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MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL

Yıl 2009, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 305 - 314, 01.04.2009

Öz

In this study, an attempt has been made to optimize and model to surface roughness when turning AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel. The as – received specimens were annealed at 1050˚C for 60 minutes and water quenched. Annealed specimens were then tempered at 700˚C for 30 90 and 240 minutes respectively and followed by room cooling. The experimental studies were conducted under varying cutting speed, feed rate and holding time. A full factorial experimentation, the signal – to – noise (S/N) ratio and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) were employed to the study the surface roughness in turning AISI 304 using CCMT09T308 – 41 insert cutting tools. The conclusions revealed that the feed rate was the most important factor on the surface roughness, whereas holding time was the second ranking factor and cutting speed was the least. A non – linear regression method was also used to model the surface roughness. The high correlation coefficient (0.95) of regression model showed that the model can adequately describe the performance within the limits of factors being studied. The experimental and predicted values were in a good agreement. 

Kaynakça

  • 1. Trent, E.M., (1991). Metal Cutting, Butterworth/Heinemann, London, 273.
  • 2. Paro, J., Heanninen, H. and Kauppinen, V., (2001). Tool wear and machinability of X5 CrMnN 18 18 stainless steels. J Mater Process Technol; 119 (1–3):14–20.
  • 3. Sullivan, D.O. and Cotterell, M., (2004). Machinability of austenitic stainless steel SS303, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 124, 153 – 159.
  • 4. Jiang, L., Roos, A. and Liu P. (1997). The influence of austenite grain size and its distribution on chip deformation and tool life during machining of AISI 304L, Metall. Mater. Trans.; 28, 2415–22.
  • 5. Ersan, A., Necip, C., and Burak, B., (2007). Design optimization of cutting parameters when turning hardened AISI 4140 steel (63 HRC) with Al2O3 + TiCN mixed ceramic tool Materials and Design 28, 1618–1622
  • 6. Korkut, I.K, Mustafa., Ciftçi, I., and Seker, U., (2004). Determination of optimum cutting parameters during machining of AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel Materials and Design 25, 303–305
  • 7. Erdogan, K., Abdullah, K.S., and Ulvi, Ş., (2008). The effects of the feed rate on the cutting tool stresses in machining of Inconel 718, journal of materials processing technology 196, 165–173
  • 8. Ciftci, I., (2006). Machining of austenitic stainless steels using CVD multi–coated cemented carbide tools”, Tribology International, 39, 565 – 569.
  • 9. Nasr, M.N.A., Ng, E.G. and Elbestawi, M.A., (2007). Modeling the effects of tool–edge radius on residual stress when orthogonal cutting AISI 316L”, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 47, 401–411.
  • 10. Selinder, T.I., Sjöstrand, M.E., Nordin, M., Larsson, M., Östlund, A., and Hogmark, S., (1998). Performance of PVD TiN/TaN and TiN/NbN superlattice coated cemented carbide tools in stainless steel machining”, Surface and Coating Technology, 105, 51–55.
  • 11. Tool-Life Testing with Single-Point Turning Tools, International Standards, ISO 3685-1977 (E), International Organization for Standardizations, Geneva. 1977.
  • 12. Hasçalık, A. and Çaydaş, U., (2008). “Optimization of turning parameters for surface roughness and tool life based on the Taguchi Method”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 38: 896-903.
  • 13. Ross, P.J., (1998). Taguchi technique for quality engineering”, New York, McGraw – Hill.
  • 14. Roy, R.K., (1990). A primer on Taguchi method” New York, Van Nostrad Reinhold.
  • 15. Zarepour, H., Tehrani, A.F., Karimi, D., and Amini, S., (2007). “Statistical analysis on electrode wear in EDM of tool steel DIN 1.2714 used in forging dies”, J Mater Process Techno, 187-188, 711-714.

AISI 304 ÖSTENİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN TORNALANMASINDA YÜZEY PÜRÜZLÜLÜĞÜNÜN VARYANS ANALİZİ İLE MODELLENMESI

Yıl 2009, Cilt 4, Sayı 3, 305 - 314, 01.04.2009

Öz

Bu çalışma, AISI 304 Östenitik paslanmaz çeliğinin tornalanması sırasında yüzey pürüzlülüğünün modellenmesi ve optimizasyonu için yapılmıştır. Deney numuneleri 1050°C’de 60 dakika tavlanmış ve suya çekilmiştir. Daha sonra tavlanmış numuneler 700°C’de sırası ile 30, 90 ve 240 dakika bekletilmiş ve ardından oda sıcaklığında soğutulmuştur. Deneysel çalışmalar farklı kesme hızları, ilerleme miktarı ve bekleme süresi esas alınarak yapılmıştır. Tornalama işleminde CCMT09T308-41 kesme takımı kullanılarak yüzey pürüzlülüğünün ölçümünde tam deneysel çalışma, sinyal gürültü oranı ve varyans analizi yapılmıştır. Yapılan analizler sonucunda, yüzey pürüzlülüğüne etki eden en önemli faktörün ilerleme oranı, bekleme süresinin ikinci ve en az etkili olan parametrenin ise kesme hızı olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Aynı zamanda yüzey pürüzlülüğünü modellemek için doğrusal olmayan regresyon metoduda kullanılmıştır. Regresyon modelinin yüksek korelasyon katsayısının (0.95), gerçekleştirilen modelin yüzey pürüzlülüğünü modellemek için yeterli ve deneysel sonuçlar ile analiz sonuçlarının uyumlu olduğu görülmüştür. 

Kaynakça

  • 1. Trent, E.M., (1991). Metal Cutting, Butterworth/Heinemann, London, 273.
  • 2. Paro, J., Heanninen, H. and Kauppinen, V., (2001). Tool wear and machinability of X5 CrMnN 18 18 stainless steels. J Mater Process Technol; 119 (1–3):14–20.
  • 3. Sullivan, D.O. and Cotterell, M., (2004). Machinability of austenitic stainless steel SS303, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 124, 153 – 159.
  • 4. Jiang, L., Roos, A. and Liu P. (1997). The influence of austenite grain size and its distribution on chip deformation and tool life during machining of AISI 304L, Metall. Mater. Trans.; 28, 2415–22.
  • 5. Ersan, A., Necip, C., and Burak, B., (2007). Design optimization of cutting parameters when turning hardened AISI 4140 steel (63 HRC) with Al2O3 + TiCN mixed ceramic tool Materials and Design 28, 1618–1622
  • 6. Korkut, I.K, Mustafa., Ciftçi, I., and Seker, U., (2004). Determination of optimum cutting parameters during machining of AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel Materials and Design 25, 303–305
  • 7. Erdogan, K., Abdullah, K.S., and Ulvi, Ş., (2008). The effects of the feed rate on the cutting tool stresses in machining of Inconel 718, journal of materials processing technology 196, 165–173
  • 8. Ciftci, I., (2006). Machining of austenitic stainless steels using CVD multi–coated cemented carbide tools”, Tribology International, 39, 565 – 569.
  • 9. Nasr, M.N.A., Ng, E.G. and Elbestawi, M.A., (2007). Modeling the effects of tool–edge radius on residual stress when orthogonal cutting AISI 316L”, International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 47, 401–411.
  • 10. Selinder, T.I., Sjöstrand, M.E., Nordin, M., Larsson, M., Östlund, A., and Hogmark, S., (1998). Performance of PVD TiN/TaN and TiN/NbN superlattice coated cemented carbide tools in stainless steel machining”, Surface and Coating Technology, 105, 51–55.
  • 11. Tool-Life Testing with Single-Point Turning Tools, International Standards, ISO 3685-1977 (E), International Organization for Standardizations, Geneva. 1977.
  • 12. Hasçalık, A. and Çaydaş, U., (2008). “Optimization of turning parameters for surface roughness and tool life based on the Taguchi Method”, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 38: 896-903.
  • 13. Ross, P.J., (1998). Taguchi technique for quality engineering”, New York, McGraw – Hill.
  • 14. Roy, R.K., (1990). A primer on Taguchi method” New York, Van Nostrad Reinhold.
  • 15. Zarepour, H., Tehrani, A.F., Karimi, D., and Amini, S., (2007). “Statistical analysis on electrode wear in EDM of tool steel DIN 1.2714 used in forging dies”, J Mater Process Techno, 187-188, 711-714.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Machine Engineering
Yazarlar

Vedat TAŞDEMİR>
KAHRAMANMARAS SUTCU IMAM UNIVERSITY
0000-0002-2375-9525
Türkiye


Cebeli ÖZEK> (Sorumlu Yazar)
Fırat University, Elazığ-Turkey
0000-0001-7603-415X
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 1 Nisan 2009
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2009, Cilt 4, Sayı 3

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { nwsatecapsci421592, journal = {Technological Applied Sciences}, eissn = {1308-7223}, address = {}, publisher = {E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy}, year = {2009}, volume = {4}, number = {3}, pages = {305 - 314}, title = {MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL}, key = {cite}, author = {Taşdemir, Vedat and Özek, Cebeli} }
APA Taşdemir, V. & Özek, C. (2009). MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL . Technological Applied Sciences , 4 (3) , 305-314 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/nwsatecapsci/issue/20183/421592
MLA Taşdemir, V. , Özek, C. "MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL" . Technological Applied Sciences 4 (2009 ): 305-314 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/nwsatecapsci/issue/20183/421592>
Chicago Taşdemir, V. , Özek, C. "MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL". Technological Applied Sciences 4 (2009 ): 305-314
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL AU - Vedat Taşdemir , Cebeli Özek Y1 - 2009 PY - 2009 N1 - DO - T2 - Technological Applied Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 305 EP - 314 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - -1308-7223 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Technological Applied Sciences MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL %A Vedat Taşdemir , Cebeli Özek %T MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL %D 2009 %J Technological Applied Sciences %P -1308-7223 %V 4 %N 3 %R %U
ISNAD Taşdemir, Vedat , Özek, Cebeli . "MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL". Technological Applied Sciences 4 / 3 (Nisan 2009): 305-314 .
AMA Taşdemir V. , Özek C. MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL. NWSA. 2009; 4(3): 305-314.
Vancouver Taşdemir V. , Özek C. MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL. Technological Applied Sciences. 2009; 4(3): 305-314.
IEEE V. Taşdemir ve C. Özek , "MODELLING OF SURFACE ROUGHNESS WITH VARIANCE ANALYSIS IN TURNING OF AISI 304 AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL", Technological Applied Sciences, c. 4, sayı. 3, ss. 305-314, Nis. 2009