Yıl 2020, Cilt 5 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 83 - 91 2020-11-20

Gemilerde Kullanılan Alternatif Yakıtların İşletme Maliyetleri ve Çevresel Etkilerinin İncelenmes
Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships

Tarik KOCAL [1]


Sanayinin gelişmesiyle ticareti yapılan yüklerin çeşitlenerek miktarının arttığı günümüzde, taşımacılık geçmişte hiç olmadığı kadar büyük boyutlara ulaşmıştır. Düşük maliyet, taşınan mal miktarı ve güvenlik taşımacılık sektöründe en önemli unsurlardır. Bu nedenlerden dolayı dünyadaki yük taşımacılığının büyük bir kısmı deniz yoluyla yapılmaktadır. Deniz taşımacılığı diğer taşımacılık türlerine göre daha çevrecidir. Ancak uluslararası ticaret hacminin ve dolayısıyla gemi sayılarının artışı, gemi kaynaklı emisyon miktarlarını arttırmıştır. Bu açıdan bakıldığında gemi emisyonları konusu irdelenmesi gereken önemli bir konu haline gelmiştir. Ayrıca gemi taşımacılığında dizel yakıtın maliyetlerinde meydana gelen yüksek artışlar armatörleri farklı yakıtları kullanmaya yönelmelerine neden olmuştur. Yeni yapılan gemilerde ve bazı eski gemilerde revizyon yapılarak alternatif yakıtlar kullanılmaya başlanmıştır. Bu çalışmada gemilerde kullanılabilecek alternatif yakıtların yıllık bazda farklı çalışma koşullarına göre maliyet hesaplamaları yapılmıştır. Ayrıca karbondioksit salınım değerleri elde edilmiştir. Referans olarak alınan gemi %100’ lük yük durumunda 5975 kw’ lık bir güç çıkışına sahip bir dizel makineye sahiptir. Ele alınan bu geminin dizel yakıta alternatif olarak LNG, LPG, Metanol yakıtlarını kullanarak ne gibi maliyetlere sahip olacağı farklı yük durumları ve farklı yıllık çalışma saati koşullarına göre hesaplanmıştır. Bu hesaplamalarla birlikte hangi yakıtın daha hesaplı ve daha çevreci olabileceği incelenmiştir.
Nowadays, transportation has reached dimensions that have never been seen before, the amount of cargoes has diversified with quantity increases with the development of industry. Low cost, the number of goods transported, and security are the most important factors in the transportation sector. Due to these reasons, the majority of cargo transport in the world is carried out by seaway. In addition, the high increases in the costs of diesel fuel in ship transportation lead shipowners to use different fuels. Alternative fuels have started to be used on new ships and certain old ships. In this study in a one-year period, the costs and carbon dioxide emission values of alternative fuels that can be used in ships were calculated in different operating conditions. The ship used in this study has a diesel engine with a power of 5975 kW at full load. The costs of using LNG, LPG and methanol fuels as an alternative to diesel fuel (HFO, MDO) in the selected engine are calculated according to different load conditions and different annual working hours. When the results of the calculations are examined, it is seen which fuel could be more economical and environment friendly.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-3528-2437
Yazar: Tarik KOCAL (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Yıldız Technical University, Department of Marine Engineering Operations, Istanbul, Turkey
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 17 Eylül 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 20 Ekim 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 20 Kasım 2020

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { jtl829073, journal = {Journal of Transportation and Logistics}, issn = {}, eissn = {2459-1718}, address = {}, publisher = {İstanbul Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {5}, pages = {83 - 91}, doi = {10.26650/JTL.2020.0020}, title = {Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships}, key = {cite}, author = {Kocal, Tarik} }
APA Kocal, T . (2020). Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships . Journal of Transportation and Logistics , 5 (2) , 83-91 . DOI: 10.26650/JTL.2020.0020
MLA Kocal, T . "Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships" . Journal of Transportation and Logistics 5 (2020 ): 83-91 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/jtl/issue/57872/829073>
Chicago Kocal, T . "Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships". Journal of Transportation and Logistics 5 (2020 ): 83-91
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships AU - Tarik Kocal Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - doi: 10.26650/JTL.2020.0020 DO - 10.26650/JTL.2020.0020 T2 - Journal of Transportation and Logistics JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 83 EP - 91 VL - 5 IS - 2 SN - -2459-1718 M3 - doi: 10.26650/JTL.2020.0020 UR - https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2020.0020 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Transportation and Logistics Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships %A Tarik Kocal %T Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships %D 2020 %J Journal of Transportation and Logistics %P -2459-1718 %V 5 %N 2 %R doi: 10.26650/JTL.2020.0020 %U 10.26650/JTL.2020.0020
ISNAD Kocal, Tarik . "Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships". Journal of Transportation and Logistics 5 / 2 (Kasım 2020): 83-91 . https://doi.org/10.26650/JTL.2020.0020
AMA Kocal T . Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships. JTL. 2020; 5(2): 83-91.
Vancouver Kocal T . Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships. Journal of Transportation and Logistics. 2020; 5(2): 83-91.
IEEE T. Kocal , "Examination of the Operating Costs and Environmental Impact of Alternative Fuels Used in Ships", Journal of Transportation and Logistics, c. 5, sayı. 2, ss. 83-91, Kas. 2020, doi:10.26650/JTL.2020.0020