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Yıl 2015, Cilt 10, Sayı 4, 13 - 27, 15.10.2015

Öz

In this study, the mechanical and metallurgical properties of AISI 420 martensitic stainless weldment that was joined with CO laser beam welding as-received and heat treated condition was investigated. As a result of the study, It was determined that the as-received samples was not present desired mechanical properties. Desired mechanical properties from pre and post weld heat treated joints were obtained with the tempering of martensite in the microstructure and espacially with reducing of the microcrack propagations of weld metal and HAZ

Kaynakça

  • Davis, J.R., (2003). Handbook of Materials for Medical Devices, ASM International, Ohio.
  • Tavares, S.S.M., Fruchart, D., Miraglia, S., and Laborie, D., (2000). Magnetic Properties of on AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel, Journal of Alloys and Compound, Vol:312, 307-314.
  • Lin, Y.C. and Chen, S.C., (2003). Effect of Residual Stress on Thermal Fatigue in Type 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel Weldment, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol:138, 22-27.
  • Okada, A., Uno,Y., McGeough, J.A., and Doi, K., (2008). Surface Finishing of Stainless Surgical Tools by Large-Area Electron Beam Irridation, CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, Vol:57, 223-226.
  • Kaçar, R. and Baylan, O., (2004). An Investigation of Microstructure / Property Relationships in Dissimilar Welds Between Martensitic and Austenitic Stainless Steel, Material Design, Vol:25, 317-329.
  • Kurt, B., Orhan, N., Somunkıran, I., and Kaya, M., (2009). The Effect of Austenitic Interface Layer on Microstructure of AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel Joined by Keyhole PTA Welding Process, Materials and Design, Vol:30, 661–664.
  • Badheka, V.J., Agrawal, S.K., and Shroff, N., (2009). Mode of Failure of Resistance Spot Welded Martenstic Stainless Steel- Part-II, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (IJMME), Vol:5, No:1, 43-52.
  • Bilmes, P., Llorente, C., and Ipina, J.P., (2000). Toughness and Microstructure of 13Cr4NiMo High-Strength Steel Welds, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol:9(6), 609.
  • Baghjari, S.H. and Mousavi Akbari, S.A.A., (2013). Effects of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Welding Parameters and Subsequent Post-Weld Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Hardness of AISI 420 Stainless Steel, Materials and Design, Vol 43, 1–9.
  • Lippold, C., and Kotecki, J., (2005). Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Stainless Steels, John Wiley and Sons, p. 63–70
  • Gooch, T.G., Woollin, A., and Haynes, A.G., (1999). Welding Metallurgy of Low Carbon 13% Chromium Martensitic Stainless Steels, Conference on Supermartensitic Stainless Steels, Belgium.
  • Woollin, P., and Carrouge, D., (2002). Heat Affected Zone Microstructures in Supermartensitic Stainless Steels, Conference on Supermartensitic Stainless Steels, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Köse, C., and Kaçar, R., (2015). Effect of Welding Speed on The Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Laser Welded AISI 316L Stainless Steel, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Vol:30, 225-235.
  • Taskin, M., Caligulu, U., and Turkmen, M., (2011). X-Ray Tests of AISI 430 and 304 Stainless Steels and AISI 1010 Low Carbon Steel Welded by CO2 Laser Beam Welding, MP-Materials Testing-Materials and Components Technology and Application, Vol:53, 741-747.
  • Taskin, M., Caligulu, U., and Kolukisa, S., (2009). The Effect of Welding Speed on the Laser Welding of AISI 430 Ferritic Stainless–AISI 1010 Low-Carbon Steel, Practical Metallography, Vol:46, 598-607.
  • Li, X.R., Heusman, J., Kvidahl, Hoyt, P., and Zhang, Y.M., (2011). Manual Keyhole Plasma Arc Welding with Application, Welding Research, Vol:90.
  • Zhou, J., and Tsai, H., (2007). Porosity Formation and Prevention in Pulsed Laser Welding, Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol:129, ASM.
  • Norris, J.T., Robino, C.V., Hirschfeld, D.A., and Perricone, M.J., (2011). Effects of Laser Parameters on Porosity Formation: Investigating Millimeter Scale Continuous Wave Nd:YAG Laser Welds, Welding Research, Welding Journal, Vol:90.
  • Madison, J.D. and Aagesen, L.K., (2012). Quantitative Characterization of Porosity in Laser Welds of Stainless Steel, Scripta Materialia, Vol:67, 783–786.
  • Berretta, J.R., Rossi, W., Neves, M., Almedia, I., and Junior, N., (2007). Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Welding of AISI 304 to AISI 420 Stainless Steels, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Vol:45, 960–966.
  • Carrouge, D., Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H., ang Woollin, P., (2004). Effect of δ-Ferrite on Impact Properties of Supermartensitic Stainless Steel Heat Affected Zones, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol:9, No. 5 377.
  • Gooch, T.G. and Ginn, B.J., (1988). Heat-Affected Zone Toughness of MMA Welded 12%Cr Martensitic-Ferritic Steel, Technical Report, Welding Institute Members Report 373.
  • Lu, S., Yao, K., Chen, Y., Wang, M., Liu, X., and Ge, X., (2015). The effect of tempering temperature on the microstructure and electrochemical properties of a 13 wt.% Cr-type martensitic stainless steel, Electrochimica Acta, Vol:165, 45–55.
  • Cullity, P.D., (1978). Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Second ed., Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  • Isfahany, A.N., Saghafian, H., and Borhani, G., (2011). The Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of AISI420 Martensitic Stainless Steel, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol:509, 3931–3936.
  • Takahashi, M. and Yasuda, H.Y., (2012). Variant Selection of Martensites in Steel Welded Joints with Low Transformation Temperature Weld Metals, Journal of Alloys and Compounds Vol:577, 601-604.
  • Kuo, I.C., Chou, C.P., Tseng, C.F., and Lee, I.K., (2009). Submerged Arc Stainless Steel Strip Cladding-Effect of Post-Weld Heat Treatment on Thermal Fatigue Resistance, JMEPEG, Vol:18, 154–161.
  • Khan, M.M.A., Romoli, L., Fiaschi, M., Sarri, F., and Dini, G., (2010). Experimental Investigation on Laser Beam Welding of Martensitic Stainless Steels in A Constrained Overlap Joint Configuration, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol:210, 1340–1353.
  • Khan, M.M.A., Romoli, L., Fiaschi, M., Sarri, F., and Dini, G., (2012). Experimental Investigation on Seam Geometry, Microstructure Evolution and Microhardness Profile of Laser Welded Martensitic Stainless Steels, Optics & Laser Technology, Vol:44, 1611–1619.
  • Köse, C. and Kaçar, R., (2014). The Effect of Preheat & Post Weld Heat Treatment on the Laser Weldability of AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel, Materials and Design, Vol:64, 221-226.
  • Gooch, T.G., (1995). Heat Treatment of Welded 13%Cr-4%Ni Martensitic Stainless Steels for Sour Service, Supplement to The Welding Journal AWS, WRC.

AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI

Yıl 2015, Cilt 10, Sayı 4, 13 - 27, 15.10.2015

Öz

Bu çalışmada, temin edildiği ve ısıl işlem uygulanmış şekliyle CO2 lazer kaynak yöntemiyle birleştirilen AISI 420 martenzitik paslanmaz çeliğin mekanik ve metalurjik özellikleri araştırılmıştır. Çalışma sonucunda temin edildiği şekliyle birleştirilen numunelerin istenilen mekanik özellikleri sergilemediği belirlenmiştir. Kaynak öncesi ön tav ve kaynak sonrası gerilme giderme ısıl işlemi uygulanmış birleştirmelerin yapısındaki martenzitin temperlenmesi sonucu özellikle ITAB ve kaynak metalinde mikroçatlak yayınımının engellenmesi sonucunda istenilen mekanik özellikler elde edilmiştir.

Kaynakça

  • Davis, J.R., (2003). Handbook of Materials for Medical Devices, ASM International, Ohio.
  • Tavares, S.S.M., Fruchart, D., Miraglia, S., and Laborie, D., (2000). Magnetic Properties of on AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel, Journal of Alloys and Compound, Vol:312, 307-314.
  • Lin, Y.C. and Chen, S.C., (2003). Effect of Residual Stress on Thermal Fatigue in Type 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel Weldment, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol:138, 22-27.
  • Okada, A., Uno,Y., McGeough, J.A., and Doi, K., (2008). Surface Finishing of Stainless Surgical Tools by Large-Area Electron Beam Irridation, CIRP Annals-Manufacturing Technology, Vol:57, 223-226.
  • Kaçar, R. and Baylan, O., (2004). An Investigation of Microstructure / Property Relationships in Dissimilar Welds Between Martensitic and Austenitic Stainless Steel, Material Design, Vol:25, 317-329.
  • Kurt, B., Orhan, N., Somunkıran, I., and Kaya, M., (2009). The Effect of Austenitic Interface Layer on Microstructure of AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel Joined by Keyhole PTA Welding Process, Materials and Design, Vol:30, 661–664.
  • Badheka, V.J., Agrawal, S.K., and Shroff, N., (2009). Mode of Failure of Resistance Spot Welded Martenstic Stainless Steel- Part-II, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering (IJMME), Vol:5, No:1, 43-52.
  • Bilmes, P., Llorente, C., and Ipina, J.P., (2000). Toughness and Microstructure of 13Cr4NiMo High-Strength Steel Welds, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, Vol:9(6), 609.
  • Baghjari, S.H. and Mousavi Akbari, S.A.A., (2013). Effects of Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Welding Parameters and Subsequent Post-Weld Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Hardness of AISI 420 Stainless Steel, Materials and Design, Vol 43, 1–9.
  • Lippold, C., and Kotecki, J., (2005). Welding Metallurgy and Weldability of Stainless Steels, John Wiley and Sons, p. 63–70
  • Gooch, T.G., Woollin, A., and Haynes, A.G., (1999). Welding Metallurgy of Low Carbon 13% Chromium Martensitic Stainless Steels, Conference on Supermartensitic Stainless Steels, Belgium.
  • Woollin, P., and Carrouge, D., (2002). Heat Affected Zone Microstructures in Supermartensitic Stainless Steels, Conference on Supermartensitic Stainless Steels, Brussels, Belgium.
  • Köse, C., and Kaçar, R., (2015). Effect of Welding Speed on The Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Laser Welded AISI 316L Stainless Steel, Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, Vol:30, 225-235.
  • Taskin, M., Caligulu, U., and Turkmen, M., (2011). X-Ray Tests of AISI 430 and 304 Stainless Steels and AISI 1010 Low Carbon Steel Welded by CO2 Laser Beam Welding, MP-Materials Testing-Materials and Components Technology and Application, Vol:53, 741-747.
  • Taskin, M., Caligulu, U., and Kolukisa, S., (2009). The Effect of Welding Speed on the Laser Welding of AISI 430 Ferritic Stainless–AISI 1010 Low-Carbon Steel, Practical Metallography, Vol:46, 598-607.
  • Li, X.R., Heusman, J., Kvidahl, Hoyt, P., and Zhang, Y.M., (2011). Manual Keyhole Plasma Arc Welding with Application, Welding Research, Vol:90.
  • Zhou, J., and Tsai, H., (2007). Porosity Formation and Prevention in Pulsed Laser Welding, Journal of Heat Transfer, Vol:129, ASM.
  • Norris, J.T., Robino, C.V., Hirschfeld, D.A., and Perricone, M.J., (2011). Effects of Laser Parameters on Porosity Formation: Investigating Millimeter Scale Continuous Wave Nd:YAG Laser Welds, Welding Research, Welding Journal, Vol:90.
  • Madison, J.D. and Aagesen, L.K., (2012). Quantitative Characterization of Porosity in Laser Welds of Stainless Steel, Scripta Materialia, Vol:67, 783–786.
  • Berretta, J.R., Rossi, W., Neves, M., Almedia, I., and Junior, N., (2007). Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser Welding of AISI 304 to AISI 420 Stainless Steels, Optics and Lasers in Engineering, Vol:45, 960–966.
  • Carrouge, D., Bhadeshia, H.K.D.H., ang Woollin, P., (2004). Effect of δ-Ferrite on Impact Properties of Supermartensitic Stainless Steel Heat Affected Zones, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Vol:9, No. 5 377.
  • Gooch, T.G. and Ginn, B.J., (1988). Heat-Affected Zone Toughness of MMA Welded 12%Cr Martensitic-Ferritic Steel, Technical Report, Welding Institute Members Report 373.
  • Lu, S., Yao, K., Chen, Y., Wang, M., Liu, X., and Ge, X., (2015). The effect of tempering temperature on the microstructure and electrochemical properties of a 13 wt.% Cr-type martensitic stainless steel, Electrochimica Acta, Vol:165, 45–55.
  • Cullity, P.D., (1978). Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Second ed., Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.
  • Isfahany, A.N., Saghafian, H., and Borhani, G., (2011). The Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of AISI420 Martensitic Stainless Steel, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol:509, 3931–3936.
  • Takahashi, M. and Yasuda, H.Y., (2012). Variant Selection of Martensites in Steel Welded Joints with Low Transformation Temperature Weld Metals, Journal of Alloys and Compounds Vol:577, 601-604.
  • Kuo, I.C., Chou, C.P., Tseng, C.F., and Lee, I.K., (2009). Submerged Arc Stainless Steel Strip Cladding-Effect of Post-Weld Heat Treatment on Thermal Fatigue Resistance, JMEPEG, Vol:18, 154–161.
  • Khan, M.M.A., Romoli, L., Fiaschi, M., Sarri, F., and Dini, G., (2010). Experimental Investigation on Laser Beam Welding of Martensitic Stainless Steels in A Constrained Overlap Joint Configuration, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol:210, 1340–1353.
  • Khan, M.M.A., Romoli, L., Fiaschi, M., Sarri, F., and Dini, G., (2012). Experimental Investigation on Seam Geometry, Microstructure Evolution and Microhardness Profile of Laser Welded Martensitic Stainless Steels, Optics & Laser Technology, Vol:44, 1611–1619.
  • Köse, C. and Kaçar, R., (2014). The Effect of Preheat & Post Weld Heat Treatment on the Laser Weldability of AISI 420 Martensitic Stainless Steel, Materials and Design, Vol:64, 221-226.
  • Gooch, T.G., (1995). Heat Treatment of Welded 13%Cr-4%Ni Martensitic Stainless Steels for Sour Service, Supplement to The Welding Journal AWS, WRC.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Kaynak
Yazarlar

CEYHUN KÖSE>


RAMAZAN KAÇAR>

Yayımlanma Tarihi 15 Ekim 2015
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2015, Cilt 10, Sayı 4

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @ { nwsatecapsci214012, journal = {Technological Applied Sciences}, eissn = {1308-7223}, address = {}, publisher = {E-Journal of New World Sciences Academy}, year = {2015}, volume = {10}, number = {4}, pages = {13 - 27}, doi = {10.12739/NWSA.2015.10.4.2A0090}, title = {AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI}, key = {cite}, author = {Köse, CEYHUN and Kaçar, RAMAZAN} }
APA Köse, C. & Kaçar, R. (2015). AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI . Technological Applied Sciences , 10 (4) , 13-27 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/nwsatecapsci/issue/20201/214012
MLA Köse, C. , Kaçar, R. "AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI" . Technological Applied Sciences 10 (2015 ): 13-27 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/nwsatecapsci/issue/20201/214012>
Chicago Köse, C. , Kaçar, R. "AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI". Technological Applied Sciences 10 (2015 ): 13-27
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI AU - CEYHUN Köse , RAMAZAN Kaçar Y1 - 2015 PY - 2015 N1 - DO - T2 - Technological Applied Sciences JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 13 EP - 27 VL - 10 IS - 4 SN - -1308-7223 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Technological Applied Sciences AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI %A CEYHUN Köse , RAMAZAN Kaçar %T AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI %D 2015 %J Technological Applied Sciences %P -1308-7223 %V 10 %N 4 %R %U
ISNAD Köse, CEYHUN , Kaçar, RAMAZAN . "AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI". Technological Applied Sciences 10 / 4 (Ekim 2015): 13-27 .
AMA Köse C. , Kaçar R. AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI. NWSA. 2015; 10(4): 13-27.
Vancouver Köse C. , Kaçar R. AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI. Technological Applied Sciences. 2015; 10(4): 13-27.
IEEE C. Köse ve R. Kaçar , "AISI 420 MARTENZİTİK PASLANMAZ ÇELİĞİN CO2 LAZER IŞINI KAYNAK YÖNTEMİYLE KAYNAK KABİLİYETİNİN ARAŞTIRILMASI", Technological Applied Sciences, c. 10, sayı. 4, ss. 13-27, Eki. 2015, doi:10.12739/NWSA.2015.10.4.2A0090