Araştırma Makalesi
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Evacuation Problem in Mosque Buildings, The Case of Konya Hacıveyiszade Mosque

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 235 - 247, 08.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.30785/mbud.1051154

Öz

Evacuation of assembly buildings in emergencies such as earthquake, fire and terror is very important to prevent major casualties. To evacuate the building smoothly, it’s necessary to realize the right architectural design. There are very few studies both national and international literature on evacuation of mosques in emergencies. The aim of this study is to contribute to literature by a case study on emergency evacuation of mosques. Within the scope of the study, Hacıveyiszade Mosque which is located in the city center of Konya is examined. The mosque was evaluated using a simulation study. According to the findings obtained from the simulation, the evacuation of the mosque was completed in 10 min 48s and the evacuation could not be achieved within the safe evacuation time (2.5 min) specified for this class of buildings. In this context, suggestions made to improve the evacuation performance of the Hacıveyiszade mosque.

Kaynakça

  • Alighadr, S. & Fallahi A. (2016). DEM evaluation of evacuation behavior: a case study of "The mosque of ASMU". JSEE, 18(1), 47-58. Retrieved from: https://www.sid.ir/FileServer/JE/86020160102
  • Alighadr, S., Fallahi, A., Kiyono, J., Rizqi, F.N. & Miyajima, M. (2011). Simulation of evacuation behavior during a disaster, study case: Seghatol Islam Mosque of Tabriz Bazaar. The Ninth International Symposium on Mitigation of Geo-disasters in Asia. 39-44, Indonasia. Retrieved from: https://en.civilica.com/doc/166336/
  • Azkur, H.S. (2020). Hatice Sena Azkur’s Photograph Archive.
  • Çakıcı Alp, N. (2011). Simulation and representation of occupants’ emergency behavior and movement in buildings using an agent-based model (In Turkish) (Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Lei, W. & Tai, C., (2019). Effect of different staircase and exit layouts on occupant evacuation, Safety Science, 118, 258-263. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.030
  • Liu, H., Xu, B., Lu, D. & Zhang, G. (2018). A path planning approach for crowd evacuation in buildings based on improved artificial bee colony algorithm, Applied Soft Computing, 68, 360– 376. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2018.04.015
  • Nassar, K. & Bayyoumi, A. (2012). A simulation study of the effect of mosque design on egress times. In Laroque, C., Himmelspach, J., Pasupathy, R., Rose, O. & Uhrmacher, A.M. (Ed), The 2012 Winter Simulation Conference, Berlin, Germany. Retrieved from: http://simulation.su/uploads/files /default/2012-nassar-bayyoumi.pdf
  • Neufert, E. (2008). Architect’s Data (35. Ed.). İstanbul: Beta Publishing.
  • Oral, M. (1993). The examination of the mosque architecture in the period of republic within the process of development -the case of Konya- (In Turkish) (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Pathfinder Technical Referance, (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.thunderheadeng.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/10/tech_ref.pdf
  • Pathfinder User Manual, (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.thunderheadeng.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/10/users_guide.pdf
  • Qin, J., Liu, C., Huang, Q., (2020). Simulation on fire emergency evacuation in special subway station based on Pathfinder, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 21, 1-7. Retrived from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2020.100677
  • Ronchi, E. & Nilsson, D. (2016). Evacuation Modeling Trends, Switzerland: Springer. Retrieved from: https://media.hugendubel.de/shop/coverscans/251PDF/25149132_lprob_1.pdf
  • Sedihemaiti, S. (2018). The study of emergency evacuation analysis of classical Ottoman period type mosques (In Turkish) (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Topraklı, A.Y., Sedihemaiti, S. & Ağraz, G. (2019). Evaluation of evacuation problem of modern Ottoman classical period mosques type, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 34(4), 2261-2270. Retrieved from: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/741691
  • Turkish Religious Foundation, (2017). Konya Hacıveyiszade Mosque Photograph. Retrieved from: http://tdvcamiler.com/2017/01/30/konya-haci-veyiszade-camii

Cami Yapılarında Tahliye Problemi, Konya Hacıveyiszade Cami Örneği

Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, 235 - 247, 08.07.2022
https://doi.org/10.30785/mbud.1051154

Öz

Toplanma amaçlı yapıların deprem, yangın, terör gibi acil durumlarda tahliye edilmesi büyük can kayıplarının önüne geçilebilmesi için çok önemlidir. Acil durumlarda yapının sorunsuz bir biçimde boşaltılabilmesi için doğru mimari tasarımı gerçekleştirmek gerekir. Camilerin acil durumlarda tahliye edilmesi üzerine ulusal ve uluslararası literatürde çok az çalışma bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı camilerin acil durum tahliyesi konusunda bir alan çalışması gerçekleştirerek literatüre katkıda bulunmaktır. Çalışma kapsamında Konya kent merkezinde yer alan Hacıveyiszade camisi incelenmiştir. Cami, benzetim çalışması ile değerlendirilmiştir. Simülasyondan elde edilen bulgulara göre caminin tahliyesi 10dk 48sn’de tamamlanmış ve bu sınıftaki yapılar için belirlenmiş olan güvenli tahliye süresi içinde (2.5 dk) sağlanamamıştır. Bu bağlamda Hacıveyiszade camisinin tahliye performansının iyileştirilebilmesi açısından öneriler sunulmuştur.

Kaynakça

  • Alighadr, S. & Fallahi A. (2016). DEM evaluation of evacuation behavior: a case study of "The mosque of ASMU". JSEE, 18(1), 47-58. Retrieved from: https://www.sid.ir/FileServer/JE/86020160102
  • Alighadr, S., Fallahi, A., Kiyono, J., Rizqi, F.N. & Miyajima, M. (2011). Simulation of evacuation behavior during a disaster, study case: Seghatol Islam Mosque of Tabriz Bazaar. The Ninth International Symposium on Mitigation of Geo-disasters in Asia. 39-44, Indonasia. Retrieved from: https://en.civilica.com/doc/166336/
  • Azkur, H.S. (2020). Hatice Sena Azkur’s Photograph Archive.
  • Çakıcı Alp, N. (2011). Simulation and representation of occupants’ emergency behavior and movement in buildings using an agent-based model (In Turkish) (Doctoral Dissertation). Retrieved from: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Lei, W. & Tai, C., (2019). Effect of different staircase and exit layouts on occupant evacuation, Safety Science, 118, 258-263. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssci.2019.05.030
  • Liu, H., Xu, B., Lu, D. & Zhang, G. (2018). A path planning approach for crowd evacuation in buildings based on improved artificial bee colony algorithm, Applied Soft Computing, 68, 360– 376. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2018.04.015
  • Nassar, K. & Bayyoumi, A. (2012). A simulation study of the effect of mosque design on egress times. In Laroque, C., Himmelspach, J., Pasupathy, R., Rose, O. & Uhrmacher, A.M. (Ed), The 2012 Winter Simulation Conference, Berlin, Germany. Retrieved from: http://simulation.su/uploads/files /default/2012-nassar-bayyoumi.pdf
  • Neufert, E. (2008). Architect’s Data (35. Ed.). İstanbul: Beta Publishing.
  • Oral, M. (1993). The examination of the mosque architecture in the period of republic within the process of development -the case of Konya- (In Turkish) (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Pathfinder Technical Referance, (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.thunderheadeng.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/10/tech_ref.pdf
  • Pathfinder User Manual, (2014). Retrieved from: https://www.thunderheadeng.com/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2014/10/users_guide.pdf
  • Qin, J., Liu, C., Huang, Q., (2020). Simulation on fire emergency evacuation in special subway station based on Pathfinder, Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, 21, 1-7. Retrived from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csite.2020.100677
  • Ronchi, E. & Nilsson, D. (2016). Evacuation Modeling Trends, Switzerland: Springer. Retrieved from: https://media.hugendubel.de/shop/coverscans/251PDF/25149132_lprob_1.pdf
  • Sedihemaiti, S. (2018). The study of emergency evacuation analysis of classical Ottoman period type mosques (In Turkish) (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from: https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/
  • Topraklı, A.Y., Sedihemaiti, S. & Ağraz, G. (2019). Evaluation of evacuation problem of modern Ottoman classical period mosques type, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, 34(4), 2261-2270. Retrieved from: https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/741691
  • Turkish Religious Foundation, (2017). Konya Hacıveyiszade Mosque Photograph. Retrieved from: http://tdvcamiler.com/2017/01/30/konya-haci-veyiszade-camii

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mimarlık
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Hatice Sena AZKUR> (Sorumlu Yazar)
KONYA TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ, LİSANSÜSTÜ EĞİTİM ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0001-7448-9281
Türkiye


Murat ORAL>
KONYA TEKNİK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-4848-5417
Türkiye

Teşekkür The article complies with national and international research and publication ethics. Ethics committee permission was not required for the study.
Yayımlanma Tarihi 8 Temmuz 2022
Başvuru Tarihi 30 Aralık 2021
Kabul Tarihi 4 Nisan 2022
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2022, Cilt 7, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Azkur, H. S. & Oral, M. (2022). Evacuation Problem in Mosque Buildings, The Case of Konya Hacıveyiszade Mosque . Journal of Architectural Sciences and Applications , 7 (1) , 235-247 . DOI: 10.30785/mbud.1051154