal chemistry, 20(24), 2953-2963.
  • Das, U. N. (2000). Beneficial effect(s) of n-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular diseases: but, why and how? Prostaglandins leukot essent fatty acids,63(6), 351-362. 
  • De Carvalho, C. C. C. R., & Caramujo, M. J. (2018). The various roles of fatty acids. Molecules, 23(10). pii: E2583
  • Ebeid, T., Eid, Y., Saleh, A., & Abd El-Hamid, H. (2008). Ovarian follicular development, lipid peroxidation, antioxidative status and immune response in laying hens fed fish oil-supplemented diets to produce n-3-enriched eggs. Animal, 2, 84-91.
  • Ehr, I. J., Persia, M. E., & Bobeck, E. A. (2017). Comparative omega-3 fatty acid enrichment of egg yolks from first-cycle laying hens fed flaxseed oil or ground flaxseed. Poultry Science, 96(6), 1791-1799
  • Eseceli, H., & Kahraman, R. (2013). Ayçiçek ve balık yağı katılan yumurta tavuğu Rasyonlarına E ve C vitamini ilavesinin yumurta sarısı yağ asitleri kompozisyonu ile malondialdehit düzeyine etkisi. İstanbul Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 30(2), 19-35.
  • Fedorova, I., Hussein, N., Baumann, M. H, Di Martino, C., Salem, N., Jr. (2009) An n-3 fatty acid deficiency impairs rat spatial learning in the barnes maze. Behavioral neuroscience.123(1),196-205.
  • Fraeye, I., Bruneel, C., Lemahieu, C., Buyse, J., Muylaert, K., & Foubert, I. (2012), Dietary enrichment of eggs with omega-3 fatty acids: A review. Food Research International, 48, 961-969.
  • Goyal, A., Sharma, V., Upadhyay, N., Gill, S., & Sihag, M. (2014). Flax and flaxseed oil: an ancient medicine & modern functional food. Journal of food science and technology, 51(9), 1633-1653.
  • Gürbüz, E., Balevi, T., Coşkun, B., Çitil, Ö. B. (2012). Effect of adding linseed and selenium to diets of layer hen’s on performance, egg fatty acid composition and selenium content Kafkas Universitesi Veteteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(3), 487-496.
  • Huang, S., Baurhoo, B., & Mustafa, A. (2018). Effects of extruded flaxseed on layer performance, nutrient retention and yolk fatty acid composition. British poultry science, 59(4), 463-469.
  • Jeppesen, P. B., Hoy, C. E., & Mortensen, P. B. (1998). Essential fatty acid deficiency in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition. American journal of clinical nutrition, 68(1), 126-133.
  • Jia, W., Slominki, B. A., Guenter, W., Humpjreys, A., & Jones, O. (2008). The effect of enzyme supplementation on egg production parameters and omega-3 fatty acid deposition in laying hens fed flaxseed and canola seed. Poultry Science, 87, 2005-2014.
  • Jordan, R. G. (2010). Prenatal omega-3 fatty acids: Review and recommendations. Journal of midwifery & women's health, 55, 520–528.
  • Keum, M. C., An, B. K., Shin, K. H., & Lee, K. W. (2018). Influence of dietary fat sources and conjugated fatty acid on egg quality, yolk cholesterol, and yolk fatty acid composition of laying hens. Revista brasileira de zootecnia, 47, e20170303.
  • Kimura, I., Ichimura, A., Ohue-Kitano, R., & Igarashi, M. (2019). Free fatty acid receptors in health and disease. Physiological reviews, 100, 171-210.
  • Lands, B. (2016). Fatty acids: Essential fatty acids. In C. B. F. Paul, & T, Fidel. (Ed). Encyclopedia of Food and Health, (pp: 615-622). Nev york, US: Elsevier Science & Technology.
  • Lee, S. A., Whenham, N., & Bedford, M. R. (2019). Review on docosahexaenoic acid in poultry and swine nutrition: Consequence of enriched products on performance and health characteristics. Animal Nutrution 5,11-21.
  • Lichtenstein, A., Jones, P. J. (2012). Lipids: Absorption and transport. In: J.W. J. Erdman, I. A. Macdonald, S.H., Zeisel (Ed). Present knowledge in nutrition, 10th ed, (pp: 118-131). US: .ILSI, Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Micha, R., Khatibzadeh, S., Shi, P., Fahimi, S., Lim, S., Andrews, K. G., Engell, R. E., Powles, J., Ezzati, M., & Mozaffarian, D. (2014). Global, regional, and national consumption levels of dietary fats and oils in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis including 266 country-specific nutrition surveys. British medical journal. 348, g2272
  • Mogensen, K. M. (2017). Essential fatty acid deficiency. Practical gastroenterology, 37-44. Molendi-Coste, O., Legry, V., & Leclercq, I. A. (2011). Why and how meet n−3 PUFA Dietary Recommendations? Gastroenterology research and practice, 1-11.
  • Moran, C. A., Morlacchini, M., Keegan, J. D., & Fusconi, G. (2018). Increasing the omega-3 content of hen’s eggs through dietary supplementation with aurantiochytrium limacinum microalgae: Effect of inclusion rate on the temporal pattern of docosahexaenoic acid enrichment, efficiency of transfer, and egg characteristics. Journal of applied poultry research, 28(2), 329-338.
  • Narce, M., & Niot, I. (2019). Fatty acids and lipopolysaccharides from health to disease. Biochimie,159, 1-2
  • Petrovic, S., & Arsic, A. (2016). Fatty acids. In C. B. F. Paul, & T, Fidel. (Ed). Encyclopedia of food and health, (pp: 623-631). Nev york, US: Elsevier Science & Technology.
  • Poorghasemi, M., Seidavi, A., Qotbi, A. A., Laudadio, V., Tufarelli, V. (2013) Influence of dietary fat source on growth performance responses and carcass traits of broiler chicks. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 26(5), 705-710.
  • Rees, C. A., Bauer, J. E., Burkholder, W. J., Kennis, R. A., Dunbar, B. L., & Bigley, C. E. (2001). Effects of dietary flax seed and sunflower seed supplementation on normal canine serum polyunsaturated fatty acids and skin and hair coat condition scores. Veterinary Dermatology, 12(2), 111–117.
  • Richardson, A. J. (2006). Omega-3 fatty acids in ADHD and related neurodevelopmental disorders. International review of psychiatry, 18(2), 155-172.
  • Salvig, J. D., & Lamont, R. F. (2011). Evidence regarding an effect of marine n-3 fatty acids on preterm birth: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 90(8), 825-838.
  • Shakeel Ahmad, Ahsan Ul Haq, Yousaf Muhammad, Nawaz Haq(2010) Effect of feeding canola oil and vitamin a on the fatty acid profile of egg yolks in laying hens. Pakistan journal of nutrition, 9(2). 191-194.
  • Sihvo, H. K., Immonen, K., & Puolanne, E. (2014), Myodegeneration with fibrosis and regeneration in the pectoralis major muscle of broilers. Veterinary Pathology, 51, 619-623.
  • Simopoulos, A. (2016). An increase in the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio increases the risk for obesity. Nutrients, 8(3), 128. 
  • Simopoulos, A. P. (2008). The importance of the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio in cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Experimental biology and medicine, 233(6), 674-688.
  • Sinclair, H. M. (1956). Deficiency of essential fatty acids and atherosclerosis, etcetera. Lancet,1, 381-383.
  • Stark, K. D., Van Elswyk, M. E., Higgins, M. R., Weatherford, C. A., Salem, N. (2016). Global survey of the omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in the blood stream of healthy adults. Progress in lipid research, 63, 132-152.
  • Stice, S. A. (2019). Omega Fatty Acids. (Springer Nature Switzerland AG) Nutraceuticals in veterinary medicine, 175-185.
  • Surai, P. F., & Sparks, N. H. C., (2001). Designer eggs: from improvement of egg composition to functional food. Trends in food science & technology, 12, 7-16.
  • Tallima, H., & El Ridi, R. (2018). Arachidonic acid: Physiological roles and potential health benefits-A review. Journal of advanced research, 11, 33-41.
  • Trautwein, E. A. (2001). N−3 fatty acids-Physiological and technical aspects for their use in food. European journal of lipid science and technology, 103, 45-55.
  • Trikalinos, T. A., Lee, J, Moorthy, D., Yu, W. W., Lau, J., Lichtenstein, A. H. (2012). AHRQ technical reviews and summaries effects of eicosapentanoic acid and docosahexanoic acid on mortality Across nutritional research series, Vol 4. Rockville (MD), US: Agency for healthcare research and quality.
  • Valenzuela, R., Bascuñan, K., Valenzuela, A, Chamorro, R. (2009). Ácidos grasos omega 3, enfermedades psiquiátricas y neurodegenerativas: un nuevo enfoque preventivo y terapéutico. Revista chilena de nutrición, 36(4), 1120-1128.
  • Yalcin, H., & Unal, M. K. (2010). The enrichment of hen eggs with n-3 fatty acids. Journal of medicinal food, 13, 610-614.
  • Yashodhara, B. M., Umakanth, S., Pappachan, J. M., Bhat, S. K., Kamath, R., & Choo, B. H. (2009). Omega-3 fatty acids: A comprehensive review of their role in health and disease. Postgraduate medical journal, 85, 84–90.
  • Zárate, R., el Jaber-Vazdekis, N., Tejera, N., Pérez, J. A., & Rodríguez, C. (2017). Significance of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human health. Clinical and translational medicine, 6(1), 23.

Review on the beneficial effects of omega-3 enriched eggs by dietary flaxseed oil supplementation

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 3, 89 - 94, 31.12.2019

Öz

The aim of this review is to convey updated knowledge, for better decision making in preventive and therapeutic health care, as well as in agriculture and food industries. The association of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) with cardiovascular risk was suspected early in Eskimo populations that are known to have a high consumption of fish and fish oil. However, their diet contained almost no vegetable foods. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids have been studied intensively as nutrients that protect against cardiovascular disease.  Awareness of fatty acids beneficial effects seems to have played a role in creating new products labeled high in omega-3. Most of them use ALA (α-linolenic acid), derived from plants. Health effects of omega-3 fatty acids come mostly from EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosa-hexaenoic acid). It is not an efficient process for humans to synthesize EPA and DHA from ALA in contrast to laying hens. EPA and DHA Omega-3 enrichment of eggs with ALA rich flaxseed oil is an effective way.

Kaynakça

  • Aymond, W. M., & Van Elswyk, M. E. (1995). Yolk thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and n−3 fatty-acids in response to whole and ground flaxseed. Poultry Science, 74, 1388-1394.
  • Barringer, T., Harris, W., Fleming, J., & Kris-Etherton, P. (2015). N-3 Fatty acids: Role in treating dyslipidemias and preventing cardiovascular disease. In: A. Garg (Ed) Dyslipidemias. Contemporary Endocrinology. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
  • Barringer, T. A., Harris, W. S., Fleming, J. A., & Kris-Etherton, P. M. (2015). N-3 Fatty acids: Role in treating dyslipidemias and preventing cardiovascular disease. Dyslipidemias, 355-370.
  • Barroeta, A. C. (2007). Nutritive value of poultry meat: Relationship between vitamin E and PUFA. World Poultry Science Journal, 63, 277-284.
  • Brash, A. R. (2001). Arachidonic acid as a bioactive molecule. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 107(11), 1339-1345.
  • Brenna, J. T. (2002). Efficiency of conversion of alpha-linolenic acid to long chain n-3 fatty acids in man. Current opinion in clinical nutrition & metabolic mare, 5(2), 127-132.
  • Burdge, G. (2004). Alpha-linolenic acid metabolism in men and women: Nutritional and biological implications. Current opinion in clinical nutrition & metabolic mare, 7, 137-144.
  • Cherian, G. (2008). Egg quality and yolk polyunsaturated fatty acid status in relation to broiler breeder hen age and dietary n-3 oils. Poultry Science, 87, 1131-1137.
  • Cherian, G. (2015). Nutrition and metabolism in poultry: Role of lipids in early diet. Journal of animal science and biotechnology, 6(1), 28. eCollection 2015.
  • Crupi, R., Marino, A., & Cuzzocrea, S. (2013). n-3 Fatty acids: role in Neurogenesis and neuroplasticity. Current medicinal chemistry, 20(24), 2953-2963.
  • Das, U. N. (2000). Beneficial effect(s) of n-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular diseases: but, why and how? Prostaglandins leukot essent fatty acids,63(6), 351-362. 
  • De Carvalho, C. C. C. R., & Caramujo, M. J. (2018). The various roles of fatty acids. Molecules, 23(10). pii: E2583
  • Ebeid, T., Eid, Y., Saleh, A., & Abd El-Hamid, H. (2008). Ovarian follicular development, lipid peroxidation, antioxidative status and immune response in laying hens fed fish oil-supplemented diets to produce n-3-enriched eggs. Animal, 2, 84-91.
  • Ehr, I. J., Persia, M. E., & Bobeck, E. A. (2017). Comparative omega-3 fatty acid enrichment of egg yolks from first-cycle laying hens fed flaxseed oil or ground flaxseed. Poultry Science, 96(6), 1791-1799
  • Eseceli, H., & Kahraman, R. (2013). Ayçiçek ve balık yağı katılan yumurta tavuğu Rasyonlarına E ve C vitamini ilavesinin yumurta sarısı yağ asitleri kompozisyonu ile malondialdehit düzeyine etkisi. İstanbul Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 30(2), 19-35.
  • Fedorova, I., Hussein, N., Baumann, M. H, Di Martino, C., Salem, N., Jr. (2009) An n-3 fatty acid deficiency impairs rat spatial learning in the barnes maze. Behavioral neuroscience.123(1),196-205.
  • Fraeye, I., Bruneel, C., Lemahieu, C., Buyse, J., Muylaert, K., & Foubert, I. (2012), Dietary enrichment of eggs with omega-3 fatty acids: A review. Food Research International, 48, 961-969.
  • Goyal, A., Sharma, V., Upadhyay, N., Gill, S., & Sihag, M. (2014). Flax and flaxseed oil: an ancient medicine & modern functional food. Journal of food science and technology, 51(9), 1633-1653.
  • Gürbüz, E., Balevi, T., Coşkun, B., Çitil, Ö. B. (2012). Effect of adding linseed and selenium to diets of layer hen’s on performance, egg fatty acid composition and selenium content Kafkas Universitesi Veteteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 18(3), 487-496.
  • Huang, S., Baurhoo, B., & Mustafa, A. (2018). Effects of extruded flaxseed on layer performance, nutrient retention and yolk fatty acid composition. British poultry science, 59(4), 463-469.
  • Jeppesen, P. B., Hoy, C. E., & Mortensen, P. B. (1998). Essential fatty acid deficiency in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition. American journal of clinical nutrition, 68(1), 126-133.
  • Jia, W., Slominki, B. A., Guenter, W., Humpjreys, A., & Jones, O. (2008). The effect of enzyme supplementation on egg production parameters and omega-3 fatty acid deposition in laying hens fed flaxseed and canola seed. Poultry Science, 87, 2005-2014.
  • Jordan, R. G. (2010). Prenatal omega-3 fatty acids: Review and recommendations. Journal of midwifery & women's health, 55, 520–528.
  • Keum, M. C., An, B. K., Shin, K. H., & Lee, K. W. (2018). Influence of dietary fat sources and conjugated fatty acid on egg quality, yolk cholesterol, and yolk fatty acid composition of laying hens. Revista brasileira de zootecnia, 47, e20170303.
  • Kimura, I., Ichimura, A., Ohue-Kitano, R., & Igarashi, M. (2019). Free fatty acid receptors in health and disease. Physiological reviews, 100, 171-210.
  • Lands, B. (2016). Fatty acids: Essential fatty acids. In C. B. F. Paul, & T, Fidel. (Ed). Encyclopedia of Food and Health, (pp: 615-622). Nev york, US: Elsevier Science & Technology.
  • Lee, S. A., Whenham, N., & Bedford, M. R. (2019). Review on docosahexaenoic acid in poultry and swine nutrition: Consequence of enriched products on performance and health characteristics. Animal Nutrution 5,11-21.
  • Lichtenstein, A., Jones, P. J. (2012). Lipids: Absorption and transport. In: J.W. J. Erdman, I. A. Macdonald, S.H., Zeisel (Ed). Present knowledge in nutrition, 10th ed, (pp: 118-131). US: .ILSI, Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Micha, R., Khatibzadeh, S., Shi, P., Fahimi, S., Lim, S., Andrews, K. G., Engell, R. E., Powles, J., Ezzati, M., & Mozaffarian, D. (2014). Global, regional, and national consumption levels of dietary fats and oils in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis including 266 country-specific nutrition surveys. British medical journal. 348, g2272
  • Mogensen, K. M. (2017). Essential fatty acid deficiency. Practical gastroenterology, 37-44. Molendi-Coste, O., Legry, V., & Leclercq, I. A. (2011). Why and how meet n−3 PUFA Dietary Recommendations? Gastroenterology research and practice, 1-11.
  • Moran, C. A., Morlacchini, M., Keegan, J. D., & Fusconi, G. (2018). Increasing the omega-3 content of hen’s eggs through dietary supplementation with aurantiochytrium limacinum microalgae: Effect of inclusion rate on the temporal pattern of docosahexaenoic acid enrichment, efficiency of transfer, and egg characteristics. Journal of applied poultry research, 28(2), 329-338.
  • Narce, M., & Niot, I. (2019). Fatty acids and lipopolysaccharides from health to disease. Biochimie,159, 1-2
  • Petrovic, S., & Arsic, A. (2016). Fatty acids. In C. B. F. Paul, & T, Fidel. (Ed). Encyclopedia of food and health, (pp: 623-631). Nev york, US: Elsevier Science & Technology.
  • Poorghasemi, M., Seidavi, A., Qotbi, A. A., Laudadio, V., Tufarelli, V. (2013) Influence of dietary fat source on growth performance responses and carcass traits of broiler chicks. Asian-Australasian journal of animal sciences, 26(5), 705-710.
  • Rees, C. A., Bauer, J. E., Burkholder, W. J., Kennis, R. A., Dunbar, B. L., & Bigley, C. E. (2001). Effects of dietary flax seed and sunflower seed supplementation on normal canine serum polyunsaturated fatty acids and skin and hair coat condition scores. Veterinary Dermatology, 12(2), 111–117.
  • Richardson, A. J. (2006). Omega-3 fatty acids in ADHD and related neurodevelopmental disorders. International review of psychiatry, 18(2), 155-172.
  • Salvig, J. D., & Lamont, R. F. (2011). Evidence regarding an effect of marine n-3 fatty acids on preterm birth: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica, 90(8), 825-838.
  • Shakeel Ahmad, Ahsan Ul Haq, Yousaf Muhammad, Nawaz Haq(2010) Effect of feeding canola oil and vitamin a on the fatty acid profile of egg yolks in laying hens. Pakistan journal of nutrition, 9(2). 191-194.
  • Sihvo, H. K., Immonen, K., & Puolanne, E. (2014), Myodegeneration with fibrosis and regeneration in the pectoralis major muscle of broilers. Veterinary Pathology, 51, 619-623.
  • Simopoulos, A. (2016). An increase in the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio increases the risk for obesity. Nutrients, 8(3), 128. 
  • Simopoulos, A. P. (2008). The importance of the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio in cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Experimental biology and medicine, 233(6), 674-688.
  • Sinclair, H. M. (1956). Deficiency of essential fatty acids and atherosclerosis, etcetera. Lancet,1, 381-383.
  • Stark, K. D., Van Elswyk, M. E., Higgins, M. R., Weatherford, C. A., Salem, N. (2016). Global survey of the omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid in the blood stream of healthy adults. Progress in lipid research, 63, 132-152.
  • Stice, S. A. (2019). Omega Fatty Acids. (Springer Nature Switzerland AG) Nutraceuticals in veterinary medicine, 175-185.
  • Surai, P. F., & Sparks, N. H. C., (2001). Designer eggs: from improvement of egg composition to functional food. Trends in food science & technology, 12, 7-16.
  • Tallima, H., & El Ridi, R. (2018). Arachidonic acid: Physiological roles and potential health benefits-A review. Journal of advanced research, 11, 33-41.
  • Trautwein, E. A. (2001). N−3 fatty acids-Physiological and technical aspects for their use in food. European journal of lipid science and technology, 103, 45-55.
  • Trikalinos, T. A., Lee, J, Moorthy, D., Yu, W. W., Lau, J., Lichtenstein, A. H. (2012). AHRQ technical reviews and summaries effects of eicosapentanoic acid and docosahexanoic acid on mortality Across nutritional research series, Vol 4. Rockville (MD), US: Agency for healthcare research and quality.
  • Valenzuela, R., Bascuñan, K., Valenzuela, A, Chamorro, R. (2009). Ácidos grasos omega 3, enfermedades psiquiátricas y neurodegenerativas: un nuevo enfoque preventivo y terapéutico. Revista chilena de nutrición, 36(4), 1120-1128.
  • Yalcin, H., & Unal, M. K. (2010). The enrichment of hen eggs with n-3 fatty acids. Journal of medicinal food, 13, 610-614.
  • Yashodhara, B. M., Umakanth, S., Pappachan, J. M., Bhat, S. K., Kamath, R., & Choo, B. H. (2009). Omega-3 fatty acids: A comprehensive review of their role in health and disease. Postgraduate medical journal, 85, 84–90.
  • Zárate, R., el Jaber-Vazdekis, N., Tejera, N., Pérez, J. A., & Rodríguez, C. (2017). Significance of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in human health. Clinical and translational medicine, 6(1), 23.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Derleme Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mehmet KETEN>
İSTANBUL ÜNİVERSİTESİ - CERRAHPAŞA, VETERİNER FAKÜLTESİ
0000-0002-5274-8032
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

APA Keten, M. (2019). Review on the beneficial effects of omega-3 enriched eggs by dietary flaxseed oil supplementation . Journal of Istanbul Veterinary Sciences , 3 (3) , 89-94 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/http-www-jivs-net/issue/50359/651502

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