Journal of Pediatric Sciences (ISSN: 1309-1247) is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal which publishes research articles, reviews, and case reports regarding all disorders and diseases in neonates, children and adolescents, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology, and epidemiology. JPS is committed to the rapid publication of high quality international articles. All accepted papers will be costless published in Journal of Pediatric SciencesArticles are published free of charge(No submission and article processing fee etc).

The journal of Pediatric Sciences allows the authors to retain publishing rights without restrictions.

Journal of Pediatric Sciences (ISSN: 1309-1247) is a peer review, open access, online journal. JPS publishes original article, review articles, case reports, letters, book reviews and conference reports. The preferred mechanism of submission of manuscripts is via by e-mail or online submission system. Full instructions of submission tool are available at the above web address. It would be advised to email the Editor first as he/she may be able to assist with the (technical) submission problem. There are no submission or page charges. Authors must include a cover letter that contains the title, authors, a brief outline of the work's originality, desired section of publication, corresponding author's name, address, telephone and fax numbers (including country and city codes), and e-mail address. Cover letter should include the details of written declaration, signed by all authors, that the paper has not been submitted for consideration elsewhere. All contributions are read by two or more referees to ensure both accuracy and relevance, and revisions to the script may thus be required. When a manuscript is returned for revision prior to final acceptance, the revised version must be submitted as soon as possible after the author's receipt of the referee's reports. Authors could be invited to provide the names, addresses, phone numbers and e-mail addresses of up to three potential reviewers. The submission of a paper will imply that, if accepted for publication, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in any language, without the consent of the Publisher. Before publication, authors are requested to assign copyright to sanction reprints and photocopies, and to authorize the reprinting of complete issues or volumes according to demand. Journal language is English. Spelling should follow the Oxford English Dictionary. Please double space all text and number every sheet of paper. Authors are responsible for ensuring that all manuscripts (whether original or revised) are accurately typed before final submission. Manuscripts will be returned to the authors with a set of instructions if they are not presented according to Instructions for the Authors. Authors should number all of the pages of the manuscript consecutively, beginning with the title page. Title Page: Paper title, author's name, affiliation, full postal address, telephone and fax numbers and e-mail address. Affiliation and addresses of co-authors should be clearly indicated. The title should be short, specific and informative. Authors should include all information in the title that will make electronic retrieval of the article both sensitive and specific. Contact information for corresponding authors (name, mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address) should be clearly noted. Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these should be noted in the title page. Title page also includes a running head (no more than 40 characters). Abstract: A self-contained abstract of approximately 400 words for original article and reviews and 200 words for case reports (on a separate sheet) including the subtitles Background and Aims, Material and Methods or Case Report, Results (for original articles) and Conclusion section. The text should usually follow the standard sequence of Introduction, Materials and Method, Results and Discussion. Authors should state clearly the specific purpose or research objective of, or hypothesis tested by, the study or observation. Provide only directly pertinent references, and do not include data or conclusions from the work being reported. Material and Methods section should include only information that was available at the time the plan or protocol for the study was being written; all information obtained during the study belongs in the Results section. In methods section please describe your study design, inclusion and exclusion criteria, identify the methods, apparatus (give the manufacturer�s name and address in parentheses), and procedures in sufficient detail to allow others to reproduce the results. Identify precisely all drugs and chemicals used, including generic name(s), dose(s), and route(s) of administration. Authors should describe statistical methods with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. Define statistical terms, abbreviations, and most symbols. Specify the computer software used. In Results section; present your results in logical sequence in the text, tables, and illustrations, giving the main or most important findings first. Do not repeat all the data in the tables or illustrations in the text; emphasize or summarize only the most important observations. Use graphs as an alternative to tables with many entries; do not duplicate data in graphs and tables. In Discussion section, please emphasize the new and important aspects of the study and the conclusions that follow from them. Do not repeat in detail data or other information given in the Introduction or the Results section. At the end of the Discussion section, please summarized your conclusion and further purpose. Ensure that all figures and tables are mentioned in the text, and that all references are cited in number order. Note that trade names should have an initial capital letter. All measurements and data should be given in an internationally accepted unit. Abbreviations should be used consistently throughout the text, and must be clearly defined in full on first use. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals, and given a suitable caption. All table columns should have an explanatory heading, and, where appropriate, units of measurements. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the table, and should be referred to by superscript letters. Avoid the use of vertical rules. All graphs, photographs, diagrams and other drawings should be referred to as Figures, and numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Figures should be either professionally drawn and photographed should be submitted as a format (for example, JPEG or GIF) that will produce high-quality images in the Web version of the journal. In the text, references should be numbered consecutively within square brackets (e.g. [1]). If you cite a reference more than once in the text, use the same number each time. References in the reference list should accord with the system in Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (N Engl J Med 1991; 34: 424-428). Please note that all authors should be listed when six or less; when seven or more list only the first six and add et al. Do not include references to personal communications, unpublished data or manuscripts in preparation or submitted for publication. Identify references in text, tables, and legends. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in the list of Journals Indexed for MEDLINE. Examples: 1- Hsu HE, Shutt KA, Moore MR, Beall BW, Bennett NM, Craig AS, et al. N Engl J Med. 2009; 360: 244-56. 2- Godlee F, Jefferson T. Peer Review in Health Sciences. London: BMJ Books; 1999 Ethics, new methods and ethically relevant aspects must be described in detail, bearing in mind the following: I) Human Experiments All work must be conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (1964). Papers describing experimental work on human subjects who carry a risk of harm must include (i) a statement that the experiment was conducted with the understanding and the consent of the human subject and (ii) a statement that the responsible Ethical Committee has approved the experiments. II) Animal Experiments Papers describing experiments on living animals should provide (i) a full description of any anaesthetic and surgical procedure used and (ii) Evidence that all possible steps were taken to avoid animal suffering at each stage of the experiment. Papers describing experiments on isolated tissues must indicate precisely how the donor issues were obtained.Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting, or if already registered can simply log in and begin the 5 step process.We encourage readers to sign up for the publishing notification service for this journal. Use the Register link at the top of the homepage for the journal. This registration will result in the reader receiving the Table of Contents by email for each new issue of the journal. This list also allows the journal to claim a certain level of support or readership. See the journal's Privacy Statement which assures readers that their name and email address will not be used for other purposes.We encourage research librarians to list this journal among their library's electronic journal holdings. As well, it may be worth noting that this journal's open source publishing system is suitable for libraries to host for their faculty members to use with journals they are involved in editing (see Open Journal Systems).This journal permits and encourages authors to post items submitted to the journal on personal websites or institutional repositories both prior to and after publication, while providing bibliographic details that credit, if applicable, its publication in this journal.Bilal YILDIZJournal of Pediatric Sciences is instantly updated.This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

The copyediting stage is intended to improve the flow, clarity, grammar, wording, and formatting of the article. It represents the last chance for the author to make any substantial changes to the text, as the next stage is restricted to typos and formatting corrections. The file to be copyedited is in Word or .rtf format and therefore can be easily edited as a word processing document. This set of instructions displayed here proposes two approaches to copyediting. The one is based on Microsoft Word's Track Changes feature and requires that the copyeditor, editor and author have access to this program. A second system, that is software independent, has been borrowed, with permission, from the Harvard Educational Review. The journal editor is in a position to modify these instructions, so suggestions can be made to improve the process for this journal.

Copyediting Systems

1. Microsoft Word's Track Changes Under Tools in the menu bar, the feature Track Changes enables the copyeditor to make insertions (text appears in color) and deletions (text appears crossed out in color or in the margins as deleted). The copyeditor can post queries to both the author (Author Queries) and to the editor (Editor Queries) by inserting these queries in square brackets. The copyedited version is then uploaded and the editor is notified. The editor then reviews the text and notifies the author. The editor and author should leave those changes with which they are satisfied. If further changes are necessary, the editor and author can make changes to the initial insertions or deletions, as well as make new insertions or deletions elsewhere in the text. Authors and editors should respond to each of the queries addressed to them, with responses placed inside the square brackets. After the text has been reviewed by editor and author, the copyeditor will make a final pass over the text accepting the changes in preparation for the layout and galley stage. 2. Harvard Educational Review Instructions for Making Electronic Revisions to the Manuscript Please follow the following protocol for making electronic revisions to your manuscript: Responding to suggested changes   For each of the suggested changes that you accept, unbold the text   For each of the suggested changes that you do not accept, re-enter the original text and bold it Making additions and deletions   Indicate additions by bolding the new text   Replace deleted sections with: [deleted text]   If you delete a sentence or more, please indicate with a note, e.g., [deleted 2 sentences] Responding to Queries to the Author (QAs)   Keep all QAs intact and bolded within the text. Do not delete them   To reply to a QA, add a comment after it. Comments should be delimited using: [Comment:]   e.g., [Comment: Expanded discussion of methodology as you suggested] Making comments   Use comments to explain organizational changes or major revisions   e.g., [Comment: Moved the above paragraph from p. 5 to p. 7]  Note: When referring to page numbers, please use the page numbers from the printed copy of the manuscript that was sent to you. This is important since page numbers may change as a document is revised electronically.

An Illustration of an Electronic Revision

The original "manuscript" file Before making dramatic departures from the structure and organization of your original manuscript, please check in with the co-chairs of your piece. After you are finished with your revisions, rename the file from AuthorNameQA.doc to AuthorNameQAR.doc (e.g., from LeeQA.doc to LeeQAR.doc). Print out a hardcopy of your manuscript and mail it with a floppy disk containing the completely revised and renamed word processing file. Manuscript returned to the author with queries and suggestions Before making dramatic departures from the structure and organization of the manuscript that we are returning to you, please check in with the editors who are co-chairing your piece. After you are finished with your revisions, rename the file from AuthorNameQA.doc to AuthorNameQAR.doc (e.g., from LeeQA.doc to LeeQAR.doc). Print out a hardcopy of your manuscript and mail it with a floppy disk containing the completely revised and renamed word processing file. [QA: In this paragraph, it might help to stress the importance of following carefully the instructions for making electronic revisions. Otherwise the editing process may be slowed considerably] Revised manuscript sent back to HER Before making dramatic departures from the structure and organization of the manuscript that we are returning to you, please check in with the editors who are co-chairing your piece. Please understand that failure to follow the following instructions may significantly delay the publication of your manuscript. After you are finished with your revisions, rename the file from AuthorNameQA.doc to AuthorNameQAR.doc (e.g., from LeeQA.doc to LeeQAR.doc). Print out a hardcopy of your manuscript and mail it with a floppy disk containing the [deleted word] revised and renamed word processing file. [QA: In this paragraph, it might help to stress the importance of following carefully the instructions for making electronic revisions. Otherwise the editing process may be slowed considerably] [Comment: I added a sentence in response to your suggestion.] Notes: • Unbolded text indicates acceptance of the suggested changes to the first sentence • Sentence added in response to QA. Bold text indicates addition of new text • [deleted word] indicates deletion of "completely" • Comment contains a reply to the editors' QA