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Management of Qualitative Data Collection Process According to SCID Analysis

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 107 - 139, 30.06.2021

Öz

In social sciences, the backbone of qualitative scientific research is generally gathering data from more than one data source. The nature of the data collected in qualitative research; It is very important in analyzing and reporting the data, exploring the main phenomenon in depth and increasing the quality of the study. This educational guide will assist you with the general knowledge and skills required in designing and managing the data collection process for qualitative research. Data collection is a set of interrelated activities aimed at gathering quality information to answer research problems. However, as the activities in the qualitative research process are not linear and sequential, data collection and data analysis are intertwined. The qualitative data collection process is carried out as a cycle consisting of determining the place / participants, ensuring access and creating harmony, purposeful sampling, data collection, data recording, solving field problems and storing data (Creswell, 2013, p.145); Deciding on the type of data to be collected requires developing data collection forms and managing the process in an ethical manner (Creswell, 2012, p.264). The aim of this study is to determine the conceptual and technical knowledge, attitude knowledge and application opportunities that scientists who perform the task of producing scientific publications should have, and to provide a training guide that shows how to manage the data collection process by complying with the scientific steps of qualitative data collection stages in this process. In this context, the sub-problems of the study are:
1. How should multiple methods and techniques to be used in the process of collecting qualitative data be determined?
2. How should the purposeful sampling approach be determined in accordance with the selection of the participants and research sites?
3. How should valid and reliable qualitative data be collected using different strategies?

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Kaynakça

  • Baltacı, A. (2019). Nitel araştırma süreci: Nitel bir araştırma nasıl yapılır? Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi,5(2), 368-388.
  • Bogdan, R.C., & Biklen, S.K. (1992). Qualitative research for education:An introduction to theory and methods. Boston:Allyn and Baken.
  • Cohen, L., & Manion, L. (1994). Research methods in education(4th ed.). London: Routledge.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2012). Educational research:Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research(4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Education.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and Research design.Choosing among five approches. Sage Publications,Inc.
  • Creswell, J.W., & Miller, D.L. (2000). Determining validity in qualitative inquiry. Theory Into Practice, 39,124-130.
  • Cropley, A. (2002). Qualitative research methods:An introduction for students of psychology and education. University of Latvia:Zinatne.
  • Davies, P. (2004). Systematic reviews and the Campbell collaboration, in: G. Thomas & R. Pring (Eds) Evidencebased practice in education, Open University Press: Maidenhead, pp. 21–33.
  • Denzin, K.N. (1989). The research act:A theoretical introduction to sociological methods (3rd edit). New Jersey:Prentice-Hall, Inc.
  • Denzin, K.N. (1994). Triangulation in educational research, in T.Husen & N.Postlethwaite, (eds.), The International Encyclopaedia of Education (p.6461-6466). Pergamon.
  • Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (2008). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research.
  • Ely, M., Anzul, M., Friedman, T., Garner, D., & Steinmetz, A.C. (1991). Doing qualitative research:Circles within circles.New York: Falmer Press.
  • Erlandson, D.A., Harris, E.L., Skipper, B.L., & Allen, S.T. (1993). Doing naturalistic inquiry: A guide to methods. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
  • Eysenbach, G., & Köhler, C. (2002). How do consumers search for and appraise health information on the world wide web? Qualitative study using focus groups, usability tests, and in-depth interviews. Bmj, 324(7337), 573-577.
  • Forrester, M.A., & Sullivan, C. (2018). Doing qualitative research in psychology: A practical guide.New York: Sage.
  • Glaser, B., & Strauss, A.L. (1967). Discovery of grounded theory:Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago:Aldine.
  • Glesne, C., & Peshkin, A. (1992). Becoming qualitative researchers:An introduction. White Plains, NY:Longman.
  • Günbayı, İ. (2018). Developing a qualitative research manuscript based on systematic curriculum and instructional development. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 3(3),124-153.
  • Hammersley, M., & Atkinson, P. (1995). Ethnography:Principles in practice (2nd edition), London:Routledge.
  • Kirk, J., & Miller, M.L. (1986). Reliability and validity in qualitative research. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
  • Landis, J.R., & Koch, G.G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33, 159-174.
  • LeCompte, M.D. & Goetz, J.P. (1984). Ethnographic data collection in evaluation research. In D.M. Fetterman (Ed.). Etnography in Educational Evaluation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  • Lincoln, Y.S., & Guba, E.G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverley Hills, CA:Sage.
  • Merriam, S. (1988). Case study research in education:A qualitative approach. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.
  • Merriam, S.B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. Revised and expanded from Case study research in education. San Francisco, C.A.: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • Merriam, S.B., & Grenier, R.S. (2019). Qualitative research in practice: Examples for discussion and analysis. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis:A sourcebook of new methods (2nd ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  • Miller, G. (1997). Building bridges:The possibility of analytic dialogue between ethnography conversation analysis and foucault , in D.Silverman (eds.) Qualitative Research:Theory, Method and Practice (p.25-44). London:Sage Publication.
  • Norton, R.E., & Moser, J. (2007). SCID Handbook. (Seventh Edition). Columbus. OH, Center on Education and Training for Employment.
  • Norton, R.E., & Moser, J. (2013). DACUM Handbook. (Fourth Edition). Columbus. OH Center on Education and Training for Employment.
  • Patton, M.Q. (1980). Qualitative evaluation methods. Newbury Park, CA:Sage.
  • Patton, Q.M. (1987). How to use qualitative methods in evaluation. London: Sage Publication.
  • Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Plummer, K. (1983). Documents of life:An introduction to the problems and literatüre of humanistic method. London:George Allen&Unwin.
  • Punch, K.F. (2005). Introduction to Social Research:Quantitative and qualitative approaches(2th ed). Sage Publications.
  • Seidman, I. (2006). Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education and the social sciences. Teachers’ college press.
  • Shenton, A.K. (2004). Strategies for ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research projects. Education for information, 22(2), 63-75.
  • Türnüklü, A. (2001). Eğitim bilim alanında aynı araştırma sorusunu yanıtlamak için farklı araştırma tekniklerinin birlikte kullanılması. Eğitim ve Bilim, 26(120),8-13.
  • Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri (10.baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

SCID Analizine Göre Nitel Veri Toplama Sürecinin Yönetilmesi/ Management of Qualitative Data Collection Process According to SCID Analysis

Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 1, 107 - 139, 30.06.2021

Öz

Bu çalışmanın amacı, SCID analizine (Sistematik Müfredat ve Öğretim Geliştirme) dayalı olarak nitel araştırma için veri toplama sürecinde gerekli olan kavramsal ve teknik bilgiler ile tutum bilgisine yönelik uygulama fırsatı sunan bir öğrenme kılavuzu geliştirmektir. Çalışmada nitel betimsel tarama araştırmalarından sistematik tarama deseni içeresinde yer alan SCID analizi alt deseni kullanılmıştır. Nitel veri toplama süreci konusunda yazılmış amaçlı ve ölçüt örnekleme yöntemiyle seçilen yöntem kitapları, ilgili makaleler ve dokümanlar incelenmiştir. SCID analizi sonucunda, (1) Nitel veri toplamada kullanılacak çoklu yöntem ve tekniklerin belirlenmesi, (2) Katılımcıların ve araştırma mekânlarının seçimine uygun amaçlı örnekleme yaklaşımının belirlenmesi ve (3) Farklı stratejiler kullanarak geçerli ve güvenilir nitel verilerin toplanması olmak üzere üç ulaşılabilir hedef belirlenmiştir. Araştırma sonucunda, çoklu yöntem ve teknikler kullanmanın, uygun amaçlı örnekleme yaklaşımını belirlemenin ve farklı stratejiler kullanarak geçerli ve güvenilir veriler toplamanın nitel veri toplama sürecinin temelini oluşturduğu görülmüştür. Bu öğrenme kılavuzu, sosyal bilimlerde nitel veri toplama sürecinin nasıl yönetileceği konusunda hem akademik personel hem de yüksek lisans/doktora öğrencileri için öğrenme-geliştirme sürecindeki temel adımları kendi kendine uygulayarak kaliteli veri toplamayı ve nitelikli bir araştırma yapmayı sağlayacaktır.

Kaynakça

  • Baltacı, A. (2019). Nitel araştırma süreci: Nitel bir araştırma nasıl yapılır? Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi,5(2), 368-388.
  • Bogdan, R.C., & Biklen, S.K. (1992). Qualitative research for education:An introduction to theory and methods. Boston:Allyn and Baken.
  • Cohen, L., & Manion, L. (1994). Research methods in education(4th ed.). London: Routledge.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2012). Educational research:Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research(4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Education.
  • Creswell, J.W. (2013). Qualitative inquiry and Research design.Choosing among five approches. Sage Publications,Inc.
  • Creswell, J.W., & Miller, D.L. (2000). Determining validity in qualitative inquiry. Theory Into Practice, 39,124-130.
  • Cropley, A. (2002). Qualitative research methods:An introduction for students of psychology and education. University of Latvia:Zinatne.
  • Davies, P. (2004). Systematic reviews and the Campbell collaboration, in: G. Thomas & R. Pring (Eds) Evidencebased practice in education, Open University Press: Maidenhead, pp. 21–33.
  • Denzin, K.N. (1989). The research act:A theoretical introduction to sociological methods (3rd edit). New Jersey:Prentice-Hall, Inc.
  • Denzin, K.N. (1994). Triangulation in educational research, in T.Husen & N.Postlethwaite, (eds.), The International Encyclopaedia of Education (p.6461-6466). Pergamon.
  • Denzin, N.K., & Lincoln, Y.S. (2008). Introduction: The discipline and practice of qualitative research.
  • Ely, M., Anzul, M., Friedman, T., Garner, D., & Steinmetz, A.C. (1991). Doing qualitative research:Circles within circles.New York: Falmer Press.
  • Erlandson, D.A., Harris, E.L., Skipper, B.L., & Allen, S.T. (1993). Doing naturalistic inquiry: A guide to methods. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
  • Eysenbach, G., & Köhler, C. (2002). How do consumers search for and appraise health information on the world wide web? Qualitative study using focus groups, usability tests, and in-depth interviews. Bmj, 324(7337), 573-577.
  • Forrester, M.A., & Sullivan, C. (2018). Doing qualitative research in psychology: A practical guide.New York: Sage.
  • Glaser, B., & Strauss, A.L. (1967). Discovery of grounded theory:Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago:Aldine.
  • Glesne, C., & Peshkin, A. (1992). Becoming qualitative researchers:An introduction. White Plains, NY:Longman.
  • Günbayı, İ. (2018). Developing a qualitative research manuscript based on systematic curriculum and instructional development. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies, 3(3),124-153.
  • Hammersley, M., & Atkinson, P. (1995). Ethnography:Principles in practice (2nd edition), London:Routledge.
  • Kirk, J., & Miller, M.L. (1986). Reliability and validity in qualitative research. Beverly Hills, CA:Sage.
  • Landis, J.R., & Koch, G.G. (1977). The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics, 33, 159-174.
  • LeCompte, M.D. & Goetz, J.P. (1984). Ethnographic data collection in evaluation research. In D.M. Fetterman (Ed.). Etnography in Educational Evaluation. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
  • Lincoln, Y.S., & Guba, E.G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Beverley Hills, CA:Sage.
  • Merriam, S. (1988). Case study research in education:A qualitative approach. San Francisco:Jossey-Bass.
  • Merriam, S.B. (1998). Qualitative research and case study applications in education. Revised and expanded from Case study research in education. San Francisco, C.A.: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • Merriam, S.B., & Grenier, R.S. (2019). Qualitative research in practice: Examples for discussion and analysis. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.
  • Miles, M.B., & Huberman, A.M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis:A sourcebook of new methods (2nd ed.).Thousand Oaks, CA:Sage.
  • Miller, G. (1997). Building bridges:The possibility of analytic dialogue between ethnography conversation analysis and foucault , in D.Silverman (eds.) Qualitative Research:Theory, Method and Practice (p.25-44). London:Sage Publication.
  • Norton, R.E., & Moser, J. (2007). SCID Handbook. (Seventh Edition). Columbus. OH, Center on Education and Training for Employment.
  • Norton, R.E., & Moser, J. (2013). DACUM Handbook. (Fourth Edition). Columbus. OH Center on Education and Training for Employment.
  • Patton, M.Q. (1980). Qualitative evaluation methods. Newbury Park, CA:Sage.
  • Patton, Q.M. (1987). How to use qualitative methods in evaluation. London: Sage Publication.
  • Patton, M.Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods. SAGE Publications, Inc.
  • Plummer, K. (1983). Documents of life:An introduction to the problems and literatüre of humanistic method. London:George Allen&Unwin.
  • Punch, K.F. (2005). Introduction to Social Research:Quantitative and qualitative approaches(2th ed). Sage Publications.
  • Seidman, I. (2006). Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education and the social sciences. Teachers’ college press.
  • Shenton, A.K. (2004). Strategies for ensuring trustworthiness in qualitative research projects. Education for information, 22(2), 63-75.
  • Türnüklü, A. (2001). Eğitim bilim alanında aynı araştırma sorusunu yanıtlamak için farklı araştırma tekniklerinin birlikte kullanılması. Eğitim ve Bilim, 26(120),8-13.
  • Yıldırım, A., & Şimşek, H. (2016). Sosyal bilimlerde nitel araştırma yöntemleri (10.baskı). Ankara: Seçkin Yayıncılık.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Konular Sosyal Bilimler, Disiplinler Arası
Bölüm Derleme
Yazarlar

Gülsüm SERTEL> (Sorumlu Yazar)
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ, EĞİTİM YÖNETİMİ, TEFTİŞİ, PLANLAMASI VE EKONOMİSİ (DR)
0000-0002-1907-040X
Türkiye


İlhan GÜNBAYI>
AKDENİZ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, EĞİTİM BİLİMLERİ ENSTİTÜSÜ
0000-0001-7139-0200
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Haziran 2021
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2021, Cilt 3, Sayı 1

Kaynak Göster

APA Sertel, G. & Günbayı, İ. (2021). SCID Analizine Göre Nitel Veri Toplama Sürecinin Yönetilmesi/ Management of Qualitative Data Collection Process According to SCID Analysis . Nitel Sosyal Bilimler , 3 (1) , 107-139 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/nsb/issue/60423/859907