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Japonya'nın Kuşak ve Yol İnisiyatifine Yeni Eklemlenme Modeli: Ekonomik Devletçilik, Kalkınmacı Pragmatizm ve Kurumsal Biçimlendirme

Yıl 2021, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 123 - 142, 22.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.52539/mad.791835

Öz

Bu makale öncelikle Japonya’nın Çin’in Kuşak ve Yol İnisiyatifi (KYİ)’ne yaklaşımındaki değişimi açıklamayı ve ardından Japonya’nın gelecekte bu inisiyatife ne düzeyde eklemlenebileceğini incelemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Japonya’nın Doğu Asya’da evrilen yeni jeoekonomik stratejisine odaklanarak, KYİ’ye yeni eklemlenme modelinin kalkınmacı pragmatizm ve kurumsal kural-biçimlendirmeden oluşan ekonomik devletçilik tarafından şekillendiği iddia edilmektedir. ‘Pragmatik katılımcı olarak Japonya’ daha büyük müşterek faydalara ulaşmak için Çin’le kapsayıcı işbirliğini teşvik ederken; ‘biçimlendirici olarak Japonya’ Çin’in altyapı kalkınmasına yönelik çabalarını yüksek kalite standardlarının oluşturulması ve en iyi uygulamaların ortaya çıkarılması yönünde sevk etmeye çalışmaktadır. Sonuç olarak Japonya’nın gelecekte Çin’in KYİ’sine eklemlenme yönünde pozitif ekonomik devletçilik yaklaşımını sürdürmesi kuvvetle muhtemeldir. Ne var ki; Japonya’nın KYİ ile daha derin bir şekilde eklemlenebilmesi ekonomik ve güvenlik arasında kesişen konuların nasıl halledileceğine bağlıdır. Teknolojik gelişim alanında işbirliğini geliştirme ihtimali kritik bir sorun olduğu gibi, Japonya’nın KYİ’ye politik eklemlenmesi yönünde yeni bir aşamayı da temsil edebilir.

Kaynakça

  • Acharya, A. (2004). Will Asia’s Past Be Its Future. International Security, 149-164.
  • AidData (2017). China’s Global Development Footprint. Retrieved from https://www.aiddata.org/china-official-finance, Date of Access: 8 June 2020.
  • Aizawa, M. (2020). Sustainable Development Through Quality Infrastructure: Emerging Focus on Quality Over Quantity. Journal of Mega Infrastructure & Sustainable Development, 1-17.
  • Banga, R. (2019). CPTPP: Implications for Malaysia’s Merchandise Trade Balance. MPRA Paper No. 93254, Retrieved from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/93254/1/MPRA_paper_93254.pdf, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Baldwin, D. A. (1971). The Power of Positive Sanctions. World Politics, 24(1), 27-36.
  • Blackwill, R. D. and Harris, J. M. (2016). War by Other Means. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Dell, E. (1987). The Politics of Economic Interdependence. New York: Palgrave.
  • Eto, N. (2018). An Emerging Structure of Japan-China Relations: Constant Maritime Tension and Mutual Cooperation. Center for Strategic & International Studies, Washington. Retrieved from https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/180301_CSIS_Sino-Japanese_relations%28Naoko%20Eto%29.pdf?Ipc932..ulzxk_GCvuGrzr5M4WJsGW_A, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Funabashi, Y. and Ikenberry, J. (2020). Introduction: Japan and the Liberal International Order. The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order, eds. Funabashi Y. and Ikenberry, J. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Graham, G. (2019). G20 Makes Declaration of ‘Data Free Flow with Trust’: Support and Dissent. Privacy Laws&Business International Report. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3514407, Date of Access: 11 June 2020.
  • Hatoyama, Y. (2009). Japan’s New Commitment to Asia: Toward the Realization of an East Asian Community. Retrieved from https://japan.kantei.go.jp/hatoyama/statement/200911/15singapore_e.html, Date of Access: 7 June 2020.
  • Iida, M. (2018). Japan’s Reluctant Embrace of BRI Working Paper. German Institute for International and Security Affairs. Retrieved from https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/projekt_papiere/Iida_BCAS_2018_BRI_Japan_6.pdf, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Ito, A. (2019). China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Japan’s Response: From Non-Participation to Conditional Engagement. East Asia, (36), 115-128.
  • Jiang, Y. (2019). Competitive Partners in Development Financing: China and Japan Expanding Overseas Infrastructure Investment. The Pacific Review, 32 (5), 778-808.
  • Katada, S. N. (2019). US and Japanese Economic Statecraft toward China: The Reshaping of the Asia-Pacific Economic Order. Charting a Path for A Stronger US-Japan Economic Partnership. The National Bureau of Asian Research Special Report 75. Retrieved from https://www.nbr.org/publication/u-s-and-japanese-economic-statecraft-toward-china-the-reshaping-of-the-asia-pacific-economic-order, Date of Access: 11 June 2020.
  • Katada, S. N. (2020). Japan’s New Regional Reality: Geoeconomic Strategy in the Asia-Pacific. New york: Columbia University Press.
  • Koga, K. (2017). Transcending the Fukuda Doctrine: Japan, ASEAN, and the Future of the Regional Order. Strategic Japan Working Papers. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Washington.
  • Koga, K. (2018a). The Concept of ‘Hedging’ Revisited: The Case of Japan’s Foreign Policy Strategy in East Asia’s Power Shift. International Studies Review, (20), 633-660.
  • Koga, K. (2018b). Japan’s Strategic Interests in the South China Sea: Beyond the Horizon?. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 72(1), 16-30.
  • Leonard J. Schoppa, L. J. (1997). Bargaining with Japan: What American Pressure Can and Cannot Do. New York: Colombia University Press.
  • Lester, S., Manak, I. and Kim, K. (2019). Trump’s First Trade Deal: The Slightly Revised Korea-US Free Trade Agreement. Free Trade Bulletin No: 73. CATO Institute. Retrieved from https://www.cato.org/publications/free-trade-bulletin/trumps-first-trade-deal-slightly-revised-korea-us-free-trade, Date of Access: 13 June 2020.
  • Liff, A. P. (2019). Unambivalent Alignment: Japan’s China Strategy, the US Alliance, and the Hedging ‘Fallacy’. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 19(3), 1-39.
  • Mahbubani, K. (2010). Results Matter: Pragmatism Prevails in Asia. Global Asia, 37-42.
  • Mastanduno, M. (1999). Economic Statecraft, Interdependence and National Security: Agendas for Research. Security Studies, 9(1-2), 288-316.
  • Masuo C. T. (2019). Competitive Cooperation for Regional Development: Japan’s New Strategy Towards Rising China. Australian Journal of Politics and History, 65(3), 430-448.
  • McKensy Global Institute (2019). The Future of Asia: Asian Flows and Networks Are Defining the Next Phase of Globalization. Retrieved from https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/asia-pacific/the-future-of-asia-asian-flows-and-networks-are-defining-the-next-phase-of-globalization#, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan (2019). Subcommittee on Security Export Control Policy, Trade Committee, Industrial Structure Council, Interim Report. Tokyo. Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Retrieved from https://www.meti.go.jp/english/policy/external_economy/trade_control/pdf/191008a.pdf, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan (2019). Free and Open Indo-Pacific. Retrieved from https://www.mofa.go.jp/files/000430632.pdf, Date of Access: 8 June 2020.
  • Mulgan, A. G. (2018). CPTPP a Boost for Japan’s Regional Trade Leadership. East Asia Forum. Retrieved from https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/02/27/cptpp-a-boost-for-japans-regional-trade-leadership, Date of Access: 27 June 2020.
  • Muramatsu, Y. (2018). Japan’s Jumbo Delegation Racks Up China Deals, with Eye on Trump. Nikkei Asian Review.
  • Murashkin, N. (2018). Not-So-New Silk Roads: Japan’s Foreign Policies on Asian Connectivity Infrastructure Under the Radar. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 72(5), 455-472.
  • Norris, W. J. (2016). Chinese Economic Statecraft: Commercial Actors, Grand Strategy and State Control. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • OECD (2019). Query Wizard for International Development Statistics. Retrieved from https://stats.oecd.org/qwids, Date of Access: 8 June 2020.
  • Peter Navarro, P. (2018). Why Economic Security is National Security. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/articles/economic-security-national-security, Date of Access: 11 July 2020.
  • Ravenhill, J. (2010). The ‘New East Asian Regionalism’: A Political Domino Effect. Review of International Political Economy, 17(2), 178-208.
  • Sano, S. (2018). Japan’s Engagement in China’s Belt and Road Initiative. Australian Outlook. Australian Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.internationalaffairs.org.au/australianoutlook/japan-one-belt-one-road, Date of Access: 10 June 2020.
  • Shunsuke Shigeta, S. (2018). Thai ‘Smart City’ to Be First of 50 Japan-China Joint Projects. Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved from https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Thai-smart-city-to-be-first-of-50-Japan-China-joint-projects, Date of Access: 14 July 2020.
  • Solis, M. and Urata, S. (2007). Japan’s New Foreign Economic Policy: A Shift Towards A Strategic and Activist Model. Asian Economic Policy Review, 2(2), 227-245.
  • Solis, M. (2020a). China, Japan, and the Art of Economic Statecraft. Global China: Assessing Growing Role in the World, Brookings Institute. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/china-japan-and-the-art-of-economic-statecraft/, Date of Access: 18 June 2020.
  • Solis, M. (2020b). Follower No More? Japan’s Leadership Role as Champion of the Liberal Trading Order. The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order. eds. Funabashi, Y. and Ikenberry J., Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Terada, T. (2019). Japan and TPP/TPP-11: Opening Black Box of Domestic Political Alignment for Proactive Economic Diplomacy in Face of ‘Trump Shock’. The Pacific Review, 32(6), 1041-1069.
  • The Japan Times (2020). Will Tighter Foreign Exchange Law Make Japan Secure? Retrieved from https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/01/06/business/financial-markets/foreign-exchange-law-japan, Date of Access: 1 June 2020.
  • Tobita, R. and Koga, Y. (2018). TPP Plans Expansion in 2019 with Thailand and Colombia First. Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved from https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/TPP-plans-expansion-in-2019-with-Thailand-and-Colombia-first, Date of Access: 1 July 2020.
  • Tüter, M. (2019a). China’s Infrastructure Diplomacy in Southeast Asia: Explaining Asymmetric Bargaining with Four ASEAN Countries. International Journal of Political Studies, 5(2), 2019a, 60-75.
  • Tüter, M. (2019b). China’s Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success. Journal of Research in Economics, Politics & Finance, 4(2), 151-171.
  • Wallace, C. (2019). Japan’s Strategic Contrast: Continuing Influence Despite Relative Power Decline in Southeast Asia. The Pacific Review, 32(5), 863-897.
  • Wei, L. (2018). China’s Rise, Developmental Regionalism and East Asian Community Building: Cooperation Amid Disputes in the South China Sea. East Asian Community Review, 19-32.
  • Yoshimatsu, H. and Trinidad, D. D. (2010). Development Assistance, Strategic Interests, and the China Factor in Japan’s Role in ASEAN’s Integration. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 11(2), 199-219.
  • Yoshimatsu, H. (2018). New Dynamics in Sino-Japanese Rivalry: Sustaining Infrastructure Development in Asia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 27(113), 719-734.

Japan's New Model of Engagement with the BRI: Economic Statecraft, Developmental Pragmatism and Institutional Shaping

Yıl 2021, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, 123 - 142, 22.10.2021
https://doi.org/10.52539/mad.791835

Öz

This article aims to explain why Japan’s approach towards China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has been changed recently, and then explore how Japan could broadly and deeply choose to engage with the initiative in the future. By focusing on Japan’s evolving geoeconomic strategy in East Asia, it argues that Japan’s new model of engagement with China’s BRI is shaped by its use of economic statecraft which involves two types of characterization: developmental pragmatism and institutional rule-shaping. While ‘Japan as a pragmatic participant’ induces comprehensive cooperation with China for achieving greater mutual benefits, ‘Japan as a shaper’ within the BRI attempts to push China’s efforts of infrastructure development into setting high quality standards and implementing best practices. As a result, Japan is more likely to sustain its positive use of economic statecraft in engaging with China’s BRI in the future. Japan’s deeper engagement with the BRI, however, largely depends on the issues of intersection between economics and security. The possibility for developing a cooperation in the field of technological innovation represents a critical challenge, and also a new stage for moving into Japan’s political engagement with the BRI.

Kaynakça

  • Acharya, A. (2004). Will Asia’s Past Be Its Future. International Security, 149-164.
  • AidData (2017). China’s Global Development Footprint. Retrieved from https://www.aiddata.org/china-official-finance, Date of Access: 8 June 2020.
  • Aizawa, M. (2020). Sustainable Development Through Quality Infrastructure: Emerging Focus on Quality Over Quantity. Journal of Mega Infrastructure & Sustainable Development, 1-17.
  • Banga, R. (2019). CPTPP: Implications for Malaysia’s Merchandise Trade Balance. MPRA Paper No. 93254, Retrieved from https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/93254/1/MPRA_paper_93254.pdf, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Baldwin, D. A. (1971). The Power of Positive Sanctions. World Politics, 24(1), 27-36.
  • Blackwill, R. D. and Harris, J. M. (2016). War by Other Means. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • Dell, E. (1987). The Politics of Economic Interdependence. New York: Palgrave.
  • Eto, N. (2018). An Emerging Structure of Japan-China Relations: Constant Maritime Tension and Mutual Cooperation. Center for Strategic & International Studies, Washington. Retrieved from https://csis-prod.s3.amazonaws.com/s3fs-public/180301_CSIS_Sino-Japanese_relations%28Naoko%20Eto%29.pdf?Ipc932..ulzxk_GCvuGrzr5M4WJsGW_A, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Funabashi, Y. and Ikenberry, J. (2020). Introduction: Japan and the Liberal International Order. The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order, eds. Funabashi Y. and Ikenberry, J. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Graham, G. (2019). G20 Makes Declaration of ‘Data Free Flow with Trust’: Support and Dissent. Privacy Laws&Business International Report. Retrieved from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3514407, Date of Access: 11 June 2020.
  • Hatoyama, Y. (2009). Japan’s New Commitment to Asia: Toward the Realization of an East Asian Community. Retrieved from https://japan.kantei.go.jp/hatoyama/statement/200911/15singapore_e.html, Date of Access: 7 June 2020.
  • Iida, M. (2018). Japan’s Reluctant Embrace of BRI Working Paper. German Institute for International and Security Affairs. Retrieved from https://www.swp-berlin.org/fileadmin/contents/products/projekt_papiere/Iida_BCAS_2018_BRI_Japan_6.pdf, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Ito, A. (2019). China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Japan’s Response: From Non-Participation to Conditional Engagement. East Asia, (36), 115-128.
  • Jiang, Y. (2019). Competitive Partners in Development Financing: China and Japan Expanding Overseas Infrastructure Investment. The Pacific Review, 32 (5), 778-808.
  • Katada, S. N. (2019). US and Japanese Economic Statecraft toward China: The Reshaping of the Asia-Pacific Economic Order. Charting a Path for A Stronger US-Japan Economic Partnership. The National Bureau of Asian Research Special Report 75. Retrieved from https://www.nbr.org/publication/u-s-and-japanese-economic-statecraft-toward-china-the-reshaping-of-the-asia-pacific-economic-order, Date of Access: 11 June 2020.
  • Katada, S. N. (2020). Japan’s New Regional Reality: Geoeconomic Strategy in the Asia-Pacific. New york: Columbia University Press.
  • Koga, K. (2017). Transcending the Fukuda Doctrine: Japan, ASEAN, and the Future of the Regional Order. Strategic Japan Working Papers. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Washington.
  • Koga, K. (2018a). The Concept of ‘Hedging’ Revisited: The Case of Japan’s Foreign Policy Strategy in East Asia’s Power Shift. International Studies Review, (20), 633-660.
  • Koga, K. (2018b). Japan’s Strategic Interests in the South China Sea: Beyond the Horizon?. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 72(1), 16-30.
  • Leonard J. Schoppa, L. J. (1997). Bargaining with Japan: What American Pressure Can and Cannot Do. New York: Colombia University Press.
  • Lester, S., Manak, I. and Kim, K. (2019). Trump’s First Trade Deal: The Slightly Revised Korea-US Free Trade Agreement. Free Trade Bulletin No: 73. CATO Institute. Retrieved from https://www.cato.org/publications/free-trade-bulletin/trumps-first-trade-deal-slightly-revised-korea-us-free-trade, Date of Access: 13 June 2020.
  • Liff, A. P. (2019). Unambivalent Alignment: Japan’s China Strategy, the US Alliance, and the Hedging ‘Fallacy’. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 19(3), 1-39.
  • Mahbubani, K. (2010). Results Matter: Pragmatism Prevails in Asia. Global Asia, 37-42.
  • Mastanduno, M. (1999). Economic Statecraft, Interdependence and National Security: Agendas for Research. Security Studies, 9(1-2), 288-316.
  • Masuo C. T. (2019). Competitive Cooperation for Regional Development: Japan’s New Strategy Towards Rising China. Australian Journal of Politics and History, 65(3), 430-448.
  • McKensy Global Institute (2019). The Future of Asia: Asian Flows and Networks Are Defining the Next Phase of Globalization. Retrieved from https://www.mckinsey.com/featured-insights/asia-pacific/the-future-of-asia-asian-flows-and-networks-are-defining-the-next-phase-of-globalization#, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) of Japan (2019). Subcommittee on Security Export Control Policy, Trade Committee, Industrial Structure Council, Interim Report. Tokyo. Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Retrieved from https://www.meti.go.jp/english/policy/external_economy/trade_control/pdf/191008a.pdf, Date of Access: 12 June 2020.
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan (2019). Free and Open Indo-Pacific. Retrieved from https://www.mofa.go.jp/files/000430632.pdf, Date of Access: 8 June 2020.
  • Mulgan, A. G. (2018). CPTPP a Boost for Japan’s Regional Trade Leadership. East Asia Forum. Retrieved from https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2018/02/27/cptpp-a-boost-for-japans-regional-trade-leadership, Date of Access: 27 June 2020.
  • Muramatsu, Y. (2018). Japan’s Jumbo Delegation Racks Up China Deals, with Eye on Trump. Nikkei Asian Review.
  • Murashkin, N. (2018). Not-So-New Silk Roads: Japan’s Foreign Policies on Asian Connectivity Infrastructure Under the Radar. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 72(5), 455-472.
  • Norris, W. J. (2016). Chinese Economic Statecraft: Commercial Actors, Grand Strategy and State Control. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  • OECD (2019). Query Wizard for International Development Statistics. Retrieved from https://stats.oecd.org/qwids, Date of Access: 8 June 2020.
  • Peter Navarro, P. (2018). Why Economic Security is National Security. Retrieved from https://www.whitehouse.gov/articles/economic-security-national-security, Date of Access: 11 July 2020.
  • Ravenhill, J. (2010). The ‘New East Asian Regionalism’: A Political Domino Effect. Review of International Political Economy, 17(2), 178-208.
  • Sano, S. (2018). Japan’s Engagement in China’s Belt and Road Initiative. Australian Outlook. Australian Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved from http://www.internationalaffairs.org.au/australianoutlook/japan-one-belt-one-road, Date of Access: 10 June 2020.
  • Shunsuke Shigeta, S. (2018). Thai ‘Smart City’ to Be First of 50 Japan-China Joint Projects. Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved from https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Thai-smart-city-to-be-first-of-50-Japan-China-joint-projects, Date of Access: 14 July 2020.
  • Solis, M. and Urata, S. (2007). Japan’s New Foreign Economic Policy: A Shift Towards A Strategic and Activist Model. Asian Economic Policy Review, 2(2), 227-245.
  • Solis, M. (2020a). China, Japan, and the Art of Economic Statecraft. Global China: Assessing Growing Role in the World, Brookings Institute. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/research/china-japan-and-the-art-of-economic-statecraft/, Date of Access: 18 June 2020.
  • Solis, M. (2020b). Follower No More? Japan’s Leadership Role as Champion of the Liberal Trading Order. The Crisis of Liberal Internationalism: Japan and the World Order. eds. Funabashi, Y. and Ikenberry J., Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
  • Terada, T. (2019). Japan and TPP/TPP-11: Opening Black Box of Domestic Political Alignment for Proactive Economic Diplomacy in Face of ‘Trump Shock’. The Pacific Review, 32(6), 1041-1069.
  • The Japan Times (2020). Will Tighter Foreign Exchange Law Make Japan Secure? Retrieved from https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/01/06/business/financial-markets/foreign-exchange-law-japan, Date of Access: 1 June 2020.
  • Tobita, R. and Koga, Y. (2018). TPP Plans Expansion in 2019 with Thailand and Colombia First. Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved from https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/TPP-plans-expansion-in-2019-with-Thailand-and-Colombia-first, Date of Access: 1 July 2020.
  • Tüter, M. (2019a). China’s Infrastructure Diplomacy in Southeast Asia: Explaining Asymmetric Bargaining with Four ASEAN Countries. International Journal of Political Studies, 5(2), 2019a, 60-75.
  • Tüter, M. (2019b). China’s Strategies Towards Institutional Reform: Creation of the AIIB and Its Development Success. Journal of Research in Economics, Politics & Finance, 4(2), 151-171.
  • Wallace, C. (2019). Japan’s Strategic Contrast: Continuing Influence Despite Relative Power Decline in Southeast Asia. The Pacific Review, 32(5), 863-897.
  • Wei, L. (2018). China’s Rise, Developmental Regionalism and East Asian Community Building: Cooperation Amid Disputes in the South China Sea. East Asian Community Review, 19-32.
  • Yoshimatsu, H. and Trinidad, D. D. (2010). Development Assistance, Strategic Interests, and the China Factor in Japan’s Role in ASEAN’s Integration. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 11(2), 199-219.
  • Yoshimatsu, H. (2018). New Dynamics in Sino-Japanese Rivalry: Sustaining Infrastructure Development in Asia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 27(113), 719-734.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Siyasi Bilimler
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Mustafa TÜTER> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Shandong University
0000-0002-7074-4668
China

Yayımlanma Tarihi 22 Ekim 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 6, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Tüter, M. (2021). Japan's New Model of Engagement with the BRI: Economic Statecraft, Developmental Pragmatism and Institutional Shaping . Medeniyet Araştırmaları Dergisi , 6 (1) , 123-142 . DOI: 10.52539/mad.791835

İletişim / Correspondence                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         

Telefon/Phone: +90 216 280 34 81

Faks/Fax: : +90 216 280 34 95

Adres/Address: Medeniyet Araştırmaları Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi

İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi Güney Yerleşkesi B-Blok

Dumlupınar Mah. D-100 Yan Yol Kadıköy, İstanbul, Türkiye

sezai.oztop@medeniyet.edu.tr


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