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Liberal Multiculturalism and Human Rights Discourse: The Contribution of Will Kymlicka

Yıl 2021, Cilt 26, Sayı 102, 85 - 103, 18.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.36484/liberal.892404

Öz

Multiculturalism formulates inclusive and accommodative ways to respond to culturally and religiously diverse Western societies. Liberal multiculturalists such as Will Kymlicka are the pioneers in providing normative relevance of cultural membership to liberal theory and human rights paradigm. This paper will examine Kymlicka’s re-evaluation of liberalism in justifying cultural practice as a right. Kymlicka highlights the importance of the community and group to the individual’s private and public life, insisting that the realization of human rights is intrinsically bound with minority and cultural rights. His liberal multiculturalist rationale for cultural accommodation is individualistic as Kymlicka appeals to the importance of national and ethnic culture only as a result of their impact on individuals. This paper demonstrates how Kymlicka's liberal multiculturalism extends the agenda of human rights discourse within the context of cultural accommodation.

Kaynakça

  • Arendt, Hannah (1949). .’The Rights of Man‟ What are they?’. Modern Review – New York, 3:1, pp. 24-36.
  • Barry, Brian (2002). Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Barzilai, Gad (2004). Legal Categorizations and Religion: On Politics of Modernity, Practices, Faith, and Power. In Austin Sarat (ed.) The Blackwell Companion to Law and Society. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Göle, Nilüfer and Billaud, Julie (2011). Islamic Difference and the Return of Feminist Universalism, viewed 19 February 2012, <from http://europublicislam.ehess.fr/ galeries/1236-fractalh/0e03ec5f041f8d536872ad9c35982c1b/photos//ch5- gle-billaud.pdf>
  • Ignatieff, Michael (2001). Human Rights as Idolatry. In Amy Gutman (ed.) Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry. Princeton University Press.
  • Jones, Peter (2008). “Group Rights”. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, viewed 1 March 2012, <from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rights-group/>
  • Kymlicka, Will (1989). Liberalism, Community and Culture. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1995a). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2007). Multicultural Odysseys Navigating the New International politics of Diversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1992). ‘Two models of pluralism and tolerance’. Analyse & Kritik, 14(1), pp. 33-56.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1992b). ‘The Rights of Minority Cultures: Reply to Kukathas’. Political Theory, 20(1), pp. 140-146.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1997). ‘Do We Need a Liberal Theory of Minority Rights? Reply to Carens, Young, Parekh and Forst’. Constellations, 4(1), pp. 72-87.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2001). Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Citizenship. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2008). Review Symposium: Historical Settlements and New Challenges. In Veit Bader (ed.) Secularism or Democracy? Associative Governance of Religious Diversity. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2010). The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2011). Liberal Multiculturalism and Human Rights. In Ferran Requejo ve Miquel Caminal Badia (eds.). Political Liberalism and Plurinational Democracies. London: Routledge.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2012). Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
  • Laborde, Cécile (2008). Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Metcalfe, Evrim (1996). ‘Illiberal Citizenship-A Critique of Will Kymlicka's Liberal Theory of Minority Rights’. Queen's LJ, 22, pp. 167-208.
  • May, Stephen (2002). “Multiculturalism”. Blackwell Reference Online, viewed 19 February 2012 <from http://www.blackwellreference.com/subscriber/tocnode? id=g9780631206163_chunk_g978063120616316>
  • Mégret, Frédéric (2013). International Human Rights and Global Legal Pluralism: A Research Agenda. In René Provost and Colleen Sheppard (eds.) Dialogues on Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Mookherjee, Monica (2005). ‘Affective Citizenship: Feminism, Postcolonialism and the Politics of Recognition’. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 8(1), pp. 31-50.
  • Mookherjee, Monica (2008). Multiculturalism. In Catriona McKinnon (ed.) Issues in Political Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Mookherjee, Monica (2009). Women’s Rights as Multicultural Claims: Reconfiguring Gender and Diversity in Political Philosophy. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Multiculturalism (2005). “In Immigration and Asylum from 1900 to Present”. Credoreference Online, viewed 19 February 2012, <from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/abcmigrate/multiculturalism>
  • Okin, Susan Moller (1999). Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? In Joshua Cohen, Matthew Howard and Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.). Is Multiculturalism bad for women? Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, pp. 7-24.
  • Parekh, Bhikhu (2000). Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.
  • Provost, Rene and Sheppard, Colleen (2013). Dialogues on Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Rosenblum, Nancy L. (1998.). Membership and Morals: The Personal Uses of Pluralism in America. New York: Princeton University Press.
  • Shachar, Ayalet (2000). ‘On Citizenship and Multicultural Vulnerability’. Political Theory, 28 (1), pp. 64-89.
  • Taylor, Charles (1985). ‘Atomism’. Philosophical Papers, 2, pp. 187-210.
  • Taylor, Charles (1994). Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Taylor, Charles and Gutmann, Amy (1997). ‘The politics of recognition’. New contexts of Canadian criticism, 98, pp. 25-73.
  • Tully, James (1995). Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tully, James (2008). Public Philosophy in a New Key. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Young, Iris Marion (1999). ‘Gender as Seriality: Thinking about Women as Social Collective’. Signs, 19 (3), pp. 713-738.

Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı

Yıl 2021, Cilt 26, Sayı 102, 85 - 103, 18.06.2021
https://doi.org/10.36484/liberal.892404

Öz

Çokkültürlülük, Batı toplumları bağlamında kültürel ve dini çeşitliliğe yanıt vermek için kapsayıcı ve uzlaşmacı çözümler ortaya koyar. Will Kymlicka gibi liberal çokkültürcüler, kültürel kimliğin/aidiyetin liberal teori ve insan hakları paradigmasıyla normatif ilişkisini ortaya koyan öncülerdir. Bu çalışma, Kymlicka’nın kültürel pratiği bir hak olarak meşrulaştıran liberal anlayışı yeniden değerlendirmesini inceleyecektir. Kymlicka, cemaatlerin ve grupların bireyin özel ve kamusal yaşamı için önemini vurgularken insan haklarının hayata geçirilmesinin özünde azınlık haklarıyla ve kültürel haklarla bağlantılı olduğunu iddia etmektedir. Kymlicka, ulusal ve etnik kültürün önemini yalnızca bireyler üzerindeki etkisinin bir sonucu olarak ele aldığı için onun kültürel uyum için öne sürdüğü liberal çokkültürlülük anlayışı bireyselcidir. Bu çalışma, Kymlicka’nın liberal çokkültürlülük anlayışının kültürel uyum bağlamında insan hakları söylemini nasıl genişlettiğini ortaya koyacaktır.

Kaynakça

  • Arendt, Hannah (1949). .’The Rights of Man‟ What are they?’. Modern Review – New York, 3:1, pp. 24-36.
  • Barry, Brian (2002). Culture and Equality: An Egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Barzilai, Gad (2004). Legal Categorizations and Religion: On Politics of Modernity, Practices, Faith, and Power. In Austin Sarat (ed.) The Blackwell Companion to Law and Society. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Göle, Nilüfer and Billaud, Julie (2011). Islamic Difference and the Return of Feminist Universalism, viewed 19 February 2012, <from http://europublicislam.ehess.fr/ galeries/1236-fractalh/0e03ec5f041f8d536872ad9c35982c1b/photos//ch5- gle-billaud.pdf>
  • Ignatieff, Michael (2001). Human Rights as Idolatry. In Amy Gutman (ed.) Human Rights as Politics and Idolatry. Princeton University Press.
  • Jones, Peter (2008). “Group Rights”. Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, viewed 1 March 2012, <from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rights-group/>
  • Kymlicka, Will (1989). Liberalism, Community and Culture. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1995a). Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2007). Multicultural Odysseys Navigating the New International politics of Diversity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1992). ‘Two models of pluralism and tolerance’. Analyse & Kritik, 14(1), pp. 33-56.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1992b). ‘The Rights of Minority Cultures: Reply to Kukathas’. Political Theory, 20(1), pp. 140-146.
  • Kymlicka, Will (1997). ‘Do We Need a Liberal Theory of Minority Rights? Reply to Carens, Young, Parekh and Forst’. Constellations, 4(1), pp. 72-87.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2001). Politics in the Vernacular: Nationalism, Multiculturalism, and Citizenship. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2008). Review Symposium: Historical Settlements and New Challenges. In Veit Bader (ed.) Secularism or Democracy? Associative Governance of Religious Diversity. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2010). The Politics of Reconciliation in Multicultural Societies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2011). Liberal Multiculturalism and Human Rights. In Ferran Requejo ve Miquel Caminal Badia (eds.). Political Liberalism and Plurinational Democracies. London: Routledge.
  • Kymlicka, Will (2012). Multiculturalism: Success, Failure, and the Future. Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute.
  • Laborde, Cécile (2008). Critical Republicanism: The Hijab Controversy and Political Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Metcalfe, Evrim (1996). ‘Illiberal Citizenship-A Critique of Will Kymlicka's Liberal Theory of Minority Rights’. Queen's LJ, 22, pp. 167-208.
  • May, Stephen (2002). “Multiculturalism”. Blackwell Reference Online, viewed 19 February 2012 <from http://www.blackwellreference.com/subscriber/tocnode? id=g9780631206163_chunk_g978063120616316>
  • Mégret, Frédéric (2013). International Human Rights and Global Legal Pluralism: A Research Agenda. In René Provost and Colleen Sheppard (eds.) Dialogues on Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Mookherjee, Monica (2005). ‘Affective Citizenship: Feminism, Postcolonialism and the Politics of Recognition’. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy, 8(1), pp. 31-50.
  • Mookherjee, Monica (2008). Multiculturalism. In Catriona McKinnon (ed.) Issues in Political Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Mookherjee, Monica (2009). Women’s Rights as Multicultural Claims: Reconfiguring Gender and Diversity in Political Philosophy. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Multiculturalism (2005). “In Immigration and Asylum from 1900 to Present”. Credoreference Online, viewed 19 February 2012, <from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/abcmigrate/multiculturalism>
  • Okin, Susan Moller (1999). Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? In Joshua Cohen, Matthew Howard and Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.). Is Multiculturalism bad for women? Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, pp. 7-24.
  • Parekh, Bhikhu (2000). Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.
  • Provost, Rene and Sheppard, Colleen (2013). Dialogues on Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Dordrecht: Springer.
  • Rosenblum, Nancy L. (1998.). Membership and Morals: The Personal Uses of Pluralism in America. New York: Princeton University Press.
  • Shachar, Ayalet (2000). ‘On Citizenship and Multicultural Vulnerability’. Political Theory, 28 (1), pp. 64-89.
  • Taylor, Charles (1985). ‘Atomism’. Philosophical Papers, 2, pp. 187-210.
  • Taylor, Charles (1994). Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Taylor, Charles and Gutmann, Amy (1997). ‘The politics of recognition’. New contexts of Canadian criticism, 98, pp. 25-73.
  • Tully, James (1995). Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tully, James (2008). Public Philosophy in a New Key. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Young, Iris Marion (1999). ‘Gender as Seriality: Thinking about Women as Social Collective’. Signs, 19 (3), pp. 713-738.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm Araştırma
Yazarlar

Ravza CAKİR (Sorumlu Yazar)
Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University
0000-0002-1691-5649
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 18 Haziran 2021
Başvuru Tarihi 7 Mart 2021
Kabul Tarihi 13 Haziran 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 26, Sayı 102

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { liberal892404, journal = {Liberal Düşünce Dergisi}, issn = {1300-8781}, eissn = {2667-6486}, address = {GMK Bulvarı 108/16 Maltepe Ankara 06570}, publisher = {Liberte Yayınları}, year = {2021}, volume = {26}, pages = {85 - 103}, doi = {10.36484/liberal.892404}, title = {Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı}, key = {cite}, author = {Cakir, Ravza} }
APA Cakir, R. (2021). Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı . Liberal Düşünce Dergisi , 26 (102) , 85-103 . DOI: 10.36484/liberal.892404
MLA Cakir, R. "Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı" . Liberal Düşünce Dergisi 26 (2021 ): 85-103 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/liberal/issue/65433/892404>
Chicago Cakir, R. "Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı". Liberal Düşünce Dergisi 26 (2021 ): 85-103
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı AU - Ravza Cakir Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.36484/liberal.892404 DO - 10.36484/liberal.892404 T2 - Liberal Düşünce Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 85 EP - 103 VL - 26 IS - 102 SN - 1300-8781-2667-6486 M3 - doi: 10.36484/liberal.892404 UR - https://doi.org/10.36484/liberal.892404 Y2 - 2021 ER -
EndNote %0 Liberal Düşünce Dergisi Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı %A Ravza Cakir %T Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı %D 2021 %J Liberal Düşünce Dergisi %P 1300-8781-2667-6486 %V 26 %N 102 %R doi: 10.36484/liberal.892404 %U 10.36484/liberal.892404
ISNAD Cakir, Ravza . "Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı". Liberal Düşünce Dergisi 26 / 102 (Haziran 2021): 85-103 . https://doi.org/10.36484/liberal.892404
AMA Cakir R. Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı. Liberal Düşünce Dergisi. 2021; 26(102): 85-103.
Vancouver Cakir R. Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı. Liberal Düşünce Dergisi. 2021; 26(102): 85-103.
IEEE R. Cakir , "Liberal Çokkültürlülük ve İnsan Hakları Söylemi: Will Kymlicka’nın Katkısı", Liberal Düşünce Dergisi, c. 26, sayı. 102, ss. 85-103, Haz. 2021, doi:10.36484/liberal.892404