Araştırma Makalesi
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Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea)

Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 42 - 52, 12.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.46384/jmsf.929737

Öz

In this study, the starting time of ghost fishing in baited fish traps were determined. Two separate trials using 4 different types of fish traps (foldable, conical, “O” shaped Round and cylindrical) were carried out in the Çanakkale Strait at a depth of 5m between July - December 2013. A total of 12 fish traps (3 for each trap type) were used in the study. Each trial lasted a period of 45 days. Major features of the traps were as follows: the foldable fish trap had “V” shaped inclined funnel; the conical fish trap had a conical entrance from the top; The “O” shaped fish trap had a “V” shaped entrance on the base; the cylindrical trap had a conical entrance on the side. In all trials fresh sardine, black mussel and bread placed in a net bag were used as bait and fixed in the traps. Underwater observations showed that fish entrapped in all trap types escaped from the traps within 8-10 days. Fish mortality was due to accidental entanglement of fish on the mesh material covering the traps or due to predation. Molluscs such as octopuses and squids escaped within 4-7 days whereas crabs suffered from cannibalism or starvation due to their lower escape rates. In conclusion, in the present study while trap ghost fishing for fish and cephalopods were not observed, ghost fishing for crabs were observed and was a factor of entrance design and location on traps.

Kaynakça

  • Al-Masroori, H., Al-Oufi, H., McIlwain, J.L., McLean, E. 2004. Catches of lost fish traps (ghost fishing) from fishing grounds near Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Fisheries Research, 69(3): 407-414
  • Antonelis, K., Huppert, D., Velasques, D., June, J. 2011. Dungeness crab mortality due to lost traps and a cost-benefit analysis of trap removal in Washington state waters of the Salish Sea. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 31: 880-893.
  • Ayaz, A. 2003. Denizde kaybolan av araçlarının yaptığı istenmeyen avcılık üzerine araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktara tezi, İzmir, 79 s.
  • Ayaz A., Ünal V., Özekinci U. 2004. İzmir Körfezi’nde hayalet avcılığa neden olan kayıp uzatma ağı miktarının tespitine yönelik bir araştırma. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, .21: 35-38.
  • Ayaz, A., Acarli, D., Altinagac, U., Ozekinci, U., Kara, A., Ozen, O. 2006a. Ghost fishing by monofilament and multifilament gillnets in Izmir Bay, Turkey. Fisheries Research, 79(3): 267271.
  • Ayaz, A., Özekinci, U., Altınağac, U., Özen, Ö. 2006b. Üstten girişli yuvarlak tel sepetlerin hayalet avcılık açısından incelenmesi, Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23 (1/3): 351-354.
  • Ayaz, A., Ünal, V., Acarli, D., Altınağaç, U. 2010. Fishing gear losses in the Gökova Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA),eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26: 416-419. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01386.x
  • Breen, P.A. 1985. Ghost fishing by dungeness crab traps: A preliminary report. Canadian Manuscript Reports of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, No. 1848, 51 – 55
  • Breen, P.A. 1987. Mortality of dungeness crabs caused by lost traps in the Fraser River Estaury, British Columbia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 7: 429-435.
  • Bullimore, B.A., Newman, P.B., Kaiser, M.J., Gilbert, S.E., Lock, K.M. 2001. A study of catches in a fleet of "ghost-fishing" pots. Fishery Bulletin, 99(2): 247-253.
  • Campbell, M.J., Sumpton, W.D. 2009. Ghost fishing in the pot fishery for blue swimmer crabs Portunus pelagicus in Queensland, Australia. Fisheries Research, 95(2-3): 246-253. DOI:10.1016/j.fishres.2008.09.026
  • Guillory, V. 1989. An evaluation of different escape vents in blue crab (Calinectes sapidus) traps. Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences, 52: 29-34.
  • Guillory, V. 1993. Ghost fishing by blue crab traps. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 13: 459-466.
  • Guillory, V., Hein, S. 1998. A review and evaluation of ecsape rings in the blue crab traps. Journal of Shellfish Research, 17(2): 551-559.
  • Guillory, V., Prejean, P., 1998. Effect of a Terrapin Excluder Device on Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus, Trap Catches. Marine Fisheries Review, 60(1): 38-40.
  • Hebert, M., Miron, G., Moriyasu, M., Vienneau, R., DeGrace, P. 2001. Efficiency and ghost fishing of snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) traps in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Fisheries Research, 52(3): 143-153. DOI: S0165-7836(00)00259-9
  • ICES. 2007. Report of study group on the development of fish pots for commercial fisheries and survey purposes (SGPOT). 21-22 April 2007, Dublin, Ireland. ICES CM 2007/FTC:02, 18 pp.
  • Kim, S., Park, S.-W., Lee, K. 2014a. Fishing performance of environmentaly friendly tubular pots made of biodegradable resin (PBS/PBAT) for catching the conger eel Conger myriaster. Fish Science, 80: 887-895. DOI: 10.1007/s12562-014-0785-z
  • Kim, S., Park, S., Lee, K. 2014b. Fishing performance of an Octopus minor net pot made of biodegradable twines. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14: 21-30. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v14-1-03
  • Kimker, A. 1994. Tanner crab survial in closed pots. Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin,1(2): 179-183.
  • Long, W.C., Cummiskey, P.A., Munk, J.E. 2014. Effects of ghost fishing on the population of red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in Women Bay, Kodiak Island. Alaska. Fishery Bulletin, 112: 101-111. DOI:10.7755/FB.112.2-3.1
  • Nulk, V.E. 1978. The effects of different escape vents on the selectivity of lobstar traps. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(5-6): 51-58.
  • Parrish, F.A., Kazama, T.K. 1992. Evaluation of ghost fishing in the Hawaiian lobster fishery. Fishery Bulletin, 90: 720-725.
  • Pecci, K.J., Cooper, R.A., Newell, C.D., Clifford, R.A., Smolowitz, R.J. 1978. Ghost fishing of vented and un-vented lobster, Homarus americanus, traps. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(56): 9-43.
  • Renchen, G.F., Pittman, S.J., Brandt, M.E. 2012. Investigated the behavioral responses of trapped fishes using underwater video surveillance. Journal of Fish Biology, 81: 1611-1625. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03418.x
  • Scarsbrooke, J.R., McFarlane, G.A., Shaw, W. 1988. Effectiveness of experimental escape mechanisms in sablefish traps. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 8: 158-161.
  • Shepherd, G.R., Moore, C.W., Seagraves, R.J. 2002. The effect of escape vents on the capture of black sea bass, Centropristis striata, in fish traps. Fisheries Research, 54: 195-207. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00305-2
  • Smolowitz, R.J. 1978a. Trap design and ghost fishing – discussion. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(5-6): 59-67.
  • Smolowitz, R.J. 1978b. Trap design and ghost fishing – overview. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(5-6): 2-8.
  • Stevens, B.G., Vining, I., Byersdorfer, S., Donaldson, W. 2000. Ghost fishing by Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) pots off Kodiak, Alaska: pot density and catch per trap as determined from sidescan sonar and pot recovery data. Fishery Bulletin, 98(2): 389-399.
  • Watanuki, N., Hirayama, I., Kawamura, G. 2000. Why do cuttlefish Sepia esculenta enter fish trap traps? Space occupation habit hypothesis. Fisheries Science, 66: 190-197.

Çanakkale Boğazı’nda (Kuzey Ege Denizi) Yemli Balık Tuzaklarının Hayalet Avcılığa Başlama Süresinin Belirlenmesi

Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 1, 42 - 52, 12.07.2021
https://doi.org/10.46384/jmsf.929737

Öz

Bu çalışmada, yemli balık tuzaklarında hayalet avcılığına başlama zamanının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Bu amaçla, Çanakkale Boğazı’nda katlanabilir ve tabandan bağımsız “V” şekilli, üstten konik girişli konik sepet, “O” şekilli sepete tabandan “V” şekilli ve silindirik sepete yandan konik girişli olmak üzere 4 farklı tuzak, 5 m su derinliğinde, Temmuz – Aralık 2013 tarihleri arasında iki farklı deneme gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmada her bir sepet modelinde 3 adet olmak üzere toplamda 12 adet sepet kullanılmıştır. Her bir deneme 45 gün sürmüştür. Denemelerde yem olarak, sardalye eti, kara midye ve ekmek kullanılmış ve bu yemler ağdan yapılmış bir filenin içine konularak sepetlerin içine sabitlenmiştir. Denemeler sonucunda tuzağa düşen balıkların 8-10 gün içinde tuzaktan kaçtığı sonucuna varıldı. Sepetlerde meydana gelen balık ölümleri tuzakların kaplama malzemelerine dolanmalarından ya da predatör saldırıları sonucu meydana geldiği gözlenmiştir. Kafadanbacaklılardan ahtapot ve mürekkep balıklarının 4-7 gün arasında kaçtığı, yengeç gibi kabukluların kaçmayı başaramadığı ve kanibalizmden veya açlıktan öldükleri tespit edilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, denemelerde kullanılan tuzakların balıklar ve kafadanbacaklılar üzerinde hayalet avcılık etkisi olmadığı belirlenmiş, yengeçlerde ise giriş tipine göre ciddi bir hayalet avcılık etkisi olduğu belirlenmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Al-Masroori, H., Al-Oufi, H., McIlwain, J.L., McLean, E. 2004. Catches of lost fish traps (ghost fishing) from fishing grounds near Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. Fisheries Research, 69(3): 407-414
  • Antonelis, K., Huppert, D., Velasques, D., June, J. 2011. Dungeness crab mortality due to lost traps and a cost-benefit analysis of trap removal in Washington state waters of the Salish Sea. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 31: 880-893.
  • Ayaz, A. 2003. Denizde kaybolan av araçlarının yaptığı istenmeyen avcılık üzerine araştırmalar. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Doktara tezi, İzmir, 79 s.
  • Ayaz A., Ünal V., Özekinci U. 2004. İzmir Körfezi’nde hayalet avcılığa neden olan kayıp uzatma ağı miktarının tespitine yönelik bir araştırma. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, .21: 35-38.
  • Ayaz, A., Acarli, D., Altinagac, U., Ozekinci, U., Kara, A., Ozen, O. 2006a. Ghost fishing by monofilament and multifilament gillnets in Izmir Bay, Turkey. Fisheries Research, 79(3): 267271.
  • Ayaz, A., Özekinci, U., Altınağac, U., Özen, Ö. 2006b. Üstten girişli yuvarlak tel sepetlerin hayalet avcılık açısından incelenmesi, Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23 (1/3): 351-354.
  • Ayaz, A., Ünal, V., Acarli, D., Altınağaç, U. 2010. Fishing gear losses in the Gökova Special Environmental Protection Area (SEPA),eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 26: 416-419. DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0426.2009.01386.x
  • Breen, P.A. 1985. Ghost fishing by dungeness crab traps: A preliminary report. Canadian Manuscript Reports of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, No. 1848, 51 – 55
  • Breen, P.A. 1987. Mortality of dungeness crabs caused by lost traps in the Fraser River Estaury, British Columbia. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 7: 429-435.
  • Bullimore, B.A., Newman, P.B., Kaiser, M.J., Gilbert, S.E., Lock, K.M. 2001. A study of catches in a fleet of "ghost-fishing" pots. Fishery Bulletin, 99(2): 247-253.
  • Campbell, M.J., Sumpton, W.D. 2009. Ghost fishing in the pot fishery for blue swimmer crabs Portunus pelagicus in Queensland, Australia. Fisheries Research, 95(2-3): 246-253. DOI:10.1016/j.fishres.2008.09.026
  • Guillory, V. 1989. An evaluation of different escape vents in blue crab (Calinectes sapidus) traps. Proceedings of the Louisiana Academy of Sciences, 52: 29-34.
  • Guillory, V. 1993. Ghost fishing by blue crab traps. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 13: 459-466.
  • Guillory, V., Hein, S. 1998. A review and evaluation of ecsape rings in the blue crab traps. Journal of Shellfish Research, 17(2): 551-559.
  • Guillory, V., Prejean, P., 1998. Effect of a Terrapin Excluder Device on Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus, Trap Catches. Marine Fisheries Review, 60(1): 38-40.
  • Hebert, M., Miron, G., Moriyasu, M., Vienneau, R., DeGrace, P. 2001. Efficiency and ghost fishing of snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) traps in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Fisheries Research, 52(3): 143-153. DOI: S0165-7836(00)00259-9
  • ICES. 2007. Report of study group on the development of fish pots for commercial fisheries and survey purposes (SGPOT). 21-22 April 2007, Dublin, Ireland. ICES CM 2007/FTC:02, 18 pp.
  • Kim, S., Park, S.-W., Lee, K. 2014a. Fishing performance of environmentaly friendly tubular pots made of biodegradable resin (PBS/PBAT) for catching the conger eel Conger myriaster. Fish Science, 80: 887-895. DOI: 10.1007/s12562-014-0785-z
  • Kim, S., Park, S., Lee, K. 2014b. Fishing performance of an Octopus minor net pot made of biodegradable twines. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14: 21-30. DOI: 10.4194/1303-2712-v14-1-03
  • Kimker, A. 1994. Tanner crab survial in closed pots. Alaska Fishery Research Bulletin,1(2): 179-183.
  • Long, W.C., Cummiskey, P.A., Munk, J.E. 2014. Effects of ghost fishing on the population of red king crab (Paralithodes camtschaticus) in Women Bay, Kodiak Island. Alaska. Fishery Bulletin, 112: 101-111. DOI:10.7755/FB.112.2-3.1
  • Nulk, V.E. 1978. The effects of different escape vents on the selectivity of lobstar traps. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(5-6): 51-58.
  • Parrish, F.A., Kazama, T.K. 1992. Evaluation of ghost fishing in the Hawaiian lobster fishery. Fishery Bulletin, 90: 720-725.
  • Pecci, K.J., Cooper, R.A., Newell, C.D., Clifford, R.A., Smolowitz, R.J. 1978. Ghost fishing of vented and un-vented lobster, Homarus americanus, traps. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(56): 9-43.
  • Renchen, G.F., Pittman, S.J., Brandt, M.E. 2012. Investigated the behavioral responses of trapped fishes using underwater video surveillance. Journal of Fish Biology, 81: 1611-1625. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03418.x
  • Scarsbrooke, J.R., McFarlane, G.A., Shaw, W. 1988. Effectiveness of experimental escape mechanisms in sablefish traps. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 8: 158-161.
  • Shepherd, G.R., Moore, C.W., Seagraves, R.J. 2002. The effect of escape vents on the capture of black sea bass, Centropristis striata, in fish traps. Fisheries Research, 54: 195-207. DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00305-2
  • Smolowitz, R.J. 1978a. Trap design and ghost fishing – discussion. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(5-6): 59-67.
  • Smolowitz, R.J. 1978b. Trap design and ghost fishing – overview. Marine Fisheries Review, 40(5-6): 2-8.
  • Stevens, B.G., Vining, I., Byersdorfer, S., Donaldson, W. 2000. Ghost fishing by Tanner crab (Chionoecetes bairdi) pots off Kodiak, Alaska: pot density and catch per trap as determined from sidescan sonar and pot recovery data. Fishery Bulletin, 98(2): 389-399.
  • Watanuki, N., Hirayama, I., Kawamura, G. 2000. Why do cuttlefish Sepia esculenta enter fish trap traps? Space occupation habit hypothesis. Fisheries Science, 66: 190-197.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Balıkçılık
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Talip İBİN Bu kişi benim
YALOVA ÜNİVERSİTESİ, ARMUTLU MESLEK YÜKSEKOKULU
0000-0002-5378-2574
Türkiye


Adnan AYAZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi Deniz Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi Fakültesi
0000-0003-4839-9244
Türkiye

Destekleyen Kurum TÜBİTAK
Proje Numarası 112Y191
Teşekkür This study was financially supported by TÜBİTAK Project no: 112Y191. This research is a part of Talip İBİN’s MSc Thesis. The authors thank Uğur Özekinci, Uğur Altınağaç, Alkan Öztekin, Ata Aksu,Osman Odabaşı and Umut Tuncer for their valuable help during the survey.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 12 Temmuz 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 29 Nisan 2021
Kabul Tarihi 11 Haziran 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 4, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jmsf929737, journal = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries}, eissn = {2651-5326}, address = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi, Deniz Bilimleri ve Teknolojisi Fakültesi, Terzioğlu Kampüsü, 17100, Merkez/Çanakkale}, publisher = {Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi}, year = {2021}, volume = {4}, number = {1}, pages = {42 - 52}, doi = {10.46384/jmsf.929737}, title = {Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea)}, key = {cite}, author = {İbin, Talip and Ayaz, Adnan} }
APA İbin, T. & Ayaz, A. (2021). Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea) . Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries , 4 (1) , 42-52 . DOI: 10.46384/jmsf.929737
MLA İbin, T. , Ayaz, A. "Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea)" . Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries 4 (2021 ): 42-52 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jmsf/issue/64110/929737>
Chicago İbin, T. , Ayaz, A. "Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea)". Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries 4 (2021 ): 42-52
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea) AU - Talip İbin , Adnan Ayaz Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.46384/jmsf.929737 DO - 10.46384/jmsf.929737 T2 - Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 42 EP - 52 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - -2651-5326 M3 - doi: 10.46384/jmsf.929737 UR - https://doi.org/10.46384/jmsf.929737 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea) %A Talip İbin , Adnan Ayaz %T Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea) %D 2021 %J Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries %P -2651-5326 %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.46384/jmsf.929737 %U 10.46384/jmsf.929737
ISNAD İbin, Talip , Ayaz, Adnan . "Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea)". Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries 4 / 1 (Temmuz 2021): 42-52 . https://doi.org/10.46384/jmsf.929737
AMA İbin T. , Ayaz A. Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea). JMSF. 2021; 4(1): 42-52.
Vancouver İbin T. , Ayaz A. Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea). Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries. 2021; 4(1): 42-52.
IEEE T. İbin ve A. Ayaz , "Determination of Ghost Fishing Starting Time by Four Different Baited Fish Traps in the Çanakkale Strait (North Aegean Sea)", Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Journal of Marine Sciences and Fisheries, c. 4, sayı. 1, ss. 42-52, Tem. 2021, doi:10.46384/jmsf.929737