Yıl 2018, Cilt 08 , Sayı 02, Sayfalar 43 - 48 2018-06-20

Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab

Shweta Chitkara [1] , Deepinder Chhina [2] , Veenu Gupta [3] , Rajesh Mahajan [4] , Daaman Sharma [5]


ABSTRACT

Objective: Dengue has emerged as a major public health concern across the globe in terms of mortality and morbidity. The clinical and epidemiological profile of dengue infection changes from time to time. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of dengue infection, to study the seasonal variation and the clinical profile in these cases.

Methods: A prospective, observational study conducted over a period from April 2015 to March 2016. Patients with acute febrile illness with clinical suspicion of dengue fever admitted in the hospital were included in the study. Serological tests like Dengue IgM and NS1 antigen ELISA were performed to confirm the diagnosis. Serologically confirmed patients of dengue fever were studied for their clinical presentation and lab parameters.

Results: From a total 4732 patients tested for dengue viral infection, 1165 (24.6%) tested positive for dengue. The most affected age group was 26-35 years (25.7%) with male predominance. Most dengue cases were seen in the months of August to December 2015. Commonly clinical symptoms and signs were myalgia (72.4%), arthralgia (34.4%), vomiting (50%), abdominal pain (38.6%), hepatomegaly (27.4%) and ascites (10.8%). Lab parameters revealed leukopenia (43%) and thrombocytopenia (93.1%) in most cases. Transaminitis was seen in 84.1% cases. Common complications were shock (4.8%) and encephalopathy (4.8%). Hepatic failure was seen in 3.7% of patients and renal failure in 1.8% of patients.

Conclusion: Dengue fever has a very non-specific and variable presentation. Knowledge of local prevalence and recent outbreaks can be very helpful in recognizing the clinical entity. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2018; 8(2):43-48

Dengue fever, prevalence, seasonality, clinical manifestations, tertiary care hospital
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Research Article
Yazarlar

Yazar: Shweta Chitkara (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: India


Yazar: Deepinder Chhina

Yazar: Veenu Gupta

Yazar: Rajesh Mahajan

Yazar: Daaman Sharma

Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 20 Haziran 2018

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jmid434590, journal = {Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases}, issn = {2146-3158}, eissn = {2146-9369}, address = {}, publisher = {Sağlık Araştırmaları Derneği}, year = {2018}, volume = {08}, pages = {43 - 48}, doi = {10.5799/jmid.434590}, title = {Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab}, key = {cite}, author = {Chitkara, Shweta and Chhina, Deepinder and Gupta, Veenu and Mahajan, Rajesh and Sharma, Daaman} }
APA Chitkara, S , Chhina, D , Gupta, V , Mahajan, R , Sharma, D . (2018). Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab. Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases , 08 (02) , 43-48 . DOI: 10.5799/jmid.434590
MLA Chitkara, S , Chhina, D , Gupta, V , Mahajan, R , Sharma, D . "Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab". Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 08 (2018 ): 43-48 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jmid/issue/37625/434590>
Chicago Chitkara, S , Chhina, D , Gupta, V , Mahajan, R , Sharma, D . "Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab". Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 08 (2018 ): 43-48
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab AU - Shweta Chitkara , Deepinder Chhina , Veenu Gupta , Rajesh Mahajan , Daaman Sharma Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.5799/jmid.434590 DO - 10.5799/jmid.434590 T2 - Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 43 EP - 48 VL - 08 IS - 02 SN - 2146-3158-2146-9369 M3 - doi: 10.5799/jmid.434590 UR - https://doi.org/10.5799/jmid.434590 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab %A Shweta Chitkara , Deepinder Chhina , Veenu Gupta , Rajesh Mahajan , Daaman Sharma %T Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab %D 2018 %J Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases %P 2146-3158-2146-9369 %V 08 %N 02 %R doi: 10.5799/jmid.434590 %U 10.5799/jmid.434590
ISNAD Chitkara, Shweta , Chhina, Deepinder , Gupta, Veenu , Mahajan, Rajesh , Sharma, Daaman . "Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab". Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 08 / 02 (Haziran 2018): 43-48 . https://doi.org/10.5799/jmid.434590
AMA Chitkara S , Chhina D , Gupta V , Mahajan R , Sharma D . Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab. J Microbil Infect Dis. 2018; 08(02): 43-48.
Vancouver Chitkara S , Chhina D , Gupta V , Mahajan R , Sharma D . Epidemiology of Dengue Fever among clinically Suspected Febrile Patients at A Tertiary Care Center in Punjab. Journal of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 2018; 08(02): 48-43.