Yıl 2020, Cilt 20 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 32 - 52 2020-12-31

PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.)

Tuğçe OLGUN [1] , Miray DAYIOĞLU [2] , Neslihan ÖZSOY [3]


Bal arıları, yabani çiçek ve mahsullerin tozlaşmasını sağlayarak insanlar için önemli bir kültürel ve ekonomik fayda sağlar. Bal arıları, diğer organizmalar gibi, yaşamları boyunca çok çeşitli çevresel stres faktörleri ile karşı karşıya kalmaktadır. Bu stres faktörleri organizmanın fizyolojik dengesini bozar. Organizmaya alınan oksijenin kullanımı ve metabolizması sırasında serbest radikaller olarak bilinen agresif moleküller oluşur ve organizma bu radikalleri kontrol altında tutamaz ve oksidatif stres oluşur. Böyle bir durumda, serbest radikaller sağlıklı hücrelere saldırır, okside eder ve bozarlar. Bu bozulma, reaktif oksijen türlerinin (ROS), atık sistemlerinin aynı anda bozulması ile arttırılmış üretimi ile karakterize edilir. Bal arılarında oksidatif stres eşiğinin aşılması, bireysel ya da koloni bazında arı kayıplarına neden olmaktadır. Her geçen gün çevresel faktörlere bağlı olarak, artarak oluşan koloni kayıpları oksidatif stresin oluşumu, fizyoloisi ve önlenmesi üzerine yapılan çalışmaların önemini gözler önüne sermektedir. Bal arılarında tanımlanan en önemli antioksidan enzimler glutatyon S-transferaz (GST), glutatyon peroksidaz (GPX), katalaz (CAT), ve süperoksit dismutaz (SOD)’dır. Bu derleme oksidatif stresin bal arılarındaki mekanizmasını ve pestisit ve patojenlerin bal arılarında oksidatif stres üzerindeki etkilerini incelemektedir.
Honey bees represent an important cultural and economic benefit for humans by pollinating wildflowers and crops. Honey bees, like other organisms, face a wide range of environmental stressors throughout their lives. These stress factors disrupt the physiological balance of the organism. During the use and metabolism of oxygen taken into the organism, aggressive molecules known as free radicals are formed and the organism cannot keep these radicals under control and oxidative stress occurs. In such a situation, free radicals attack, oxidize, and degrade healthy cells. This degradation is characterized by the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by the simultaneous degradation of waste systems. Exceeding the oxidative stress threshold in honey bees causes bee losses on an individual or colony level. Colony losses, which have been increasing day by day due to environmental factors, reveal the importance of studies on the formation, physiology, and prevention of oxidative stress. The most important antioxidant enzymes identified in honey bees are glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), catalase (CAT), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). This review examines the mechanism of oxidative stress and the effects of pesticides and pathogens on oxidative stress in honey bees.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Veteriner Hekimlik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0003-2386-1244
Yazar: Tuğçe OLGUN (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: İZMİR MENEMEN EGE TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-7825-3698
Yazar: Miray DAYIOĞLU
Kurum: İZMİR MENEMEN EGE TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-2495-7603
Yazar: Neslihan ÖZSOY
Kurum: İZMİR MENEMEN EGE TARIMSAL ARAŞTIRMA ENSTİTÜSÜ MÜDÜRLÜĞÜ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 2 Kasım 2020
Kabul Tarihi : 28 Aralık 2020
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Aralık 2020

Bibtex @derleme { mellifera819628, journal = {Mellifera}, issn = {1302-5821}, address = {HACETTEPE ÜNİVERSİTESİ ARI VE ARI ÜRÜNLERİ UYGULAMA VE ARAŞTIRMA MERKEZİ BİYOLOJİ BÖLÜMÜ BEYTEPE-ANKARA}, publisher = {Hacettepe Üniversitesi}, year = {2020}, volume = {20}, pages = {32 - 52}, doi = {}, title = {PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.)}, key = {cite}, author = {Olgun, Tuğçe and Dayıoğlu, Miray and Özsoy, Neslihan} }
APA Olgun, T , Dayıoğlu, M , Özsoy, N . (2020). PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.) . Mellifera , 20 (2) , 32-52 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mellifera/issue/59162/819628
MLA Olgun, T , Dayıoğlu, M , Özsoy, N . "PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.)" . Mellifera 20 (2020 ): 32-52 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/mellifera/issue/59162/819628>
Chicago Olgun, T , Dayıoğlu, M , Özsoy, N . "PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.)". Mellifera 20 (2020 ): 32-52
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.) AU - Tuğçe Olgun , Miray Dayıoğlu , Neslihan Özsoy Y1 - 2020 PY - 2020 N1 - DO - T2 - Mellifera JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 32 EP - 52 VL - 20 IS - 2 SN - 1302-5821- M3 - UR - Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Mellifera PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.) %A Tuğçe Olgun , Miray Dayıoğlu , Neslihan Özsoy %T PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.) %D 2020 %J Mellifera %P 1302-5821- %V 20 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Olgun, Tuğçe , Dayıoğlu, Miray , Özsoy, Neslihan . "PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.)". Mellifera 20 / 2 (Aralık 2020): 32-52 .
AMA Olgun T , Dayıoğlu M , Özsoy N . PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.). mellifera. 2020; 20(2): 32-52.
Vancouver Olgun T , Dayıoğlu M , Özsoy N . PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.). Mellifera. 2020; 20(2): 32-52.
IEEE T. Olgun , M. Dayıoğlu ve N. Özsoy , "PESTICIDE and PATHOGEN INDUCED OXIDATIVE STRESS IN HONEY BEES (Apis mellifera L.)", Mellifera, c. 20, sayı. 2, ss. 32-52, Ara. 2021