Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 2, Sayfalar 195 - 206 2019-08-31

Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015
Türkiye’deki intiharların yaşa, cinsiyete ve yönteme göre değişim trendi, 2002–2015

Saniye Göktaş [1] , Selma Metintaş [2]


Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the change in the gender, age and method-specific suicide rates in Turkey between 2002-2015. Method: Gender, age and method-specific suicide rates were calculated during the study period with the data obtained from the Turkish Statistical Institute and Joinpoint regression analysis was used to test the change of these rates within the observed time period. Results: Of a total of 40,281 suicides recorded during the study period, 27,407 consisted of males (68%) and 12,874 consisted of females (32%). The suicide rate was higher in females than males only in the group under 15 years of age, whereas it was higher in males than females in all other age groups. Male suicides showed an increasing trend in the time interval studied for the age groups under 15, 25-44, 65 and above. The most commonly used suicide method was hanging in all age groups. It was noteworthy that suicides committed by firearms also increased in the group under 15 years of age. Conclusion: Trend in suicidal behavior over the years should be closely monitored. Preventive measures to curb increasing trends of suicide are urgently needed.

Amaç: Çalışmada, Türkiye’de, 2002-2015 zaman aralığında, yaşa, cinsiyete ve yönteme özel intihar hızlarında meydana gelen değişimin değerlendirilmesi amaçlandı. Yöntem: Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu’ndan elde edilen verilerle, çalışma periyodunda yaşa, cinsiyete ve yönteme özel intihar hızları hesaplandı ve bu hızların incelenen zaman trendinde gösterdiği değişimin incelenmesinde Joinpoint regresyon analizi kullanıldı. Bulgular: İncelenen zaman trendinde kaydedilen 40,281 intiharın 27,407’si erkek (%68), 12,874’ü kadın (%32) idi. Intihar hızı sadece 15 yaşın altında olan grupta kadınlarda erkeklere göre daha yüksek iken, diğer yaş gruplarında erkeklerde daha yüksekti. İncelenen zaman trendinde, erkeklerde intihar hızı 15 yaşın altında, 25-44, 65 yaş ve üzerindeki yaş gruplarında anlamlı bir artış trendi gösterdi. Tüm yaş gruplarında en çok tercih edilen intihar yöntemi ası idi. Ateşli silah kullanımıyla gerçekleşen intiharların, 15 yaşın altında olan grupta artış trendi göstermesi dikkat çekiciydi. Sonuç: İntihar davranışının, yıllar içinde gösterdiği değişim trendi daha yakından izlenmelidir. Artan intihar hızlarının önüne geçebilmek için, acilen önleyici tedbirlerin alınmasına ihtiyaç vardır.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Saniye Göktaş (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Selma Metintaş
Kurum: ESKİŞEHİR OSMANGAZİ ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 31 Ağustos 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tjph442055, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Halk Sağlığı Uzmanları Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {195 - 206}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.442055}, title = {Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015}, key = {cite}, author = {Göktaş, Saniye and Metintaş, Selma} }
APA Göktaş, S , Metintaş, S . (2019). Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015. Turkish Journal of Public Health , 17 (2) , 195-206 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjph/issue/48212/442055
MLA Göktaş, S , Metintaş, S . "Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 195-206 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjph/issue/48212/442055>
Chicago Göktaş, S , Metintaş, S . "Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 195-206
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015 AU - Saniye Göktaş , Selma Metintaş Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - DO - T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 195 EP - 206 VL - 17 IS - 2 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - UR - Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015 %A Saniye Göktaş , Selma Metintaş %T Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015 %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 17 %N 2 %R %U
ISNAD Göktaş, Saniye , Metintaş, Selma . "Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 / 2 (Ağustos 2019): 195-206 .
AMA Göktaş S , Metintaş S . Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015. TurkJPH. 2019; 17(2): 195-206.
Vancouver Göktaş S , Metintaş S . Suicide mortality trends by age, gender and method in Turkey, 2002–2015. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2019; 17(2): 206-195.