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Bigoreksiya Nedir? Tanı ve Tedavi Yaklaşımları

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 71 - 78, 30.08.2019

Öz

    Bigoreksiya, özellikle vücut geliştirme sporcularını etkileyen bir hastalıktır. Bu bireyler kas konusunda yetersiz olma takıntısı yaşamaktadır.  Bu hastalığın bazı komplikasyonları ise aşırı zorlayıcı spor yapmak, spor salonunda aşırı vakit geçirmek, spor takviyelerine çok fazla para harcamak, anormal beslenme şekilleri hatta steroid tarzı madde kullanımı olarak sıralanabilir. 21.Yüzyılda popülerliği artan vücut geliştirme sporuna paralel, hasta sayısı artış göstermektedir. Daha çok kadın hastaların vücut imaj kaygılarından kaynaklanan Anoreksiya Nevroza üzerinde birçok çalışma yapılmasına karşın, literatürde bigoreksiyaya çok az yer verilmiştir. Bu derleme bigoreksiya ile ilgili farkındalığın  arttırılması için mevcut literatür bilgilerinin sentezini içermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • 1) Philip E Mosley (20008) Bigorexi: Bodybuilding and Muscle Dysmorphia. European Eating Disorders Review May 2009 10.1002/erv892
  • 2) Linda. C (2015) Bigorexia: The body-image disorder that effects men trying to bulk up. Metro World New
  • 3) Johanna.N (2014) An investigation of the characteristics of muscle dysmorphia in a non-clinical population of adult male weight lifters in Australia . Bachelor of Exercise Science and Nutrition (BExSc&Nutr) (Hons) November 2014
  • 4) University of Sydney (2013) How anorexia and 'bigorexia' in men relates to perceptions of masculinity/ Medical Pres - March 2013
  • 5) L.James (2005) Recognition and Treatment of Muscle Dysmorphia and Related Body Image Disorders. Journal of Athletic Training 2005;40(4):352–359
  • 6) Pope, H. G., Jr., Olivardia, R., Borowiecki, J. J., III, &Cohane, G. H. (2001). The growing commercial valueof the male body: a longitudinal survey of advertising in women’s magazines. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 70, 189–192.
  • 7) Pope, H. G., Jr., & Brower, K. J. (2000). Anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse. In Sadock, B. J. & Sadock V. A. (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry VII. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • 8) Olivardia, R., Pope, H. G., Jr., & Hudson, J. I. (2000).Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: a casecontrol study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1291–1296
  • 9) Olivardia, R. (2001). Mirror, mirror on the wall, who’s the largest of them all The features and phenomenology of muscle dysmorphia. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 9,254–259.
  • 10) Dawes J, Mankin T. Muscle dysmorphia. Strength Cond J. 2004;26:24– 25
  • 11) Chung B. Muscle dysmorphia: a critical review of the proposed criteria. Perspect Biol Med. 2001;44:565–574.
  • 12) Gruber AJ, Pope HG Jr. Compulsive weight lifting and anabolic drug abuse among women rape victims. Comp Psychiatry. 1999;40:273–277.
  • 13) Drewnowski A, Yee DK. Men and body image: are men satisfied with their body weight? Psychosom Med. 1987;49:626–634.
  • 14) Williams MH. The Ergogenic Edge: Pushing the Limits of Sports Performance. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1998:123–127.
  • 15) Harvard Eating Disorders Center. Approaching a student. Available at: www.hedc.org. Accessed July 25, 2004
  • 16) Slaughter JR, Sun AM. In pursuit of perfection: a primary care physician’s guide to body dysmorphic disorder. Am Fam Physician. 1999;60: 1738–1742.
  • 17) Kouri EM, Pope HG Jr, Katz DL, Oliva P. Fat-free mass index in users and nonusers of anabolic-androgenic steroids. Clin J Sport Med. 1995;5:223–228.
  • 18) Choi, P. Y. L., Pope, H. G., Jr., & Olivardia, R. (2002). Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36, 375–377
  • 19) Anderson, R. E., Barlett, S. J., Morgan, G. D., & Brownell, K. D. (1995). Weight loss, psychological and nutritional patterns in competitive male bodybuilders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, 49–57.

What is Bigorexia? Diagnosis and Treatment Approaches

Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 2, 71 - 78, 30.08.2019

Öz

     Bigorexia is a disease that affects especially bodybuilding athletes. These individuals are obsessed about being inadequately  musculer. Some of the complications of this disease are excessive compelling sports, excessive time spent in the gym, spending a lot of money on sports supplements, abnormal diet and even steroid-style substance use. As the popularity of bodybuilding sports increases in the 21st century, the number of patients also increases. Although many studies have been conducted on the Anorexia Nevroza due to the body image concerns of female patients, in the literature very little space bigorexia given. This review aims to increase awareness of bigorexia, contains the synthesis of available literature information.

Kaynakça

  • 1) Philip E Mosley (20008) Bigorexi: Bodybuilding and Muscle Dysmorphia. European Eating Disorders Review May 2009 10.1002/erv892
  • 2) Linda. C (2015) Bigorexia: The body-image disorder that effects men trying to bulk up. Metro World New
  • 3) Johanna.N (2014) An investigation of the characteristics of muscle dysmorphia in a non-clinical population of adult male weight lifters in Australia . Bachelor of Exercise Science and Nutrition (BExSc&Nutr) (Hons) November 2014
  • 4) University of Sydney (2013) How anorexia and 'bigorexia' in men relates to perceptions of masculinity/ Medical Pres - March 2013
  • 5) L.James (2005) Recognition and Treatment of Muscle Dysmorphia and Related Body Image Disorders. Journal of Athletic Training 2005;40(4):352–359
  • 6) Pope, H. G., Jr., Olivardia, R., Borowiecki, J. J., III, &Cohane, G. H. (2001). The growing commercial valueof the male body: a longitudinal survey of advertising in women’s magazines. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 70, 189–192.
  • 7) Pope, H. G., Jr., & Brower, K. J. (2000). Anabolic-androgenic steroid abuse. In Sadock, B. J. & Sadock V. A. (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry VII. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
  • 8) Olivardia, R., Pope, H. G., Jr., & Hudson, J. I. (2000).Muscle dysmorphia in male weightlifters: a casecontrol study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157, 1291–1296
  • 9) Olivardia, R. (2001). Mirror, mirror on the wall, who’s the largest of them all The features and phenomenology of muscle dysmorphia. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 9,254–259.
  • 10) Dawes J, Mankin T. Muscle dysmorphia. Strength Cond J. 2004;26:24– 25
  • 11) Chung B. Muscle dysmorphia: a critical review of the proposed criteria. Perspect Biol Med. 2001;44:565–574.
  • 12) Gruber AJ, Pope HG Jr. Compulsive weight lifting and anabolic drug abuse among women rape victims. Comp Psychiatry. 1999;40:273–277.
  • 13) Drewnowski A, Yee DK. Men and body image: are men satisfied with their body weight? Psychosom Med. 1987;49:626–634.
  • 14) Williams MH. The Ergogenic Edge: Pushing the Limits of Sports Performance. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 1998:123–127.
  • 15) Harvard Eating Disorders Center. Approaching a student. Available at: www.hedc.org. Accessed July 25, 2004
  • 16) Slaughter JR, Sun AM. In pursuit of perfection: a primary care physician’s guide to body dysmorphic disorder. Am Fam Physician. 1999;60: 1738–1742.
  • 17) Kouri EM, Pope HG Jr, Katz DL, Oliva P. Fat-free mass index in users and nonusers of anabolic-androgenic steroids. Clin J Sport Med. 1995;5:223–228.
  • 18) Choi, P. Y. L., Pope, H. G., Jr., & Olivardia, R. (2002). Muscle dysmorphia: a new syndrome in weightlifters. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36, 375–377
  • 19) Anderson, R. E., Barlett, S. J., Morgan, G. D., & Brownell, K. D. (1995). Weight loss, psychological and nutritional patterns in competitive male bodybuilders. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 18, 49–57.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil Türkçe
Bölüm Makale
Yazarlar

Furkan ÖZOĞLU> (Sorumlu Yazar)
RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Türkiye


Çiçek HOCAOĞLU>
RECEP TAYYİP ERDOĞAN ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, RUH SAĞLIĞI VE HASTALIKLARI ANABİLİM DALI
0000-0001-6613-4317
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Ağustos 2019
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2019, Cilt 3, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Özoğlu, F. & Hocaoğlu, Ç. (2019). Bigoreksiya Nedir? Tanı ve Tedavi Yaklaşımları . Spor Eğitim Dergisi , 3 (2) , 71-78 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/seder/issue/44750/537189

Spor Eğitim Dergisi (SEDER), aşağıdaki indeks/veritabanlarında listelenmektedir: