PDF EndNote BibTex RIS Kaynak Göster

THE ADAPTATION OF THE LEVELS OF EMOTIONAL AWARENESS SCALE: VALIDTY AND RELIABILITY STUDIES

Yıl 2008, Cilt 3, Sayı 29, 51 - 64, 23.04.2008

Öz

The Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale (LEAS) is a performance measure of the articulation of emotional awareness and consists of 20 vignettes. The purpose of this study was conduct to adaptation of LEAS to Turkish Culture. In this purpose validity and reliability were examined. The sample consisted of 405 undergraduates (195 female and 210 male). For validity; criteria based and content validity were utilized. For reliability; Cronbach Alpha internal consistency and test-retest were estimated. Factor analysis (Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis) indicated that revised Levels of Emotional Awareness Scale might be taken as a one-dimensional scale. The finding shows that, this scale can be used to with acceptable level of validity and reliability for Turkish undergraduate students.

Kaynakça

  • Berkowitz, M. R., Jaffee, S., Joe, E. ve Troccoli, B. T. (2000). On the correction of feeling-induced judgmental biases. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking: The role of affect in social cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bridge, B. (2003). Siz olsaydınız ne yapardınız? Duyguların eğitimi. İstanbul: Beyaz Yayınları.
  • Brems, C. (1988). Dimensionality of empathy and its correlates. The Journal of Psychology, 123(4), 329-337.
  • Charry, W., Campell, H., Bydlowski, S., Chevallier, J. ve Consoli, S. M. (2004). Emotional Awareness and social anxiety in obese patients waiting for gastric banding surgery. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 25, 581-673.
  • Ciarrochi, J., Caputi, P. ve Mayer, J. D. (2003). The distinctiveness and utility of a measure of trait emotional awareness. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1477-1490.
  • Ciarrochi, J., Hynes, K. ve Crittenden, N. (2005). Can men do better if they harder: Sex and emotional effects on emotional awareness. Cognition and Emotion, 19(1), 133-141.
  • Cicchetti, D.; Ackerman, B.P. ve Izard, C.E. (1995). Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychology. Developmental and Psychopathology, 1, 1-10.
  • Croyle, K.L. ve Waltz, J. (2002). Emotional awareness and couples’ relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28 435-444.
  • Feldman-Barrett, L., Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L. ve Schawartz, G. E. (2000). Sex differences in emotional awareness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(9), 1027-1036.
  • Feldman-Barrett, L., Gross, J., Corner- Christensen, T. ve Benvenuto, M. (2001). Knowing what you’re feeling and knowing what to do about it: Mapping the relation between emotion differentiation and emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 713-724.
  • Frijda, N. H. (1986). The emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fujita, F., Diner, E. ve Sandvik, E. (1991). Gender differences in negative affect and well- being: The case for emotional intensity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 427-434.
  • Galves, A. O. (1997). An experiment in psychological wellness. The Graduate School of the Union Institute.
  • Greenberg, L. S. (2002). Integrating an emotions-focused approach to treatment into psychotherapy integration. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 12, 154–189.
  • Jöreskog, K. G. ve Sörbom D. (1993) Lisrel 8: Structural equation modeling with SIMPLIS command language. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
  • Jöreskog, K.G. ve Sörbom, D. (1999). Lisrel 8.30 and Prelis 2.30. In: Scientific Software International.
  • Klem, L. (2000). Structural equation modeling. In: L. Grim, ve P. R. Yarnold, (Ed). Reading and understanding more multivariate statistics (pp. 227-259). Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association.
  • Köklü, N. ve Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2000). Sosyal bi- limler için istatistiğe giriş. Ankara Pegem A Yayıncılık.
  • Lane, R. D. ve Schawartz, G. E. (1987). Levels of emotional awareness: A cognitive - developmental theory and its application to psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 133-143.
  • Lane, R. D., Quinlan, D. M., Schawartz, G. E., Walker, P. A. ve Zeitlin, S. B. (1990). The levels of emotional awareness scale: A cognitive- developmental measure of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(1/2), 124-134.
  • Lane, R. D., Kivley, L. S., Du Bois, M. A., Shamasundra, P. ve Schawartz, G. E. (1995). Levels of emotional awareness and the degree of right hemispheric dominance in the perception of facial emotion. Neuropsychologia, 33, 525-538.
  • Lane, R.D., Sechrest, L., Riedel, R., Weldon, V. ve Kaszniak, A.W. (1996). Impaired verbal and nonverbal emotion recognition in alexithymia. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58, 203-210.
  • Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L. ve Riedel, R. (1998). Sociodemographic correlates of alexithymia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39(6), 377-385.
  • Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L., Riedel, R., Shapiro, D. ve Kaszniak, A. (2000). Pervasive emotion recognition deficit common to alexithymia and repressive coping style. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 492-501.
  • Lundh, L. G., Johnsson, A., Sundqvist, K. ve Olsson, H. (2002). Alexithymia, memory of emotion, emotional awareness, and perfectionism. Emotion, 2(4), 361-379.
  • Nachtigall C, Kroehne U, Funke F. ve Steyer R. (2003). (Why) Should we use SEM? Structural equation modeling. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 1-22.
  • Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D. ve Salovey, P. (2000). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for intelligence. Intelligence, 27, 267
  • Navaro, L. (1999). Bir Cadı Masalı. İstanbul: Remzi Kitapevi.
  • Novick-Kline, P., Turk, C. L., Mennin, D. S., Hoyt, E. A. ve Gallagher, C. L. (2005). Level of emotional awareness as a differentiating variable between individuals with and without generalized anxiety disorder. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 557-572.
  • Pedhazur E.J. ve Pedhazur-Schmelkin L. (1991). Measurement, design, and analysis: An integrated approach. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Saarni, C. (1997). Coping with aversive feelings. Motivation and Emotions, 21, 45-63.
  • Salovey, P., ve Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional Intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185-211.
  • Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S. L., Turvey, C. ve Palfai, T. P. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp.125-154). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  • Stanton, A. L., Kirk, S. B., Cameron, C. L., & Danoff-Burg, S. (2000). Coping through emotional approach: Scale construction and validations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1150- 1169.
  • Simsek, O. F. (2007). Yapısal Eşitlik modelleme- sine giriş temel ilkeler ve LISREL Uygulamaları. An- kara: Ekinos Yayınları. Subic-Wrana, C. (2004). Effect of psychosomatic interment on emotional awareness. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 56, 581-673.
  • Swinkels, A. T. ve Gulliano, A. (1995). The measurement and conceptualization of mood awareness: Monitoring and labeling one's states. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21(9), 934- 950.
  • Tabachnick, B. G. ve Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate Statistics (3 Ed.). New York: Harper Collins College Publishers.
  • Taylor, G.J., Ryan D. P. ve Bagby, R.M. (1985). Toward the development of a new self report alexithymia scale. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 44, 191-199.

Duygusal Farkındalık Düzeyi Ölçeğinin Uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve Güvenirlik Çalışmaları

Yıl 2008, Cilt 3, Sayı 29, 51 - 64, 23.04.2008

Öz

Duygusal Farkındalık Düzeyi Ölçeği (DFDÖ), duygusal farkındalığın ifadesini değerlendiren ve 20 senaryodan oluşan bir performans ölçeğidir. Bu araştırmanın amacı DFDÖ’ nün Türk kültürüne uyarlanmasıdır. Bu amaca bağlı olarak bir dizi geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışmaları gerçekleştirilmiştir. Çalışmada 195 tanesi kız 210 tanesi erkek olmak üzere toplam 405 üniversite öğrencisi bu yer almıştır. Yapı geçerliği ve ölçüt bağıntılı geçerlik ve yöntemleriyle ölçeğin geçerliğine bakılmıştır. Faktör analizi ölçeğin tek boyutlu olduğunu göstermiştir. Test-tekrar test ve iç tutarlık analizleri ölçeğin güvenilir olduğunu göstermektedir. Yapılan analizlerin sonucunda elde edilen bulgular, Türk üniversite öğrencilerinde geçerli ve güvenilir bir ölçme aracı olarak kullanılabileceğini göstermektedir.

Kaynakça

  • Berkowitz, M. R., Jaffee, S., Joe, E. ve Troccoli, B. T. (2000). On the correction of feeling-induced judgmental biases. In J. P. Forgas (Ed.), Feeling and thinking: The role of affect in social cognition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Bridge, B. (2003). Siz olsaydınız ne yapardınız? Duyguların eğitimi. İstanbul: Beyaz Yayınları.
  • Brems, C. (1988). Dimensionality of empathy and its correlates. The Journal of Psychology, 123(4), 329-337.
  • Charry, W., Campell, H., Bydlowski, S., Chevallier, J. ve Consoli, S. M. (2004). Emotional Awareness and social anxiety in obese patients waiting for gastric banding surgery. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 25, 581-673.
  • Ciarrochi, J., Caputi, P. ve Mayer, J. D. (2003). The distinctiveness and utility of a measure of trait emotional awareness. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1477-1490.
  • Ciarrochi, J., Hynes, K. ve Crittenden, N. (2005). Can men do better if they harder: Sex and emotional effects on emotional awareness. Cognition and Emotion, 19(1), 133-141.
  • Cicchetti, D.; Ackerman, B.P. ve Izard, C.E. (1995). Emotions and emotion regulation in developmental psychology. Developmental and Psychopathology, 1, 1-10.
  • Croyle, K.L. ve Waltz, J. (2002). Emotional awareness and couples’ relationship satisfaction. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 28 435-444.
  • Feldman-Barrett, L., Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L. ve Schawartz, G. E. (2000). Sex differences in emotional awareness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26(9), 1027-1036.
  • Feldman-Barrett, L., Gross, J., Corner- Christensen, T. ve Benvenuto, M. (2001). Knowing what you’re feeling and knowing what to do about it: Mapping the relation between emotion differentiation and emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 713-724.
  • Frijda, N. H. (1986). The emotions. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fujita, F., Diner, E. ve Sandvik, E. (1991). Gender differences in negative affect and well- being: The case for emotional intensity. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 427-434.
  • Galves, A. O. (1997). An experiment in psychological wellness. The Graduate School of the Union Institute.
  • Greenberg, L. S. (2002). Integrating an emotions-focused approach to treatment into psychotherapy integration. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 12, 154–189.
  • Jöreskog, K. G. ve Sörbom D. (1993) Lisrel 8: Structural equation modeling with SIMPLIS command language. Lincolnwood, IL: Scientific Software International.
  • Jöreskog, K.G. ve Sörbom, D. (1999). Lisrel 8.30 and Prelis 2.30. In: Scientific Software International.
  • Klem, L. (2000). Structural equation modeling. In: L. Grim, ve P. R. Yarnold, (Ed). Reading and understanding more multivariate statistics (pp. 227-259). Washington, D.C: American Psychological Association.
  • Köklü, N. ve Büyüköztürk, Ş. (2000). Sosyal bi- limler için istatistiğe giriş. Ankara Pegem A Yayıncılık.
  • Lane, R. D. ve Schawartz, G. E. (1987). Levels of emotional awareness: A cognitive - developmental theory and its application to psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 133-143.
  • Lane, R. D., Quinlan, D. M., Schawartz, G. E., Walker, P. A. ve Zeitlin, S. B. (1990). The levels of emotional awareness scale: A cognitive- developmental measure of emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55(1/2), 124-134.
  • Lane, R. D., Kivley, L. S., Du Bois, M. A., Shamasundra, P. ve Schawartz, G. E. (1995). Levels of emotional awareness and the degree of right hemispheric dominance in the perception of facial emotion. Neuropsychologia, 33, 525-538.
  • Lane, R.D., Sechrest, L., Riedel, R., Weldon, V. ve Kaszniak, A.W. (1996). Impaired verbal and nonverbal emotion recognition in alexithymia. Psychosomatic Medicine, 58, 203-210.
  • Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L. ve Riedel, R. (1998). Sociodemographic correlates of alexithymia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39(6), 377-385.
  • Lane, R. D., Sechrest, L., Riedel, R., Shapiro, D. ve Kaszniak, A. (2000). Pervasive emotion recognition deficit common to alexithymia and repressive coping style. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 492-501.
  • Lundh, L. G., Johnsson, A., Sundqvist, K. ve Olsson, H. (2002). Alexithymia, memory of emotion, emotional awareness, and perfectionism. Emotion, 2(4), 361-379.
  • Nachtigall C, Kroehne U, Funke F. ve Steyer R. (2003). (Why) Should we use SEM? Structural equation modeling. Methods of Psychological Research Online, 8(2), 1-22.
  • Mayer, J. D., Caruso, D. ve Salovey, P. (2000). Emotional intelligence meets traditional standards for intelligence. Intelligence, 27, 267
  • Navaro, L. (1999). Bir Cadı Masalı. İstanbul: Remzi Kitapevi.
  • Novick-Kline, P., Turk, C. L., Mennin, D. S., Hoyt, E. A. ve Gallagher, C. L. (2005). Level of emotional awareness as a differentiating variable between individuals with and without generalized anxiety disorder. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 557-572.
  • Pedhazur E.J. ve Pedhazur-Schmelkin L. (1991). Measurement, design, and analysis: An integrated approach. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
  • Saarni, C. (1997). Coping with aversive feelings. Motivation and Emotions, 21, 45-63.
  • Salovey, P., ve Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional Intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185-211.
  • Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S. L., Turvey, C. ve Palfai, T. P. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the Trait Meta-Mood Scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.), Emotion, disclosure, and health (pp.125-154). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
  • Stanton, A. L., Kirk, S. B., Cameron, C. L., & Danoff-Burg, S. (2000). Coping through emotional approach: Scale construction and validations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1150- 1169.
  • Simsek, O. F. (2007). Yapısal Eşitlik modelleme- sine giriş temel ilkeler ve LISREL Uygulamaları. An- kara: Ekinos Yayınları. Subic-Wrana, C. (2004). Effect of psychosomatic interment on emotional awareness. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 56, 581-673.
  • Swinkels, A. T. ve Gulliano, A. (1995). The measurement and conceptualization of mood awareness: Monitoring and labeling one's states. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21(9), 934- 950.
  • Tabachnick, B. G. ve Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate Statistics (3 Ed.). New York: Harper Collins College Publishers.
  • Taylor, G.J., Ryan D. P. ve Bagby, R.M. (1985). Toward the development of a new self report alexithymia scale. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 44, 191-199.

Ayrıntılar

Birincil Dil İngilizce
Bölüm Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yaşar KUZUCU Bu kişi benim

Yayımlanma Tarihi 23 Nisan 2008
Yayınlandığı Sayı Yıl 2008, Cilt 3, Sayı 29

Kaynak Göster

APA Kuzucu, Y. (2008). THE ADAPTATION OF THE LEVELS OF EMOTIONAL AWARENESS SCALE: VALIDTY AND RELIABILITY STUDIES . Turkish Psychological Counseling and Guidance Journal , 3 (29) , 51-64 . Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/pub/tpdrd/issue/21449/229684