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The Asymmetric Relationship between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Turkish Economy

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 8 Sayı: 2, 543 - 558, 30.12.2023

Öz

With this study, symmetric and asymmetric relation between growth and financial system is investigated for Turkish economy over the period 2003.Q1-2021.Q4. Total credit private credit, total domestic credit and broad money are selected as a proxy for development of financial system and Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) method and Non-linear Autoregressive Distributed Lag (NARDL) method is employed to capture the existence of asymmetric relation between financial variables and growth. In addition to these methods, the causality between growth and financial system is investigated using Granger causality test. Results imply that there is a positive relation both in long time and in short time periods between development of financial system and growth. Furthermore, changes in total credit and broad money supply have asymmetric effect on growth. Granger causality test results indicate that ‘the supply-leading hypothesis’ is valid for Turkish economy in long time period.

Kaynakça

  • Acaravcı, A., Ozturk, İ., & Acaravcı, S. K. (2007). Finance–Growth Nexus: Evidence from Turkey. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 11, 30-40.
  • Adarov, A., & Tchaidze, R. (2011). Development of Financial Markets in Central Europe: the Case of the CE4 Countries. IMF Working Paper(WP/11/101), 1-34.
  • Adu, G., Marbuah, G., & Mensah, J. T. (2013). Financial Development and Economic Growth in Ghana: Does the Measure of Financial Development Matter? Review of Development Finance, 3, 192-202. doi:10.1016/j.rdf.2013.11.001
  • Adusei, M., & Nkrumah, K. (2013). Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from Ghana. The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, 7(5), 61-76.
  • Ahmed, A. D. (2013). Effects of Financial Liberalization on Financial Market Development and Economic Performance of the SSA Region: An Empirical Assessment. Economic Modelling, 30, 261-273. doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2012.09.019
  • Ak, M. Z., Altıntaş, N., & Şimşek, A. S. (2016). Türkiye’de Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisinin Nedensellik Analizi. Doğuş Üniversitesi Dergisi, 17(2), 151-160.
  • Akkay, C. (2010). Finansal Entegrasyon Sürecinde Finansal Gelişme Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki Nedenselliğin Türkiye Açısından Dönemsel Olarak Araştırılması. Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2, 55-70.
  • Aydın, M. K., Ak, M. Z., & Altıntaş, N. (2014). Finansal Gelişmenin ‘Büyüme’ye Etkisi: Türkiye Özelinde Nedensellik Analizi. Maliye Dergisi, 0(167), 149-162.
  • Bakang, M. L. (2015). Effects of Financial Deepening on Economic Growth in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Commerce, 4(7), 1-50.
  • Bayar, Y. (2014). Financial Development and Economic Growth in Emerging Asian Countries. Asian Social Science, 10(9), 8-17.
  • Beck, T., Levine, R., & Loayaza, N. (2000). Finance and the Sources of Growth. Journal of Financial Economics, 58(1-2), 261-300. doi:10.1016/S0304-405X(00)00072-6
  • Bencivenga, V. R., & Smith, B. D. (1991). Financial Intermediation and Endogenous Growth. Review of Economic Studies(58), 195-209.
  • Bist, J. P. (2018). Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from a Panel of 16 African and Non-African Low-Income Countries. Cogent Economics & Finance, 6, 1-17. doi:10.1080/23322039.2018.1449780
  • Bittencourt, M. (2012). Financial Development and Economic Growth in Latin America: Is Schumpeter Right? Journal of Policy Modeling, 34, 341-355. doi:10.1016/j.jpolmod.2012.01.012
  • Bojanic, A. N. (2012). The Impact of Financial Development and Trade on the Economic Growth of Bolivia. Journal of Applied Economics, 40(1), 51-70. doi:10.1016/S1514-0326(12)60003-8
  • Bong, A., & Premaratne, G. (2019). The Impact of Financial Integration on Economic Growth in Southeast Asia. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 6(1), 107-119. doi:10.13106/jafeb.2019.vol6.no1.107
  • Camba, A. C., & Camba, A. L. (2020). The Dynamic Relationship of Domestic Credit and Stock Market Liquidity on the Economic Growth of the Philippines. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7(1), 37-46. doi:10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no1.37
  • Ceylan, S., & Durkaya, M. (2010). Türkiye’de Kredi Kullanimi-Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 24(2), 21-35.
  • Demirgüç-Kunt, A. (2006). Finance and Economic Development: Policy Choices for Developing Countries. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper(WPS3955), 1-55.
  • Demirhan, E., Aydemir, O., & İnkaya, A. (2011). The Direction of Causality between Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from Turkey. International Journal of Management, 28(1), 3-19.
  • Eroğlu, İ., & Yeter, F. (2021). Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi: Türkiye İçin Nedensellik Analizi. JOURNAL OF EMERGING ECONOMIES AND POLICY, 6(2), 269-283.
  • Eyüboğlu, K., & Akan, K. (2020). Türkiye’de Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi: RALS-EG Eşbütünleşme Testi. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 22(4), 974-988.
  • Felek, Ş., Yayla, N., & Çağlar, A. (2018). Türkiye'de AB Doğrudan Yatırımları, Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisine ARDL Yaklaşımı. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi(20), 63-82. doi:10.18092/ulikidince.330994
  • Fendoğlu, E. (2021). Türkiye’de Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki İlişki: Fourier Testlerden Kanıtlar. Uygulamalı Ekonomi ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 3(2), 19-34. doi:10.46959/jeess.993931
  • Ferreira, C. (2021). Panel Granger Causality between Financial Development and Economic Growth. REM Working Paper Series(0179-2021), 1-32.
  • Giri, A. K., & Sehrawat, M. (2015). Financial Development and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from India. Studies in Economics and Finance, 32(3), 340-356. doi:10.1108/SEF-10-2013-0152
  • Goldsmith, R. W. (1969). Financial Structure and Development. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Gurley, G., & Shaw, E. S. (1960). Money in a Theory of Finance. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
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Türkiye Ekonomisinde Finansal Gelişme ile Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki Asimetrik İlişki

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 8 Sayı: 2, 543 - 558, 30.12.2023

Öz

Bu çalışmanın amacı da finansal gelişme ve iktisadi büyüme arasındaki simetrik ve simetrik olmayan ilişkiyi 2003.Ç1-2023.Ç4 zaman aralığında Türkiye ekonomisi için test ederek, literatüre katkı sağlamaktır. Finansal gelişmeyi test edebilmek için özel sektöre verilen toplam kredi hacmi, özel sektöre verilen toplam kredi hacmi ve para arzı değişkenleri tercih edilmiş ve Simetrik Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif (ARDL) Modeli ve Simetrik Olmayan Gecikmesi Dağıtılmış Otoregresif (NARDL) Modeli tahmin edilerek, finansal gelişme ve iktisadi büyüme arasındaki ilişki incelenmiştir. Bu yöntemlere ek olarak, finansal gelişme ve büyüme arasındaki nedensellik ilişkisi Granger Nedensellik yöntemiyle araştırılmıştır. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre finansal gelişmeyle ekonomik büyüme arasında hem kısa dönemde hem de uzun dönemde pozitif bir ilişki tespit edilmiştir. Ayrıca finansal gelişme göstergesi olarak seçilen değişkenlerden toplam kredi ve para arzının, ekonomik büyüme arasında asimetrik ilişki bulunmaktadır. Bu sonuçlara ek olarak, Granger nedensellik testiyle Türkiye ekonomisinde, uzun dönemde, arz yanlı teoriyi destekleyen bir sonuç elde edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Acaravcı, A., Ozturk, İ., & Acaravcı, S. K. (2007). Finance–Growth Nexus: Evidence from Turkey. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 11, 30-40.
  • Adarov, A., & Tchaidze, R. (2011). Development of Financial Markets in Central Europe: the Case of the CE4 Countries. IMF Working Paper(WP/11/101), 1-34.
  • Adu, G., Marbuah, G., & Mensah, J. T. (2013). Financial Development and Economic Growth in Ghana: Does the Measure of Financial Development Matter? Review of Development Finance, 3, 192-202. doi:10.1016/j.rdf.2013.11.001
  • Adusei, M., & Nkrumah, K. (2013). Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from Ghana. The International Journal of Business and Finance Research, 7(5), 61-76.
  • Ahmed, A. D. (2013). Effects of Financial Liberalization on Financial Market Development and Economic Performance of the SSA Region: An Empirical Assessment. Economic Modelling, 30, 261-273. doi:10.1016/j.econmod.2012.09.019
  • Ak, M. Z., Altıntaş, N., & Şimşek, A. S. (2016). Türkiye’de Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisinin Nedensellik Analizi. Doğuş Üniversitesi Dergisi, 17(2), 151-160.
  • Akkay, C. (2010). Finansal Entegrasyon Sürecinde Finansal Gelişme Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki Nedenselliğin Türkiye Açısından Dönemsel Olarak Araştırılması. Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 2, 55-70.
  • Aydın, M. K., Ak, M. Z., & Altıntaş, N. (2014). Finansal Gelişmenin ‘Büyüme’ye Etkisi: Türkiye Özelinde Nedensellik Analizi. Maliye Dergisi, 0(167), 149-162.
  • Bakang, M. L. (2015). Effects of Financial Deepening on Economic Growth in Kenya. International Journal of Business and Commerce, 4(7), 1-50.
  • Bayar, Y. (2014). Financial Development and Economic Growth in Emerging Asian Countries. Asian Social Science, 10(9), 8-17.
  • Beck, T., Levine, R., & Loayaza, N. (2000). Finance and the Sources of Growth. Journal of Financial Economics, 58(1-2), 261-300. doi:10.1016/S0304-405X(00)00072-6
  • Bencivenga, V. R., & Smith, B. D. (1991). Financial Intermediation and Endogenous Growth. Review of Economic Studies(58), 195-209.
  • Bist, J. P. (2018). Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from a Panel of 16 African and Non-African Low-Income Countries. Cogent Economics & Finance, 6, 1-17. doi:10.1080/23322039.2018.1449780
  • Bittencourt, M. (2012). Financial Development and Economic Growth in Latin America: Is Schumpeter Right? Journal of Policy Modeling, 34, 341-355. doi:10.1016/j.jpolmod.2012.01.012
  • Bojanic, A. N. (2012). The Impact of Financial Development and Trade on the Economic Growth of Bolivia. Journal of Applied Economics, 40(1), 51-70. doi:10.1016/S1514-0326(12)60003-8
  • Bong, A., & Premaratne, G. (2019). The Impact of Financial Integration on Economic Growth in Southeast Asia. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 6(1), 107-119. doi:10.13106/jafeb.2019.vol6.no1.107
  • Camba, A. C., & Camba, A. L. (2020). The Dynamic Relationship of Domestic Credit and Stock Market Liquidity on the Economic Growth of the Philippines. Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business, 7(1), 37-46. doi:10.13106/jafeb.2020.vol7.no1.37
  • Ceylan, S., & Durkaya, M. (2010). Türkiye’de Kredi Kullanimi-Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi. Atatürk Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Dergisi, 24(2), 21-35.
  • Demirgüç-Kunt, A. (2006). Finance and Economic Development: Policy Choices for Developing Countries. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper(WPS3955), 1-55.
  • Demirhan, E., Aydemir, O., & İnkaya, A. (2011). The Direction of Causality between Financial Development and Economic Growth: Evidence from Turkey. International Journal of Management, 28(1), 3-19.
  • Eroğlu, İ., & Yeter, F. (2021). Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi: Türkiye İçin Nedensellik Analizi. JOURNAL OF EMERGING ECONOMIES AND POLICY, 6(2), 269-283.
  • Eyüboğlu, K., & Akan, K. (2020). Türkiye’de Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisi: RALS-EG Eşbütünleşme Testi. Afyon Kocatepe Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 22(4), 974-988.
  • Felek, Ş., Yayla, N., & Çağlar, A. (2018). Türkiye'de AB Doğrudan Yatırımları, Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme İlişkisine ARDL Yaklaşımı. Uluslararası İktisadi ve İdari İncelemeler Dergisi(20), 63-82. doi:10.18092/ulikidince.330994
  • Fendoğlu, E. (2021). Türkiye’de Finansal Gelişme ve Ekonomik Büyüme Arasındaki İlişki: Fourier Testlerden Kanıtlar. Uygulamalı Ekonomi ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 3(2), 19-34. doi:10.46959/jeess.993931
  • Ferreira, C. (2021). Panel Granger Causality between Financial Development and Economic Growth. REM Working Paper Series(0179-2021), 1-32.
  • Giri, A. K., & Sehrawat, M. (2015). Financial Development and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from India. Studies in Economics and Finance, 32(3), 340-356. doi:10.1108/SEF-10-2013-0152
  • Goldsmith, R. W. (1969). Financial Structure and Development. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Gurley, G., & Shaw, E. S. (1960). Money in a Theory of Finance. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.
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Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Uygulamalı Ekonomi (Diğer)
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Bekir AŞIK 0000-0002-2221-016X

Erken Görünüm Tarihi 23 Aralık 2023
Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Aralık 2023
Gönderilme Tarihi 10 Kasım 2023
Kabul Tarihi 18 Aralık 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 8 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

APA AŞIK, B. (2023). The Asymmetric Relationship between Financial Development and Economic Growth in Turkish Economy. JOEEP: Journal of Emerging Economies and Policy, 8(2), 543-558.

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