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Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi

Yıl 2017, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 11 - 33, 30.07.2017

Öz

Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi’nin (BMGK’nın) sorumlulukları yeni gelişen uluslararası problemlerle birlikte daha da artmıştır. Bu problemleri küresel çevresel meseleler, mülteci akımları, hızlı yayılan bulaşıcı hastalıklar, uluslararası barış ve güvenliği tehdit eden iç savaşlar, küresel terörizm ve ulus aşırı suçlar şeklinde sıralayabiliriz.  Birçok devlet-dışı aktörlerin BMGK’ya bu problemlerle baş etmede yardımcı olabileceği kabul edilmiştir.  BMGK bu amaçla sivil toplum kuruluşları ile gayrı resmi münasebetler kurmuştur. Bu mevcut çalışma, öncelikle daha önce BMGK ile sivil toplum kuruluşları arasında kurulmuş olan münasebetleri ele alıyor. Sonra bu münasebetlerin yeterliliklerini analiz ediyor. Bu mevcut çalışma, bu gayrı resmi kurulan münasebetlerin daha da güçlendirilmesini tavsiye etmektedir. Bu bağlamda, BMGK’nın halihazırda uluslararası sistemde aktif olan ve yukarıda bahsedilen meselelere katkıda bulunan sivil toplum kuruluşları ile resmi ilişkiler kurmayı göz önünde bulundurması önerilmiştir. 

Kaynakça

  • Boyle, A. and Chinkin, C. (2007). The making of international law. Oxford: OUP.
  • Alger, C. (2002). The Emerging roles of NGOs in the UN System: From article 71 to a people’s millennium assembly. Global Governance.
  • Anderson, K. (2000). The Ottawa convention banning landmines, the role of international non-governmental organizations and the idea of international civil society. EJIL, 91-120.
  • Annan, K. (1998). Arrangements and practices for the interaction of non-governmental organizations in all activities of the United Nations system. Secretary-General.
  • Barrow, K. (2004). The role of NGOs in the establishment of the International Criminal Court. Dialogue, 11-22.
  • Binder, M. (2008). The politicization of International Security Institutions: The UN Security Council and NGOs. Social Science Research Center.
  • Çakmak, C. (2004). The role of Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the norm creation process in the field of human rights. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, 100-122.
  • Donini, A. (1996). The bureaucracy and the free spirits: Stagnation and innovation in the relationship between the UN and NGOs. In T. G. Gordenker, NGOs, The UN and Global Governance. Lynne Rienner Publisher.
  • Fassbender, B. (2004). Pressure for Security Council reform. In D. Malone. Lynne Rienner.
  • Gartner, D. (2010). Beyond consultation: Civil society and the governance of international institutions. Center for Universal Education at Brookings Working Paper.
  • Hachez, N. (2008). The relations between the United Nations and civil society: Past, present, and future. International Organizations Law Review, 49-84.
  • Hasgüler, M. and Uludağ, M. B. (2007). Devletlerarası ve hükümetler dışı uluslararası örgütler.İstanbul: ALFA Basım.
  • Hill, F. (2002). NGO perspectives: NGOs and the Security Council” in Kerstin Vignard ed., NGOs as partners: Assessing the impact, recognizing the potential. United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research.
  • Hume, C. R. (2004). The Security Council in the twenty-first century. In D. Malone, The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century. Lynne Rienner.
  • Jaeger, G. (1982). Participation of non-governmental organizations in the activities of the United Nations high commissioner for refugees. In P. Willets, Pressure Groups in Global System: The Transnational Relations of Issue-Oriented Non-Governmental Organizations. continuum international publishing.
  • Therien, J.P. and Madeleine, B. D. (2009). The United Nations and global democracy: From discourse to deeds. Cooperation and Conflict: Journal of the Nordic International Studies Association, 355–377.
  • Pauwelyn, J., Wessel, R. A. and Wouters, J. (2014 ). When structures become shackles: Stagnation and dynamics in international lawmaking. European Journal of International Law, 733-763.
  • Lindblom, A. K. (2005). Non-governmental organizations in international law (CUP, 2005), p.366. Cambridge: CUP. Luck, E. C. (2006 ). UN Security Council: Practise and promise. Routledge.
  • Martens, K. (2004). NGOs in the UN system: Examining formal and informal mechanisms of interaction”. International Journal of Civil Society Law.
  • Paul, J. ( 2004). Working with nongovernmental organizations. In D. Malone, The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century (p. 373). Lynne Rienner.
  • Paul, J. (2001). A short history of the NGO working group. Retrieved from http://www.globalpolicy.org/images/pdfs/April_2001_-_A_Short_History_of_the_NGO_Working_Group.pdf
  • Paul, J. (2003). Retrieved from the Arria formula: http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/185/40088.html Short, N. (1999). The role of NGOs in the Ottawa process to ban landmines. Kluwer International Law, 481-500.
  • Sorensen, G. M. (2002). The roles a civil society can play in international dispute resolution. Negotiation Journal, 355.
  • Weiss, T. G. and Young, K. E. (2005). Compromise and credibility: Security Council reform? Security Dialogue.
  • Weiss, T. G. and others. (2007). The United Nations and changing world politics. Westview.
  • United States Institute of Peace. (2010, October). Retrieved from what is U.N. Security Council resolution 1325 and why is it so critical today?: http://www.usip.org/gender_peacebuilding/about_UNSCR_1325#Why_is_Resolution_1325_important_
  • Wapner, P. (2007). The UN and civil society. In T. G. Daws, The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations. Oxford: OUP.
  • Willetts, P. (2011). Non-governmental organizations in world politics: The construction of global governance. Routledge.
  • Woodward, B. K. (2011). The role of international NGOs: An introduction. Willamette J. Int’l L. & Dispute Res., 203-231.

Analysing Relations Between the United Nations Security Council and NGOs

Yıl 2017, Cilt 4, Sayı 2, 11 - 33, 30.07.2017

Öz

The United Nations Security Council’s (SC’s) responsibilities have grown as new international challenges have emerged. These challenges include global environmental issues, refugee flows and mass migration across borders, the rapid spread of infectious diseases, civil war that threatens international peace and security, global terrorism and transnational crime. It is acknowledged that many non-state actors could contribute to the SC’s work in dealing with such challenges. The SC has to this end made informal use of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). The current paper first discusses the previous interactions between NGOs and the Security Council. It later analyses the sufficiency of these relations. The current paper suggests that these informal relationships should be strengthened. It is proposed that the Council should consider granting formal access to NGOs that have, as non-state actors, been active in the international legal order, and that have already made significant contributions to the above-mentioned issues.

Kaynakça

  • Boyle, A. and Chinkin, C. (2007). The making of international law. Oxford: OUP.
  • Alger, C. (2002). The Emerging roles of NGOs in the UN System: From article 71 to a people’s millennium assembly. Global Governance.
  • Anderson, K. (2000). The Ottawa convention banning landmines, the role of international non-governmental organizations and the idea of international civil society. EJIL, 91-120.
  • Annan, K. (1998). Arrangements and practices for the interaction of non-governmental organizations in all activities of the United Nations system. Secretary-General.
  • Barrow, K. (2004). The role of NGOs in the establishment of the International Criminal Court. Dialogue, 11-22.
  • Binder, M. (2008). The politicization of International Security Institutions: The UN Security Council and NGOs. Social Science Research Center.
  • Çakmak, C. (2004). The role of Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) in the norm creation process in the field of human rights. Alternatives: Turkish Journal of International Relations, 100-122.
  • Donini, A. (1996). The bureaucracy and the free spirits: Stagnation and innovation in the relationship between the UN and NGOs. In T. G. Gordenker, NGOs, The UN and Global Governance. Lynne Rienner Publisher.
  • Fassbender, B. (2004). Pressure for Security Council reform. In D. Malone. Lynne Rienner.
  • Gartner, D. (2010). Beyond consultation: Civil society and the governance of international institutions. Center for Universal Education at Brookings Working Paper.
  • Hachez, N. (2008). The relations between the United Nations and civil society: Past, present, and future. International Organizations Law Review, 49-84.
  • Hasgüler, M. and Uludağ, M. B. (2007). Devletlerarası ve hükümetler dışı uluslararası örgütler.İstanbul: ALFA Basım.
  • Hill, F. (2002). NGO perspectives: NGOs and the Security Council” in Kerstin Vignard ed., NGOs as partners: Assessing the impact, recognizing the potential. United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research.
  • Hume, C. R. (2004). The Security Council in the twenty-first century. In D. Malone, The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century. Lynne Rienner.
  • Jaeger, G. (1982). Participation of non-governmental organizations in the activities of the United Nations high commissioner for refugees. In P. Willets, Pressure Groups in Global System: The Transnational Relations of Issue-Oriented Non-Governmental Organizations. continuum international publishing.
  • Therien, J.P. and Madeleine, B. D. (2009). The United Nations and global democracy: From discourse to deeds. Cooperation and Conflict: Journal of the Nordic International Studies Association, 355–377.
  • Pauwelyn, J., Wessel, R. A. and Wouters, J. (2014 ). When structures become shackles: Stagnation and dynamics in international lawmaking. European Journal of International Law, 733-763.
  • Lindblom, A. K. (2005). Non-governmental organizations in international law (CUP, 2005), p.366. Cambridge: CUP. Luck, E. C. (2006 ). UN Security Council: Practise and promise. Routledge.
  • Martens, K. (2004). NGOs in the UN system: Examining formal and informal mechanisms of interaction”. International Journal of Civil Society Law.
  • Paul, J. ( 2004). Working with nongovernmental organizations. In D. Malone, The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century (p. 373). Lynne Rienner.
  • Paul, J. (2001). A short history of the NGO working group. Retrieved from http://www.globalpolicy.org/images/pdfs/April_2001_-_A_Short_History_of_the_NGO_Working_Group.pdf
  • Paul, J. (2003). Retrieved from the Arria formula: http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/185/40088.html Short, N. (1999). The role of NGOs in the Ottawa process to ban landmines. Kluwer International Law, 481-500.
  • Sorensen, G. M. (2002). The roles a civil society can play in international dispute resolution. Negotiation Journal, 355.
  • Weiss, T. G. and Young, K. E. (2005). Compromise and credibility: Security Council reform? Security Dialogue.
  • Weiss, T. G. and others. (2007). The United Nations and changing world politics. Westview.
  • United States Institute of Peace. (2010, October). Retrieved from what is U.N. Security Council resolution 1325 and why is it so critical today?: http://www.usip.org/gender_peacebuilding/about_UNSCR_1325#Why_is_Resolution_1325_important_
  • Wapner, P. (2007). The UN and civil society. In T. G. Daws, The Oxford Handbook on the United Nations. Oxford: OUP.
  • Willetts, P. (2011). Non-governmental organizations in world politics: The construction of global governance. Routledge.
  • Woodward, B. K. (2011). The role of international NGOs: An introduction. Willamette J. Int’l L. & Dispute Res., 203-231.

Ayrıntılar

Konular Sosyal
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

M. Halil M. BEKTAŞ Bu kişi benim
ULUDAĞ ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Türkiye

Yayımlanma Tarihi 30 Temmuz 2017
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2017, Cilt 4, Sayı 2

Kaynak Göster

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tesamakademi333783, journal = {TESAM Akademi Dergisi}, issn = {2148-2462}, eissn = {2458-9217}, address = {}, publisher = {TESAM Ekonomik Siyasal ve Stratejik Araştırmalar Merkezi Derneği}, year = {2017}, volume = {4}, number = {2}, pages = {11 - 33}, title = {Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi}, key = {cite}, author = {Bektaş, M. Halil M.} }
APA Bektaş, M. H. M. (2017). Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi . TESAM Akademi Dergisi , 4 (2) , 11-33 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tesamakademi/issue/30843/333783
MLA Bektaş, M. H. M. "Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi" . TESAM Akademi Dergisi 4 (2017 ): 11-33 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tesamakademi/issue/30843/333783>
Chicago Bektaş, M. H. M. "Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi". TESAM Akademi Dergisi 4 (2017 ): 11-33
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi AU - M. Halil M. Bektaş Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - DO - T2 - TESAM Akademi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 11 EP - 33 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - 2148-2462-2458-9217 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 TESAM Akademi Dergisi Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi %A M. Halil M. Bektaş %T Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi %D 2017 %J TESAM Akademi Dergisi %P 2148-2462-2458-9217 %V 4 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Bektaş, M. Halil M. . "Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi". TESAM Akademi Dergisi 4 / 2 (Temmuz 2017): 11-33 .
AMA Bektaş M. H. M. Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi. TESAM Akademi Dergisi. 2017; 4(2): 11-33.
Vancouver Bektaş M. H. M. Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi. TESAM Akademi Dergisi. 2017; 4(2): 11-33.
IEEE M. H. M. Bektaş , "Birleşmiş Milletler Güvenlik Konseyi ile Sivil Toplum Kuruluşları Arasındaki Münasebetlerin Analizi", TESAM Akademi Dergisi, c. 4, sayı. 2, ss. 11-33, Tem. 2017