Yıl 2021, Cilt 4 , Sayı 1, Sayfalar 207 - 219 2021-05-30

A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’
Sevgili mi Şeytan mı?: Robert Browning'in “Son Düşesim’’ ve “Porphyria'nın Aşığı’’ Şiirlerinde Toksik Erkeklik

Ahmet URUK [1]


Coinciding with the years between 1837 and 1901, The Victorian period witnessed the dramatic growth of the reading public and the increasing significance of the novel genre in accordance with the circulating libraries and weekly magazines through which a great number of Victorian novels were published. Although these realist novels, characterized by an impetus for social realism in order to portray the negative impacts of industrialism and capitalism upon the Victorian life, prevailed over any other genre through their critical imagery of contemporary issues, there was a group of poets such as Alfred Tennyson, Matthew Arnold, and Robert Browning who contributed to the blossoming of poetry and its distinctive characteristics. Considered as a threshold between Romanticism and Modernism, Victorian poetry has a tendency to depict religious uncertainty, science, morality, and social reform, thereby leading it to incorporate both social and political issues into the realist lens of poetry. In view of its moralist outlook of Victorian poetry, Robert Browning (1812-1889) produced, essentially, a great number of dramatic monologues, based on a fictitious speaker and a listener, so as to epitomize women’s repression and patriarchal domination, consolidated by the growing male authority in the Victorian era in opposition to the country's female ruler named ''Victoria''. Thus, this article aims to analyze the objectification and victimization of women by the patriarchal society and toxic masculinity in the Victorian period through the male gaze of such poems as “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’.
1837 ve 1901 yıllarını kapsayan Viktorya dönemi, ödünç kitap veren kütüphanelerin ve birçok Viktorya romanının yayımlandığı haftalık dergilerin sayesinde okuyucu kitlesinin ve romanların öneminin ani bir şekilde artmasına tanıklık etmiştir. Sanayileşmenin ve kapitalizmin negatif etkilerini resmetme amacıyla toplumcu gerçekçilik dürtüsüyle okurlara ulaşan bu gerçekçi romanların, çağdaş sorunları betimlemesi nedeniyle dönemdeki diğer bütün edebi türlere üstün gelmesine ragmen Viktorya şiirinin gelişimine ve belirgin özelliklere kavuşmasına katkıda bulunan Alfred Tennyson, Matthew Arnold ve Robert Browning gibi bir grup şair vardı. Romantizmin ve Modernizmin eşiğinde bulunan Viktorya şiiri, sosyal ve politik konuları gerçekçi bir mercekten incelemelerine sebep olan dini belirsizlik, bilim, ahlak ve sosyal reform gibi konuları tasvir etmektedir. Diğer şairler gibi Robert Browning (1812-1889) de Viktorya dönemi şiirinin ahlakçı bakış açısıyla kadın baskısı ve ataerkil egemenlik gibi birçok unsuru dramatik monolog üzerinden örneklendirmektedir. Böylelikle bu çalışma “Son Düşesim’’ ve “Porphyria'nın Aşığı’’ şiirleri üzerinden Viktorya dönemindeki toksik erkeklik olgusunu ve kadınların ataerkil toplum tarafından objeleştirilip kurbanlaştırılmasını incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Beşeri Bilimler, Ortak Disiplinler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-8545-8920
Yazar: Ahmet URUK (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: GÜMÜŞHANE ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 30 Mayıs 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { johass901194, journal = {İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi}, issn = {2667-4343}, address = {johasseditor@gmail.com}, publisher = {Bilgiçağı Eğitim Danışmanlık ve Yayıncılık Sanayi Ticaret Limited Şirketi}, year = {2021}, volume = {4}, pages = {207 - 219}, doi = {10.53048/johass.901194}, title = {A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’}, key = {cite}, author = {Uruk, Ahmet} }
APA Uruk, A . (2021). A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’ . İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 4 (1) , 207-219 . DOI: 10.53048/johass.901194
MLA Uruk, A . "A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’" . İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2021 ): 207-219 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/johass/issue/62401/901194>
Chicago Uruk, A . "A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’". İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 (2021 ): 207-219
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’ AU - Ahmet Uruk Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.53048/johass.901194 DO - 10.53048/johass.901194 T2 - İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 207 EP - 219 VL - 4 IS - 1 SN - 2667-4343- M3 - doi: 10.53048/johass.901194 UR - https://doi.org/10.53048/johass.901194 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’ %A Ahmet Uruk %T A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’ %D 2021 %J İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi %P 2667-4343- %V 4 %N 1 %R doi: 10.53048/johass.901194 %U 10.53048/johass.901194
ISNAD Uruk, Ahmet . "A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’". İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi 4 / 1 (Mayıs 2021): 207-219 . https://doi.org/10.53048/johass.901194
AMA Uruk A . A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’. JOHASS. 2021; 4(1): 207-219.
Vancouver Uruk A . A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’. İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi. 2021; 4(1): 207-219.
IEEE A. Uruk , "A Beloved or A Devil?: Toxic Masculinity in Robert Browning's “My Last Duchess’’ and “Porphyria's Lover’’", İnsan ve Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, c. 4, sayı. 1, ss. 207-219, May. 2021, doi:10.53048/johass.901194