Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 102 - 122 2019-08-31

Türkiye’nin Batı Karadeniz bölgesinde kış mevsiminde toplanan PM2.5 ve PM2.5-10 örneklerinde belirlenen ağır metallerin sebep olduğu maruziyet riski değerlendirmesi
Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter

Fatma Öztürk [1] , Melek Keleş Özgül [2]


Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı hava kalitesini belirleyen iki önemli kirletici olan PM10 ve SO2 seviyelerinin Bolu şehir merkezinde 2006 ve 2017 yılları arasındaki uzun dönem ve mevsimsel değişimlerini meteorolojik parametreleri dikkate alarak incelemek ve kış mevsiminde toplanan PM örneklerinde belirlenen metallerden kaynaklanan sağlık riskinin belirlenmesidir. Yöntem: Bolu şehir merkezinde izlenen SO2 ve PM10 seviyelerinde istatistiksel açıdan anlamlı bir azalma olup olmadığı ve azalma oranı Seasonal Kendall (SK) testi kullanılarak belirlenmiştir. Bununla birlikte bu iki kirleticinin mevsimsel değişim göstermedikleri meteorolojik parametrelerle ilişkileri dikkate alınarak incelenmiştir. Aralık 2014-Şubat 2015 tarihleri arasında iki farklı dane boyutunda toplanan PM örnekleri WDXRF cihazı kullanarak metal içeriklerinin belirlenmesi açısından analiz edilmiştir. Üretilen metal konsantrasyonları şehirde yaşayan halkın maruz kaldığı kanserojen olan ve olmayan sağlık risklerinin hesaplanmasında kullanılmıştır. Bulgular: Veri setine uygulanan SK testi ile %5 anlam seviyesinde SO2 için bu dönemde azalma oranı 1.953 µg/m3/yıl, PM10 için ise 2.932 µg/m3/yıl olarak bulunmuştur. Her iki parametre de bu dönemde çok belirgin mevsimsel değişim göstermiştir. Üretilen veri seti ile yapılan maruziyet riski değerlendirmesi ile çocuklar için cilt temasının erişkinler için ise solunumun partikül maddeye bağlı metallerin insan vücuduna geçmesinde ana yol olduğu bulunmuştur. Sonuç: Genel olarak, çocukların kanserojen olmayan risklere yetişkinlere kıyasla daha hassas oldukları belirlenmiştir. Çalışma kapsamında değerlendirilen metallerden As ve Pb için hesaplanan kanser riskinin kabul edilebilir (< 1×10-4) değerin altında olduğu saptanmıştır.

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the long term and seasonal variation of PM10 and SO2 in the the Bolu city center between 2006 and 2017 in relation to meteorological parameters and to evaluate the health risks due to metals bound to particulate matter (PM) during the winter season. Method: The Seasonal Kendall (SK) test was performed on the air quality data to find the magnitude of associated trends. In addition, seasonality of these pollutants was evaluated in conjunction with the meteorological parameters. Furthermore, daily PM samples in two different size fractions were collected between December 2014 and February 2015 and analyzed for metals by WDXRF. The generated metal concentrations were used to estimate carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic health risks imposed on the residents of the city.  Results: The SK test revealed statistically significant decline in SO2 and PM10 with a rate of 1.953 and 2.932 µg/m3/year, respectively, at 5% significance level. Both of the parameters depicted very clear seasonal cycles. Performed exposure risk assessment indicated that dermal contact with PM bound metals was the main route of exposure for children, while the adults were more prone to non-carcinogenic risks from exposure through inhalation. Conclusion: Overall, children were found to be more susceptible to non-carcinogenic risks as compared to adults. The cancer risks due to As and Pb were within the acceptable limits (< 1×10-4).

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Fatma Öztürk (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Abant Izzet Baysal University (AIBU), Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Environmental Engineering Department
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Melek Keleş Özgül
Kurum: Abant Izzet Baysal University (AIBU), Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Environmental Engineering Department
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tjph427342, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Halk Sağlığı Uzmanları Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {102 - 122}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.427342}, title = {Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter}, key = {cite}, author = {Öztürk, Fatma and Keleş Özgül, Melek} }
APA Öztürk, F , Keleş Özgül, M . (2019). Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter. Turkish Journal of Public Health , 17 (2) , 102-122 . DOI: 10.20518/tjph.427342
MLA Öztürk, F , Keleş Özgül, M . "Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 102-122 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjph/issue/48212/427342>
Chicago Öztürk, F , Keleş Özgül, M . "Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 102-122
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter AU - Fatma Öztürk , Melek Keleş Özgül Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.427342 DO - 10.20518/tjph.427342 T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 102 EP - 122 VL - 17 IS - 2 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.427342 UR - https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.427342 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter %A Fatma Öztürk , Melek Keleş Özgül %T Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 17 %N 2 %R doi: 10.20518/tjph.427342 %U 10.20518/tjph.427342
ISNAD Öztürk, Fatma , Keleş Özgül, Melek . "Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 102-122 . https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.427342
AMA Öztürk F , Keleş Özgül M . Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter. TurkJPH. 2019; 17(2): 102-122.
Vancouver Öztürk F , Keleş Özgül M . Assessing long term trends of air pollutants and associated health risks imposed on residents in Bolu (Turkey) during winter. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2019; 17(2): 122-102.