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Koloneia Theması Bizans Prosopografisi Üzerine Kısa Notlar (Bölüm II)

Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 8, 115 - 128, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668082

Öz

Bu makale 838 yılında Amorion kuşatmasının ardından Araplar tarafından ele geçirilen kırk iki Bizans yetkili-sinden biri olan Kallistos’a (Melissenos ailesinin bir üyesi olduğu bildirilir) ilişkin örnek çalışmadır. Adı geçen kişi bilimsel literatürde Koloneia’da (diğer görüşlere göre Anatolikoi veya Armeniakoi Themalarında) aktif bir askeri subay olarak kayıtlıdır. Fakat mevcut kanıtlar daha yakından incelendiğinde onun hiç var olmadığı - ya da en azından Koloneia’da askeri bir subay olarak bulunmadığı - ve kaynaklarda kendisinden bahsedilmesinin hagiografi, politika ya da aile saygınlığı ile ilgili bir yanlış anlaşılmanın ve/veya kurgusal bir yazının sonucu olduğu belirtilebilir.

Kaynakça

  • Blysidou, Β. Ν. & al. (ed.), (1998), I Mikra Asia ton thematon: Ereunes pano stin geografiki fysiognomia kai prosopografia ton byzantinon thematon tis Mikras Asias (7os-11os ai), Athens: National Hellenic Foundation / Institute for Historical Research.
  • Brubaker, L. & Haldon, J., (2011), Byzantium in the Iconoclast Era, c. 680-850. A History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Charalampakis, P., (2011), “Paulikianismos kai Bogomilismos: Thriskeutikes aireseis kai laika kinimata”, Ε-Istorika: Laikes eksegerseis sto Byzantio (49-84), Athens: Eleftherotypia.
  • ______, (2016), “Short notes on the prosopography of the Byzantine theme of Koloneia (part I)”, KAREN / The Journal of Institute of Black Sea Studies 2/2, 1-17.
  • Cheynet, J.-Cl., (2008): “Une famille méconnue: les Kratéroi”, J.-Cl. Cheynet, La société byzantine. L’apport des sceaux, vol. 2 (583-598), Paris: ACHCByz.
  • Cunningham, M. B., (1991), The Life of Michael the Synkellos, (Belfast Byzantine Texts and Translations 1), Belfast: The Universities Press.
  • Efthymiadis, St., (1989), Euodiou monachou, Oi Sarantadyo martyres tou Amoriou, Nea Smyrni (Athens): Akritas.
  • ______, (2011), “Hagiography from the ‘Dark Age’ to the Age of Symeon Metaphrastes (Eighth-Tenth Centuries)”, S. Efthymiadis (Ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Byzantine Hagiography. Volume I: Periods and Places (95-142), Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate.
  • Georgios Monachos Continuatus (ed. 1838), Theophanes Continuatus, Ioannes Cameniata, Symeon Magister, Georgius Monachus, ed. I. Bekker, (763-810), Bonn: Weber.
  • Haldon, J., (1984), Byzantine Praetorians. An administrative, institutional and social survey of the Opsikion and Tagmata, c.580-900, Bonn: Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH.
  • ______, (1999), Warfare, State and Society in the Byzantine World, 565-1204, London: University College London Press.
  • Halkin, F., (1986), Hagiologie byzantine, Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes.
  • Karpozilos, A., (2002), Byzantinoi istorikoi kai chronografoi. 2 (8os-10os αι.), Athens: Kanaki.
  • Karpozilos, A., (2009), Byzantinoi istorikoi kai chronografoi. 3 (11os-12os αι.), Athens: Kanaki.
  • Kazhdan, A., (1986), “Hagiographical notes (14. Collective death and individual deeds)”, Byzantion 56, 148-170 (150-160).
  • Kolia-Dermitzaki, A., (2009a), “Michael the Synkellos”, D. Thomas & B. Roggema (Eds.), Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History. Volume 1 (600-900), (627-632), Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  • ______, (2009b), “The Forty-two martyrs of Amorion (BHG 1212)”, D. Thomas & B. Roggema (Eds.), Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History. Volume 1 (600-900), (636-638), Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  • Kotzabasi, S., (1992), “To martyrio ton MB’ martyron tou Amoriou. Agiologika kai ymnologika keimena”, Epistimoniki Epetiris tis Filosofikis Scholis tou Aristoteleiou Panepistimiou Thessalonikis 2, 110-153.
  • Kountoura-Galaki, E., (2004), “Iconoclast officials and the formation of surnames during the reign of Constantine V”, Revue des études byzantines 62, 247-253.
  • Lebeniotis, G., (2007), I politiki katarreusi tou Byzantiou stin Anatoli. To anatoliko synoro kai i kentriki Mikra Asia kata to B’ imisy tou 11ou ai. 1-2, Thessaloniki: Kentro Byzantinon Ereunon.
  • “Leon Grammatikos” (ed. 1842), Leonis Grammatici Chronographia, ed. I. Bekker, Bonn: Weber.
  • McGeer, E., Nesbitt, J. & Oikonomides, N. (2001), Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and the Fogg Museum of Art, vol. 4: The East, Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.
  • Mango, C., (2002), Βυζάντιο. Η Αυτοκρατορία της Νέας Ρώμης, Αθήνα: MIET.
  • Messis, Ch., (2014), Les eunuques à Byzance, entre réalité et imaginaire, Paris: EHESS – De Boccard.
  • Métivier, S., (2012), “Aristocratie et Saint. Le cas d’Eudokimos”, B. Caseau (Ed.), Les réseaux familiaux: Antiquité tardive et Moyen-Age (95-112), Paris: Centre de recherche d’histoire et civilization de Byzance.
  • ______, (2018), “Peut-on parler d’une hagiographie aristocratique à Byzance (VIIIe-XIe siècles) ?”, A. Rigo (Ed.), Byzantine Hagiography. Texts, Themes and Projects (179-199), Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Oikonomidès, N., (1972), Les listes de préséance byzantines des IXe et Xe siècles, Paris: CNRS.
  • PBE (2001, 2015), Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire (641-867), (ed. J. Martindale et al.), Online edition available at http://www.pbe.kcl.ac.uk.
  • PmbZ (1998-2013), Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit, Abteilung I: 641-867, B. I-VI and Abteilung II: 867-1025, B. I-VIII, (ed. F. Winkelmann & al.), Berlin and New York: De Gruyter.
  • Pseudo-Symeon (ed. 1838), Theophanes Continuatus, Ioannes Cameniata, Symeon Magister, Georgius Monachus, ed. I. Bekker, (601-760), Bonn: Weber.
  • Schabel, C., (2010), “Martyrs and Heretics, Intolerance of Intolerance: the Execution of Thirteen Monks in Cyprus in 1231”, C. Schabel, Greeks, Latins, and the Church in Early Frankish Cyprus (Variorum Reprints) (no. III, 1-33), Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate.
  • Seibt, W. & Wassiliou-Seibt, A.-K., (2004), Die byzantinischen Bleisiegel in Österreich. 2. Teil, Zentral- und Provinzialverwaltung, Wien: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
  • Skylitzes (ed. 1973), Ioannis Scylitzae synopsis historiarum, ed. J. Thurn, Berlin and New York: De Gruyter.
  • Spengel, L., (1856), Rhetores Graeci, vol. 3, Leipzig: Teubner.
  • Symeon (ed. 2006), Symeonis Magistri et Logothetae Chronicon, ed. S. Wahlgren, Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • TAKTIKON (2013-), A Digital Database on the Prosopography and Administrative Structure of the Byzantine Themes, (ed. O. Karagiorgou – project’s director, P. Charalampakis, Chr. Malatras, and T. Kalamaras – IT support), Academy of Athens (forthcoming).
  • Theophanes Continuatus (ed. 2015), Chronographiae quae Theophanis Continuati nomine fertur libri I-IV, ed. M. Featherstone & J. S. Codoñer, Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • Toynbee, A., (1973), Constantine Porphyrogenitus and his world, London: Oxford University Press.
  • Treadgold, W., (1979), “The Chronological Accuracy of the “Chronicle” of Symeon the Logothete for the Years 813-845”, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 33, 159-197.
  • Vasil’ev’, A., (1898), Grecheskij tekst’ zhitija soroka dvukh’ amorijskikh’ muchenikov’ po rukopisi Parizhskoj Natsional’noj Biblioteki No 1534, Zapiski Imperatorskoj Akademii Nauk’, po istoriko-filologicheskomu otdeleniju III.3. S.-Peterburg’: Imp. Akad. Nauk’.
  • Vasil’evskij, V. & Nikitin’, P., (1905), Skazanija o 42 amorijskikh’ muchenikakh’ i tserkovnaja sluzhba im’, Zapiski Imperatorskoj Akademii Nauk’, po istoriko-filologicheskomu otdeleniju VII.2. S.-Peterburg’: Imp. Akad. Nauk’.
  • Zonaras (ed. 1897), Ioannes Zonaras, Epitome historiarum, ed. M. Pinder (& T. Büttner-Wobst), vol. 3, Bonn: Weber.

Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II)

Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 8, 115 - 128, 31.12.2019
https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668082

Öz

This paper presents the case study of Kallistos (report-edly a member of the Melissenos family), one of the Forty-two Byzantine officials captured by the Arabs in the aftermath of the siege of Amorion in 838. The person in question has been recorded in scholarly literature as a military officer active in Koloneia (or, according to other views, in the themes of the Anatolikoi or the Armeniakoi). A closer examination of extant evidence, however, may suggest that he never existed – or at least not as a military commander in Koloneia – and his mention in the sources was the result of a misunderstanding and/or fictional writing related to hagiography, politics, or family prestige.

Kaynakça

  • Blysidou, Β. Ν. & al. (ed.), (1998), I Mikra Asia ton thematon: Ereunes pano stin geografiki fysiognomia kai prosopografia ton byzantinon thematon tis Mikras Asias (7os-11os ai), Athens: National Hellenic Foundation / Institute for Historical Research.
  • Brubaker, L. & Haldon, J., (2011), Byzantium in the Iconoclast Era, c. 680-850. A History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Charalampakis, P., (2011), “Paulikianismos kai Bogomilismos: Thriskeutikes aireseis kai laika kinimata”, Ε-Istorika: Laikes eksegerseis sto Byzantio (49-84), Athens: Eleftherotypia.
  • ______, (2016), “Short notes on the prosopography of the Byzantine theme of Koloneia (part I)”, KAREN / The Journal of Institute of Black Sea Studies 2/2, 1-17.
  • Cheynet, J.-Cl., (2008): “Une famille méconnue: les Kratéroi”, J.-Cl. Cheynet, La société byzantine. L’apport des sceaux, vol. 2 (583-598), Paris: ACHCByz.
  • Cunningham, M. B., (1991), The Life of Michael the Synkellos, (Belfast Byzantine Texts and Translations 1), Belfast: The Universities Press.
  • Efthymiadis, St., (1989), Euodiou monachou, Oi Sarantadyo martyres tou Amoriou, Nea Smyrni (Athens): Akritas.
  • ______, (2011), “Hagiography from the ‘Dark Age’ to the Age of Symeon Metaphrastes (Eighth-Tenth Centuries)”, S. Efthymiadis (Ed.), The Ashgate Research Companion to Byzantine Hagiography. Volume I: Periods and Places (95-142), Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate.
  • Georgios Monachos Continuatus (ed. 1838), Theophanes Continuatus, Ioannes Cameniata, Symeon Magister, Georgius Monachus, ed. I. Bekker, (763-810), Bonn: Weber.
  • Haldon, J., (1984), Byzantine Praetorians. An administrative, institutional and social survey of the Opsikion and Tagmata, c.580-900, Bonn: Dr. Rudolf Habelt GmbH.
  • ______, (1999), Warfare, State and Society in the Byzantine World, 565-1204, London: University College London Press.
  • Halkin, F., (1986), Hagiologie byzantine, Bruxelles: Société des Bollandistes.
  • Karpozilos, A., (2002), Byzantinoi istorikoi kai chronografoi. 2 (8os-10os αι.), Athens: Kanaki.
  • Karpozilos, A., (2009), Byzantinoi istorikoi kai chronografoi. 3 (11os-12os αι.), Athens: Kanaki.
  • Kazhdan, A., (1986), “Hagiographical notes (14. Collective death and individual deeds)”, Byzantion 56, 148-170 (150-160).
  • Kolia-Dermitzaki, A., (2009a), “Michael the Synkellos”, D. Thomas & B. Roggema (Eds.), Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History. Volume 1 (600-900), (627-632), Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  • ______, (2009b), “The Forty-two martyrs of Amorion (BHG 1212)”, D. Thomas & B. Roggema (Eds.), Christian-Muslim Relations. A Bibliographical History. Volume 1 (600-900), (636-638), Leiden and Boston: Brill.
  • Kotzabasi, S., (1992), “To martyrio ton MB’ martyron tou Amoriou. Agiologika kai ymnologika keimena”, Epistimoniki Epetiris tis Filosofikis Scholis tou Aristoteleiou Panepistimiou Thessalonikis 2, 110-153.
  • Kountoura-Galaki, E., (2004), “Iconoclast officials and the formation of surnames during the reign of Constantine V”, Revue des études byzantines 62, 247-253.
  • Lebeniotis, G., (2007), I politiki katarreusi tou Byzantiou stin Anatoli. To anatoliko synoro kai i kentriki Mikra Asia kata to B’ imisy tou 11ou ai. 1-2, Thessaloniki: Kentro Byzantinon Ereunon.
  • “Leon Grammatikos” (ed. 1842), Leonis Grammatici Chronographia, ed. I. Bekker, Bonn: Weber.
  • McGeer, E., Nesbitt, J. & Oikonomides, N. (2001), Catalogue of Byzantine Seals at Dumbarton Oaks and the Fogg Museum of Art, vol. 4: The East, Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.
  • Mango, C., (2002), Βυζάντιο. Η Αυτοκρατορία της Νέας Ρώμης, Αθήνα: MIET.
  • Messis, Ch., (2014), Les eunuques à Byzance, entre réalité et imaginaire, Paris: EHESS – De Boccard.
  • Métivier, S., (2012), “Aristocratie et Saint. Le cas d’Eudokimos”, B. Caseau (Ed.), Les réseaux familiaux: Antiquité tardive et Moyen-Age (95-112), Paris: Centre de recherche d’histoire et civilization de Byzance.
  • ______, (2018), “Peut-on parler d’une hagiographie aristocratique à Byzance (VIIIe-XIe siècles) ?”, A. Rigo (Ed.), Byzantine Hagiography. Texts, Themes and Projects (179-199), Turnhout: Brepols.
  • Oikonomidès, N., (1972), Les listes de préséance byzantines des IXe et Xe siècles, Paris: CNRS.
  • PBE (2001, 2015), Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire (641-867), (ed. J. Martindale et al.), Online edition available at http://www.pbe.kcl.ac.uk.
  • PmbZ (1998-2013), Prosopographie der mittelbyzantinischen Zeit, Abteilung I: 641-867, B. I-VI and Abteilung II: 867-1025, B. I-VIII, (ed. F. Winkelmann & al.), Berlin and New York: De Gruyter.
  • Pseudo-Symeon (ed. 1838), Theophanes Continuatus, Ioannes Cameniata, Symeon Magister, Georgius Monachus, ed. I. Bekker, (601-760), Bonn: Weber.
  • Schabel, C., (2010), “Martyrs and Heretics, Intolerance of Intolerance: the Execution of Thirteen Monks in Cyprus in 1231”, C. Schabel, Greeks, Latins, and the Church in Early Frankish Cyprus (Variorum Reprints) (no. III, 1-33), Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate.
  • Seibt, W. & Wassiliou-Seibt, A.-K., (2004), Die byzantinischen Bleisiegel in Österreich. 2. Teil, Zentral- und Provinzialverwaltung, Wien: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
  • Skylitzes (ed. 1973), Ioannis Scylitzae synopsis historiarum, ed. J. Thurn, Berlin and New York: De Gruyter.
  • Spengel, L., (1856), Rhetores Graeci, vol. 3, Leipzig: Teubner.
  • Symeon (ed. 2006), Symeonis Magistri et Logothetae Chronicon, ed. S. Wahlgren, Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • TAKTIKON (2013-), A Digital Database on the Prosopography and Administrative Structure of the Byzantine Themes, (ed. O. Karagiorgou – project’s director, P. Charalampakis, Chr. Malatras, and T. Kalamaras – IT support), Academy of Athens (forthcoming).
  • Theophanes Continuatus (ed. 2015), Chronographiae quae Theophanis Continuati nomine fertur libri I-IV, ed. M. Featherstone & J. S. Codoñer, Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • Toynbee, A., (1973), Constantine Porphyrogenitus and his world, London: Oxford University Press.
  • Treadgold, W., (1979), “The Chronological Accuracy of the “Chronicle” of Symeon the Logothete for the Years 813-845”, Dumbarton Oaks Papers 33, 159-197.
  • Vasil’ev’, A., (1898), Grecheskij tekst’ zhitija soroka dvukh’ amorijskikh’ muchenikov’ po rukopisi Parizhskoj Natsional’noj Biblioteki No 1534, Zapiski Imperatorskoj Akademii Nauk’, po istoriko-filologicheskomu otdeleniju III.3. S.-Peterburg’: Imp. Akad. Nauk’.
  • Vasil’evskij, V. & Nikitin’, P., (1905), Skazanija o 42 amorijskikh’ muchenikakh’ i tserkovnaja sluzhba im’, Zapiski Imperatorskoj Akademii Nauk’, po istoriko-filologicheskomu otdeleniju VII.2. S.-Peterburg’: Imp. Akad. Nauk’.
  • Zonaras (ed. 1897), Ioannes Zonaras, Epitome historiarum, ed. M. Pinder (& T. Büttner-Wobst), vol. 3, Bonn: Weber.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Pantelis CHARALAMPAKIS (Sorumlu Yazar)
Greek State Scholarships Foundation, Athens
0000-0003-1043-6206
Greece

Destekleyen Kurum European Social Fund- ESF
Proje Numarası MIS-5001552
Teşekkür This study is part of my Project on the prosopography of the Byzantine provinces in Northeastern Asia Minor. The Post-Doctoral Research under the title Mobility of people and families in Byzantium’s northeastern frontier. A contribution to the prosopography of the military and political administration in the Armeniakoi area (7th-11th c.) was conducted thanks to an IKY scholarship. This research is co-financed by Greece and the European Union (European Social Fund- ESF) through the Operational Programme «Human Resources Development, Education and Lifelong Learning» in the context of the project “Reinforcement of Postdoctoral Researchers” (MIS-5001552), implemented by the State Scholarships Foundation (ΙΚΥ). The Project was carried out under the supervision of Dr. Olga Karagiorgou (Research Centre for Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Art, Academy of Athens) from April 2017 to April 2019. I am grateful to both IKY and Dr. Karagiorgou, as well as to Professor Stephanos Efthymiadis and Dr. Christos Malatras for providing me with relevant bibliography and discussing some issues related to the topic.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Aralık 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 5, Sayı 8

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { karen668082, journal = {Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi}, issn = {2458-7680}, eissn = {2458-9705}, address = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi, Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü, 61080, Trabzon / Türkiye}, publisher = {Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi}, year = {2019}, volume = {5}, pages = {115 - 128}, doi = {10.31765/karen.668082}, title = {Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II)}, key = {cite}, author = {Charalampakıs, Pantelis} }
APA Charalampakıs, P. (2019). Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II) . Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi , 5 (8) , 115-128 . DOI: 10.31765/karen.668082
MLA Charalampakıs, P. "Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II)" . Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 (2019 ): 115-128 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/karen/issue/51434/668082>
Chicago Charalampakıs, P. "Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II)". Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 (2019 ): 115-128
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II) AU - Pantelis Charalampakıs Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.31765/karen.668082 DO - 10.31765/karen.668082 T2 - Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 115 EP - 128 VL - 5 IS - 8 SN - 2458-7680-2458-9705 M3 - doi: 10.31765/karen.668082 UR - https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668082 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II) %A Pantelis Charalampakıs %T Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II) %D 2019 %J Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi %P 2458-7680-2458-9705 %V 5 %N 8 %R doi: 10.31765/karen.668082 %U 10.31765/karen.668082
ISNAD Charalampakıs, Pantelis . "Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II)". Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi 5 / 8 (Aralık 2019): 115-128 . https://doi.org/10.31765/karen.668082
AMA Charalampakıs P. Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II). KAREN. 2019; 5(8): 115-128.
Vancouver Charalampakıs P. Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II). Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi. 2019; 5(8): 115-128.
IEEE P. Charalampakıs , "Short Notes on the Prosopography of the Byzantine Theme of Koloneia (Part II)", Karadeniz Araştırmaları Enstitüsü Dergisi, c. 5, sayı. 8, ss. 115-128, Ara. 2020, doi:10.31765/karen.668082

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