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THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA'S PERSPECTIVE

Yıl 2024, Cilt: 11 Sayı: 1, 31 - 54, 31.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303

Öz

This study investigates the Ukraine-Russia War, which started in February 2022, from the perspective of Russia. In the study, why Russia declared war on Ukraine, Russia's policies, official documents and official discourses were examined. Despite the end of the Cold War, enlargement of NATO, which is a military structure, and the Eastern European enlargement of the EU as an economic-political structure has been closely followed in Russia since the Yeltsin period. In the Putin period, it was reflected in the official documents that this was a threat. At this point, it was deduced that this war emerged not only with the influence of Russia's but also the West's policies. Ukraine-Russia War had global effects, for this reason, it has been inferred that Ukraine has become a battleground of major and regional powers. Another finding of the research is that Ukraine is subject to a war that is a reflection of a struggle between great powers. As a result of the research, it was concluded that Russia declared war on Ukraine due to a threat perception coming from the West, especially with the expansion of NATO, its struggle with the USA, and its efforts to preserve its influence in the former Soviet region.

Kaynakça

  • Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (n.d.). Russia in the international system. Retrieved September 11, 2021, from The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation: https://www.mid.ru/en/maps/ru.
  • Adamsky, D. (2018). From Moscow with coercion: Russian deterrence theory and strategic culture. Journal of Strategic Studies, 41(1–2), 33-60.
  • B. M. Szewczyk. (2022). Scholz and Macron Have a Perilous Ambition for Europe. Retrieved July 10, 2023, from https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/09/08/european-strategic-autonomy-eu-securitymacron-scholz-ukraine-defense-nato/.
  • Beal, T. (2023). Weaponizing Europe, Countering Eurasia: Mackinder, Brzezinski, Nuland and the Road to the Ukraine War. International Critical Thought, 13(1), 56-88.
  • Bremmer, I. (2023, May 31). No, the US didn’t “provoke” the war in Ukraine . Retrieved July 5, 2023, from GZero: https://www.gzeromedia.com/no-the-us-didnt-provoke-the-war-in-ukraine.
  • Brzezinski, Z. (1998). The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives. New York: Basic Books.
  • Burns, W. (2008). Nyet Means Nyet: Russia’s NATO Enlargement Redlines. Retrieved July 24, 2023, from wikileaks: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/08MOSCOW265_a.html.
  • Chester A. Crocker. (2022, October–November ). Endings and Surprises of the Russia–Ukraine War . Survival, 64(5), 183–192.
  • Cohen, E. A. (2020). The End of American Power: Trump’s Reelection Would Usher in Permanent Decline. Retrieved July 18, 2023, from Foreign Affairs: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-10-27/end-american-power.
  • D’Anieri, P. ( 2019). Ukraine and Russia: From civilized divorce to uncivil war. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Darden, K., and Way, L. (2014). Who Are the Protesters in Ukraine. Retrieved July 26, 2023, from Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2014/02/12/who-are-the-protestersin-ukraine/.
  • Diesen, G. (2021). Europe as the Western Peninsula of Greater Eurasia. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 12(1), 19–27.
  • Fraser, M. (2014). Ukraine: There’s No Way Out Unless the West Understands Its Past Mistakes. the guardian. Retrieved July 23, 2023, from http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/03/ukrainetheres-no-way-out-unless-the-west-understands-its-past-mistakes.
  • German, T. (2020). Harnessing protest potential: Russian strategic culture and the colored revolutions. Contemporary Security Policy, 41(4), 541–563.
  • Götz, E., and Staun, J. (2022). Why Russia attacked Ukraine: Strategic culture and radicalized narratives. Contemporary Security Policy, 43(3), 482-497.
  • Haass, R. (2022). The Dangerous Decade: A Foreign Policy for a World in Crisis. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved July 8, 2023, from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/united-states/dangerous-decade-foreign-policy-worldcrisis-richard-haass.
  • Herzenshorn, D. M. (2022, February 24). Ukraine naval base drew Putin’s wrath, then Russian fire. Retrieved February 23, 2023, from Politico: https://www.politico.eu/article/naval-base-drewputins-wrath-then-russian-fire/.
  • Hirsh, M. (2022, May 11). Why Biden’s anti-Putin democracy crusade is failing. Retrieved from Foreign Policy: https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/05/11/us-russiawar-ukraine-democracy-autocracy/.
  • Horstmann, B. (2022). The US Is Winning Its War on Europe’s Industries and People. Retrieved July 8, 2023, from https://www.moonofalabama.org/2022/09/the-us-is-winning-its-war-oneuropes-industries-and-people.html.
  • J. Burbank, J. (2022, March 22). The grand theory driving Putin to war. ((. G. Essay), Editor) Retrieved July 6, 2023, from The New York Times : https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/22/opinion/russia-ukraine-putineurasianism.html.
  • Johnstone, D. (2021). Washington’s Green Branches in Europe. Retrieved July 9, 2023, from https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/03/diana-johnstone-washingtons-green-branches-in-europe.
  • Jonsson, O. (2019). The Russian understanding of war. Blurring the lines between war and peace. Georgetown University Press.
  • Kissinger, H. (2014, March 5). How the Ukraine crisis ends , 5 Mart 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2023, from The Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/henry-kissinger-to-settle-the-ukraine-crisis-start-at-the-end/2014/03/05/46dad868-a496-11e3-8466-d34c451760b9_story.html.
  • Kliem, F. (2023). Not our war. What ASEAN governments’ responses to the Ukraine war tell us about Southeast Asia . The Pacific Review, 1-33.
  • Kortunov, S. (1996). Russia in search of allies. International Affairs (Moscow), 42(3), 148–163.
  • Krickovic, A. and Pellicciari, I. (2021). From ‘Greater Europe’ to ‘Greater Eurasia’: Status concerns and the evolution of Russia’s approach to alignment and regional integration. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 12(1), 86–99.
  • Kuzio, T. (2015, October). Russian Policy toward Ukraine during Elections. Demokratizatsiya, 13(4).
  • Lavrov, S. (2021, November 30). NATO is Transforming Ukraine Into Military Foothold Against Russia. Retrieved August 4, 2023, from Sputnik: https://www.uniindia.com/story/NATOtransforming-Ukraine-into-military-foothold-against-Russia—Lavrov.
  • Leupp, G. (2021). Basic Notes on Victoria (‘Fuck the EU!’) Nuland. Retrieved July 26, 2023, from counterpunch : https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/01/25/basic-notes-on-victoria-fuck-the-eu-nuland/.
  • Li, L. (2023). The US factor and the evolution of China-India relations. China Review, Vol: 23( 1), 107–133.
  • Lo, B. (2015). Russia and the new world disorder. Chatham House.
  • Luce, H. R. (1921). American Century. Retrieved July 9, 2023, from http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mlassite/discussions261/luce.pdf.
  • Lukyanov, F. (2016). Putin’s foreign policy: The quest to restore Russia’s rightful place. Foreign Affairs, 95(3), 30–37.
  • Mackinder, H. (1996). Democratic Ideals and Reality: A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Mackinder, H. J. (1996). Democratic Ideals and Reality: A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Mearsheimer, J. (2022, Mart 19). Why the West is principally responsible for the Ukrainian crisis. Retrieved July 24, 2023, from Economist: https://www.economist.com/by-invitation/2022/03/.
  • Mearsheimer, J. (2023, July 30). Ukraine war is a long-term danger . The Grayzone. (A. Mate, Interviewer) Retrieved July 21, 2023, from https://thegrayzone.com/2023/07/30/john-mearsheimer-ukraine-war-is-a-long-term-danger/.
  • Menkiszak, M. (2014). The Russian-Ukrainian war and European Security. Nordika programme.
  • NATO. (2008). Study on NATO Enlargement. Retrieved July 20, 2023, from North Atlantic Traety Organization: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_24733.htm.
  • Oldberg, I. (2020). The Long War in Donbas: Causes and Consequences. Stockholm: The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
  • President of the Russian Federation. (2015). Russian National Security Strategy. Retrieved August 5, 2023, from Russian National Security Strategy: http://www.ieee.es/Galerias/fichero/OtrasPublicaciones/Internacional/2016/Russian-National-Security-Strategy-31Dec2015.pdf.
  • Putin, V. (2007, February 10). Speech and the Following Discussion at the Munich Conference on Security Policy. Retrieved July 23, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/24034.
  • Putin, V. (2020, February 21). Ukraine. (Andrei Vandenko, Interviewer) TASS News Agency. Retrieved September 12, 2021, from http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/62835.
  • Putin, V. (2021, October 4). A New Integration Project for Eurasia: The Future in the Making. Retrieved July 24, 2023, from European Parliament: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/d-ru/dv/dru_2013_0320_06_/dru_2013_0320_06_en.pdf.
  • Putin, V. (2021, December 7). On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians. Retrieved July 4, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/66181.
  • Putin, V. (2021, April 21). Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly. Retrieved September 9, 2021, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/65418.
  • Putin, V. (2022, February 21). Address by the President of the Russian Federation. Retrieved July 22, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/67828.
  • Rezvani, B. (2020). Russian Foreign Policy and Geopolitics in the Post-Soviet Space and the Middle East: Tajikistan, Georgia, Ukraine and Syria. Middle Eastern Studies, 56(6), 878-899. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/epdf/10.1080/00263206.2020.1775590?needAccess=true&role=button.
  • Russie, Le Ministère des affaires étrangères de la Fédération de. (2020, March 18). Statement by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova on the sixth anniversary of Crimea’s reunification with Russia. Retrieved September 11, 2021, from Le Ministère des affaires étrangères de la Fédération de Russie: https://www.mid.ru/fr/press_service/spokesman/official_statement/1429670/?lang=en.
  • TASS. (2022). Russian Gas Supplies via Ukraine at Previous Volume, European UGS Facilities 95.4% Full,” 2022,. Retrieved July 9, 2023, from TASS RUSSIAN NEWS AGENCY: https://tass.com/economy/1535123.
  • The White House. (2022, February 24). Remarks by President Biden on Russia’s unprovoked and unjustified attack on Ukraine. Retrieved July 21, 2023, from The White House: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2022/02/24/remarks-bypresident-biden-on-russias-unprovoked-and-unjustified-attack-on-ukraine/.
  • The White House. (2022, March 26). Remarks by President Biden on the united efforts of the free world to support the people of Ukraine. Retrieved from The White House: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2022/03/26/.
  • Uyar, C. (2021). Bitmeyen Savaş: Koreler Arası Teritoryal Çatışma. In Limon, O., Güneş, Ü. and Karagöz, S., 21. Yüzyılda Bölgesel Sorunlar (pp. 453-481). Ankara: Nobel Yayınevi.
  • Vladimir Putin. (2022, February 24). Address by the President of the Russian Federation. Retrieved July 25, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/67843.
  • Waslekar, S. (2023). Ukraine war and beyond. Globalizations. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/14747731.2023.2232185?casa_token=2qpv_h3AZ6wAAAAA:9JbFVXfrLddVVOG5hJW1E4exmzt5jy7oCinIMz5f-KPD9j6qrlRSQf8DnsXchW4IRcee-WAXxvvbnZD-TQ.
  • Wezeman, S. T., and Kuimova, A. (2018). Ukraine and Black Sea Security. SIPRI Background Paper . Stockholm: STOCKHOLM INTERNATIONAL PEACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE. Retrieved from https://www.sipri.org/publications/2018/sipri-background-papers/ukraine-and-black-sea-security.
  • Wierzbowska-Miazga, A., and Iwański, T. (2013, August 28). Russia counteracts Ukraine’s moves towards the European Union. Retrieved September 8, 2023, from Centre for Eastern Studies: https://www.osw.waw.pl/en/publikacje/analyses/2013-08-28/russia-counteracts-ukraines-moves-towards-european-union.

UKRAYNA SAVAŞI’NDA BÜYÜK VE BÖLGESEL GÜÇLERİN MÜCADELESİ: RUSYA’NIN PERSPEKTİFİ

Yıl 2024, Cilt: 11 Sayı: 1, 31 - 54, 31.01.2024
https://doi.org/10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303

Öz

Bu çalışma Şubat 2022’de başlayan Ukrayna-Rusya Savaşı’nı Rusya perspektifinden değerlendirmektedir. Çalışmada Rusya’nın neden Ukrayna’ya savaş ilan ettiği Rusya’nın politikaları, resmî belgeleri ve resmi düzeyde söylemleri ele alınarak incelenmiştir. Soğuk Savaş’ın bitmesine rağmen askerî bir yapı olan NATO’nun ve ekonomik-siyasi yapı olarak AB’nin Doğu Avrupa genişlemesi Rusya’da Yeltsin döneminden beri yakından izlenmektedir. Putin döneminde ise bunun bir tehdit olduğu resmî belgelere yansımıştır. Bu noktada bu savaşın sadece Rusya’nın değil Batı’nın politikaları etkisiyle de ortaya çıktığı çıkarımı yapılmıştır. Ukrayna – Rusya Savaşı’nın küresel çapta etkileri mevcuttur, bu nedenle de Ukrayna’nın büyük ve bölgesel güçlerin bir mücadele alanı hâline geldiği kanısına varılmıştır. Ukrayna’nın büyük güçler arası bir mücadelenin yansıması olan bir savaşa konu olduğu da araştırmanın bir diğer bulgusudur. Araştırma sonucunda Rusya’nın özellikle NATO’nun genişlemesiyle Batı’dan gelen bir tehdit algısı, ABD ile olan mücadelesi, eski Sovyet bölgesindeki nüfuzu koruma çabası nedenleriyle Ukrayna’ya savaş ilan ettiği görülmüştür.

Kaynakça

  • Russian Federation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (n.d.). Russia in the international system. Retrieved September 11, 2021, from The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation: https://www.mid.ru/en/maps/ru.
  • Adamsky, D. (2018). From Moscow with coercion: Russian deterrence theory and strategic culture. Journal of Strategic Studies, 41(1–2), 33-60.
  • B. M. Szewczyk. (2022). Scholz and Macron Have a Perilous Ambition for Europe. Retrieved July 10, 2023, from https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/09/08/european-strategic-autonomy-eu-securitymacron-scholz-ukraine-defense-nato/.
  • Beal, T. (2023). Weaponizing Europe, Countering Eurasia: Mackinder, Brzezinski, Nuland and the Road to the Ukraine War. International Critical Thought, 13(1), 56-88.
  • Bremmer, I. (2023, May 31). No, the US didn’t “provoke” the war in Ukraine . Retrieved July 5, 2023, from GZero: https://www.gzeromedia.com/no-the-us-didnt-provoke-the-war-in-ukraine.
  • Brzezinski, Z. (1998). The Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and Its Geostrategic Imperatives. New York: Basic Books.
  • Burns, W. (2008). Nyet Means Nyet: Russia’s NATO Enlargement Redlines. Retrieved July 24, 2023, from wikileaks: https://wikileaks.org/plusd/cables/08MOSCOW265_a.html.
  • Chester A. Crocker. (2022, October–November ). Endings and Surprises of the Russia–Ukraine War . Survival, 64(5), 183–192.
  • Cohen, E. A. (2020). The End of American Power: Trump’s Reelection Would Usher in Permanent Decline. Retrieved July 18, 2023, from Foreign Affairs: https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/united-states/2020-10-27/end-american-power.
  • D’Anieri, P. ( 2019). Ukraine and Russia: From civilized divorce to uncivil war. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Darden, K., and Way, L. (2014). Who Are the Protesters in Ukraine. Retrieved July 26, 2023, from Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2014/02/12/who-are-the-protestersin-ukraine/.
  • Diesen, G. (2021). Europe as the Western Peninsula of Greater Eurasia. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 12(1), 19–27.
  • Fraser, M. (2014). Ukraine: There’s No Way Out Unless the West Understands Its Past Mistakes. the guardian. Retrieved July 23, 2023, from http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/03/ukrainetheres-no-way-out-unless-the-west-understands-its-past-mistakes.
  • German, T. (2020). Harnessing protest potential: Russian strategic culture and the colored revolutions. Contemporary Security Policy, 41(4), 541–563.
  • Götz, E., and Staun, J. (2022). Why Russia attacked Ukraine: Strategic culture and radicalized narratives. Contemporary Security Policy, 43(3), 482-497.
  • Haass, R. (2022). The Dangerous Decade: A Foreign Policy for a World in Crisis. Foreign Affairs. Retrieved July 8, 2023, from https://www.foreignaffairs.com/united-states/dangerous-decade-foreign-policy-worldcrisis-richard-haass.
  • Herzenshorn, D. M. (2022, February 24). Ukraine naval base drew Putin’s wrath, then Russian fire. Retrieved February 23, 2023, from Politico: https://www.politico.eu/article/naval-base-drewputins-wrath-then-russian-fire/.
  • Hirsh, M. (2022, May 11). Why Biden’s anti-Putin democracy crusade is failing. Retrieved from Foreign Policy: https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/05/11/us-russiawar-ukraine-democracy-autocracy/.
  • Horstmann, B. (2022). The US Is Winning Its War on Europe’s Industries and People. Retrieved July 8, 2023, from https://www.moonofalabama.org/2022/09/the-us-is-winning-its-war-oneuropes-industries-and-people.html.
  • J. Burbank, J. (2022, March 22). The grand theory driving Putin to war. ((. G. Essay), Editor) Retrieved July 6, 2023, from The New York Times : https://www.nytimes.com/2022/03/22/opinion/russia-ukraine-putineurasianism.html.
  • Johnstone, D. (2021). Washington’s Green Branches in Europe. Retrieved July 9, 2023, from https://consortiumnews.com/2021/05/03/diana-johnstone-washingtons-green-branches-in-europe.
  • Jonsson, O. (2019). The Russian understanding of war. Blurring the lines between war and peace. Georgetown University Press.
  • Kissinger, H. (2014, March 5). How the Ukraine crisis ends , 5 Mart 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2023, from The Washington Post: https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/henry-kissinger-to-settle-the-ukraine-crisis-start-at-the-end/2014/03/05/46dad868-a496-11e3-8466-d34c451760b9_story.html.
  • Kliem, F. (2023). Not our war. What ASEAN governments’ responses to the Ukraine war tell us about Southeast Asia . The Pacific Review, 1-33.
  • Kortunov, S. (1996). Russia in search of allies. International Affairs (Moscow), 42(3), 148–163.
  • Krickovic, A. and Pellicciari, I. (2021). From ‘Greater Europe’ to ‘Greater Eurasia’: Status concerns and the evolution of Russia’s approach to alignment and regional integration. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 12(1), 86–99.
  • Kuzio, T. (2015, October). Russian Policy toward Ukraine during Elections. Demokratizatsiya, 13(4).
  • Lavrov, S. (2021, November 30). NATO is Transforming Ukraine Into Military Foothold Against Russia. Retrieved August 4, 2023, from Sputnik: https://www.uniindia.com/story/NATOtransforming-Ukraine-into-military-foothold-against-Russia—Lavrov.
  • Leupp, G. (2021). Basic Notes on Victoria (‘Fuck the EU!’) Nuland. Retrieved July 26, 2023, from counterpunch : https://www.counterpunch.org/2021/01/25/basic-notes-on-victoria-fuck-the-eu-nuland/.
  • Li, L. (2023). The US factor and the evolution of China-India relations. China Review, Vol: 23( 1), 107–133.
  • Lo, B. (2015). Russia and the new world disorder. Chatham House.
  • Luce, H. R. (1921). American Century. Retrieved July 9, 2023, from http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mlassite/discussions261/luce.pdf.
  • Lukyanov, F. (2016). Putin’s foreign policy: The quest to restore Russia’s rightful place. Foreign Affairs, 95(3), 30–37.
  • Mackinder, H. (1996). Democratic Ideals and Reality: A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Mackinder, H. J. (1996). Democratic Ideals and Reality: A Study in the Politics of Reconstruction. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Mearsheimer, J. (2022, Mart 19). Why the West is principally responsible for the Ukrainian crisis. Retrieved July 24, 2023, from Economist: https://www.economist.com/by-invitation/2022/03/.
  • Mearsheimer, J. (2023, July 30). Ukraine war is a long-term danger . The Grayzone. (A. Mate, Interviewer) Retrieved July 21, 2023, from https://thegrayzone.com/2023/07/30/john-mearsheimer-ukraine-war-is-a-long-term-danger/.
  • Menkiszak, M. (2014). The Russian-Ukrainian war and European Security. Nordika programme.
  • NATO. (2008). Study on NATO Enlargement. Retrieved July 20, 2023, from North Atlantic Traety Organization: https://www.nato.int/cps/en/natohq/official_texts_24733.htm.
  • Oldberg, I. (2020). The Long War in Donbas: Causes and Consequences. Stockholm: The Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
  • President of the Russian Federation. (2015). Russian National Security Strategy. Retrieved August 5, 2023, from Russian National Security Strategy: http://www.ieee.es/Galerias/fichero/OtrasPublicaciones/Internacional/2016/Russian-National-Security-Strategy-31Dec2015.pdf.
  • Putin, V. (2007, February 10). Speech and the Following Discussion at the Munich Conference on Security Policy. Retrieved July 23, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/24034.
  • Putin, V. (2020, February 21). Ukraine. (Andrei Vandenko, Interviewer) TASS News Agency. Retrieved September 12, 2021, from http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/62835.
  • Putin, V. (2021, October 4). A New Integration Project for Eurasia: The Future in the Making. Retrieved July 24, 2023, from European Parliament: https://www.europarl.europa.eu/meetdocs/2009_2014/documents/d-ru/dv/dru_2013_0320_06_/dru_2013_0320_06_en.pdf.
  • Putin, V. (2021, December 7). On the Historical Unity of Russians and Ukrainians. Retrieved July 4, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/66181.
  • Putin, V. (2021, April 21). Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly. Retrieved September 9, 2021, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/65418.
  • Putin, V. (2022, February 21). Address by the President of the Russian Federation. Retrieved July 22, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/67828.
  • Rezvani, B. (2020). Russian Foreign Policy and Geopolitics in the Post-Soviet Space and the Middle East: Tajikistan, Georgia, Ukraine and Syria. Middle Eastern Studies, 56(6), 878-899. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/epdf/10.1080/00263206.2020.1775590?needAccess=true&role=button.
  • Russie, Le Ministère des affaires étrangères de la Fédération de. (2020, March 18). Statement by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova on the sixth anniversary of Crimea’s reunification with Russia. Retrieved September 11, 2021, from Le Ministère des affaires étrangères de la Fédération de Russie: https://www.mid.ru/fr/press_service/spokesman/official_statement/1429670/?lang=en.
  • TASS. (2022). Russian Gas Supplies via Ukraine at Previous Volume, European UGS Facilities 95.4% Full,” 2022,. Retrieved July 9, 2023, from TASS RUSSIAN NEWS AGENCY: https://tass.com/economy/1535123.
  • The White House. (2022, February 24). Remarks by President Biden on Russia’s unprovoked and unjustified attack on Ukraine. Retrieved July 21, 2023, from The White House: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2022/02/24/remarks-bypresident-biden-on-russias-unprovoked-and-unjustified-attack-on-ukraine/.
  • The White House. (2022, March 26). Remarks by President Biden on the united efforts of the free world to support the people of Ukraine. Retrieved from The White House: https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/speeches-remarks/2022/03/26/.
  • Uyar, C. (2021). Bitmeyen Savaş: Koreler Arası Teritoryal Çatışma. In Limon, O., Güneş, Ü. and Karagöz, S., 21. Yüzyılda Bölgesel Sorunlar (pp. 453-481). Ankara: Nobel Yayınevi.
  • Vladimir Putin. (2022, February 24). Address by the President of the Russian Federation. Retrieved July 25, 2023, from Official Internet Resources of the President of Russia: http://en.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/67843.
  • Waslekar, S. (2023). Ukraine war and beyond. Globalizations. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/14747731.2023.2232185?casa_token=2qpv_h3AZ6wAAAAA:9JbFVXfrLddVVOG5hJW1E4exmzt5jy7oCinIMz5f-KPD9j6qrlRSQf8DnsXchW4IRcee-WAXxvvbnZD-TQ.
  • Wezeman, S. T., and Kuimova, A. (2018). Ukraine and Black Sea Security. SIPRI Background Paper . Stockholm: STOCKHOLM INTERNATIONAL PEACE RESEARCH INSTITUTE. Retrieved from https://www.sipri.org/publications/2018/sipri-background-papers/ukraine-and-black-sea-security.
  • Wierzbowska-Miazga, A., and Iwański, T. (2013, August 28). Russia counteracts Ukraine’s moves towards the European Union. Retrieved September 8, 2023, from Centre for Eastern Studies: https://www.osw.waw.pl/en/publikacje/analyses/2013-08-28/russia-counteracts-ukraines-moves-towards-european-union.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Konular Bölgesel Çalışmalar, Uluslararası Güvenlik, Uluslararası İlişkilerde Uyuşmazlık Çözümü
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Can UYAR 0000-0003-0135-8410

Merve Hazer YİĞİT UYAR 0000-0003-2412-2494

Yayımlanma Tarihi 31 Ocak 2024
Yayımlandığı Sayı Yıl 2024 Cilt: 11 Sayı: 1

Kaynak Göster

APA UYAR, C., & YİĞİT UYAR, M. H. (2024). THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE. TESAM Akademi Dergisi, 11(1), 31-54. https://doi.org/10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303
AMA UYAR C, YİĞİT UYAR MH. THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE. TESAM Akademi Dergisi. Ocak 2024;11(1):31-54. doi:10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303
Chicago UYAR, Can, ve Merve Hazer YİĞİT UYAR. “THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE”. TESAM Akademi Dergisi 11, sy. 1 (Ocak 2024): 31-54. https://doi.org/10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303.
EndNote UYAR C, YİĞİT UYAR MH (01 Ocak 2024) THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE. TESAM Akademi Dergisi 11 1 31–54.
IEEE C. UYAR ve M. H. YİĞİT UYAR, “THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE”, TESAM Akademi Dergisi, c. 11, sy. 1, ss. 31–54, 2024, doi: 10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303.
ISNAD UYAR, Can - YİĞİT UYAR, Merve Hazer. “THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE”. TESAM Akademi Dergisi 11/1 (Ocak 2024), 31-54. https://doi.org/10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303.
JAMA UYAR C, YİĞİT UYAR MH. THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE. TESAM Akademi Dergisi. 2024;11:31–54.
MLA UYAR, Can ve Merve Hazer YİĞİT UYAR. “THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE”. TESAM Akademi Dergisi, c. 11, sy. 1, 2024, ss. 31-54, doi:10.30626/tesamakademi.1347303.
Vancouver UYAR C, YİĞİT UYAR MH. THE STRUGGLE OF GREAT AND REGIONAL POWERS IN THE WAR OF UKRAINE: RUSSIA’S PERSPECTIVE. TESAM Akademi Dergisi. 2024;11(1):31-54.