Yıl 2019, Cilt 18 , Sayı 55, Sayfalar 5 - 17 2019-08-31

Evaluation of Internet Addiction Level of Medical Faculty Students And Affecting Factors
Tıp Fakültesi̇ Öğrenci̇leri̇nde İnternet Bağımlılık Düzeyi̇ ve Etki̇leyen Faktörleri̇n Değerlendi̇rilmesi

Türkkan ÖZTÜRK KAYGUSUZ [1] , Ayşe Ferdane OĞUZÖNCÜL [2] , Ahmet Erensoy [3]


Aim: Internet addiction is a growing disease and has increased especially among adolescents and young adults. In this study, it was aimed to investigate internet addiction of 1.-3. grade Medical Faculty students and related factors.

Materials and Methods: 1.-3. grade Medical Faculty students were included in this cross-sectional study, 407 students (80.1%) participated. A questionnaire including 42 questions about internet usage and Young’s Internet Addiction Scale was used to collect socio-demographic data. The internet addiction of the students was determined by the Likert Scale. After obtaining the ethics permission, the questionnaire was applied between April 1 - May 31, 2018.

Results: 99.5% of the participants were using internet. Young Internet Addiction Test mean score was found to be 29.92±16.33. 19.4% of the students (79 people) were possible addicts and 3%(12 people) were addicts. Between addicted students and others there was a significant difference according to use of internet for; more than two hours a day, searching information, lesson-training-research, news reading, video conversation and having complaints of sleeplessness because of internet usage. In terms of ways which students use to connect to the internet, there was no significant difference between wireless and mobile phone at home however, connections from library, university, cafe-restaurant networks were found to be significantly higher in addicted and probable addicted students than others.

Conclusion: The internet addiction among the Medical Faculty students was found to be low. New studies on risk factors and measures are needed to prevent internet addiction among students.

Amaç: İnternet bağımlılığı, son yıllarda tanımlanan, giderek artan bir hastalıktır. İnternet bağımlılığı, özellikle ergenlik çağındaki çocuklar ve genç yetişkinler arasında artmıştır. Bu çalışmada Tıp Fakültesi dönem I-III öğrencilerinde internet bağımlılık düzeyi ve internet bağımlılığı ile ilişkili faktörleri araştırmak amaçlanmıştır.

Gereç ve Yöntem: Bu çalışma, kesitsel bir çalışma olup Tıp Fakültesi dönem I-III öğrencileri araştırma kapsamına alınmıştır. Çalışmaya 407 öğrenci (%80.1) katılmıştır. Sosyo-demografik bilgiler, internet kullanım durumlarına yönelik 42 soru ve Young’ın “İnternet Bağımlılığı Ölçeğinin” Türkçe çevirisi sorularını içeren anket kullanılmıştır. Öğrencilerin internet bağımlılık durumları Likert Ölçeği ile saptanmıştır. Etik izin alındıktan sonra 1Nisan- 31 Mayıs 2018 tarihleri arasında gönüllü öğrencilere sınıf ortamında anket uygulanmıştır.

Bulgular: Çalışmaya katılanların %99,5’i internet kullanmaktaydı. Young İnternet Bağımlılık Testi puan ortalaması 29,92 ±16,33 olarak bulundu. Öğrencilerin %19,4 ü (79 kişi) muhtemel internet bağımlısı, %3’ü (12 kişi) ise internet bağımlısı olarak bulundu. İnternet bağımlısı olarak saptanan öğrencilerle, diğer öğrenciler arasında; internette günde iki saatten fazla zaman geçirilmesi, bilgi aranması, ders-eğitim-araştırma yapılması, haber okunması, görüntülü konuşma yapılması ve internet kullanımına bağlı uykusuzluk şikâyetlerinin olması açısından anlamlı fark bulundu (p<0,05). İnternete bağlanma yeri olarak, evde wireless veya cep telefonundan internete bağlanma açısından anlamlı fark bulunmamışken (p>0.05); kütüphane, üniversite ağı, kahve-restoran gibi yerlerden internete bağlanma, bağımlı ve muhtemel bağımlı öğrencilerde diğer öğrencilere göre anlamlı olarak daha yüksek bulunmuştur (p<0,05).

Sonuç: Tıp Fakültesi öğrencileri arasında internet bağımlılığı düşük bulundu. Öğrenciler arasında internet bağımlılığının engellenmesi için risk faktörleri ve tedbirler konusunda yeni çalışmaların yapılmasına ihtiyaç vardır

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Orjinal Araştırma
Yazarlar

Orcid: 0000-0002-4151-5903
Yazar: Türkkan ÖZTÜRK KAYGUSUZ (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9820-9720
Yazar: Ayşe Ferdane OĞUZÖNCÜL
Kurum: FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-6300-1105
Yazar: Ahmet Erensoy
Kurum: FIRAT ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2019

Vancouver ÖZTÜRK KAYGUSUZ T , OĞUZÖNCÜL A , Erensoy A . Evaluation of Internet Addiction Level of Medical Faculty Students And Affecting Factors. Tıp Eğitimi Dünyası. 2019; 17-5.