Yıl 2021, Cilt Özel Sayı , Sayı , Sayfalar 46 - 55 2021-01-29

Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity
Farklı Yağış Yoğunluğu Altında Geçirimsiz Toprakta Akış ve Sediment Simülasyonu

Reyhanehsadat MOUSAVİZADEH [1] , Sayyed Hassan TABATABAEI [2] , Negar NOURMAHNAD [3] , Sinan ARAS [4]


The impact of rainfall intensity and soil water repellence (SWR) on runoff generation and soil erosion are not fully understood. These two factors affect runoff and the related sediment. In this paper, a physical model, “Advanced Hydrological Investigations” (AHI) was employed to simulate runoff and sediment yield under different degree of hydrophobicity level also in respect with different artificial rainfall intensities. A sandy loam soil was artificially hydrophobized using different concentration of stearic acid to achieve five degrees of repellence (hydrophilic as the control). On the other hand, these five levels of artificial rainfall intensity were considered as an artificial rainfall in the  model and finally 25 treatments were tested. The results showed an increase in runoff volume, decrease in sediment yield, and decrease in deep percolation volume and decrease in time of concentration by increasing hydrophobicity. The higher SWR level, the lower sediment yield. It was recorded 2 gr soil loss in extreme repellent soil under 80 l/h rainfall intensity in compare with control treatment of this situation (6.5 gr soil loss). Possible explanation of sediment reduction in hydrophobic soil, could be aggregate stability in hydrophobic treatments which is positively related with organic matter content. Sediment reduction in higher degree of SWR could be considered as soil management policy in arid and semi-arid region.
Yağış yoğunluğu ve toprak geçirimsizliğinin, yüzey akış oluşumu ve toprak erozyonunu üzerine etkileri tam olarak anlaşılamamıştır. Bu iki faktör yüzey akışı ve ilişkili olarak sedimenti etkilemektedir. Bu çalışmada, farklı hidrofobiklik seviyeleri altında ve aynı zamanda farklı yapay yağış yoğunluklarına göre yüzey akış ve sediment verimini simüle etmek için “Advanced Hydrological Investigations (AHI)” adlı fiziksel bir model kullanılmıştır. Kumlu tınlı bünyeye sahip bir toprak, beş derece hidrofobiklik elde etmek için farklı yoğunluklarda stearik asit kullanılarak yapay olarak hidrofobikleştirilmiştir. Öte yandan, modelde beş yağış yoğunluğu seviyesi yapay bir yağış olarak kabul edilmiş ve 25 uygulama test edilmiştir. Sonuçlar hidrofibiklik arttığında, yüzey akış hacminde artış, sediment veriminde, derine süzülmede ve suyun havzada toplanma süresinde azalma olduğunu göstermiştir. Ayrıca, toprak geçirimsizlik seviyesinin yükselmesi sediment veriminin düşmesine neden olmuştur. Kontrol konusu ile karşılaştırıldığında(6,5 gr toprak kaybı), aşırı geçirimsiz topraktan 80 litre/saat yağış yoğunluğu altında 2 gr toprak kaybı olmuştur. Hidrofobik toprakta tortu azalmasının olası açıklaması, organik madde içeriği ile pozitif olarak ilişkili olan hidrofobik işlemlerde agrega stabilitesi olabilir.Yüksek derecede geçirimsiz topraklardaki sediment azalması, kurak ve yarı kurak bölgelerde toprak yönetimi politikası olarak düşünülebilir.
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Birincil Dil en
Konular Fen
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Reyhanehsadat MOUSAVİZADEH
Kurum: International Agricultural Research and Training Center
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Sayyed Hassan TABATABAEI (Sorumlu Yazar)
Kurum: Shahrekord University
Ülke: Iran


Yazar: Negar NOURMAHNAD
Kurum: International Agricultural Research and Training Center
Ülke: Turkey


Yazar: Sinan ARAS
Kurum: International Agricultural Research and Training Center
Ülke: Turkey


Tarihler

Yayımlanma Tarihi : 29 Ocak 2021

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { topraksu700846, journal = {Toprak Su Dergisi}, issn = {2146-7072}, eissn = {2148-5534}, address = {}, publisher = {Toprak Gübre ve Su Kaynakları Merkez Araştırma Enstitüsü}, year = {2021}, volume = {Özel Sayı}, pages = {46 - 55}, doi = {10.21657/topraksu.700846}, title = {Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity}, key = {cite}, author = {Mousavizadeh, Reyhanehsadat and Tabatabaeı, Sayyed Hassan and Nourmahnad, Negar and Aras, Sinan} }
APA Mousavizadeh, R , Tabatabaeı, S , Nourmahnad, N , Aras, S . (2021). Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity . Toprak Su Dergisi , Özel Sayı , 46-55 . DOI: 10.21657/topraksu.700846
MLA Mousavizadeh, R , Tabatabaeı, S , Nourmahnad, N , Aras, S . "Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity" . Toprak Su Dergisi Özel Sayı (2021 ): 46-55 <https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/topraksu/issue/59483/700846>
Chicago Mousavizadeh, R , Tabatabaeı, S , Nourmahnad, N , Aras, S . "Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity". Toprak Su Dergisi Özel Sayı (2021 ): 46-55
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity AU - Reyhanehsadat Mousavizadeh , Sayyed Hassan Tabatabaeı , Negar Nourmahnad , Sinan Aras Y1 - 2021 PY - 2021 N1 - doi: 10.21657/topraksu.700846 DO - 10.21657/topraksu.700846 T2 - Toprak Su Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 46 EP - 55 VL - Özel Sayı IS - SN - 2146-7072-2148-5534 M3 - doi: 10.21657/topraksu.700846 UR - https://doi.org/10.21657/topraksu.700846 Y2 - 2020 ER -
EndNote %0 Toprak Su Dergisi Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity %A Reyhanehsadat Mousavizadeh , Sayyed Hassan Tabatabaeı , Negar Nourmahnad , Sinan Aras %T Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity %D 2021 %J Toprak Su Dergisi %P 2146-7072-2148-5534 %V Özel Sayı %N %R doi: 10.21657/topraksu.700846 %U 10.21657/topraksu.700846
ISNAD Mousavizadeh, Reyhanehsadat , Tabatabaeı, Sayyed Hassan , Nourmahnad, Negar , Aras, Sinan . "Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity". Toprak Su Dergisi Özel Sayı / (Ocak 2021): 46-55 . https://doi.org/10.21657/topraksu.700846
AMA Mousavizadeh R , Tabatabaeı S , Nourmahnad N , Aras S . Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity. TSD. 2021; Özel Sayı: 46-55.
Vancouver Mousavizadeh R , Tabatabaeı S , Nourmahnad N , Aras S . Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity. Toprak Su Dergisi. 2021; Özel Sayı: 46-55.
IEEE R. Mousavizadeh , S. Tabatabaeı , N. Nourmahnad ve S. Aras , "Simulation of Runoff and Sediment in a Water Repellent Soil under Different Rainfall Intensity", Toprak Su Dergisi, c. Özel Sayı, ss. 46-55, Oca. 2021, doi:10.21657/topraksu.700846