Yıl 2019, Cilt 17 , Sayı 3, Sayfalar 294 - 303 2019-12-29

Üniversite öğrencilerinde fazla kiloluluk, obezite ve metabolik sendrom sıklığı üzerine bir çalışma
A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students

Hasan Hüseyin ÇAM [1] , Fatma KARASU [2]


Amaç: Bu çalışmanın amacı, üniversite öğrencileri arasında fazla kiloluluk, obezite ve diğer metabolik sendrom bileşenlerinin sıklığını değerlendirmektir. Yöntem: Kesitsel araştırma tasarımı kullanılarak yapılan bu çalışmaya toplam 357 üniversite öğrencisi dâhil edildi. Sosyoekonomik, yaşam tarzı ve kardiyovasküler hastalık risk faktörleri ile ilgili veriler anket formu doldurularak toplandı. Klinik taramalar için kan basıncını ölçümü, açlık lipit ve glikoz konsantrasyonları belirlendi.  İstatistiksel analizler için T-testi, Pearson Ki-Kare ve Fisher’s Exact Testi kullanıldı. Bulgular: Üniversite öğrencilerinde fazla kiloluluk ve obezite sıklığı %25,9 olarak belirlendi. NCEP ATP III kriterlerine göre metabolik sendrom (MetS) sıklığı %2,4 (n = 7) idi. MetS gelişme riski, sigara içenler ve erkek üniversite öğrencileri arasında yüksek olarak tespit edildi. Beden kitle indeksi ile sistolik kan basıncı, diyastolik kan basıncı, total kolesterol, HDL kolesterol ve trigliserid düzeyleri arasında anlamlı bir ilişki bulundu. Sonuç: Bulgularımız, üniversite öğrencilerinde fazla kiloluluk ve obezite sıklığının yüksek oranda olduğuna dair kanıtlar sağlamaktadır. Fazla kilolu ve obez öğrencilerde kardiyovasküler hastalık risk faktörleri normal kilolu öğrencilerden anlamlı derecede daha yüksek idi.  Artan fiziksel aktivite ve diyet gibi yaşam tarzı değişiklikleri MetS kriterlerinde yararlı değişiklikler yapabilir.


Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of overweight, obesity and other metabolic syndrome component among university students. Methods: This cross-sectional study included a total of 357 university students. The socioeconomic data, lifestyle, and cardiovascular disease risk factors were filled out using a questionnaire. The clinical screenings included measurement of blood pressure and determination of fasting lipid and glucose concentrations. T-test, Pearson Chi-Square and Fisher’s Exact Test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The frequency of overweight or obesity was 25.9% in university students. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) frequency as per the NCEP ATP III criteria was 2.4% (n=7). The risk of developing MetS is high among those who smoke and male university students. There were significant correlations between body mass index and systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides levels. Conclusion: Our findings provide evidence for the high frequency of overweight, obesity in university students. The cardiovascular disease risk factors among overweight and obese students were significantly higher than normal weight students. Lifestyle modifications such as increased dietary changes and physical activity can be helpful changes in MetS criteria.

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Birincil Dil en
Konular Sağlık Bilimleri ve Hizmetleri
Bölüm Araştırma Makalesi
Yazarlar

Yazar: Hasan Hüseyin ÇAM (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: KİLİS 7 ARALIK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-1979-7810
Yazar: Fatma KARASU
Kurum: KİLİS 7 ARALIK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Başvuru Tarihi : 31 Temmuz 2018
Kabul Tarihi : 19 Mayıs 2019
Yayımlanma Tarihi : 29 Aralık 2019

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { tjph449674, journal = {Turkish Journal of Public Health}, issn = {}, eissn = {1304-1088}, address = {}, publisher = {Halk Sağlığı Uzmanları Derneği}, year = {2019}, volume = {17}, pages = {294 - 303}, doi = {10.20518/tjph.449674}, title = {A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students}, key = {cite}, author = {Çam, Hasan Hüseyin and Karasu, Fatma} }
APA Çam, H , Karasu, F . (2019). A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students . Turkish Journal of Public Health , 17 (3) , 294-303 . DOI: 10.20518/tjph.449674
MLA Çam, H , Karasu, F . "A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students" . Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 294-303 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tjph/issue/50956/449674>
Chicago Çam, H , Karasu, F . "A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 (2019 ): 294-303
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students AU - Hasan Hüseyin Çam , Fatma Karasu Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.449674 DO - 10.20518/tjph.449674 T2 - Turkish Journal of Public Health JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 294 EP - 303 VL - 17 IS - 3 SN - -1304-1088 M3 - doi: 10.20518/tjph.449674 UR - https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.449674 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Türkiye Halk Sağlığı Dergisi A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students %A Hasan Hüseyin Çam , Fatma Karasu %T A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students %D 2019 %J Turkish Journal of Public Health %P -1304-1088 %V 17 %N 3 %R doi: 10.20518/tjph.449674 %U 10.20518/tjph.449674
ISNAD Çam, Hasan Hüseyin , Karasu, Fatma . "A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students". Turkish Journal of Public Health 17 / 3 (Aralık 2019): 294-303 . https://doi.org/10.20518/tjph.449674
AMA Çam H , Karasu F . A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students. TurkJPH. 2019; 17(3): 294-303.
Vancouver Çam H , Karasu F . A study of the frequency of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome among university students. Turkish Journal of Public Health. 2019; 17(3): 294-303.