Araştırma Makalesi

- Abbott, M. D., & Stanley, R. S. (1999). Modeling groundwater recharge and flow in an upland fractured. bedrock aquifer. System Dynamics Review, 15(2), 163–184.
- Albin, S., (1996). Four Sample Lesson Plans: Translated from German. System Dynamics in Education Project. Retrieved from: www.clexchange.org/ftp/documents/Implementation/IM1996-FourSampleLessons.pdf
- Alessi, S. (2005). The Application of System Dynamics Modeling in Elementary and Secondary School Curricula. Retrieved from: http://web.archive.org/web/20060304015136/http://www.c5.cl/ieinvestiga/actas/ribie2000/charlas/alessi.htm
- Andersen, J. LaVigne, A., & Stuntz, L. (2013). Teaching Characteristics of Complex Systems in K-12 Education: Lessons Learned. The 31st International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
- Bossel, H. (2007). System Zoo 2 Simulation Models Climate, Ecosystems, Resources. Demand GmbH, Norderstedt, Germany. ISBN: 978-3-8334-8423-0
- Cruz M., González M. T., Restrepo M. P., & Zuluaga M. L. (2007). Colombian Classroom Experiments: A Preliminary Report. CLE Newsletters, 16(1).
- Davidsen, P. I., Bjurklo, M., & Wikström, H. (1993). Introducing system dynamics in schools: the Nordic experience. System Dynamics Review, 9(2), 165-181.
- Deaton, M. L., & Winebrake, J. J. (2000). Modeling of Environmental Systems. Springer-Verlag, New York.
- Draper, F., & Swanson, M. (1990). Learner-Directed Systems Education. System Dynamics Review, 7 (2), 209-213.
- Evans, J. K. (1988). Application of System Dynamics as a Strategy for Teaching Management Concepts. Boston University. (Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi).
- Grant, W. E., Pedersen, E. K., & Marín, S. L., (1997). Ecology and Natural Resource Management: Systems Analysis and Simulation. Wiley, New York.
- Guo, H. C., L. Liu, G.H. Huang, G. A. Fuller, R. Zou, & Y. Y. Yin. (2001). A System Dynamics Approach for Regional. Environmental Planning and Management: A study for Lake Erhai Basin. J. Environ. Manage. 61: 93–111.
- Fisher, D. M. (2000). System Dynamics Models Created by High School Students. 18 th International System Dynamics Society Conference, Bergen Norway.
- Fisher, D. M (2011). Everybody thinking differently: K–12 is a leverage point. System Dynamics Review, 27, (4): 394–411. DOI: 10.1002/sdr.473
- Ford, A. (1999). Modeling the Environment: An İntroduction to Systems Dynamics Modeling of Environmental Systems. Island Press. Washington, DC.
- Forrester, J. W. (1969). Urban Dynamics. Cambridge, The MIT Press, MA, USA.
- Forrester, J. W. (1971). World Dynamics. Wright-Allen Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, MA, USA.
- Forrester, J. W. (1992). Road Map 1: System Dynamics and Learner-Centered-Learning in Kindergarten through 12th Grade Education. MIT System Dynamics in Education Project.
- Forrester, J. W. (1996). Road Map 1: System Dynamics and K-12 Teachers. MIT System Dynamics in Education Project.
- Hassell, D. J. (1987). The role of modelling activities in the humanities curriculum, with special reference to geography: an investigate study. London: King‘s College.
- Heppner, P. P. and Petersen, C. H. (1982). The Development and Implications of a Personal Problem-Solving Inventory. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 29(1), 66-75.
- Lyneis, D. A. (2000). Bringing system dynamics to a school near you suggestions for introducing and sustaining system dynamics in K-12 education. International System Dynamics Society Conference Bergen, Norway.
- Lyneis, D. A., & Fox-Melanson, D. (2001). The Challenges of Infusing System Dynamics into a K-8 Curriculum. International System Dynamics Society Conference, Atlanta, Georgia
- Mandinach, E. B., & Cline, H. F. (1994). Classroom Dynamics: Implementing A Technology-Based Learning Environment. Hillsdale, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum. MNE (Minister of National Education), (2006). New Curriculum Program.
- Meadows D. H., Meadows D. L., Randers J., & Behrens W. W. III., (1972). The Limits to Growth. New York: University Books. ISBN 0-87663-165-0
- Meadows, D. H. (1973). Toward Global Equilibrium. Collected Papers, Wright-Allen Press, MA, USA.
- Nail, R. F., Gelanger, S., Klinger, A., & Peterson, E. (1992). An analysis of cost effectiveness of US energy policies to mitigate global warming, System Dynamics Review, 8, 111-118.
- Nuhoğlu, H. (2008). Studying Effects of Systems Approach on Attitude, Achievement, and Different Skills in Science and Technology Lesson. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Gazi University.
- Nuhoğlu, H. (2009). Evaluation of the middle school students’ understanding level of basic system concepts. Elementary Education Online, 8(3): 866-882.
- Penner, D. A. (2000). Explaining systems investigating middle school students’ understanding of emergent phenomena. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 37: 784–806.
- Saysel, A. K., Barlas, Y., & Yenigun, O. (2002). Environmental sustainability in an agricultural development project: a system dynamics approach. J. Environ. Manage. 64(1): 247-260.
- Schecker, H. P. (1994). System Dynamics in High School Physics. International System Dynamics Conference, Stirling, Scotland.
- Schecker, H. P. (2005). System Dynamics in High School Physics. Retrieved from: didaktik.physik.uni-bremen.de/ niedderer/download/SysDyn.pdf
- Shaffer, C. S. (2006). Toward a System Dynamics Model of Teaching Computer Programming via Distance Education. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University.
- Sterman, J. D., (2000). Business Dnamics: Systems Thinking and Modelling for a Complex World. Boston, MA: Irwin McGraw- Hill.
- Ticotsky, A., Quaden, R., & Lyneis, D. (1999). The In And Out Game: A Preliminary System Dynamics Modeling Lesson. Retrieved from: systemdynamics.org/conferences/2001/papers/Lyneis_1.pdf
- Tinker, R. F., Nemirovsky, R., Mokros, J., & W.T. Barclay. (1990). Measuring and modeling project-First year annual report. Cambridge, Mass. Technical Education Research Center.
- Webb, M. E. (1988). An Investigation Of The Opportunities For Computer Based Modelling And The Possible Contributions To Children’s Learning, in Secondary School Science. King‘s College, London
- Vezjak, M., Savsek, T., & Stuhler, E. A. (1998). System Dynamics Of Euthrophication Processes in Lakes. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 109 (1): 442-451.
- Vizayakumar, K., & Mohapatra, P. K. J. (1991). Environmental impact analysis of a coalfield, J. Environ. Manage. 34 (1): 73-93.
- Wood, T. S., and Shelley, M. L. (1999). A dynamic model of bioavailability of metals in constructed wetland sediments. Ecol. Eng., 12(1): 231-252.
- Zaraza R. J. (1995). The CC- STADUS Project: Developing and Nurturing a Cadre of Pre-CollegeTeachers Using System Dynamics/Computer Modeling in the Classroom. CLE Newsletters, 4(3).
- Zaraza, R., and Fisher, D. (1997). Introducing System Dynamics into the traditional secondary curriculum: The CC-STADUS project’s search for leverage points. The 15th International System Dynamics Conference, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Zuman, J. P. and Weaver, S. L. (1988). Tools for teaching problem solving: An evaluation of a modeling and systems thinking approach. Annual NARST Conference, Lake Ozark, MO.

The main goal of this research is to study the effect of modelling with system dynamics on learning. Specifically, this research studies if using inductive or deductive learning methods applied during modelling with system dynamics has any effect on problem solving skills of students. This research has three other goals: Firstly, the successful application of system dynamics approach in teaching environmental topics. Secondly, helping students to be aware of the environmental problems. Thirdly, helping students to build solution-oriented system dynamics models. An experimental design without control group with pretest/posttest is used in the research. The sample of the research consists of 40 students at 7th grade. Experiment continued an hour per week for the entire semester of 14 weeks. The students in the experiment group 1 developed their models using inductive method. The students in the experiment group 2 developed their models using deductive method. Problem solving skill inventory developed by Heppner and Petersen (1982) was used for data collection. The data collected was analyzed statistically. As part of the statistical analysis, the researcher evaluated the model records developed by students, interviews done with students and observational records of teachers. Statistically significant differences were observed in the problem-solving skills of students in both groups after the experimental study. The increase in the mean scores for problem solving skills of the experimental group 1 was higher than the increase in the mean scores of the students in the experimental group 2. System dynamics approach, which is effective in decision making process, also plays an important role in improving students’ problem-solving skills.

System dynamics in education, environmental education, induction-deduction modelling, science education

- Abbott, M. D., & Stanley, R. S. (1999). Modeling groundwater recharge and flow in an upland fractured. bedrock aquifer. System Dynamics Review, 15(2), 163–184.
- Albin, S., (1996). Four Sample Lesson Plans: Translated from German. System Dynamics in Education Project. Retrieved from: www.clexchange.org/ftp/documents/Implementation/IM1996-FourSampleLessons.pdf
- Alessi, S. (2005). The Application of System Dynamics Modeling in Elementary and Secondary School Curricula. Retrieved from: http://web.archive.org/web/20060304015136/http://www.c5.cl/ieinvestiga/actas/ribie2000/charlas/alessi.htm
- Andersen, J. LaVigne, A., & Stuntz, L. (2013). Teaching Characteristics of Complex Systems in K-12 Education: Lessons Learned. The 31st International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
- Bossel, H. (2007). System Zoo 2 Simulation Models Climate, Ecosystems, Resources. Demand GmbH, Norderstedt, Germany. ISBN: 978-3-8334-8423-0
- Cruz M., González M. T., Restrepo M. P., & Zuluaga M. L. (2007). Colombian Classroom Experiments: A Preliminary Report. CLE Newsletters, 16(1).
- Davidsen, P. I., Bjurklo, M., & Wikström, H. (1993). Introducing system dynamics in schools: the Nordic experience. System Dynamics Review, 9(2), 165-181.
- Deaton, M. L., & Winebrake, J. J. (2000). Modeling of Environmental Systems. Springer-Verlag, New York.
- Draper, F., & Swanson, M. (1990). Learner-Directed Systems Education. System Dynamics Review, 7 (2), 209-213.
- Evans, J. K. (1988). Application of System Dynamics as a Strategy for Teaching Management Concepts. Boston University. (Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi).
- Grant, W. E., Pedersen, E. K., & Marín, S. L., (1997). Ecology and Natural Resource Management: Systems Analysis and Simulation. Wiley, New York.
- Guo, H. C., L. Liu, G.H. Huang, G. A. Fuller, R. Zou, & Y. Y. Yin. (2001). A System Dynamics Approach for Regional. Environmental Planning and Management: A study for Lake Erhai Basin. J. Environ. Manage. 61: 93–111.
- Fisher, D. M. (2000). System Dynamics Models Created by High School Students. 18 th International System Dynamics Society Conference, Bergen Norway.
- Fisher, D. M (2011). Everybody thinking differently: K–12 is a leverage point. System Dynamics Review, 27, (4): 394–411. DOI: 10.1002/sdr.473
- Ford, A. (1999). Modeling the Environment: An İntroduction to Systems Dynamics Modeling of Environmental Systems. Island Press. Washington, DC.
- Forrester, J. W. (1969). Urban Dynamics. Cambridge, The MIT Press, MA, USA.
- Forrester, J. W. (1971). World Dynamics. Wright-Allen Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, MA, USA.
- Forrester, J. W. (1992). Road Map 1: System Dynamics and Learner-Centered-Learning in Kindergarten through 12th Grade Education. MIT System Dynamics in Education Project.
- Forrester, J. W. (1996). Road Map 1: System Dynamics and K-12 Teachers. MIT System Dynamics in Education Project.
- Hassell, D. J. (1987). The role of modelling activities in the humanities curriculum, with special reference to geography: an investigate study. London: King‘s College.
- Heppner, P. P. and Petersen, C. H. (1982). The Development and Implications of a Personal Problem-Solving Inventory. Journal of Counseling Psychology. 29(1), 66-75.
- Lyneis, D. A. (2000). Bringing system dynamics to a school near you suggestions for introducing and sustaining system dynamics in K-12 education. International System Dynamics Society Conference Bergen, Norway.
- Lyneis, D. A., & Fox-Melanson, D. (2001). The Challenges of Infusing System Dynamics into a K-8 Curriculum. International System Dynamics Society Conference, Atlanta, Georgia
- Mandinach, E. B., & Cline, H. F. (1994). Classroom Dynamics: Implementing A Technology-Based Learning Environment. Hillsdale, NJ, Lawrence Erlbaum. MNE (Minister of National Education), (2006). New Curriculum Program.
- Meadows D. H., Meadows D. L., Randers J., & Behrens W. W. III., (1972). The Limits to Growth. New York: University Books. ISBN 0-87663-165-0
- Meadows, D. H. (1973). Toward Global Equilibrium. Collected Papers, Wright-Allen Press, MA, USA.
- Nail, R. F., Gelanger, S., Klinger, A., & Peterson, E. (1992). An analysis of cost effectiveness of US energy policies to mitigate global warming, System Dynamics Review, 8, 111-118.
- Nuhoğlu, H. (2008). Studying Effects of Systems Approach on Attitude, Achievement, and Different Skills in Science and Technology Lesson. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, Gazi University.
- Nuhoğlu, H. (2009). Evaluation of the middle school students’ understanding level of basic system concepts. Elementary Education Online, 8(3): 866-882.
- Penner, D. A. (2000). Explaining systems investigating middle school students’ understanding of emergent phenomena. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 37: 784–806.
- Saysel, A. K., Barlas, Y., & Yenigun, O. (2002). Environmental sustainability in an agricultural development project: a system dynamics approach. J. Environ. Manage. 64(1): 247-260.
- Schecker, H. P. (1994). System Dynamics in High School Physics. International System Dynamics Conference, Stirling, Scotland.
- Schecker, H. P. (2005). System Dynamics in High School Physics. Retrieved from: didaktik.physik.uni-bremen.de/ niedderer/download/SysDyn.pdf
- Shaffer, C. S. (2006). Toward a System Dynamics Model of Teaching Computer Programming via Distance Education. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University.
- Sterman, J. D., (2000). Business Dnamics: Systems Thinking and Modelling for a Complex World. Boston, MA: Irwin McGraw- Hill.
- Ticotsky, A., Quaden, R., & Lyneis, D. (1999). The In And Out Game: A Preliminary System Dynamics Modeling Lesson. Retrieved from: systemdynamics.org/conferences/2001/papers/Lyneis_1.pdf
- Tinker, R. F., Nemirovsky, R., Mokros, J., & W.T. Barclay. (1990). Measuring and modeling project-First year annual report. Cambridge, Mass. Technical Education Research Center.
- Webb, M. E. (1988). An Investigation Of The Opportunities For Computer Based Modelling And The Possible Contributions To Children’s Learning, in Secondary School Science. King‘s College, London
- Vezjak, M., Savsek, T., & Stuhler, E. A. (1998). System Dynamics Of Euthrophication Processes in Lakes. Eur. J. Oper. Res. 109 (1): 442-451.
- Vizayakumar, K., & Mohapatra, P. K. J. (1991). Environmental impact analysis of a coalfield, J. Environ. Manage. 34 (1): 73-93.
- Wood, T. S., and Shelley, M. L. (1999). A dynamic model of bioavailability of metals in constructed wetland sediments. Ecol. Eng., 12(1): 231-252.
- Zaraza R. J. (1995). The CC- STADUS Project: Developing and Nurturing a Cadre of Pre-CollegeTeachers Using System Dynamics/Computer Modeling in the Classroom. CLE Newsletters, 4(3).
- Zaraza, R., and Fisher, D. (1997). Introducing System Dynamics into the traditional secondary curriculum: The CC-STADUS project’s search for leverage points. The 15th International System Dynamics Conference, Istanbul, Turkey.
- Zuman, J. P. and Weaver, S. L. (1988). Tools for teaching problem solving: An evaluation of a modeling and systems thinking approach. Annual NARST Conference, Lake Ozark, MO.

Birincil Dil | İngilizce |
---|---|

Konular | Eğitim, Bilimsel Disiplinler |

Bölüm | Research Articles |

Yazarlar | |

Yayımlanma Tarihi | 19 Şubat 2020 |

Yayınlandığı Sayı | Yıl 2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 1 |