Araştırma Makalesi
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Yeraltı Raylı Sistem İnşaatlarındaki Jeoteknik İncelemeler ve Geoteknik Uygulamalar: Halkalı-Yeni Havalimanı Metro Hattı Örneği

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 12 Sayı: 2, 93 - 98, 22.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.46810/tdfd.1205121

Öz

Bu çalışmada yeraltı raylı sistemleri inşası öncesinde gerçekleştirilen jeolojik araştırmalar ve inşası sırasında tercih edilen geoteknik uygulama yöntemleri Halkalı-Yeni Havalimanı metro projesi kapsamında incelenmiştir. Metro hattı 31,3×2 km ana hat, 1,8×2 km depo bağlantı hattı olmak üzere toplam 66,2 km uzunluğundaki yeraltı tünellerinden oluşmaktadır. Jeolojik araştırması toplam 9588,5 m uzunluğunda 198 adet karotlu sondaj ile gerçekleştirilen ana hat için 1006 adet zemin, 1230 adet kaya numunesi toplanmıştır. Numuneler üzerinde yapılan laboratuvar deneylerinin ve sondaj kuyularında gerçekleştirilen arazi deneylerinin sonuçları elde edilmiştir. Ayrıca TBM (Tünel Açma Makinesi) güzergahı iki hattın ortasında (Hat-1 Km. 61+440 – 61+660 / Hat-2 Km: 61+400 – 61+620), Olimpiyatköy Stadı istasyonunda (Km: 62+215 – 62+490) iki adet ve TBM güzergahında (Hat-2 Km: 62+835 – 63+050) olmak üzere Çoklu Elektrotlu Elektrik Özdirenç Tomografi ölçüm yöntemi kullanılarak toplam dört adet iki boyutlu ters çözüm özdirenç yeraltı kesiti elde edilmiştir. Sondajlardan elde edilen jeolojik kesitler ile elektrik özdirenç yöntemi ile elde edilen jeofizik kesitler karşılaştırılmıştır.

Destekleyen Kurum

SAKARYA UYGULAMI BİLİMLER ÜNİVERSİTESİ

Teşekkür

Yüksek lisans eğitimim ve makale yazım sürecinde bilgi ve deneyimlerinden yararlandığım danışman hocam Doç. Dr. İsa Vural’a teşekkürlerimi sunarım. Halkalı-Yeni Havalimanı Metro Projesi’nde inceleme yapmak üzere vermiş olduğum dilekçeye kısa sürede olumlu dönüş yapan Ulaştırma ve Altyapı Bakanlığı Altyapı Yatırımları Genel Müdürlüğü DLH Marmaray (İstanbul) Bölge Müdürlüğü’ne bana bu fırsatı verdikleri için teşekkürlerimi sunarım. Halkalı-Yeni Havalimanı Metro Projesi’nin müşaviri Apco-Altınok İş Ortaklığı çalışanlarından İnşaat Kontrol Amiri Yük. İnş. Müh. Gökçen ALTINOK ve Tünel Kontrol Şefi Maden Müh. Ferhat KARS başta olmak üzere tüm çalışanlara proje hattında birebir gözlem yapmamı sağladıkları, proje verilerinin yanında bilgi ve deneyimlerini de benimle paylaştıkları için teşekkürlerimi sunarım. Aileme ve dostlarıma bu süreçte gösterdikleri sabır ve anlayışlarından dolayı teşekkürlerimi sunarım.

Kaynakça

  • Berge, M. A. (2005). Two-dimensional resistivity inversion-solution modeling. (Master's Thesis). Dokuz Eylül University Institute of Science, Bozkurt, M. (1987). Tunnels, lecture notes. Istanbul: ITU construction faculty printing house.
  • Drahor, M., G., Göktürkler, G., Berge, M. A., & Kurtulmuş, Ö. T. (2004). Visible resistivity modeling of some three-dimensional shallow underground structures according to four different electrode arrays. Earth sciences, 115-128.
  • Şahinoğlu, A. (2018). Applications of geophysical methods in groundwater pollution research. Academic Studies in Engineering, 88-89.
  • Bernard, J., & Leite, O. (2004). Multi-electrode resistance imaging for environmental applications. Progress in Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, 317-322. Retrieved from <Go to ISI>://WOS:000223170000055
  • Reynolds, JM (1997). An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics: Wiley. Roland, G., Claudine, B. (1997). The Canal du Midi (English translation): MSM.
  • Uçar, F. (2014). Determination of karstic activity using 2-dimensional resistivity method (Master's Degree). Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Antalya.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report of the Route between Km: 38 +077-Km: 44+700. İstanbul.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report of the Route between Km: 44 +700-Km: 57+700. İstanbul.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report of the Route between Km: 57 +700-Km: 62+500. İstanbul.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Km: 62 +500-Km: 69+359 (End of Line) Route Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report. İstanbul.
  • Geometric Engineering Consultancy Underground Research (2020). Istanbul New Airport-Halkalı Metro Line Project Two Dimensional (2D) Electrical Resistivity Tomography Geophysical Research between TBM Route Line-1/Line-2. İstanbul.
  • Geometric Engineering Consultancy Underground Research (2020). Istanbul New Airport-Halkalı Metro Line Project Olimpiyatköy Station Two Dimensional (2D) Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Tomography Geophysical Research. İstanbul.
  • Geometric Engineering Consultancy Underground Research (2020). Istanbul New Airport-Halkalı Metro Line Project TBM Route Two-Dimensional (2D) Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Tomography Geophysical Research. İstanbul.

Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example

Yıl 2023, Cilt: 12 Sayı: 2, 93 - 98, 22.06.2023
https://doi.org/10.46810/tdfd.1205121

Öz

In this study, geological researches carried out before the construction of underground rail systems and geotechnical application methods preferred during the construction were examined within the scope of Halkalı-İstanbul Airport metro project. The metro line consists of a total of 66.2 km long underground tunnels, 31.3×2 km main line and 1.8×2 km repertorium connection line. 1006 soil and 1230 rock samples were collected for the main line whose geological research was carried out with 198 core drillings with a total length of 9588.5 m. The results of the laboratory tests on the samples and the field tests carried out in the boreholes were obtained. In addition, a total of four two-dimensional inverted solution resistor underground sections were obtained by using the Multiple Electrode Electrical Resistance Tomography measurement method in the middle of two lines (Line-1 Km. 61+440 – 61 +660 /Line-2 Km: 61 +400 - 61+620), in the Olympic Stadium station (Km: 62+215 – 62 +490) and in the TBM route (Line-2 Km: 62 +835 – 63+050). The geological sections obtained from the drillings and the geophysical sections obtained by the electrical resistivity method were compared.

Kaynakça

  • Berge, M. A. (2005). Two-dimensional resistivity inversion-solution modeling. (Master's Thesis). Dokuz Eylül University Institute of Science, Bozkurt, M. (1987). Tunnels, lecture notes. Istanbul: ITU construction faculty printing house.
  • Drahor, M., G., Göktürkler, G., Berge, M. A., & Kurtulmuş, Ö. T. (2004). Visible resistivity modeling of some three-dimensional shallow underground structures according to four different electrode arrays. Earth sciences, 115-128.
  • Şahinoğlu, A. (2018). Applications of geophysical methods in groundwater pollution research. Academic Studies in Engineering, 88-89.
  • Bernard, J., & Leite, O. (2004). Multi-electrode resistance imaging for environmental applications. Progress in Environmental and Engineering Geophysics, 317-322. Retrieved from <Go to ISI>://WOS:000223170000055
  • Reynolds, JM (1997). An Introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics: Wiley. Roland, G., Claudine, B. (1997). The Canal du Midi (English translation): MSM.
  • Uçar, F. (2014). Determination of karstic activity using 2-dimensional resistivity method (Master's Degree). Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Antalya.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report of the Route between Km: 38 +077-Km: 44+700. İstanbul.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report of the Route between Km: 44 +700-Km: 57+700. İstanbul.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report of the Route between Km: 57 +700-Km: 62+500. İstanbul.
  • Artson Geotechnical Engineering and Consultancy (2018). Km: 62 +500-Km: 69+359 (End of Line) Route Geological-Geotechnical Survey Report. İstanbul.
  • Geometric Engineering Consultancy Underground Research (2020). Istanbul New Airport-Halkalı Metro Line Project Two Dimensional (2D) Electrical Resistivity Tomography Geophysical Research between TBM Route Line-1/Line-2. İstanbul.
  • Geometric Engineering Consultancy Underground Research (2020). Istanbul New Airport-Halkalı Metro Line Project Olimpiyatköy Station Two Dimensional (2D) Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Tomography Geophysical Research. İstanbul.
  • Geometric Engineering Consultancy Underground Research (2020). Istanbul New Airport-Halkalı Metro Line Project TBM Route Two-Dimensional (2D) Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Tomography Geophysical Research. İstanbul.
Toplam 13 adet kaynakça vardır.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Mühendislik
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Rabia Keleş 0000-0002-6689-4217

İsa Vural 0000-0003-2370-7597

Yayımlanma Tarihi 22 Haziran 2023
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2023 Cilt: 12 Sayı: 2

Kaynak Göster

APA Keleş, R., & Vural, İ. (2023). Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science, 12(2), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.46810/tdfd.1205121
AMA Keleş R, Vural İ. Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example. TDFD. Haziran 2023;12(2):93-98. doi:10.46810/tdfd.1205121
Chicago Keleş, Rabia, ve İsa Vural. “Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example”. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science 12, sy. 2 (Haziran 2023): 93-98. https://doi.org/10.46810/tdfd.1205121.
EndNote Keleş R, Vural İ (01 Haziran 2023) Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science 12 2 93–98.
IEEE R. Keleş ve İ. Vural, “Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example”, TDFD, c. 12, sy. 2, ss. 93–98, 2023, doi: 10.46810/tdfd.1205121.
ISNAD Keleş, Rabia - Vural, İsa. “Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example”. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science 12/2 (Haziran 2023), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.46810/tdfd.1205121.
JAMA Keleş R, Vural İ. Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example. TDFD. 2023;12:93–98.
MLA Keleş, Rabia ve İsa Vural. “Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example”. Turkish Journal of Nature and Science, c. 12, sy. 2, 2023, ss. 93-98, doi:10.46810/tdfd.1205121.
Vancouver Keleş R, Vural İ. Geotechnical Inspections and Geotechnical Applications in Underground Rail System Constructions: Halkalı - İstanbul Airport Metro Line Example. TDFD. 2023;12(2):93-8.