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Yıl 2014, Cilt 4, Sayı 7, 197 - 220, 26.06.2014

Öz

Kaynakça

  • Albertazzi, D., and D. McDonnell. 2008. “Introduction: The Sceptre and the Spectre.” In Twenty-First Century
  • Populism: The Spectre of Western European Democracy, edited by D. Albertazzi, and D. McDonnell, 1–11.London: Palgrave MacMillan.
  • Ansari, A. 2008. “Iran Under Ahmadinejad: Populism and Its Malcontents.” International Affairs 84 (4): 683–700.
  • Ayubi, N. 1993. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World. London: Routledge.
  • Barton, G. 2004. Jemaah Islamiyah: Radical Islamism in Indonesia. Sydney: UNSW Press.
  • Bayat, A. 2007. Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn. Stanford: StanfordUniversity Press.
  • Berezin, M. 2009. Illiberal Politics in Neoliberal Times: Culture, Security and Populism in the New Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Boland, B. 1971. The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
  • Brachman, J. 2009. Global Jihadism: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.
  • Bubalo, A., G. Fealy, and W. Mason. 2008. “Zealous Democrats: Islamism and Democracy in Egypt, Indonesia
  • and Turkey.” Lowey Institute Paper 25. Sydney: The Lowy Institute for International Policy.
  • Butler, J., E. Laclau, and S. Žižek. 2000. Contingency, Hegemony, Universality: Contemporary Dialogues on theLeft. London: Verso.
  • Colas, A. 2004. “The Re-Invention of Populism: Islamist Responses to Capitalist Development in theContemporary Maghreb.” Historical Materialism 12: 231–260.
  • Conniff, M. 1999. Populism in Latin America. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
  • Deiwiks, C. 2009. “Populisms.” Living Review in Democracy 1.
  • Demir, O., M. Acar, and M. Toprak. 2004. “Anatolian Tigers and Islamic Capital.” Middle Eastern Studies 40(6): 166–188.
  • Desai, R. 2004. “Forward March of Hindutva Halted?” New Left Review 30: 49–67.
  • Fealy, G. 2004. “Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia: The Faltering Revival?” Southeast Asian Affairs 2004: 104–121.
  • Fealy, G. 2006. “A Conservative Turn: Liberal Islamic Groups have Prompted a Backlash.” Inside Indonesia 87, July-September. Accessed August 16. http://www.insideindonesia.org/weekly-articles/a-conservative-turn
  • Gabriel, S. 2001. “Class Analysis of the Iranian Revolution of 1979.” In Representing Class: Essays in Postmodern Marxism, edited by J. K. Gibson-Graham, S. Resnick, and R. Wolff, 206–226. Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Geertz, C. 1971. Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia. Chicago: Chicago
  • University Press.
  • Gellner, E. 1969. Saints of the Atlas. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • Hadiz, V. 1997. Workers and the State in New Order Indonesia. London: Routledge.
  • Hadiz, V. 2010. Localising Power in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: A Southeast Asia Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Hadiz, V., and R. Robison. 2012. “Political Economy and Islamic Politics: Insights from the Indonesian Case.” New Political Economy 17 (2): 137–155.
  • Hawkins, K. 2010. Venezuela”s Chavismo and Populism in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hefner, R. 2000. Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratisation in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Hefner, R. 2005. “Introduction: Modernity and the Remaking of Muslim Politics.” In Remaking Muslim Politics:
  • Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization, edited by R. W. Hefner, 1–28. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Ionescu, G., and E. Gellner, eds. 1969. Populism: Its Meaning and National Characteristic. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  • Jansen, R. 2011. “Populist Mobilization: A New Theoretical Approach to Populism.” Sociological Theory 29 (2): 75–96.
  • Kahin, A., and G. Kahin.1995. Subversion as Foreign Policy: The Secret Eisenhower and Dulles Debacle in Indonesia. New York: The New Press.
  • Kepel, G. 2002. Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
  • Keyder, Ç. 1987. State and Class in Turkey: A Study in Capitalist Development. London: Verso.
  • Laclau, E. 2005. On Populist Reason. London: Verso.
  • Laskier, M. 2008. “Islamic Radicalism and Terrorism in the European Union: The Maghrebi Factor.” In Radical
  • Islam and International Security: Challenges and Responses, edited by H. Frisch, and E. Inbar, 93–120. London: Routledge.
  • Lewis, B. 1990. “The Roots of Muslim Rage.” The Atlantic Monthly (September): 47–60.
  • Misbach, M. 1925. “Islamisme dan Kommunisme.” Medan Moeslimin 11: 4.
  • Mitchell, R. 1969. The Society of the Muslim Brothers. London: Oxford University Press.
  • Mouzelis, N. 1985. “On the Concept of Populism: Populist and Clientelist Modes of Incorporation in Semiperipheral Polities.” Politics & Society 14: 329–348.
  • Mudde, C. 2004. “The Populist Zeitgeist.” Government and Opposition 39 (4): 542–563.
  • Nasr, V. 2009. Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What It Will Mean for OurWorld. New York: Free Press.
  • Öniş, Z. 2012. “The Triumph of Conservative Globalism: The Political Economy of the AKP Era.” February 10. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2003026.
  • Oxhorn, P. 1998. “The Social Foundations of Latin America”s Recurrent Populism: Problems
  • of Popular Sector Class Formation and Collective Action.” Journal of Historical Sociology 11 (2): 212–246.
  • Rahmat, I. 2008. Ideologi Politik PKS: Dari Masjid Kampus ke Gedung Parlemen. Yogyakarta: LKIS.
  • Rahnema, S. 2008. “Radical Islamism and Failed Developmentalism.” Third World Quarterly 29 (3): 283–296.
  • Ramakrishna, K. 2009. Radical Pathways: Understanding Muslim Radicalization in Indonesia. New York: Praeger.
  • Robison, R. 1986. Indonesia: The Rise of Capital. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.
  • Robison, R., and V. Hadiz. 2004. Reorganising Power in Indonesia: The Politics of Oligarchy in an Age of Markets. London: Routledge.
  • Roy, O. 1996. The Failure of Political Islam. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Roy, O. 2004. Globalised Islam: The Search for A New Ummah. London: Hurst.
  • Sidel, J. 2006. Riots, Pogroms and Jihad: Religious Violence in Indonesia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Sidel, J. 2007. “The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia: A Reassessment.” Washington: East-West Centre.
  • Skocpol, T. 1982. “Rentier State and Shi”a Islam in the Iranian Revolution.” Theory and Society 11: 265–283.
  • Solahudin. 2011. NII Sampai JI : Salafy Jihadisme di Indonesia. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu.
  • Springer, D., J. Regens, and D. Edger. 2009. Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.
  • Taggart, P. 2000. Populism. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • Tugal, C. 2009. Passive Revolution: Absorbing the Islamic Challenge to Capitalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Van Dijk, C.1981. Rebellion Under the Banner of Islam: The Darul Islam in Indonesia. The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
  • Weber, M. 1978. Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Weyland, K. 2003. “Neopopulism and Neoliberalism in Latin America: How Much Affinity.” Third World Quarterly 24 (6): 1095–1115.
  • White, J. 2002. Islamist Mobilization in Turkey: A Study in Vernacular Politics. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  • Wickham, C. 2002. Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism and Political Change in Egypt. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Wilson, I. 2008. “As Long as It's Halal: Islamic Preman in Jakarta.” In Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia, edited by G. Fealy, and S. White, 192–211. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  • Yavuz, M. 2009. Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

YENİ İSLAMİ POPÜLİZM VE KALKINMANIN ÇELİŞKİLERİ

Yıl 2014, Cilt 4, Sayı 7, 197 - 220, 26.06.2014

Öz

Müslüman dünyanın birçok bölümünde yeni bir İslami popülizm gelişmektedir. Ortaya çıkışı, küreselleşen kapitalizmin çelişkilerine üretilen popülist cevabın daha evrensel halinin bir parçasıdır. Aynı zamanda soğuk savaş dönemi sosyal çatışmalar ve Müslüman dünyada yarım asırdan fazla bir süredir devam eden toplumsal yapıdaki dönüşümlerin de bir neticesidir. Yeni İslami popülizm, özellikle Müslüman toplumlardaki şehirli orta sınıfın çoğalan hırsı ve artan hayal kırıklıkları, fakir nüfusun ve burjuvazinin nispeten dışlanmış kesimlerinin endişelerinden doğmaktadır. Sınıflar arası bir birlikteliği temsil eden yeni İslami popülizmin hedefi, temelde gittikçe farklılaşsa da homojen ve ezilmekte olduğu kabul edilen ümmete devletin kaynaklarını ve siyasal gücü açmaktır. Bu Endonezya, Türkiye ve Mısır ekseninde tartışılacaktır. Makale son on yıldır İslami siyaset hakkındaki çalışmalara hakim olma eğiliminde olan analizlere bir alternatif oluşturmayı hedeflemektedir. Bunlar, gölge uluslararası ağları kullanarak küresel seküler düzeni tehdit eden radikal düşüncelere temas eden görüşlerle; ılımlı siyaset ile demokratik politikaların uygulanması arasında güçlü bir ilişkinin olduğunu varsayan fakat İslami siyasetin gelişme süreçlerindeki yapısal temelleri göz ardı eden fikirleri de kapsayan analizlerdir.   

Kaynakça

  • Albertazzi, D., and D. McDonnell. 2008. “Introduction: The Sceptre and the Spectre.” In Twenty-First Century
  • Populism: The Spectre of Western European Democracy, edited by D. Albertazzi, and D. McDonnell, 1–11.London: Palgrave MacMillan.
  • Ansari, A. 2008. “Iran Under Ahmadinejad: Populism and Its Malcontents.” International Affairs 84 (4): 683–700.
  • Ayubi, N. 1993. Political Islam: Religion and Politics in the Arab World. London: Routledge.
  • Barton, G. 2004. Jemaah Islamiyah: Radical Islamism in Indonesia. Sydney: UNSW Press.
  • Bayat, A. 2007. Making Islam Democratic: Social Movements and the Post-Islamist Turn. Stanford: StanfordUniversity Press.
  • Berezin, M. 2009. Illiberal Politics in Neoliberal Times: Culture, Security and Populism in the New Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Boland, B. 1971. The Struggle of Islam in Modern Indonesia. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.
  • Brachman, J. 2009. Global Jihadism: Theory and Practice. London: Routledge.
  • Bubalo, A., G. Fealy, and W. Mason. 2008. “Zealous Democrats: Islamism and Democracy in Egypt, Indonesia
  • and Turkey.” Lowey Institute Paper 25. Sydney: The Lowy Institute for International Policy.
  • Butler, J., E. Laclau, and S. Žižek. 2000. Contingency, Hegemony, Universality: Contemporary Dialogues on theLeft. London: Verso.
  • Colas, A. 2004. “The Re-Invention of Populism: Islamist Responses to Capitalist Development in theContemporary Maghreb.” Historical Materialism 12: 231–260.
  • Conniff, M. 1999. Populism in Latin America. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.
  • Deiwiks, C. 2009. “Populisms.” Living Review in Democracy 1.
  • Demir, O., M. Acar, and M. Toprak. 2004. “Anatolian Tigers and Islamic Capital.” Middle Eastern Studies 40(6): 166–188.
  • Desai, R. 2004. “Forward March of Hindutva Halted?” New Left Review 30: 49–67.
  • Fealy, G. 2004. “Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia: The Faltering Revival?” Southeast Asian Affairs 2004: 104–121.
  • Fealy, G. 2006. “A Conservative Turn: Liberal Islamic Groups have Prompted a Backlash.” Inside Indonesia 87, July-September. Accessed August 16. http://www.insideindonesia.org/weekly-articles/a-conservative-turn
  • Gabriel, S. 2001. “Class Analysis of the Iranian Revolution of 1979.” In Representing Class: Essays in Postmodern Marxism, edited by J. K. Gibson-Graham, S. Resnick, and R. Wolff, 206–226. Durham: Duke University Press.
  • Geertz, C. 1971. Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia. Chicago: Chicago
  • University Press.
  • Gellner, E. 1969. Saints of the Atlas. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
  • Hadiz, V. 1997. Workers and the State in New Order Indonesia. London: Routledge.
  • Hadiz, V. 2010. Localising Power in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: A Southeast Asia Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Hadiz, V., and R. Robison. 2012. “Political Economy and Islamic Politics: Insights from the Indonesian Case.” New Political Economy 17 (2): 137–155.
  • Hawkins, K. 2010. Venezuela”s Chavismo and Populism in Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hefner, R. 2000. Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratisation in Indonesia. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Hefner, R. 2005. “Introduction: Modernity and the Remaking of Muslim Politics.” In Remaking Muslim Politics:
  • Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization, edited by R. W. Hefner, 1–28. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Ionescu, G., and E. Gellner, eds. 1969. Populism: Its Meaning and National Characteristic. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
  • Jansen, R. 2011. “Populist Mobilization: A New Theoretical Approach to Populism.” Sociological Theory 29 (2): 75–96.
  • Kahin, A., and G. Kahin.1995. Subversion as Foreign Policy: The Secret Eisenhower and Dulles Debacle in Indonesia. New York: The New Press.
  • Kepel, G. 2002. Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
  • Keyder, Ç. 1987. State and Class in Turkey: A Study in Capitalist Development. London: Verso.
  • Laclau, E. 2005. On Populist Reason. London: Verso.
  • Laskier, M. 2008. “Islamic Radicalism and Terrorism in the European Union: The Maghrebi Factor.” In Radical
  • Islam and International Security: Challenges and Responses, edited by H. Frisch, and E. Inbar, 93–120. London: Routledge.
  • Lewis, B. 1990. “The Roots of Muslim Rage.” The Atlantic Monthly (September): 47–60.
  • Misbach, M. 1925. “Islamisme dan Kommunisme.” Medan Moeslimin 11: 4.
  • Mitchell, R. 1969. The Society of the Muslim Brothers. London: Oxford University Press.
  • Mouzelis, N. 1985. “On the Concept of Populism: Populist and Clientelist Modes of Incorporation in Semiperipheral Polities.” Politics & Society 14: 329–348.
  • Mudde, C. 2004. “The Populist Zeitgeist.” Government and Opposition 39 (4): 542–563.
  • Nasr, V. 2009. Forces of Fortune: The Rise of the New Muslim Middle Class and What It Will Mean for OurWorld. New York: Free Press.
  • Öniş, Z. 2012. “The Triumph of Conservative Globalism: The Political Economy of the AKP Era.” February 10. http://ssrn.com/abstract=2003026.
  • Oxhorn, P. 1998. “The Social Foundations of Latin America”s Recurrent Populism: Problems
  • of Popular Sector Class Formation and Collective Action.” Journal of Historical Sociology 11 (2): 212–246.
  • Rahmat, I. 2008. Ideologi Politik PKS: Dari Masjid Kampus ke Gedung Parlemen. Yogyakarta: LKIS.
  • Rahnema, S. 2008. “Radical Islamism and Failed Developmentalism.” Third World Quarterly 29 (3): 283–296.
  • Ramakrishna, K. 2009. Radical Pathways: Understanding Muslim Radicalization in Indonesia. New York: Praeger.
  • Robison, R. 1986. Indonesia: The Rise of Capital. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.
  • Robison, R., and V. Hadiz. 2004. Reorganising Power in Indonesia: The Politics of Oligarchy in an Age of Markets. London: Routledge.
  • Roy, O. 1996. The Failure of Political Islam. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Roy, O. 2004. Globalised Islam: The Search for A New Ummah. London: Hurst.
  • Sidel, J. 2006. Riots, Pogroms and Jihad: Religious Violence in Indonesia. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • Sidel, J. 2007. “The Islamist Threat in Southeast Asia: A Reassessment.” Washington: East-West Centre.
  • Skocpol, T. 1982. “Rentier State and Shi”a Islam in the Iranian Revolution.” Theory and Society 11: 265–283.
  • Solahudin. 2011. NII Sampai JI : Salafy Jihadisme di Indonesia. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu.
  • Springer, D., J. Regens, and D. Edger. 2009. Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad. Georgetown: Georgetown University Press.
  • Taggart, P. 2000. Populism. Buckingham: Open University Press.
  • Tugal, C. 2009. Passive Revolution: Absorbing the Islamic Challenge to Capitalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
  • Van Dijk, C.1981. Rebellion Under the Banner of Islam: The Darul Islam in Indonesia. The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
  • Weber, M. 1978. Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Weyland, K. 2003. “Neopopulism and Neoliberalism in Latin America: How Much Affinity.” Third World Quarterly 24 (6): 1095–1115.
  • White, J. 2002. Islamist Mobilization in Turkey: A Study in Vernacular Politics. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
  • Wickham, C. 2002. Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism and Political Change in Egypt. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Wilson, I. 2008. “As Long as It's Halal: Islamic Preman in Jakarta.” In Expressing Islam: Religious Life and Politics in Indonesia, edited by G. Fealy, and S. White, 192–211. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
  • Yavuz, M. 2009. Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ayrıntılar

Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Osman ÜLKER>

0000-0001-6938-1057

Yayımlanma Tarihi 26 Haziran 2014
Kabul Tarihi
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2014, Cilt 4, Sayı 7

Kaynak Göster

APA Ülker, O. (2014). YENİ İSLAMİ POPÜLİZM VE KALKINMANIN ÇELİŞKİLERİ . Kilis 7 Aralık Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 4 (7) , 197-220 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/kilissbd/issue/45254/566838