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Rhodian Amphora Stamps from the Cappadocia Güray Museum

Yıl 2024, Cilt: 14, 303 - 310, 30.06.2024

Öz

The Cappadocia Güray Museum is a private institution housing a diverse array of archaeological artifacts spanning different historical periods. Among the museum's inventory are three amphora stamps, all originating from the island of Rhodes. Eponyms and fabricant names have been identified on these stamps. The names of Ἀρχοκράτης II and Ἀρχοκράτης have been determined in the eponym stamps. It is stated that Ἀρχοκράτης II served c. 185 BC and Ἀλεξίμαχος c. 150 – c. 147 BC in the eponym. The fabricant’s stamp also belongs to Ὄλυμπος I. The stamps on amphorae with both handles preserved are important for determining the activity period of this fabricant. The years of service of the eponyms associated with Ὄλυμπος I indicate that the fabricant produced amphorae between c. 185 – c. 174/172 BC. In the stamp where the name of Ἀρχοκράτης II is determined as the eponym, the month name Δάλιος and the rose symbol are seen. In the stamp where the name of the eponym Ἀλεξίμαχος is identified, there is Πάναμος as the month name. There is a burning torch on the stamp, where the fabricant’s name is Ὄλυμπος I.

Kaynakça

  • Alkaç E. 2014, “M.Ö. 1. Yüzyılın Ortalarında Yunan Amphoralarının Mühürlenme İşleminin Sona Ermesinin Nedenleri”, Olba XXII, 213-229.
  • Ariel D. T. 1990, “Imported Stamped Amphora Handles, Coins, Worked Bone and Ivory and Glass’’, Ed. Y. Shiloh, Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985, Qedem 30, Jerusalem,13-98.
  • Ariel D. T. & Finkielsztejn, G. 1994, “Stamped Amphora Handles”, Ed. S. C. Herbert, Tel Anafa I. Final Report on Ten Years of Excavation at a Hellenistic and Roman Settlement in Northern Israel, Ann Harbor, 183-240.
  • Börker C. & Burow, J. 1998, Die Hellenistischen Amphorenstempel aus Pergamon, Der Pergamon-Komplex, Ed. W. Radt, (Pergamenische Forschungen 11). Berlin-New York.
  • Brugnone A. 1986, “Altri Bolli Dalla Necropoli di Lilibeo”, KWKALOS XXXII, 1-113.
  • Canarache V. 1957, Importul Amforelor Stampilate la Istra, (Biblioteca Istroca I). Bucureşti.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2000, İskenderiye Kurtarma Kazılarında Ele Geçen Hellenistik Dönem Amphora Mühürleri. Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Ege Üniversitesi. İzmir.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2003, “Hellenistic Stamped Amphora Handles from the Bridge Excavations, Gabbari Sector 2”, Eds. J.-Y. Empereur & M. D. Nenna, Necropolis 2. (Etudes Alexandrines 7). Cairo, 213-260.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2006, Klasik ve Helenistik Dönemde Mühürlü Amphora Üreten Merkezler ve Mühürleme Sistemleri, İstanbul.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2015, Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 1, Eponyms Α, (Études Alexandrines 33, Amphoralex 3). Alexandria.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2017, Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 4, Eponyms Τ-Χ, (Études Alexandrines 39, Amphoralex 6). Alexandria.
  • Chaby R. 2009, Les timbres amphoriques trouvés à Tanis de 1976 à 2008, Paris.
  • Delattre A. L. 1901, “Inscriptions céramiques trouvées a Carthage”, Revue Tunisienne 8, 20-44.
  • Dündar E. 2017, Transport jars and stamped amphoras from Patara, 7th to 1st centuries BC. The maritime trade of a harbor city in Lycia, Patara 4.3, İstanbul.
  • Dündar E. & Gerçek A. 2018, “Imported Hellenistic Stamped Amphora Handles from Tatarlı Höyük (in the Province of Adana-Turkey)”, Gephyra 15, 153-174.
  • Empereur J.Y. 1977a, Catalogue des timbres amphoriques de Medinet el-Fayoum (Crocodilopolis - Arsinoé). Vol. 1-2. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Université Paris IV-Sorbonne. Paris.
  • Empereur J.Y. 1977b, “Timbres amphoriques de Crocodilopolis-Arsinoe”, BIFAO 77, 197-233.
  • Empereur J.Y. & Guimier-Sorbets A. M. 1986, “Une banque de données sur les vases conteneurs-amphores et lagynoi-dans le monde grec et romain”, Ed. J.-Y. Empereur, Recherches sur les amphores grecques. (BCH Suppl. 13). Actes du Colloque International Organisé par le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, l’Université de Rennes II et l’École Française d’Athènes, Athènes, 10-12 Septembre 1984,127-141. Finkielsztejn G. 2001, Chronologie détaillée et révisée des éponymes amphoriques rhodiens, de 270 à 108 av. J.- C. environ, (BAR IntSer 990), Oxford.
  • Gentili G. V. 1958, “I timbri anforari rodii nel museo nazionale di Siracusa”, Archivio Siracusano 4, 18-95.
  • Grace V. 1948, “Rhodian Jars in Florida”, Hesperia XVII.2 144-147.
  • Grace V. 1950, “The Stamped Amphora Handles”, Ed. H. Goldman, Excavations at Gözlü Kule, Tarsus I. Princeton, 135-148.
  • Grace V. 1974, “The Stamped Amphora Handles”, Ed. J. Bouzek, Anatolian Collection of Charles University, Kyme I. Prague, 89-97.
  • Jöhrens G. 1999, Amphorenstempel im Nationalmuseum von Athen, Mainz am Rhein.
  • Jöhrens G. 2001, “Amphorenstempel hellenistischer Zeit aus Tanais”, Eurasia Antiqua 7, 367-479.
  • Kawanishi H. & Suto, Y. 2005, Akoris I: Amphora Stamps 1997-2001, Tokyo.
  • Levi E. I. 1964, Olbia, Temenos et Agora, Moscow.
  • Milne J. G. 1905, Greek Inscriptions, Catalogue General des Antiquitiés Egyptiennes du Musée du Caire, Nos. 9210-9400, 26001-26123, 33001-33037, Cairo.
  • Nachtergael G. & Pintaudi, R. 1998-1999, “Timbres amphoriques d’Égypte (Collection Donato Morelli)”, Aanalecta Papyrologica X-XI, 161-187.
  • Nicolaou I. 2005, The Stamped Amphora Handles from the House of Dionysos, (Paphos 5). Nicosia.
  • Pridik E. M. 1917, Catalogue d’inventaire des timbres sur anses et cols d’amphores, ainsi sur tuiles de la collection de l’Ermitage, I, Petrograd.
  • Schmaltz B. 2016, Die hellenistischen Amphorenstempel von Kaunos, (Asia Minor Studien 79), Bonn.
  • Sztetyłło Z. 1978, “Timbres céramiques, Alexandrie (1973-1974)”, Études Travaux X, 260-303.
  • Sztetyłło Z. 1983, Les timbres céramiques dans les collections de Musée National de Varsovie, Varsovie.
  • Sztetyłło Z. 2000, Tell Atrib 1985-1995. I. Pottery stamps, Varsovie.
  • Thalmann J.P. 1978, “Tell Arqa (Liban Nord) Campagnes I-III (1972-1974) Chantier I Rapport Prèliminaire”, Syria LV, 59-65, 84-87, 122.
  • Şenol G. 1996, “Some Rhodian Stamped Amphora Handles in the Istanbul Museum”, Arkeoloji Dergisi 4, 38-57.
  • Zeitoun N., Christophi C. & Empereur J. Y. 1998, “Les anses d’amphores du Musée Gréco-Romain d’Alexandrie. L’état d’avancement de la banque de données sur les amphores et le cas exemplaire de la fabrication rhodien Theumnastos”, Ed. J.- Y. Empereur, Commerce et artisanat dans l’Alexandrie hellénistique et Romaine. (BCH Suppl. 33), Paris, 367-391.
  • http://amphoralex.org/, Kaynak: http://amphoralex.org/timbres/eponymes/accueil_epon/requete.php

Rhodian Amphora Stamps from the Cappadocia Güray Museum

Yıl 2024, Cilt: 14, 303 - 310, 30.06.2024

Öz

The Cappadocia Güray Museum is a private institution housing a diverse array of archaeological artifacts spanning different historical periods. Among the museum's inventory are three amphora stamps, all originating from the island of Rhodes. Eponyms and fabricant names have been identified on these stamps. The names of Ἀρχοκράτης II and Ἀρχοκράτης have been determined in the eponym stamps. It is stated that Ἀρχοκράτης II served c. 185 BC and Ἀλεξίμαχος c. 150 – c. 147 BC in the eponym. The fabricant’s stamp also belongs to Ὄλυμπος I. The stamps on amphorae with both handles preserved are important for determining the activity period of this fabricant. The years of service of the eponyms associated with Ὄλυμπος I indicate that the fabricant produced amphorae between c. 185 – c. 174/172 BC. In the stamp where the name of Ἀρχοκράτης II is determined as the eponym, the month name Δάλιος and the rose symbol are seen. In the stamp where the name of the eponym Ἀλεξίμαχος is identified, there is Πάναμος as the month name. There is a burning torch on the stamp, where the fabricant’s name is Ὄλυμπος I.

Kaynakça

  • Alkaç E. 2014, “M.Ö. 1. Yüzyılın Ortalarında Yunan Amphoralarının Mühürlenme İşleminin Sona Ermesinin Nedenleri”, Olba XXII, 213-229.
  • Ariel D. T. 1990, “Imported Stamped Amphora Handles, Coins, Worked Bone and Ivory and Glass’’, Ed. Y. Shiloh, Excavations at the City of David 1978-1985, Qedem 30, Jerusalem,13-98.
  • Ariel D. T. & Finkielsztejn, G. 1994, “Stamped Amphora Handles”, Ed. S. C. Herbert, Tel Anafa I. Final Report on Ten Years of Excavation at a Hellenistic and Roman Settlement in Northern Israel, Ann Harbor, 183-240.
  • Börker C. & Burow, J. 1998, Die Hellenistischen Amphorenstempel aus Pergamon, Der Pergamon-Komplex, Ed. W. Radt, (Pergamenische Forschungen 11). Berlin-New York.
  • Brugnone A. 1986, “Altri Bolli Dalla Necropoli di Lilibeo”, KWKALOS XXXII, 1-113.
  • Canarache V. 1957, Importul Amforelor Stampilate la Istra, (Biblioteca Istroca I). Bucureşti.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2000, İskenderiye Kurtarma Kazılarında Ele Geçen Hellenistik Dönem Amphora Mühürleri. Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Ege Üniversitesi. İzmir.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2003, “Hellenistic Stamped Amphora Handles from the Bridge Excavations, Gabbari Sector 2”, Eds. J.-Y. Empereur & M. D. Nenna, Necropolis 2. (Etudes Alexandrines 7). Cairo, 213-260.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2006, Klasik ve Helenistik Dönemde Mühürlü Amphora Üreten Merkezler ve Mühürleme Sistemleri, İstanbul.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2015, Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 1, Eponyms Α, (Études Alexandrines 33, Amphoralex 3). Alexandria.
  • Cankardeş-Şenol G. 2017, Lexicon of Eponym Dies on Rhodian Amphora Stamps, Volume 4, Eponyms Τ-Χ, (Études Alexandrines 39, Amphoralex 6). Alexandria.
  • Chaby R. 2009, Les timbres amphoriques trouvés à Tanis de 1976 à 2008, Paris.
  • Delattre A. L. 1901, “Inscriptions céramiques trouvées a Carthage”, Revue Tunisienne 8, 20-44.
  • Dündar E. 2017, Transport jars and stamped amphoras from Patara, 7th to 1st centuries BC. The maritime trade of a harbor city in Lycia, Patara 4.3, İstanbul.
  • Dündar E. & Gerçek A. 2018, “Imported Hellenistic Stamped Amphora Handles from Tatarlı Höyük (in the Province of Adana-Turkey)”, Gephyra 15, 153-174.
  • Empereur J.Y. 1977a, Catalogue des timbres amphoriques de Medinet el-Fayoum (Crocodilopolis - Arsinoé). Vol. 1-2. Yayımlanmamış Doktora Tezi, Université Paris IV-Sorbonne. Paris.
  • Empereur J.Y. 1977b, “Timbres amphoriques de Crocodilopolis-Arsinoe”, BIFAO 77, 197-233.
  • Empereur J.Y. & Guimier-Sorbets A. M. 1986, “Une banque de données sur les vases conteneurs-amphores et lagynoi-dans le monde grec et romain”, Ed. J.-Y. Empereur, Recherches sur les amphores grecques. (BCH Suppl. 13). Actes du Colloque International Organisé par le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, l’Université de Rennes II et l’École Française d’Athènes, Athènes, 10-12 Septembre 1984,127-141. Finkielsztejn G. 2001, Chronologie détaillée et révisée des éponymes amphoriques rhodiens, de 270 à 108 av. J.- C. environ, (BAR IntSer 990), Oxford.
  • Gentili G. V. 1958, “I timbri anforari rodii nel museo nazionale di Siracusa”, Archivio Siracusano 4, 18-95.
  • Grace V. 1948, “Rhodian Jars in Florida”, Hesperia XVII.2 144-147.
  • Grace V. 1950, “The Stamped Amphora Handles”, Ed. H. Goldman, Excavations at Gözlü Kule, Tarsus I. Princeton, 135-148.
  • Grace V. 1974, “The Stamped Amphora Handles”, Ed. J. Bouzek, Anatolian Collection of Charles University, Kyme I. Prague, 89-97.
  • Jöhrens G. 1999, Amphorenstempel im Nationalmuseum von Athen, Mainz am Rhein.
  • Jöhrens G. 2001, “Amphorenstempel hellenistischer Zeit aus Tanais”, Eurasia Antiqua 7, 367-479.
  • Kawanishi H. & Suto, Y. 2005, Akoris I: Amphora Stamps 1997-2001, Tokyo.
  • Levi E. I. 1964, Olbia, Temenos et Agora, Moscow.
  • Milne J. G. 1905, Greek Inscriptions, Catalogue General des Antiquitiés Egyptiennes du Musée du Caire, Nos. 9210-9400, 26001-26123, 33001-33037, Cairo.
  • Nachtergael G. & Pintaudi, R. 1998-1999, “Timbres amphoriques d’Égypte (Collection Donato Morelli)”, Aanalecta Papyrologica X-XI, 161-187.
  • Nicolaou I. 2005, The Stamped Amphora Handles from the House of Dionysos, (Paphos 5). Nicosia.
  • Pridik E. M. 1917, Catalogue d’inventaire des timbres sur anses et cols d’amphores, ainsi sur tuiles de la collection de l’Ermitage, I, Petrograd.
  • Schmaltz B. 2016, Die hellenistischen Amphorenstempel von Kaunos, (Asia Minor Studien 79), Bonn.
  • Sztetyłło Z. 1978, “Timbres céramiques, Alexandrie (1973-1974)”, Études Travaux X, 260-303.
  • Sztetyłło Z. 1983, Les timbres céramiques dans les collections de Musée National de Varsovie, Varsovie.
  • Sztetyłło Z. 2000, Tell Atrib 1985-1995. I. Pottery stamps, Varsovie.
  • Thalmann J.P. 1978, “Tell Arqa (Liban Nord) Campagnes I-III (1972-1974) Chantier I Rapport Prèliminaire”, Syria LV, 59-65, 84-87, 122.
  • Şenol G. 1996, “Some Rhodian Stamped Amphora Handles in the Istanbul Museum”, Arkeoloji Dergisi 4, 38-57.
  • Zeitoun N., Christophi C. & Empereur J. Y. 1998, “Les anses d’amphores du Musée Gréco-Romain d’Alexandrie. L’état d’avancement de la banque de données sur les amphores et le cas exemplaire de la fabrication rhodien Theumnastos”, Ed. J.- Y. Empereur, Commerce et artisanat dans l’Alexandrie hellénistique et Romaine. (BCH Suppl. 33), Paris, 367-391.
  • http://amphoralex.org/, Kaynak: http://amphoralex.org/timbres/eponymes/accueil_epon/requete.php
Toplam 38 adet kaynakça vardır.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Arkeoloji Bilimi, Arkeolojide Seramik
Bölüm Araştırma Makaleleri
Yazarlar

Erkan Alkaç 0000-0001-9436-2501

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2024
Gönderilme Tarihi 30 Nisan 2024
Kabul Tarihi 27 Haziran 2024
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2024 Cilt: 14

Kaynak Göster

APA Alkaç, E. (2024). Rhodian Amphora Stamps from the Cappadocia Güray Museum. Akdeniz İnsani Bilimler Dergisi, 14, 303-310.
Adres:
Akdeniz İnsani Bilimler Dergisi
Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Edebiyat Fakültesi
07058 Kampüs, Antalya / TÜRKİYE
E-Posta:
mjh@akdeniz.edu.tr