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Yıl 2016, Cilt 66, Sayı 1, 256 - 263, 01.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.18327

Öz

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Kaynakça

  • Akay, A.E., Yuksel, A., Reis, M., Tutus, A., 2007. The impacts of ground-based logging equipment on forest soil. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 16(3): 371-376.
  • Akay, A.E., Acar, H.H., Gülci, S., Özdemir, İ., 2013. Application and Economic Analysis of a Chute System for Wood Extraction in Mountainous Regions. FORMEC 2013: Techniques for Sustainable Management. 30 September 2 October, 2013. Stralsund, Germany.
  • Çankal, H., 2014. Productivity and Environmental Evaluation of Chute System used in Log Production. Master thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 39 p.
  • Dewar, J.A. 1994. Glenfinnan Log Chute, Forestry Research, Technical Development, Technical Note 6/94, 10 p.
  • Eker, M., Acar, H.H. 2006. Operational Planning Method for Timber Harvesting. Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Forestry Journal 2: 128-140.
  • Engelbrecht, G.v.R., Warkotsch, P.W. 1994. Chute Operating Manual. FESA Chute Project Group. 48 p.
  • Gülci, N. 2014. Researches on precision forestry in forest planning. Phd thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 264 p.
  • Kovácsová P., Antalová M. 2010. “Precision Forestry - Definition and Technologies” Journal of Forestry Society of Croatia 134(11-12): 603-611.
  • Öztürk, T., Akay, A.E. 2007. Modifying Farm Tractors For Forest Harvesting Operations. International Symposium on Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul.
  • Türk, Y. 2011. The Optimization of Skid Trails Network for Extracting of Industrial Wood Based Forest Products by Farm Tractors in Forestry.KTU Ph.D. Thesis, Trabzon, Turkey. 159 p.
  • Zarifoğlu, G. 2014. Economic and Ecological Evaluation of Chute System in Extracting Large Size Logs in Mountainous Regions. Master thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 106 p

Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope

Yıl 2016, Cilt 66, Sayı 1, 256 - 263, 01.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.18327

Öz

Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope

Abstract: Over 80% of wood extraction operations have been performed by conventional methods in Turkey. Conventional methods include skidding or sliding of logs mainly by man and animal power, which poses problems in terms of technical, economical, environmental, and ergonomic aspects. Skidding wood on plastic chutes has been implemented in limited numbers of logging applications in recent years, and provides important advantages such as reducing environmental damages and minimizing the value and volume loss of transported wood products. In this study, a chute system integrated with a mobile winch was developed for controlled sliding of large diameter logs downhill. In addition, synthetic ropes rather than steel cables were used to pull log products, resulting in a lower weight and more efficient extraction system. The system was tested on a sample wood production operation in Çınarpınar Forest Enterprise Chief of Kahramanmaraş Forest Enterprise Directorate. In the study, productivity analysis of chute system was performed and its ecological impacts were evaluated. During controlled sliding of logs downhill, the highest productivity (10.01 m3/hour) was reached in the fourth chute system characterized as 36 m in length and 70% ground slope. One of the main factors that affected the productivity of chute system was the controlled sliding time of the logs. It was found that residual stand damage was very limited during controlled sliding operations.

Keywords: Wood production, chute system, economic analysis, ecological effect, mobile winch, synthetic rope

Taşınabilir vinç ve sentetik halat ile entegre oluk sistemi içerisinde odun hammaddesinin yamaç aşağı kontrollü kaydırılması

Özet: Ülkemizde bölmeden çıkarma çalışmaları %80’in üzerinde geleneksel yöntemlerle yürütülmektedir. Bu metotlar sırasında, insan ve hayvan gücü ile sürüterek, atarak ya da kaydırılarak gerçekleştirilen bölmeden çıkarma çalışmaları, teknik, ekonomik, çevresel ve ergonomik açılardan problemlidir. Son yıllarda sınırlı sayıda uygulanan plastik olukla taşıma sistemi, çevre zararlarının azaltılması yanında, taşınan odun hammaddesindeki değer ve hacim kayıplarının minimumda tutulması gibi önemli faydalar sağlamaktadır. Bu çalışmada, dağlık arazide kalın çaplı odun hammaddesinin yamaç aşağı kontrollü kaydırılması amacı ile taşınabilir vinç ile entegre edilmiş bir oluk sistemi geliştirilmiştir. Ayrıca, sistemin daha hafif olması için mevcut uygulamaların aksine çelik halat değil sentetik halat kullanılmıştır. Sistem, Kahramanmaraş Orman İşletme Müdürlüğü, Çınarpınar İşletme Şefliği sınırları içerisinde örnek bir üretim çalışmasında test edilmiştir. Çalışmada oluk sisteminin verimlilik analizleri gerçekleştirilmiş ve ekolojik etkileri incelenmiştir. Yamaç aşağı kontrollü kaydırmada, en yüksek verim (10,01 m3/saat) 36 m ve %70 eğime sahip 4 no'lu oluk sisteminde bulunmuştur. Oluk sisteminin ortalama verimi üzerinde etkili olan ana faktörlerin başında taşınan odun hammaddelerini kontrollü kaydırma zamanı gelmektedir. Kontrollü kaydırma operasyonlarında kalan ağaç zararının çok sınırlı sayıda kaldığı tespit edilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler:  Odun hammaddesi üretimi, oluk sistemi, ekonomik analiz, ekolojik etki, taşınabilir vinç, sentetik halat

Received (Geliş tarihi): 30.04.2015 - Revised (Düzeltme tarihi): 27.05.2015 -   Accepted (Kabul tarihi): 28.05.2015

To cite this article (Atıf): Gülci, N., Akay, A.E., Erdaş, O., Acar, H.H., Wing, M.G., 2016. Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope. Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 66(1): 256-263. DOI: 10.17099/jffiu.18327

Kaynakça

  • Akay, A.E., Yuksel, A., Reis, M., Tutus, A., 2007. The impacts of ground-based logging equipment on forest soil. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 16(3): 371-376.
  • Akay, A.E., Acar, H.H., Gülci, S., Özdemir, İ., 2013. Application and Economic Analysis of a Chute System for Wood Extraction in Mountainous Regions. FORMEC 2013: Techniques for Sustainable Management. 30 September 2 October, 2013. Stralsund, Germany.
  • Çankal, H., 2014. Productivity and Environmental Evaluation of Chute System used in Log Production. Master thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 39 p.
  • Dewar, J.A. 1994. Glenfinnan Log Chute, Forestry Research, Technical Development, Technical Note 6/94, 10 p.
  • Eker, M., Acar, H.H. 2006. Operational Planning Method for Timber Harvesting. Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Forestry Journal 2: 128-140.
  • Engelbrecht, G.v.R., Warkotsch, P.W. 1994. Chute Operating Manual. FESA Chute Project Group. 48 p.
  • Gülci, N. 2014. Researches on precision forestry in forest planning. Phd thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 264 p.
  • Kovácsová P., Antalová M. 2010. “Precision Forestry - Definition and Technologies” Journal of Forestry Society of Croatia 134(11-12): 603-611.
  • Öztürk, T., Akay, A.E. 2007. Modifying Farm Tractors For Forest Harvesting Operations. International Symposium on Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul.
  • Türk, Y. 2011. The Optimization of Skid Trails Network for Extracting of Industrial Wood Based Forest Products by Farm Tractors in Forestry.KTU Ph.D. Thesis, Trabzon, Turkey. 159 p.
  • Zarifoğlu, G. 2014. Economic and Ecological Evaluation of Chute System in Extracting Large Size Logs in Mountainous Regions. Master thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 106 p

Taşınabilir vinç ve sentetik halat ile entegre oluk sistemi içerisinde odun hammaddesinin yamaç aşağı kontrollü kaydırılması

Yıl 2016, Cilt 66, Sayı 1, 256 - 263, 01.01.2016
https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.18327

Öz

Ülkemizde bölmeden çıkarma çalışmaları %80’in üzerinde geleneksel yöntemlerle yürütülmektedir. Bu metotlar sırasında, insan ve hayvan gücü ile sürüterek, atarak ya da kaydırılarak gerçekleştirilen bölmeden çıkarma çalışmaları, teknik, ekonomik, çevresel ve ergonomik açılardan problemlidir. Son yıllarda sınırlı sayıda uygulanan plastik olukla taşıma sistemi, çevre zararlarının azaltılması yanında, taşınan odun hammaddesindeki değer ve hacim kayıplarının minimumda tutulması gibi önemli faydalar sağlamaktadır. Bu çalışmada, dağlık arazide kalın çaplı odun hammaddesinin yamaç aşağı kontrollü kaydırılması amacı ile taşınabilir vinç ile entegre edilmiş bir oluk sistemi geliştirilmiştir. Ayrıca, sistemin daha hafif olması için mevcut uygulamaların aksine çelik halat değil sentetik halat kullanılmıştır. Sistem, Kahramanmaraş Orman İşletme Müdürlüğü, Çınarpınar İşletme Şefliği sınırları içerisinde örnek bir üretim çalışmasında test edilmiştir. Çalışmada oluk sisteminin verimlilik analizleri gerçekleştirilmiş ve ekolojik etkileri incelenmiştir. Yamaç aşağı kontrollü kaydırmada, en yüksek verim (10,01 m3 /saat) 36 m ve %70 eğime sahip 4 no'lu oluk sisteminde bulunmuştur. Oluk sisteminin ortalama verimi üzerinde etkili olan ana faktörlerin başında taşınan odun hammaddelerini kontrollü kaydırma zamanı gelmektedir. Kontrollü kaydırma operasyonlarında kalan ağaç zararının çok sınırlı sayıda kaldığı tespit edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Akay, A.E., Yuksel, A., Reis, M., Tutus, A., 2007. The impacts of ground-based logging equipment on forest soil. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 16(3): 371-376.
  • Akay, A.E., Acar, H.H., Gülci, S., Özdemir, İ., 2013. Application and Economic Analysis of a Chute System for Wood Extraction in Mountainous Regions. FORMEC 2013: Techniques for Sustainable Management. 30 September 2 October, 2013. Stralsund, Germany.
  • Çankal, H., 2014. Productivity and Environmental Evaluation of Chute System used in Log Production. Master thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 39 p.
  • Dewar, J.A. 1994. Glenfinnan Log Chute, Forestry Research, Technical Development, Technical Note 6/94, 10 p.
  • Eker, M., Acar, H.H. 2006. Operational Planning Method for Timber Harvesting. Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Forestry Journal 2: 128-140.
  • Engelbrecht, G.v.R., Warkotsch, P.W. 1994. Chute Operating Manual. FESA Chute Project Group. 48 p.
  • Gülci, N. 2014. Researches on precision forestry in forest planning. Phd thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 264 p.
  • Kovácsová P., Antalová M. 2010. “Precision Forestry - Definition and Technologies” Journal of Forestry Society of Croatia 134(11-12): 603-611.
  • Öztürk, T., Akay, A.E. 2007. Modifying Farm Tractors For Forest Harvesting Operations. International Symposium on Bottlenecks, Solutions, and Priorities in the Context of Functions of Forest Resources. 17-19 October. İstanbul.
  • Türk, Y. 2011. The Optimization of Skid Trails Network for Extracting of Industrial Wood Based Forest Products by Farm Tractors in Forestry.KTU Ph.D. Thesis, Trabzon, Turkey. 159 p.
  • Zarifoğlu, G. 2014. Economic and Ecological Evaluation of Chute System in Extracting Large Size Logs in Mountainous Regions. Master thesis, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Forestry, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. 106 p

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Fen
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi (Research Article)
Yazarlar

Neşe Gülci


Abdullah Akay
0000-0001-6558-9029


Orhan Erdaş Bu kişi benim


H. Acar


Michael Wing

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Ocak 2016
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2016, Cilt 66, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { jffiu199446, journal = {Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University}, issn = {0535-8418}, eissn = {1309-6257}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi-Cerrahpaşa}, year = {2016}, volume = {66}, pages = {256 - 263}, doi = {10.17099/jffiu.18327}, title = {Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope}, key = {cite}, author = {Gülci, Neşe and Akay, Abdullah and Erdaş, Orhan and Acar, H. and Wing, Michael} }
APA Gülci, N. , Akay, A. , Erdaş, O. , Acar, H. & Wing, M. (2016). Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope . Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University , 66 (1) , 256-263 . DOI: 10.17099/jffiu.18327
MLA Gülci, N. , Akay, A. , Erdaş, O. , Acar, H. , Wing, M. "Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope" . Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 66 (2016 ): 256-263 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jffiu/issue/18906/199446>
Chicago Gülci, N. , Akay, A. , Erdaş, O. , Acar, H. , Wing, M. "Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope". Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 66 (2016 ): 256-263
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope AU - Neşe Gülci , Abdullah Akay , Orhan Erdaş , H. Acar , Michael Wing Y1 - 2016 PY - 2016 N1 - doi: 10.17099/jffiu.18327 DO - 10.17099/jffiu.18327 T2 - Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 256 EP - 263 VL - 66 IS - 1 SN - 0535-8418-1309-6257 M3 - doi: 10.17099/jffiu.18327 UR - https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.18327 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 İstanbul Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope %A Neşe Gülci , Abdullah Akay , Orhan Erdaş , H. Acar , Michael Wing %T Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope %D 2016 %J Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University %P 0535-8418-1309-6257 %V 66 %N 1 %R doi: 10.17099/jffiu.18327 %U 10.17099/jffiu.18327
ISNAD Gülci, Neşe , Akay, Abdullah , Erdaş, Orhan , Acar, H. , Wing, Michael . "Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope". Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University 66 / 1 (Ocak 2016): 256-263 . https://doi.org/10.17099/jffiu.18327
AMA Gülci N. , Akay A. , Erdaş O. , Acar H. , Wing M. Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope. J FAC FOR ISTANBUL U. 2016; 66(1): 256-263.
Vancouver Gülci N. , Akay A. , Erdaş O. , Acar H. , Wing M. Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope. Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University. 2016; 66(1): 256-263.
IEEE N. Gülci , A. Akay , O. Erdaş , H. Acar ve M. Wing , "Controlled sliding of logs downhill by chute system integrated with portable winch and synthetic rope", Journal of the Faculty of Forestry Istanbul University, c. 66, sayı. 1, ss. 256-263, Oca. 2016, doi:10.17099/jffiu.18327